File: sbuild-chroot.h

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/* Copyright © 2005-2008  Roger Leigh <rleigh@debian.org>
 *
 * schroot is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it
 * under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * schroot is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program.  If not, see
 * <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 *
 *********************************************************************/

#ifndef SBUILD_CHROOT_H
#define SBUILD_CHROOT_H

#include <sbuild/sbuild-custom-error.h>
#include <sbuild/sbuild-environment.h>
#include <sbuild/sbuild-format-detail.h>
#include <sbuild/sbuild-keyfile.h>
#include <sbuild/sbuild-regex.h>
#include <sbuild/sbuild-tr1types.h>

#include <list>
#include <ostream>
#include <string>

namespace sbuild
{

  class chroot_facet;

  /**
   * Common chroot data.  This class contains all of the metadata
   * associated with a single chroot, for all chroot types.  This is
   * the in-core representation of a chroot definition in the
   * configuration file, and may be initialised directly from an open
   * keyfile.
   */
  class chroot
  {
  public:
    /// Type of setup to perform.
    enum setup_type
      {
	SETUP_START,   ///< Activate a chroot.
	SETUP_RECOVER, ///< Reactivate a chroot.
	SETUP_STOP     ///< Deactivate a chroot.
      };

    /// Chroot session properties.
    enum session_flags
      {
	SESSION_NOFLAGS = 0,      ///< No flags are set.
	SESSION_CREATE  = 1 << 0, ///< The chroot supports session creation.
	SESSION_CLONE   = 1 << 1, ///< The chroot supports cloning.
	SESSION_PURGE   = 1 << 2  ///< The chroot should be purged.
      };

    /// Message verbosity.
    enum verbosity
      {
	VERBOSITY_QUIET,  ///< Only print essential messages.
	VERBOSITY_NORMAL, ///< Print messages (the default).
	VERBOSITY_VERBOSE ///< Print all messages.
      };

    /// Error codes.
    enum error_code
      {
	CHROOT_CREATE,    ///< Chroot creation failed.
	CHROOT_DEVICE,    ///< Chroot device name not set.
	CHROOT_TYPE,      ///< Unknown chroot type.
	DEVICE_ABS,       ///< Device must have an absolute path.
	DEVICE_LOCK,      ///< Failed to lock device.
	DEVICE_NOTBLOCK,  ///< File is not a block device.
	DEVICE_UNLOCK,    ///< Failed to unlock device.
	DIRECTORY_ABS,    ///< Directory must have an absolute path.
	FACET_INVALID,    ///< Attempt to add object which is not a facet.
	FACET_PRESENT,    ///< Attempt to add facet which is already in use.
	FILE_ABS,         ///< File must have an absolute path.
	FILE_LOCK,        ///< Failed to acquire lock.
	FILE_NOTREG,      ///< File is not a regular file.
	FILE_OWNER,       ///< File is not owned by user root.
	FILE_PERMS,       ///< File has write permissions for others.
	FILE_UNLOCK,      ///< Failed to discard lock.
	LOCATION_ABS,     ///< Location must have an absolute path.
	NAME_INVALID,     ///< Invalid name.
	SCRIPT_CONFIG_CV, ///< Could not set profile from script configuration path.
	SESSION_UNLINK,   ///< Failed to unlink session file.
	SESSION_WRITE,    ///< Failed to write session file.
	VERBOSITY_INVALID ///< Message verbosity is invalid.
      };

    /// Exception type.
    typedef custom_error<error_code> error;

    /// A shared_ptr to a chroot object.
    typedef std::shared_ptr<chroot> ptr;

    /// A shared_ptr to a const chroot object.
    typedef std::shared_ptr<const chroot> const_ptr;

  protected:
    /// The constructor.
    chroot ();

    /// The copy constructor.
    chroot (const chroot& rhs);

  public:
    /// The destructor.
    virtual ~chroot ();

    /**
     * Create a chroot.  This is a factory function.
     *
     * @param type the type of chroot to create.
     * @returns a shared_ptr to the new chroot.
     */
    static ptr
    create (std::string const& type);

    /**
     * Copy the chroot.  This is a virtual copy constructor.
     *
     * @returns a shared_ptr to the new copy of the chroot.
     */
    virtual ptr
    clone () const = 0;

    /**
     * Create a session chroot.
     *
     * @param session_id the identifier (session_id) for the new session.
     * @param alias used to initially identify the chroot.
     * @param user the user creating the session.
     * @param root true if the user has root access, otherwise false.
     * @returns a session chroot.
     */
    virtual chroot::ptr
    clone_session (std::string const& session_id,
		   std::string const& alias,
		   std::string const& user,
		   bool               root) const = 0;

