File: plot_svm_nonlinear.py

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"""
==============
Non-linear SVM
==============

Perform binary classification using non-linear SVC
with RBF kernel. The target to predict is a XOR of the
inputs.

The color map illustrates the decision function learned by the SVC.
"""
print(__doc__)

import numpy as np
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
from sklearn import svm

xx, yy = np.meshgrid(np.linspace(-3, 3, 500),
                     np.linspace(-3, 3, 500))
np.random.seed(0)
X = np.random.randn(300, 2)
Y = np.logical_xor(X[:, 0] > 0, X[:, 1] > 0)

# fit the model
clf = svm.NuSVC(gamma='auto')
clf.fit(X, Y)

# plot the decision function for each datapoint on the grid
Z = clf.decision_function(np.c_[xx.ravel(), yy.ravel()])
Z = Z.reshape(xx.shape)

plt.imshow(Z, interpolation='nearest',
           extent=(xx.min(), xx.max(), yy.min(), yy.max()), aspect='auto',
           origin='lower', cmap=plt.cm.PuOr_r)
contours = plt.contour(xx, yy, Z, levels=[0], linewidths=2,
                       linestyles='dashed')
plt.scatter(X[:, 0], X[:, 1], s=30, c=Y, cmap=plt.cm.Paired,
            edgecolors='k')
plt.xticks(())
plt.yticks(())
plt.axis([-3, 3, -3, 3])
plt.show()