Scribus 1.3.5+ has replaced the traditionally used so called autotools with
the CMake build system (cmake.org).
Please see install4.html in scribus/doc for details *after* reviewing the
build requirements below.
Note that while a QMake project file (Scribus.pro) is provided in the Scribus
source distribution, it is not possible to build Scribus with this project
file. It is only used for generating the translation template files.
REQUIREMENTS AND BUILDING - Microsoft Windows
See the separate file BUILDING_win32.txt
REQUIREMENTS AND BUILDING - Geneiric *BSD/Linux/*nix
These requirements are generic information for any BSD, UNIX or Linux flavour.
More specific information for particular Linux distros, including lists of
exact package names for the distro, are provided below.
Install the below packages BEFORE running CMake or compiling Scribus:
Qt >= 4.6.0 (Scribus has specific code requiring Qt 4.6, not Qt 4.5.x or before)
Freetype >= 2.1.7 (2.3.x strongly recommended)
cairo >= 1.4.x
libtiff >= 3.6.0
LittleCMS (liblcms) = 1.12 (1.18+ recommended) or LittleCMS 2 (liblcms2) >= 2.1
libjpeg (depending on how Qt is packaged)
Fontconfig >= 2.0
LibXML2 >= 2.6.0
GhostScript >= 8.0 (8.6+ or greater preferred)
Python >= 2.3
tkinter for the font sampler script
python-imaging or python-pillow for the font sampler preview
pkgconfig (to assist finding other libraries)
apspell for the spell checker
podofo - 0.7.0+ for enhanced Illustrator AI/EPS import
boost and boost-devel - needed for some advanced vector format display
If any recommended libraries (and their dev/devel packages or headers) are not
installed, some features will be disabled by cmake. If you later install
any of these dependencies, you will have to re-run cmake and re-compile
Scribus before the features are enabled.
LIBRARIES IN NON-STANDARD LOCATIONS
You can skip this section unless:
(a) You have libraries installed in unusual locations such as your home
directory or an add-in package collection (eg fink); or
(b) Scribus is not finding libraries that you KNOW you have installed
(remember the -dev/-devel package if applicable).
If any of your libraries are in non-standard locations you will need to provide
some extra arguments to CMake to ensure that CMake and gcc can find all the
required files. Where /path/to/libfoo is the path to the the directory the
library was installed to, eg /usr/local or /home/fred/libfoo (not the 'lib'
subdirectory the actual .so files are in), you can use the following extra
arguments to CMake to help it find the library:
If you have multiple custom paths to specify, use a ; path separator, eg:
In most cases you should not and should not need to modify the CFLAGS,
CXXFLAGS, LIBRARY_PATH, LD_LIBRARY_PATH, CPATH, or LDFLAGS environment
variables. If you need to alter these to get Scribus to build, please file a
bug on http://bugs.scribus.net/ with information about your exact Scribus
version (including Subversion revision), full CMake command line, output of the
`env' command, and the full compiler error messages including the original
compiler command obtained by running `make' with the VERBOSE=1 argument.
CMake will try to embed the paths to the required libraries into the
executable,so you should generally not need to set the LD_LIBRARY_PATH
environment variable or your platform's equivalent. On platforms like win32
where no such rpath support exists, you will need to ensure that the libraries
required by Scribus are on the library search path. For Windows, the library
search path is the PATH environment variable.
REQUIREMENTS - DETAILS
Qt 4.6 is now the *minimum*. Older versions of Qt are *not* supported.
If you build Qt from sources, the recommended ./configure/cmake switches are the
same as used by KDE. Use of other switches aside from those used by distro
packages can make trouble shooting issues very difficult at times.
Scribus requires Freetype. If you are compiling from source, you will need to
have the freetype headers installed - these can usually be found in a -devel
package for your distro.
It is strongly recommended that you install the CUPS development packages if
you are compiling Scribus. Without CUPS, Scribus will have significantly
reduced printing functionality and building without CUPS is poorly tested.
Fontconfig, if installed, will let Scribus find fonts using the same method as
most other major desktop applications such as all KDE and GNOME applications.
If fontconfig support is installed, Scribus will not search your X font path, X
server configuration, or X font server configuration for fonts - it will only
use fonts found using fontconfig and any custom font locations configured in
the preferences. Use of fontconfig is strongly recommended and will soon be
required on supporting platforms.
