File: sash.c

package info (click to toggle)
sash 3.8-5
  • links: PTS
  • area: main
  • in suites: bullseye, buster, sid
  • size: 484 kB
  • sloc: ansic: 9,822; makefile: 177; sh: 29
file content (1373 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 22,418 bytes parent folder | download | duplicates (2)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
455
456
457
458
459
460
461
462
463
464
465
466
467
468
469
470
471
472
473
474
475
476
477
478
479
480
481
482
483
484
485
486
487
488
489
490
491
492
493
494
495
496
497
498
499
500
501
502
503
504
505
506
507
508
509
510
511
512
513
514
515
516
517
518
519
520
521
522
523
524
525
526
527
528
529
530
531
532
533
534
535
536
537
538
539
540
541
542
543
544
545
546
547
548
549
550
551
552
553
554
555
556
557
558
559
560
561
562
563
564
565
566
567
568
569
570
571
572
573
574
575
576
577
578
579
580
581
582
583
584
585
586
587
588
589
590
591
592
593
594
595
596
597
598
599
600
601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646
647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698
699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750
751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800
801
802
803
804
805
806
807
808
809
810
811
812
813
814
815
816
817
818
819
820
821
822
823
824
825
826
827
828
829
830
831
832
833
834
835
836
837
838
839
840
841
842
843
844
845
846
847
848
849
850
851
852
853
854
855
856
857
858
859
860
861
862
863
864
865
866
867
868
869
870
871
872
873
874
875
876
877
878
879
880
881
882
883
884
885
886
887
888
889
890
891
892
893
894
895
896
897
898
899
900
901
902
903
904
905
906
907
908
909
910
911
912
913
914
915
916
917
918
919
920
921
922
923
924
925
926
927
928
929
930
931
932
933
934
935
936
937
938
939
940
941
942
943
944
945
946
947
948
949
950
951
952
953
954
955
956
957
958
959
960
961
962
963
964
965
966
967
968
969
970
971
972
973
974
975
976
977
978
979
980
981
982
983
984
985
986
987
988
989
990
991
992
993
994
995
996
997
998
999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
1044
1045
1046
1047
1048
1049
1050
1051
1052
1053
1054
1055
1056
1057
1058
1059
1060
1061
1062
1063
1064
1065
1066
1067
1068
1069
1070
1071
1072
1073
1074
1075
1076
1077
1078
1079
1080
1081
1082
1083
1084
1085
1086
1087
1088
1089
1090
1091
1092
1093
1094
1095
1096
1097
1098
1099
1100
1101
1102
1103
1104
1105
1106
1107
1108
1109
1110
1111
1112
1113
1114
1115
1116
1117
1118
1119
1120
1121
1122
1123
1124
1125
1126
1127
1128
1129
1130
1131
1132
1133
1134
1135
1136
1137
1138
1139
1140
1141
1142
1143
1144
1145
1146
1147
1148
1149
1150
1151
1152
1153
1154
1155
1156
1157
1158
1159
1160
1161
1162
1163
1164
1165
1166
1167
1168
1169
1170
1171
1172
1173
1174
1175
1176
1177
1178
1179
1180
1181
1182
1183
1184
1185
1186
1187
1188
1189
1190
1191
1192
1193
1194
1195
1196
1197
1198
1199
1200
1201
1202
1203
1204
1205
1206
1207
1208
1209
1210
1211
1212
1213
1214
1215
1216
1217
1218
1219
1220
1221
1222
1223
1224
1225
1226
1227
1228
1229
1230
1231
1232
1233
1234
1235
1236
1237
1238
1239
1240
1241
1242
1243
1244
1245
1246
1247
1248
1249
1250
1251
1252
1253
1254
1255
1256
1257
1258
1259
1260
1261
1262
1263
1264
1265
1266
1267
1268
1269
1270
1271
1272
1273
1274
1275
1276
1277
1278
1279
1280
1281
1282
1283
1284
1285
1286
1287
1288
1289
1290
1291
1292
1293
1294
1295
1296
1297
1298
1299
1300
1301
1302
1303
1304
1305
1306
1307
1308
1309
1310
1311
1312
1313
1314
1315
1316
1317
1318
1319
1320
1321
1322
1323
1324
1325
1326
1327
1328
1329
1330
1331
1332
1333
1334
1335
1336
1337
1338
1339
1340
1341
1342
1343
1344
1345
1346
1347
1348
1349
1350
1351
1352
1353
1354
1355
1356
1357
1358
1359
1360
1361
1362
1363
1364
1365
1366
1367
1368
1369
1370
1371
1372
1373
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2014 by David I. Bell
 * Permission is granted to use, distribute, or modify this source,
 * provided that this copyright notice remains intact.
 *
 * Stand-alone shell for system maintainance for Linux.
 * This program should NOT be built using shared libraries.
 */