    /**
     * Create a source chroot.
     *
     * @returns a source chroot.
     */
    virtual chroot::ptr
    clone_source () const = 0;

    /**
     * Get the name of the chroot.
     *
     * @returns the name.
     */
    std::string const&
    get_name () const;

    /**
     * Set the name of the chroot.
     *
     * @param name the name.
     */
    void
    set_name (std::string const& name);

    /**
     * Get the description of the chroot.
     *
     * @returns the description.
     */
    std::string const&
    get_description () const;

    /**
     * Set the description of the chroot.
     *
     * @param description the description.
     */
    void
    set_description (std::string const& description);

    /**
     * Get the mount location of the chroot.
     *
     * @returns the mount location.
     */
    std::string const&
    get_mount_location () const;

    /**
     * Set the mount location of the chroot.
     *
     * @param location the mount location.
     */
    void
    set_mount_location (std::string const& location);

  public:
    /**
     * Get the path to the chroot.  This is the absolute path to the
     * root of the chroot, and is typically the same as the mount
     * location and location concatenated together, but is overridden
     * by the chroot type if required.
     *
     * @returns the path.
     */
    virtual std::string
    get_path () const = 0;

    /**
     * Get the users allowed to access the chroot.
     *
     * @returns a list of users.
     */
    string_list const&
    get_users () const;

    /**
     * Set the users allowed to access the chroot.
     *
     * @param users a list of users.
     */
    void
    set_users (string_list const& users);

    /**
     * Get the groups allowed to access the chroot.
     *
     * @returns a list of groups.
     */
    string_list const&
    get_groups () const;

    /**
     * Set the users allowed to access the chroot.
     *
     * @param groups a list of groups.
     */
    void
    set_groups (string_list const& groups);

    /**
     * Get the users allowed to access the chroot as root.  Members
     * of these users can switch to root without authenticating
     * themselves.
     *
     * @returns a list of users.
     */
    string_list const&
    get_root_users () const;

    /**
     * Set the users allowed to access the chroot as root.  Members
     * of these users can switch to root without authenticating
     * themselves.
     *
     * @param users a list of users.
     */
    void
    set_root_users (string_list const& users);

    /**
     * Get the groups allowed to access the chroot as root.  Members
     * of these groups can switch to root without authenticating
     * themselves.
     *
     * @returns a list of groups.
     */
    string_list const&
    get_root_groups () const;

    /**
     * Set the groups allowed to access the chroot as root.  Members
     * of these groups can switch to root without authenticating
     * themselves.
     *
     * @param groups a list of groups.
     */
    void
    set_root_groups (string_list const& groups);

    /**
     * Get the aliases of the chroot.  These are alternative names for
     * the chroot.
     *
     * @returns a list of names.
     */
    string_list const&
    get_aliases () const;

    /**
     * Set the aliases of the chroot.  These are alternative names for
     * the chroot.
     *
     * @param aliases a list of names.
     */
    void
    set_aliases (string_list const& aliases);

    /**
     * Check if the environment should be preserved in the chroot.
     *
     * @returns true to preserve or false to clean.
     */
    bool
    get_preserve_environment () const;

    /**
     * Set if the environment should be preserved in the chroot.
     *
     * @param preserve_environment true to preserve or false to clean.
     */
    void
    set_preserve_environment (bool preserve_environment);

    /**
     * Get default shell.
     *
     * @returns default shell, or empty string if unset
     */
    std::string const&
    get_default_shell () const;

    /**
     * Set the default shell.  This is the default interactive shell.
     *
     * @param default_shell the default shell.
     */
    void
    set_default_shell (std::string const& default_shell);

    /**
     * Get the environment filter of the chroot.  This is a POSIX
     * extended regular expression used to remove insecure environment
     * variables from the chroot environment.
     *
     * @returns the filter
     */
    regex const&
    get_environment_filter () const;

    /**
     * Set the environment filter of the chroot.  This is a POSIX
     * extended regular expression used to remove insecure environment
     * variables from the chroot environment.
     *
     * @param environment_filter the filter.
     */
    void
    set_environment_filter (regex const& environment_filter);

    /**
     * Get the activity status of the chroot.  The chroot is active if
     * it has been cloned as a session.
     *
     * @returns true if active, false if inactive
     */
    bool
    get_active () const;

    /**
     * Get the originality of the chroot.
     *
     * @returns true if original, false if generated.
     */
    bool
    get_original () const;

    /**
     * Set the originality of the chroot.
     *
     * @param original true if original, false if generated.
     */
    void
    set_original (bool original);

