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<html><head><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1"><title>pam_winbind</title><link rel="stylesheet" href="../samba.css" type="text/css"><meta name="generator" content="DocBook XSL Stylesheets V1.75.2"></head><body bgcolor="white" text="black" link="#0000FF" vlink="#840084" alink="#0000FF"><div class="refentry" title="pam_winbind"><a name="pam_winbind.8"></a><div class="titlepage"></div><div class="refnamediv"><h2>Name</h2><p>pam_winbind &#8212; PAM module for Winbind</p></div><div class="refsect1" title="DESCRIPTION"><a name="id298152"></a><h2>DESCRIPTION</h2><p>This tool is part of the <a class="citerefentry" href="samba.7.html"><span class="citerefentry"><span class="refentrytitle">samba</span>(7)</span></a> suite.</p><p>
	pam_winbind is a PAM module that can authenticate users against the local domain by talking to the Winbind daemon.
	</p></div><div class="refsect1" title="SYNOPSIS"><a name="id266348"></a><h2>SYNOPSIS</h2><p>
		Edit the PAM system config /etc/pam.d/service and modify it as the following example shows:
		</p><pre class="programlisting">
			    ...
			    auth      required        pam_env.so
			    auth      sufficient      pam_unix2.so
			+++ auth      required        pam_winbind.so  use_first_pass
			    account   requisite       pam_unix2.so
			+++ account   required        pam_winbind.so  use_first_pass
			+++ password  sufficient      pam_winbind.so
			    password  requisite       pam_pwcheck.so  cracklib
			    password  required        pam_unix2.so    use_authtok
			    session   required        pam_unix2.so
			+++ session   required        pam_winbind.so
			    ...
		</pre><p>

		Make sure that pam_winbind is one of the first modules in the session part. It may retrieve
		kerberos tickets which are needed by other modules.
	</p></div><div class="refsect1" title="OPTIONS"><a name="id266825"></a><h2>OPTIONS</h2><p>
	
		pam_winbind supports several options which can either be set in
		the PAM configuration files or in the pam_winbind configuration
		file situated at
		<code class="filename">/etc/security/pam_winbind.conf</code>. Options
		from the PAM configuration file take precedence to those from
		the configuration file. See
		<a class="citerefentry" href="pam_winbind.conf.5.html"><span class="citerefentry"><span class="refentrytitle">pam_winbind.conf</span>(5)</span></a>
		for further details.

		</p><div class="variablelist"><dl><dt><span class="term">debug</span></dt><dd><p>Gives debugging output to syslog.</p></dd><dt><span class="term">debug_state</span></dt><dd><p>Gives detailed PAM state debugging output to syslog.</p></dd><dt><span class="term">require_membership_of=[SID or NAME]</span></dt><dd><p>
		If this option is set, pam_winbind will only succeed if the user is a member of the given SID or NAME. A SID
		can be either a group-SID, an alias-SID or even an user-SID. It is also possible to give a NAME instead of the
		SID. That name must have the form: <em class="parameter"><code>MYDOMAIN\\mygroup</code></em> or
		<em class="parameter"><code>MYDOMAIN\\myuser</code></em>.  pam_winbind will, in that case, lookup the SID internally. Note that
		NAME may not contain any spaces. It is thus recommended to only use SIDs. You can verify the list of SIDs a
		user is a member of with <code class="literal">wbinfo --user-sids=SID</code>.
		</p></dd><dt><span class="term">use_first_pass</span></dt><dd><p>
		By default, pam_winbind tries to get the authentication token from a previous module. If no token is available
		it asks the user for the old password. With this option, pam_winbind aborts with an error if no authentication
		token from a previous module is available.
		</p></dd><dt><span class="term">try_first_pass</span></dt><dd><p>
				Same as the use_first_pass option (previous item), except that if the primary password is not
				valid, PAM will prompt for a password.
		</p></dd><dt><span class="term">use_authtok</span></dt><dd><p>
		Set the new password to the one provided by the previously stacked password module. If this option is not set 
		pam_winbind will ask the user for the new password.
		</p></dd><dt><span class="term">krb5_auth</span></dt><dd><p>

		pam_winbind can authenticate using Kerberos when winbindd is
		talking to an Active Directory domain controller. Kerberos
		authentication must be enabled with this parameter. When
		Kerberos authentication can not succeed (e.g. due to clock
		skew), winbindd will fallback to samlogon authentication over
		MSRPC. When this parameter is used in conjunction with
		<em class="parameter"><code>winbind refresh tickets</code></em>, winbind will
		keep your Ticket Granting Ticket (TGT) uptodate by refreshing
		it whenever necessary.