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <errno.h>

#include "sash.h"


static const char * const	version = "3.8";


/*
 * The special maximum argument value which means that there is
 * no limit to the number of arguments on the command line.
 */
#define	INFINITE_ARGS	0x7fffffff


/*
 * One entry of the command table.
 */
typedef struct
{
	const char *	name;
	int		(*func)(int argc, const char ** argv);
	int		minArgs;
	int		maxArgs;
	const char *	description;
	const char *	usage;
} CommandEntry;


/*
 * The table of built-in commands.
 * This is terminated wih an entry containing NULL values.
 */
static const CommandEntry	commandEntryTable[] =
{
	{
		"alias",	do_alias,	1,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Define a command alias",
		"[name [command]]"
	},

	{
		"aliasall",	do_aliasall,	1,	1,
		"Define aliases for all of the build-in commands",
		""
	},

	{
		"-ar",		do_ar,		3,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Extract or list files from an AR file",
		"[txp]v arFileName fileName ..."
	},

	{
		"cd",		do_cd,		1,	2,
		"Change current directory",
		"[dirName]"
	},

#if	HAVE_LINUX_ATTR
	{
		"-chattr",	do_chattr,	3,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Change ext2 file attributes",
		"[+i] [-i] [+a] [-a] fileName ..."
	},
#endif

	{
		"-chgrp",	do_chgrp,	3,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Change the group id of some files",
		"gid fileName ..."
	},

	{
		"-chmod",	do_chmod,	3,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Change the protection of some files",
		"mode fileName ..."
	},

	{
		"-chown",	do_chown,	3,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Change the owner id of some files",
		"uid fileName ..."
	},

	{
		"-cmp",		do_cmp,		3,	3,
		"Compare two files for equality",
		"fileName1 fileName2"
	},

	{
		"-cp",		do_cp,		3,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Copy files",
		"srcName ... destName"
	},

#if	HAVE_LINUX_CHROOT
	{
		"-chroot",	do_chroot,	2,	2,
		"change root file system",
		"new_root_dir"
	},
#endif

	{
		"-dd",		do_dd,		3,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Copy data between two files",
		"if=name of=name [bs=n] [count=n] [skip=n] [seek=n]"
	},

	{
		"-echo",	do_echo,	1,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Echo the arguments",
		"[args] ..."
	},

	{
		"-ed",		do_ed,		1,	2,
		"Edit a fileName using simple line mode commands",
		"[fileName]"
	},

	{
		"exec",		do_exec,	2,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Execute another program in place of this sash process",
		"fileName [args]"
	},

	{
		"exit",		do_exit,	1,	2,
		"Exit from sash",
		"[exit value]"
	},

	{
		"-file",	do_file,	1,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Describe information about files",
		"fileName ..."
	},

	{
		"-find",	do_find,	2,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Find files in a directory tree meeting some conditions",
		"dirName [-xdev] [-type chars] [-name pattern] [-size minSize]"
	},

	{
		"-grep",	do_grep,	3,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Look for lines containing a word in some files",
		"[-in] word fileName ..."
	},