    /**
     * Check if chroot setup scripts will be run.
     *
     * @returns true if setup scripts will be run, otherwise false.
     */
    bool
    get_run_setup_scripts () const;

  protected:
    /**
     * Set whether chroot setup scripts will be run.
     *
     * @param run_setup_scripts true if setup scripts will be run,
     * otherwise false.
     */
    void
    set_run_setup_scripts (bool run_setup_scripts);

  public:
    /**
     * Get the script configuration file for the chroot.  This is a
     * filename, either relative to the configured pkgsysconfdir or an
     * absolute path.
     *
     * @returns the configuration file name.
     */
    std::string const&
    get_script_config () const;

    /**
     * Set the script configuration file for the chroot.  This is a
     * filename, either relative to the configured pkgsysconfdir or an
     * absolute path.
     *
     * @param script_config the script configuration file.
     */
    void
    set_script_config (std::string const& script_config);

    /**
     * Get the configuration profile for the chroot.  This is a
     * directory, either relative to the configured pkgsysconfdir or
     * an absolute path.
     *
     * @returns the configuration file name.
     */
    std::string const&
    get_profile () const;

    /**
     * Set configuration profile for the chroot.  This is a directory,
     * either relative to the configured pkgsysconfdir or an absolute
     * path.
     *
     * @param profile the script configuration file.
     */
    void
    set_profile (std::string const& profile);

    /**
     * Get the command_prefix for the chroot.  This is a command to
     * prefix to any command run in the chroot.
     *
     * @returns the command prefix.
     */
    string_list const&
    get_command_prefix () const;

    /**
     * Set the command_prefix for the chroot.  This is a command to
     * prefix to any command run in the chroot.
     *
     * @param command_prefix the command prefix.
     */
    void
    set_command_prefix (string_list const& command_prefix);

    /**
     * Get the message verbosity.
     *
     * @returns the verbosity level.
     */
    verbosity
    get_verbosity () const;

    /**
     * Get the message verbosity as a readable string.
     *
     * @returns the verbosity level as a readable string.
     */
    const char *
    get_verbosity_string () const;

    /**
     * Set the message verbosity.
     *
     * @param verbosity the verbosity level.
     */
    void
    set_verbosity (verbosity verbosity);

    /**
     * Set the message verbosity.
     *
     * @param verbosity the verbosity level.
     */
    void
    set_verbosity (std::string const& verbosity);

    /**
     * Get the type of the chroot.
     *
     * @returns the chroot type.
     */
    virtual std::string const&
    get_chroot_type () const = 0;

    /**
     * Set environment.  Set the environment that the setup scripts
     * will see during execution.
     *
     * @param env the environment to set.
     */
    void
    setup_env (environment& env) const;

    /**
     * Set environment.  Set the environment that the setup scripts
     * will see during execution.
     *
     * @param chroot the chroot to use.
     * @param env the environment to set.
     */
    virtual void
    setup_env (chroot const& chroot,
	       environment& env) const = 0;

    /**
     * Lock a chroot during setup.  The locking technique (if any) may
     * vary depending upon the chroot type and setup stage.  For
     * example, during creation of an LVM snapshot a block device
     * might require locking, but afterwards this will change to the
     * new block device.
     *
     * An error will be thrown on failure.
     *
     * @param type the type of setup being performed
     */
    void
    lock (setup_type type);

    /**
     * Unlock a chroot during setup.  The locking technique (if any) may
     * vary depending upon the chroot type and setup stage.  For
     * example, during creation of an LVM snapshot a block device
     * might require locking, but afterwards this will change to the
     * new block device.
     *
     * An error will be thrown on failure.
     *
     * @param type the type of setup being performed
     * @param status the exit status of the setup commands (0 for
     * success, nonzero for failure).
     */
    void
    unlock (setup_type type,
	    int        status);

  protected:
    /**
     * Set up persistent session information.
     *
     * @param start true if startion, or false if ending a session.
     */
    virtual void
    setup_session_info (bool start);

    /**
     * Unlock a chroot during setup.  The locking technique (if any) may
     * vary depending upon the chroot type and setup stage.  For
     * example, during creation of an LVM snapshot a block device
     * might require locking, but afterwards this will change to the
     * new block device.
     *
     * An error will be thrown on failure.
     *
     * @param type the type of setup being performed
     * @param lock true to lock, false to unlock
     * @param status the exit status of the setup commands (0 for
     * success, nonzero for failure).
     */
    virtual void
    setup_lock(setup_type type,
	       bool       lock,
	       int        status) = 0;

  public:
    /**
     * Get a chroot facet.  This is a templated method; use the
     * correct type for the facet required.
     *
     * @returns a shared_ptr to the facet, or to NULL if the facet
     * does not exist.
     */
    template <typename T>
    std::shared_ptr<T>
    get_facet ();