		</p></dd><dt><span class="term">krb5_ccache_type=[type]</span></dt><dd><p>
		
		When pam_winbind is configured to try kerberos authentication
		by enabling the <em class="parameter"><code>krb5_auth</code></em> option, it can
		store the retrieved Ticket Granting Ticket (TGT) in a
		credential cache. The type of credential cache can be set with
		this option. Currently the only supported value is:
		<em class="parameter"><code>FILE</code></em>. In that case a credential cache in
		the form of /tmp/krb5cc_UID will be created, where UID is
		replaced with the numeric user id.  Leave empty to just do
		kerberos authentication without having a ticket cache after the
		logon has succeeded.

		</p></dd><dt><span class="term">cached_login</span></dt><dd><p>
		Winbind allows to logon using cached credentials when <em class="parameter"><code>winbind offline logon</code></em> is enabled. To use this feature from the PAM module this option must be set.
		</p></dd><dt><span class="term">silent</span></dt><dd><p>
		Do not emit any messages.
		</p></dd><dt><span class="term">mkhomedir</span></dt><dd><p>
		Create homedirectory for a user on-the-fly, option is valid in
		PAM session block.
		</p></dd><dt><span class="term">warn_pwd_expire</span></dt><dd><p>
		Defines number of days before pam_winbind starts to warn about passwords that are
		going to expire. Defaults to 14 days.
		</p></dd></dl></div><p>

	</p></div><div class="refsect1" title="PAM DATA EXPORTS"><a name="id265844"></a><h2>PAM DATA EXPORTS</h2><p>This section describes the data exported in the PAM stack which could be used in other PAM modules.</p><dt><span class="term">PAM_WINBIND_HOMEDIR</span></dt><dd><p>
				This is the Windows Home Directory set in the profile tab in the user settings
				on the Active Directory Server. This could be a local path or a directory on a
				share mapped to a drive.
			</p></dd><dt><span class="term">PAM_WINBIND_LOGONSCRIPT</span></dt><dd><p>
				The path to the logon script which should be executed if a user logs in. This is
				normally a relative path to the script stored on the server.
			</p></dd><dt><span class="term">PAM_WINBIND_LOGONSERVER</span></dt><dd><p>
				This exports the Active Directory server we are authenticating against. This can be
				used as a variable later.
			</p></dd><dt><span class="term">PAM_WINBIND_PROFILEPATH</span></dt><dd><p>
				This is the profile path set in the profile tab in the user settings. Normally
				the home directory is synced with this directory on a share.
			</p></dd></div><div class="refsect1" title="SEE ALSO"><a name="id265913"></a><h2>SEE ALSO</h2><p><a class="citerefentry" href="pam_winbind.conf.5.html"><span class="citerefentry"><span class="refentrytitle">pam_winbind.conf</span>(5)</span></a>, <a class="citerefentry" href="wbinfo.1.html"><span class="citerefentry"><span class="refentrytitle">wbinfo</span>(1)</span></a>, <a class="citerefentry" href="winbindd.8.html"><span class="citerefentry"><span class="refentrytitle">winbindd</span>(8)</span></a>, <a class="citerefentry" href="smb.conf.5.html"><span class="citerefentry"><span class="refentrytitle">smb.conf</span>(5)</span></a></p></div><div class="refsect1" title="VERSION"><a name="id265957"></a><h2>VERSION</h2><p>This man page is correct for version 3 of Samba.</p></div><div class="refsect1" title="AUTHOR"><a name="id265967"></a><h2>AUTHOR</h2><p>
	The original Samba software and related utilities were created by Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by
	the Samba Team as an Open Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.
	</p><p>This manpage was written by Jelmer Vernooij and Guenther Deschner.</p></div></div></body></html>