#if	HAVE_GZIP
	{
		"-gunzip",	do_gunzip,	2,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Uncompress files which were saved in GZIP or compress format",
		"fileName ... [-o outputPath]"
	},

	{
		"-gzip",	do_gzip,	2,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Compress files into GZIP format",
		"fileName ... [-o outputPath]"
	},
#endif

	{
		"help",		do_help,	1,	2,
		"Print help about a command",
		"[word]"
	},

	{
		"-kill",	do_kill,	2,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Send a signal to the specified process",
		"[-sig] pid ..."
	},

#if	HAVE_LINUX_LOSETUP
	{
		"-losetup",	do_losetup,	3,	3,
		"Associate a loopback device with a file",
		"[-d] device\n       -losetup device filename"
	},
#endif

	{
		"-ln",		do_ln,		3,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Link one fileName to another",
		"[-s] srcName ... destName"
	},

	{
		"-ls",		do_ls,		1,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"List information about files or directories",
		"[-lidFC] fileName ..."
	},

#if	HAVE_LINUX_ATTR
	{
		"-lsattr",	do_lsattr,	2,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"List ext2 file attributes",
		"fileName ..."
	},
#endif

	{
		"-mkdir",	do_mkdir,	2,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Create a directory",
		"dirName ..."
	},

	{
		"-mknod",	do_mknod,	5,	5,
		"Create a special type of file",
		"fileName type major minor"
	},

	{
		"-more",	do_more,	2,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Type file contents page by page",
		"fileName ..."
	},

	{
		"-mount",	do_mount,	3,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Mount or remount a filesystem on a directory",
#if	HAVE_LINUX_MOUNT
		"[-t type] [-r] [-s] [-e] [-m] devName dirName"
#elif	HAVE_BSD_MOUNT
		"[-t type] [-r] [-s] [-e] devName dirName"
#else
		"[-t type] devName dirName"
#endif
	},

	{
		"-mv",		do_mv,		3,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Move or rename files",
		"srcName ... destName"
	},

#if	HAVE_LINUX_PIVOT
	{
		"-pivot_root",	do_pivot_root,	3,	3,
		"pivot the root file system",
		"new_dir old_dir"
	},
#endif

	{
		"-printenv",	do_printenv,	1,	2,
		"Print environment variables",
		"[name]"
	},

	{
		"prompt",	do_prompt,	2,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Set the prompt string for sash",
		"string"
	},

	{
		"-pwd",		do_pwd,		1,	1,
		"Print the current working directory",
		""
	},

	{
		"quit",		do_exit,	1,	1,
		"Exit from sash",
		""
	},

	{
		"-rm",		do_rm,		2,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Remove the specified files",
		"fileName ..."
	},

	{
		"-rmdir",	do_rmdir,	2,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Remove the specified empty directories",
		"dirName ..."
	},

	{
		"setenv",	do_setenv,	3,	3,
		"Set an environment variable value",
		"name value"
	},

	{
		"source",	do_source,	2,	2,
		"Read commands from the specified file",
		"fileName"
	},

	{
		"-sum",		do_sum,		2,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Calculate checksums of the specified files",
		"fileName ..."
	},

	{
		"-sync",	do_sync,	1,	1,
		"Sync the disks to force cached data to them",
		""
	},

	{
		"-tar",		do_tar,		2,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Create, extract, or list files from a TAR file",
		"[cxtv]f tarFileName fileName ..."
	},

	{
		"-touch",	do_touch,	2,	INFINITE_ARGS,
		"Update times or create the specified files",
		"fileName ..."
	},

	{
		"umask",	do_umask,	1,	2,
		"Set the umask value for file protections",
		"[mask]"
	},

	{
#if	HAVE_BSD_MOUNT
		"-umount",	do_umount,	2,	3,
		"Unmount a filesystem",
		"[-f] fileName"
#else
		"-umount",	do_umount,	2,	2,
		"Unmount a filesystem",
		"fileName"
#endif
	},