    /**
     * Get a chroot facet.  This is a templated method; use the
     * correct type for the facet required.
     *
     * @returns a shared_ptr to the facet, or to NULL if the facet
     * does not exist.
     */
    template <typename T>
    const std::shared_ptr<const T>
    get_facet () const;

    /**
     * Add a chroot facet.
     *
     * @param facet the facet to add.
     */
    template <typename T>
    void
    add_facet (std::shared_ptr<T> facet);

    /**
     * Remove a chroot facet.  This is a templated method; use the
     * correct type for the facet to remove.
     */
    template <typename T>
    void
    remove_facet ();

    /**
     * Remove a chroot facet.
     *
     * @param facet the facet to remove.
     */
    template <typename T>
    void
    remove_facet (std::shared_ptr<T> facet);

    /**
     * Replace an existing chroot facet with a new facet.
     *
     * @param facet the replacement facet.
     */
    template <typename T>
    void
    replace_facet (std::shared_ptr<T> facet);

    /**
     * List all registered chroot facets.
     *
     * @returns a list of facets.
     */
    string_list
    list_facets () const;

    /**
     * Get the session flags of the chroot.  These determine how the
     * Session controlling the chroot will operate.
     *
     * @returns the session flags.
     */
    session_flags
    get_session_flags () const;

    /**
     * Get the session flags of the chroot.  These determine how the
     * Session controlling the chroot will operate.
     *
     * @param chroot the chroot to use.
     * @returns the session flags.
     */
    virtual chroot::session_flags
    get_session_flags (chroot const& chroot) const = 0;

    /**
     * Print detailed information about the chroot to a stream.  The
     * information is printed in plain text with one line per
     * property.
     *
     * @param stream the stream to output to.
     * @param rhs the chroot to output.
     * @returns the stream.
     */
    friend std::ostream&
    operator << (std::ostream& stream,
		 ptr const&    rhs)
    {
      rhs->print_details(stream);
      return stream;
    }

    /**
     * Chroot initialisation from a keyfile.
     *
     * @param keyfile the keyfile to get the properties from.
     * @param rhs the chroot to output.
     * @returns the keyfile.
     */
    friend
    keyfile const&
    operator >> (keyfile const& keyfile,
		 ptr&           rhs)
    {
      rhs->set_keyfile(keyfile);
      return keyfile;
    }

    /**
     * Chroot serialisation to a keyfile.
     *
     * @param keyfile the keyfile to use.
     * @param rhs the chroot to output.
     * @returns the keyfile.
     */
    friend
    keyfile&
    operator << (keyfile&   keyfile,
		 ptr const& rhs)
    {
      rhs->get_keyfile(keyfile);
      return keyfile;
    }

    /**
     * Get detailed information about the chroot for output.
     *
     * @param detail the details to output to.
     */
    void
    get_details (format_detail& detail) const;

    /**
     * Get detailed information about the chroot for output.
     *
     * @param chroot the chroot to use.
     * @param detail the details to output to.
     */
    virtual void
    get_details (chroot const&  chroot,
		 format_detail& detail) const = 0;

    /**
     * Print detailed information about the chroot to a stream.  The
     * information is printed in plain text with one line per
     * property.
     *
     * @param stream the stream to output to.
     */
    void
    print_details (std::ostream& stream) const;

    /**
     * Copy the chroot properties into a keyfile.  The keyfile group
     * with the name of the chroot will be set; if it already exists,
     * it will be removed before setting it.
     *
     * @param keyfile the keyfile to use.
     */
    void
    get_keyfile (keyfile& keyfile) const;

  protected:
    /**
     * Copy the chroot properties into a keyfile.  The keyfile group
     * with the name of the chroot will be set; if it already exists,
     * it will be removed before setting it.
     *
     * @param chroot the chroot to use.
     * @param keyfile the keyfile to use.
     */
    virtual void
    get_keyfile (chroot const& chroot,
		 keyfile&      keyfile) const = 0;

  public:
    /**
     * Set the chroot properties from a keyfile.  The chroot name must
     * have previously been set, so that the correct keyfile group may
     * be determined.
     *
     * @param keyfile the keyfile to get the properties from.
     */
    void
    set_keyfile (keyfile const& keyfile);