Python is used to add scripting support to Scribus. If Python is not found, or
there are no header files for Python installed (usually because you haven't
installed the development package), the scripting support will not be enabled.
See the distro-specific notes below for more information on installing and
using Scribus with your distro.
If Scribus can't find a library, there are several things you should do.
First of all, read `DISTRO SPECIFIC BUILD INFORMATION' below and see if
there's anything there for your OS / distro.
Next, ensure you definitely have the library installed, as well as any
additional development packages that may be required to use it. On Linux, make
sure to install the "-dev" or "-devel" package for the missing library. After
doing this, re-run cmake.
If the library is still not found, please read and act on the section above,
entitled `LIBRARIES IN NONSTANDARD LOCATIONS'. Check that all those environment
variables are set to sensible values. If you are using any other custom CFLAGS,
LDFLAGS, CXXFLAGS, CPPFLAGS, etc, then unset or disable them unless you're
really sure you know what you're doing. This is doubly true for "optimisation"
flags like -mcpu and -march .
If you're still unable to determine what the problem is, please post a message
to the Scribus mailing list or report a bug on bugs.scribus.net.
In any problem report, MAKE SURE YOU INCLUDE THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION:
- Your CMakeCache.txt
- The exact CMake command you ran
- The output of the `env' command
- A full listing of the compile command and compiler error messages,
obtained by running `make' with VERBOSE=1 .
- Operating system or distro, eg "Mac OS X" or "Debian Linux"
- OS or distro version, eg "Panther" or "Fedora Core 10". This is NOT the
Linux kernel version, though you can provide that too.
- Scribus version you're trying to compile, eg "1.3.8" or "1.5.0.svn". If
you're building an SVN version, please make sure you've run
"svn revert -R ." (this WILL erase any patches / custom changes you've
made), deleted the CMake cache with `rm -f CMakeCache.txt' and re-built
before reporting a problem. Include the output of `svn info' in your
bug report if you are using a svn version.
- What compiler & version you're using. You can get this from `gcc
--version'. if you're using gcc.
- If you're having problems with a particular library, what version
of the library you have installed and where you got it from. eg:
"freetype 2.0.1 from sunfreeware,"
"LittleCMS 1.1.4, compiled myself and installed in /usr/local",
"freetype 2.1.3 from backports.org",
"fontconfig 2.2.0 (stock Fedora Core 3 devel package)"
"I installed the qt-3.0.1.rpm and qt-devel-3.0.1.rpm from the CD."
- Check again to make REALLY REALLY SURE you have the devel package
installed, and list the names of the relevant installed devel packages
in your problem report.
- Any environment variables you may have set
- Anything else you can think of that might be useful. There's no
such thing as too much information, though please put big files
elsewhere rather than sending them to the mailing list.
It's best if you do a search of the mailing list archives and/or
bugs.scribus.net before reporting a problem, too. This is doubly true for
development versions of Scribus.
DISTRO SPECIFIC BUILD INFORMATION
This section contains information about compiling Scribus that's specific to
particular operating systems and Linux distros. More distro-specific
information can be found in the README.
Recommended packages for compiling from source on Etch (Debian 4.0):
liblcms1-dev (Required, use liblcms2-dev if possible)
python2.3-dev or python2.4-dev
gs-gpl or gs-afpl (usually gs-gpl is newer now)
You are unlikely to be able to compile Scribus 1.3.x on Debian 3.0 (Woody)
or Debian 3.1 (Sarge) without significant upgrades; it is not at all
recommended. Scribus 1.3.x should be considered not to support Debian Woody,
with versions above 1.3.5 unsupported on Sarge as well.
More info can be found in the README.
Red Hat / Fedora / CentOS
Recommended packages for compiling from source on Fedora/CentOS/RHEL
lcms-devel (Required, use lcms2-devel if possible)
You can install these packages with 'yum install packagename' as root.
More info can be found in the README.
Recommended packages for compiling from source on SuSE 11.x:
openssl-devel (required if CUPS support is needed)
You can install these packages using YaST. You may find it difficult to compile
Scribus 1.3.9+ on anything older than Suse 11.3.
Please note we do provide frequently updated packages
on the Suse Build Server at http//software.opensuse.org
Mac OS X
There is a separate document for building on OSX. The Scribus build system
can be used to create native dmg installers for OSX.
No build instructions yet. Please see the README for info on Scribus under
Please feel free to submit a list of package names and versions required to
compile Scribus on your distro, or build instructions for your OS.