	{
		"unalias",	do_unalias,	2,	2,
		"Remove a command alias",
		"name"
	},

	{
		"-where",	do_where,	2,	2,
		"Type the location of a program",
		"program"
	},

	{
		NULL,		0,		0,	0,
		NULL,
		NULL
	}
};


/*
 * The definition of an command alias.
 */
typedef struct
{
	char *	name;
	char *	value;
} Alias;


/*
 * Local data.
 */
static	Alias *	aliasTable;
static	int	aliasCount;

static	FILE *	sourcefiles[MAX_SOURCE];
static	int	sourceCount;

static	BOOL	intCrlf = TRUE;
static	char *	prompt;


/*
 * Local procedures.
 */
static	void	catchInt(int);
static	void	catchQuit(int);
static	int	readFile(const char * name);
static	int	command(const char * cmd);
static	BOOL	tryBuiltIn(const char * cmd);
static	int	runCmd(const char * cmd);
static	void	childProcess(const char * cmd);
static	void	showPrompt(void);
static	void	usage(void);
static	Alias *	findAlias(const char * name);
static	void	expandVariable(char * name);


/*
 * Global interrupt flag.
 */
BOOL	intFlag;


int
main(int argc, const char ** argv)
{
	const char *	cp;
	const char *	singleCommand;
	const char *	commandFile;
	BOOL		quietFlag;
	BOOL		aliasFlag;
        BOOL		interactiveFlag;
	char		buf[PATH_LEN];

	singleCommand = NULL;
	commandFile = NULL;
	quietFlag = FALSE;
	aliasFlag = FALSE;
        interactiveFlag = FALSE;

	/*
	 * Look for options.
	 */
	argv++;
	argc--;

	while ((argc > 0) && (**argv == '-'))
	{
		cp = *argv++ + 1;
		argc--;

		while (*cp) switch (*cp++)
		{
                        case '-':
                                /*
                                 * Ignore.  This is so that we can be
                                 * run from login.
                                 */
                                break;

			case 'c':
				/*
				 * Execute specified command.
				 */
				if ((argc != 1) || singleCommand || interactiveFlag)
					usage();

				singleCommand = *argv++;
				argc--;

				break;

			case 'f':
				/*
				 * Execute commands from file.
				 * This is used for sash script files.
				 * The quiet flag is also set.
				 */
				if ((argc != 1) || commandFile)
					usage();

				quietFlag = TRUE;
				commandFile = *argv++;
				argc--;

				break;

			case 'i':
				/*
				 * Be an interactive shell
				 * ..is a no-op, but some contexts require this
				 * ..interactiveFlag is to avoid -ic as a legacy
				 */
				 if (singleCommand)
				 	usage();
				 
				 interactiveFlag = TRUE;
				 break;
				 
			case 'p':
				/*
				 * Set the prompt string.
				 */
				if ((argc <= 0) || (**argv == '-'))
					usage();

				if (prompt)
					free(prompt);

				prompt = strdup(*argv++);
				argc--;

				break;

			case 'q':
				quietFlag = TRUE;
				break;

			case 'a':
				aliasFlag = TRUE;
				break;

			case 'h':
			case '?':
				usage();
				break;

			default:
				fprintf(stderr, "Unknown option -%c\n", cp[-1]);

				return 1;
		}
	}

	/*
	 * No more arguments are allowed.
	 */
	if (argc > 0)
		usage();

	/*
	 * Default our path if it is not set.
	 */
	if (getenv("PATH") == NULL)
		putenv("PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin:/etc");

	/*
	 * If the alias flag is set then define all aliases.
	 */
	if (aliasFlag)
		do_aliasall(0, NULL);

	/*
	 * If we are to execute a single command, then do so and exit.
	 */
	if (singleCommand)
	{
		return command(singleCommand);
	}

	/*
	 * Print a hello message unless we are told to be silent.
	 */
	if (!quietFlag && isatty(STDIN))
	{
		printf("Stand-alone shell (version %s)\n", version);

		if (aliasFlag)
			printf("Built-in commands are aliased to standard commands\n");
	}

	signal(SIGINT, catchInt);
	signal(SIGQUIT, catchQuit);