  protected:
    /**
     * Set the chroot properties from a keyfile.  The chroot name must
     * have previously been set, so that the correct keyfile group may
     * be determined.
     *
     * @param chroot the chroot to use.
     * @param keyfile the keyfile to get the properties from.
     * @param used_keys a list of the keys used will be set.
     */
    virtual void
    set_keyfile (chroot&        chroot,
		 keyfile const& keyfile,
		 string_list&   used_keys) = 0;

  private:
    /// Chroot name.
    std::string   name;
    /// Chroot description.
    std::string   description;
    /// Users allowed to access the chroot.
    string_list   users;
    /// Groups allowed to access the chroot.
    string_list   groups;
    /// Users allowed to access the chroot as root.
    string_list   root_users;
    /// Groups allowed to access the chroot as root.
    string_list   root_groups;
    /// Alternative names for the chroot.
    string_list   aliases;
    /// Preserve environment?
    bool          preserve_environment;
    /// Default shell
    std::string   default_shell;
    /// Environment filter regex.
    regex         environment_filter;
    /// Location to mount chroot in the filesystem (if any).
    std::string   mount_location;
    /// Was the chroot automatically generated?
    bool          original;
    /// Run chroot setup scripts?
    bool          run_setup_scripts;
    /// Configuration of the setup and exec scripts.
    std::string   script_config;
    /// Configuration profile for setup scripts (replaces script_config).
    std::string   profile;
    /// Command prefix.
    string_list   command_prefix;
    /// The message verbosity.
    verbosity     message_verbosity;

    /// A shared pointer to a chroot facet.
    typedef std::shared_ptr<chroot_facet> facet_ptr;
    /// A list of chroot facets.
    typedef std::list<facet_ptr> facet_list;
    /// Contained chroot facets
    facet_list facets;
  };

  /**
   * Bitwise-OR of specifed session properties
   * @param lhs session properties
   * @param rhs session properties
   * @returns result of OR.
   */
  chroot::session_flags
  inline operator | (chroot::session_flags const& lhs,
		     chroot::session_flags const& rhs)
  {
    return static_cast<chroot::session_flags>
      (static_cast<int>(lhs) | static_cast<int>(rhs));
  }

  /**
   * Bitwise-AND of specifed session properties
   * @param lhs session properties
   * @param rhs session properties
   * @returns result of AND.
   */
  chroot::session_flags
  inline operator & (chroot::session_flags const& lhs,
		     chroot::session_flags const& rhs)
  {
    return static_cast<chroot::session_flags>
      (static_cast<int>(lhs) & static_cast<int>(rhs));
  }

}

#include <sbuild/sbuild-chroot-facet.h>

namespace sbuild
{

  template <typename T>
  std::shared_ptr<T>
  chroot::get_facet ()
  {
    std::shared_ptr<T> ret;

    for (facet_list::const_iterator pos = facets.begin();
	 pos != facets.end();
	 ++pos)
      {
	if (ret = std::dynamic_pointer_cast<T>(*pos))
	  break;
      }

    return ret;
  }

  template <typename T>
  const std::shared_ptr<const T>
  chroot::get_facet () const
  {
    std::shared_ptr<T> ret;

    for (facet_list::const_iterator pos = facets.begin();
	 pos != facets.end();
	 ++pos)
      {
	if (ret = std::dynamic_pointer_cast<T>(*pos))
	  break;
      }

    return std::const_pointer_cast<T>(ret);
  }

  template <typename T>
  void
  chroot::add_facet (std::shared_ptr<T> facet)
  {
    facet_ptr new_facet = std::dynamic_pointer_cast<chroot_facet>(facet);
    if (!new_facet)
      throw error(FACET_INVALID);

    for (facet_list::const_iterator pos = facets.begin();
	 pos != facets.end();
	 ++pos)
      {
	if (std::dynamic_pointer_cast<T>(*pos))
	  throw error(FACET_PRESENT);
      }

    new_facet->set_chroot(*this);
    facets.push_back(new_facet);
  }

  template <typename T>
  void
  chroot::remove_facet ()
  {
    for (facet_list::iterator pos = facets.begin();
	 pos != facets.end();
	 ++pos)
      {
	if (std::dynamic_pointer_cast<T>(*pos))
	  {
	    facets.erase(pos);
	    break;
	  }
      }
  }

  template <typename T>
  void
  chroot::remove_facet (std::shared_ptr<T> facet)
  {
    remove_facet<T>();
  }

  template <typename T>
  void
  chroot::replace_facet (std::shared_ptr<T> facet)
  {
    remove_facet<T>();
    add_facet(facet);
  }

}

#endif /* SBUILD_CHROOT_H */

/*
 * Local Variables:
 * mode:C++
 * End:
 */