	/*
	 * Execute the user's alias file if present.
	 */
	cp = getenv("HOME");

	if (cp)
	{
		strcpy(buf, cp);
		strcat(buf, "/");
		strcat(buf, ".aliasrc");

		if ((access(buf, 0) == 0) || (errno != ENOENT))
			readFile(buf);
	}

	/*
	 * Read commands from stdin or from a command file.
	 */
	return readFile(commandFile);

}


/*
 * Read commands from the specified file.
 * A null name pointer indicates to read from stdin.
 */
static int
readFile(const char * name)
{
	FILE *	fp;
	int	cc;
	BOOL	ttyFlag;
	char	buf[CMD_LEN];
	int	r = 0;

	if (sourceCount >= MAX_SOURCE)
	{
		fprintf(stderr, "Too many source files\n");

		return 1;
	}

	fp = stdin;

	if (name)
	{
		fp = fopen(name, "r");

		if (fp == NULL)
		{
			perror(name);

			return 1;
		}
	}

	sourcefiles[sourceCount++] = fp;

	ttyFlag = isatty(fileno(fp));

	while (TRUE)
	{
		if (ttyFlag)
			showPrompt();

		if (intFlag && !ttyFlag && (fp != stdin))
		{
			fclose(fp);
			sourceCount--;

			return 1;
		}
	
		if (fgets(buf, CMD_LEN - 1, fp) == NULL)
		{
			if (ferror(fp) && (errno == EINTR))
			{
				clearerr(fp);

				continue;
			}

			break;
		}

		cc = strlen(buf);

		if (buf[cc - 1] == '\n')
			cc--;

		while ((cc > 0) && isBlank(buf[cc - 1]))
			cc--;

		buf[cc] = '\0';

		r = command(buf);
	}

	if (ferror(fp))
	{
		perror("Reading command line");

		if (fp == stdin)
			exit(1);
	}

	clearerr(fp);

	if (fp != stdin)
		fclose(fp);

	sourceCount--;

	return r;
}


/*
 * Parse and execute one null-terminated command line string.
 * This breaks the command line up into words, checks to see if the
 * command is an alias, and expands wildcards.
 */
static int
command(const char * cmd)
{
	const char *	endCmd;
	const Alias *	alias;
	char		newCommand[CMD_LEN];
	char		cmdName[CMD_LEN];

	/*
	 * Rest the interrupt flag and free any memory chunks that
	 * were allocated by the previous command.
	 */
	intFlag = FALSE;

	freeChunks();

	/*
	 * Skip leading blanks.
	 */
	while (isBlank(*cmd))
		cmd++;

	/*
	 * If the command is empty or is a comment then ignore it.
	 */
	if ((*cmd == '\0') || (*cmd == '#'))
		return 0;

	/*
	 * Look for the end of the command name and then copy the
	 * command name to a buffer so we can null terminate it.
	 */
	endCmd = cmd;

	while (*endCmd && !isBlank(*endCmd))
		endCmd++;

	memcpy(cmdName, cmd, endCmd - cmd);

	cmdName[endCmd - cmd] = '\0';

	/*
	 * Search for the command name in the alias table.
	 * If it is found, then replace the command name with
	 * the alias value, and append the current command
	 * line arguments to that.
	 */
	alias = findAlias(cmdName);

	if (alias)
	{
		strcpy(newCommand, alias->value);
		strcat(newCommand, endCmd);

		cmd = newCommand;
	}

	/*
	 * Expand simple environment variables
	 */
	while (strstr(cmd, "$(")) expandVariable((char *)cmd);

	/*
	 * Now look for the command in the builtin table, and execute
	 * the command if found.
	 */
	if (tryBuiltIn(cmd))
		return 0; /* This is a blatant lie */

	/*
	 * The command is not a built-in, so run the program along
	 * the PATH list.
	 */
	return runCmd(cmd);
}


/*
 * Try to execute a built-in command.
 * Returns TRUE if the command is a built in, whether or not the
 * command succeeds.  Returns FALSE if this is not a built-in command.
 */
static BOOL
tryBuiltIn(const char * cmd)
{
	const char *		endCmd;
	const CommandEntry *	entry;
	int			argc;
	const char **		argv;
	char			cmdName[CMD_LEN];

	/*
	 * Look for the end of the command name and then copy the
	 * command name to a buffer so we can null terminate it.
	 */
	endCmd = cmd;

	while (*endCmd && !isBlank(*endCmd))
		endCmd++;

	memcpy(cmdName, cmd, endCmd - cmd);

	cmdName[endCmd - cmd] = '\0';

	/*
	 * Search the command table looking for the command name.
	 */
	for (entry = commandEntryTable; entry->name != NULL; entry++)
	{
		if (strcmp(entry->name, cmdName) == 0)
			break;
	}

	/*
	 * If the command is not a built-in, return indicating that.
	 */
	if (entry->name == NULL)
		return FALSE;

	/*
	 * The command is a built-in.
	 * Break the command up into arguments and expand wildcards.
	 */
	if (!makeArgs(cmd, &argc, &argv))
		return TRUE;

	/*
	 * Give a usage string if the number of arguments is too large
	 * or too small.
	 */
	if ((argc < entry->minArgs) || (argc > entry->maxArgs))
	{
		fprintf(stderr, "usage: %s %s\n", entry->name, entry->usage);

		return TRUE;
	}

	/*
	 * Call the built-in function with the argument list.
	 */
	entry->func(argc, argv);

	return TRUE;
}


/*
 * Execute the specified command either by forking and executing
 * the program ourself, or else by using the shell.  Returns the
 * exit status, or -1 if the program cannot be executed at all.
 */
static int
runCmd(const char * cmd)
{
	const char *	cp;
	BOOL		magic;
	pid_t		pid;
	int		status;

	/*
	 * Check the command for any magic shell characters
	 * except for quoting.
	 */
	magic = FALSE;

	for (cp = cmd; *cp; cp++)
	{
		if ((*cp >= 'a') && (*cp <= 'z'))
			continue;

		if ((*cp >= 'A') && (*cp <= 'Z'))
			continue;

		if (isDecimal(*cp))
			continue;

		if (isBlank(*cp))
			continue;

		if ((*cp == '.') || (*cp == '/') || (*cp == '-') ||
			(*cp == '+') || (*cp == '=') || (*cp == '_') ||
			(*cp == ':') || (*cp == ',') || (*cp == '\'') ||
			(*cp == '"'))
		{
			continue;
		}

		magic = TRUE;
	}

	/*
	 * If there were any magic characters used then run the
	 * command using the shell.
	 */
	if (magic)
		return trySystem(cmd);

	/*
	 * No magic characters were in the command, so we can do the fork
	 * and exec ourself.
	 */
	pid = fork();

	if (pid < 0)
	{
		perror("fork failed");

		return -1;
	}

	/*
	 * If we are the child process, then go execute the program.
	 */
	if (pid == 0)
		childProcess(cmd);

	/*
	 * We are the parent process.
	 * Wait for the child to complete.
	 */
	status = 0;
	intCrlf = FALSE;

	while (((pid = waitpid(pid, &status, 0)) < 0) && (errno == EINTR))
		;

	intCrlf = TRUE;

	if (pid < 0)
	{
		fprintf(stderr, "Error from waitpid: %s", strerror(errno));

		return -1;
	}

	if (WIFSIGNALED(status))
	{
		fprintf(stderr, "pid %ld: killed by signal %d\n",
			(long) pid, WTERMSIG(status));

		return -1;
	}

	return WEXITSTATUS(status);
}


/*
 * Here as the child process to try to execute the command.
 * This is only called if there are no meta-characters in the command.
 * This procedure never returns.
 */
static void
childProcess(const char * cmd)
{
	const char **	argv;
	int		argc;

	/*
	 * Close any extra file descriptors we have opened.
	 */	
	while (--sourceCount >= 0)
	{
		if (sourcefiles[sourceCount] != stdin)
			fclose(sourcefiles[sourceCount]);
	}

	/*
	 * Break the command line up into individual arguments.
	 * If this fails, then run the shell to execute the command.
	 */
	if (!makeArgs(cmd, &argc, &argv))
	{
		int status = trySystem(cmd);

		if (status == -1)
			exit(99);

		exit(status);
	}

	/*
	 * Try to execute the program directly.
	 */
	execvp(argv[0], (char **) argv);

	/*
	 * The exec failed, so try to run the command using the shell
	 * in case it is a shell script.
	 */
	if (errno == ENOEXEC)
	{
		int status = trySystem(cmd);

		if (status == -1)
			exit(99);

		exit(status);
	}

	/*
	 * There was something else wrong, complain and exit.
	 */
	perror(argv[0]);
	exit(1);
}


int
do_help(int argc, const char ** argv)
{
	const CommandEntry *	entry;
	const char *		str;

	str = NULL;

	if (argc == 2)
		str = argv[1];

	/*
	 * Check for an exact match, in which case describe the program.
	 */
	if (str)
	{
		for (entry = commandEntryTable; entry->name; entry++)
		{
			if (strcmp(str, entry->name) == 0)
			{
				printf("%s\n", entry->description);

				printf("usage: %s %s\n", entry->name,
					entry->usage);

				return 0;
			}
		}
	}

	/*
	 * Print short information about commands which contain the
	 * specified word.
	 */
	for (entry = commandEntryTable; entry->name; entry++)
	{
		if ((str == NULL) || (strstr(entry->name, str) != NULL) ||
			(strstr(entry->usage, str) != NULL))
		{
			printf("%-10s %s\n", entry->name, entry->usage);
		}
	}

	return 0;
}


int
do_alias(int argc, const char ** argv)
{
	const char *	name;
	char *		value;
	Alias *		alias;
	int		count;
	char		buf[CMD_LEN];

	if (argc < 2)
	{
		count = aliasCount;

		for (alias = aliasTable; count-- > 0; alias++)
			printf("%s\t%s\n", alias->name, alias->value);

		return 0;
	}

	name = argv[1];

	if (argc == 2)
	{
		alias = findAlias(name);

		if (alias)
			printf("%s\n", alias->value);
		else
		{
			fprintf(stderr, "Alias \"%s\" is not defined\n", name);

			return 1;
		}

		return 0;	
	}

	if (strcmp(name, "alias") == 0)
	{
		fprintf(stderr, "Cannot alias \"alias\"\n");

		return 1;
	}

	if (!makeString(argc - 2, argv + 2, buf, CMD_LEN))
		return 1;

	value = malloc(strlen(buf) + 1);

	if (value == NULL)
	{
		fprintf(stderr, "No memory for alias value\n");

		return 1;
	}

	strcpy(value, buf);

	alias = findAlias(name);

	if (alias)
	{
		free(alias->value);
		alias->value = value;

		return 0;
	}

	if ((aliasCount % ALIAS_ALLOC) == 0)
	{
		count = aliasCount + ALIAS_ALLOC;

		if (aliasTable)
		{
			alias = (Alias *) realloc(aliasTable,
				sizeof(Alias) * count);
		}
		else
			alias = (Alias *) malloc(sizeof(Alias) * count);

		if (alias == NULL)
		{
			free(value);
			fprintf(stderr, "No memory for alias table\n");

			return 1;
		}

		aliasTable = alias;
	}

	alias = &aliasTable[aliasCount];

	alias->name = malloc(strlen(name) + 1);

	if (alias->name == NULL)
	{
		free(value);
		fprintf(stderr, "No memory for alias name\n");

		return 1;
	}

	strcpy(alias->name, name);
	alias->value = value;
	aliasCount++;

	return 0;
}


/*
 * Build aliases for all of the built-in commands which start with a dash,
 * using the names without the dash.
 */
int
do_aliasall(int argc, const char **argv)
{
	const CommandEntry *	entry;
	const char *		name;
	const char *		newArgv[4];

	for (entry = commandEntryTable; entry->name; entry++)
	{
		name = entry->name;

		if (*name != '-')
			continue;

		newArgv[0] = "alias";
		newArgv[1] = name + 1;
		newArgv[2] = name;
		newArgv[3] = NULL;

		do_alias(3, newArgv);
	}

	return 0;
}


/*
 * Look up an alias name, and return a pointer to it.
 * Returns NULL if the name does not exist.
 */
static Alias *
findAlias(const char * name)
{
	Alias *	alias;
	int	count;

	count = aliasCount;

	for (alias = aliasTable; count-- > 0; alias++)
	{
		if (strcmp(name, alias->name) == 0)
			return alias;
	}

	return NULL;
}


int
do_source(int argc, const char ** argv)
{
	return readFile(argv[1]);
}


int
do_exec(int argc, const char ** argv)
{
	const char *	name;

	name = argv[1];

	while (--sourceCount >= 0)
	{
		if (sourcefiles[sourceCount] != stdin)
			fclose(sourcefiles[sourceCount]);
	}

	argv[argc] = NULL;

	execvp(name, (char **) argv + 1);
	perror(name);

	return 1;
}


int
do_prompt(int argc, const char ** argv)
{
	char *	cp;
	char	buf[CMD_LEN];

	if (!makeString(argc - 1, argv + 1, buf, CMD_LEN))
		return 1;

	cp = malloc(strlen(buf) + 2);

	if (cp == NULL)
	{
		fprintf(stderr, "No memory for prompt\n");

		return 1;
	}

	strcpy(cp, buf);
	strcat(cp, " ");

	if (prompt)
		free(prompt);

	prompt = cp;

	return 0;
}


int
do_unalias(int argc, const char ** argv)
{
	Alias *	alias;

	while (--argc > 0)
	{
		alias = findAlias(*++argv);

		if (alias == NULL)
			continue;

		free(alias->name);
		free(alias->value);
		aliasCount--;
		alias->name = aliasTable[aliasCount].name;
		alias->value = aliasTable[aliasCount].value;	
	}

	return 0;
}


/*
 * Display the prompt string.
 */
static void
showPrompt(void)
{
	const char *	cp;

	cp = "> ";

	if (prompt)
		cp = prompt;

	tryWrite(STDOUT, cp, strlen(cp));
}	


static void
catchInt(int val)
{
	signal(SIGINT, catchInt);

	intFlag = TRUE;

	if (intCrlf)
		tryWrite(STDOUT, "\n", 1);
}


static void
catchQuit(int val)
{
	signal(SIGQUIT, catchQuit);

	intFlag = TRUE;

	if (intCrlf)
		tryWrite(STDOUT, "\n", 1);
}


/*
 * Print the usage information and quit.
 */
static void
usage(void)
{
	fprintf(stderr, "Stand-alone shell (version %s)\n", version);
	fprintf(stderr, "\n");
	fprintf(stderr, "Usage: sash [-a] [-q] [-f fileName] [-c command] [-p prompt] [-i]\n");

	exit(1);
}


/*
 * Expand one environment variable: Syntax $(VAR)
 */
static void
expandVariable(char * cmd)
{
	char	tmp[CMD_LEN];
	char 	*cp;
	char	*ep;

	strcpy(tmp, cmd);
	cp = strstr(tmp, "$(");
	if (cp) {
		*cp++ = '\0';
		strcpy(cmd, tmp);
		ep = ++cp;
		while (*ep && (*ep != ')')) ep++;
		if (*ep == ')') *ep++ = '\0';
		cp = getenv(cp);
		if (cp) strcat(cmd, cp);
		strcat(cmd, ep);
	}
	return;
}

/* END CODE */