File: sent.c

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/* See LICENSE file for copyright and license details. */
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>

#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <regex.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <X11/keysym.h>
#include <X11/XKBlib.h>
#include <X11/Xatom.h>
#include <X11/Xlib.h>
#include <X11/Xutil.h>
#include <X11/Xft/Xft.h>

#include "arg.h"
#include "util.h"
#include "drw.h"

char *argv0;

/* macros */
#define LEN(a)         (sizeof(a) / sizeof(a)[0])
#define LIMIT(x, a, b) (x) = (x) < (a) ? (a) : (x) > (b) ? (b) : (x)
#define MAXFONTSTRLEN  128

typedef enum {
	NONE = 0,
	SCALED = 1,
} imgstate;

typedef struct {
	unsigned char *buf;
	unsigned int bufwidth, bufheight;
	imgstate state;
	XImage *ximg;
	int numpasses;
} Image;

typedef struct {
	char *regex;
	char *bin;
} Filter;

typedef struct {
	unsigned int linecount;
	char **lines;
	Image *img;
	char *embed;
} Slide;

/* Purely graphic info */
typedef struct {
	Display *dpy;
	Window win;
	Atom wmdeletewin, netwmname;
	Visual *vis;
	XSetWindowAttributes attrs;
	int scr;
	int w, h;
	int uw, uh; /* usable dimensions for drawing text and images */
} XWindow;

typedef union {
	int i;
	unsigned int ui;
	float f;
	const void *v;
} Arg;

typedef struct {
	unsigned int b;
	void (*func)(const Arg *);
	const Arg arg;
} Mousekey;

typedef struct {
	KeySym keysym;
	void (*func)(const Arg *);
	const Arg arg;
} Shortcut;

static void fffree(Image *img);
static void ffload(Slide *s);
static void ffprepare(Image *img);
static void ffscale(Image *img);
static void ffdraw(Image *img);

static void getfontsize(Slide *s, unsigned int *width, unsigned int *height);
static void cleanup(int slidesonly);
static void reload(const Arg *arg);
static void load(FILE *fp);
static void advance(const Arg *arg);
static void quit(const Arg *arg);
static void resize(int width, int height);
static void run();
static void usage();
static void xdraw();
static void xhints();
static void xinit();
static void xloadfonts();

static void bpress(XEvent *);
static void cmessage(XEvent *);
static void expose(XEvent *);
static void kpress(XEvent *);
static void configure(XEvent *);

/* config.h for applying patches and the configuration. */
#include "config.h"

/* Globals */
static const char *fname = NULL;
static Slide *slides = NULL;
static int idx = 0;
static int slidecount = 0;
static XWindow xw;
static Drw *d = NULL;
static Clr *sc;
static Fnt *fonts[NUMFONTSCALES];
static int running = 1;

static void (*handler[LASTEvent])(XEvent *) = {
	[ButtonPress] = bpress,
	[ClientMessage] = cmessage,
	[ConfigureNotify] = configure,
	[Expose] = expose,
	[KeyPress] = kpress,
};

int
filter(int fd, const char *cmd)
{
	int fds[2];

	if (pipe(fds) < 0)
		die("sent: Unable to create pipe:");

	switch (fork()) {
	case -1:
		die("sent: Unable to fork:");
	case 0:
		dup2(fd, 0);
		dup2(fds[1], 1);
		close(fds[0]);
		close(fds[1]);
		execlp("sh", "sh", "-c", cmd, (char *)0);
		fprintf(stderr, "sent: execlp sh -c '%s': %s\n", cmd, strerror(errno));
		_exit(1);
	}
	close(fds[1]);
	return fds[0];
}

void
fffree(Image *img)
{
	free(img->buf);
	if (img->ximg)
		XDestroyImage(img->ximg);
	free(img);
}

void
ffload(Slide *s)
{
	uint32_t y, x;
	uint16_t *row;
	uint8_t opac, fg_r, fg_g, fg_b, bg_r, bg_g, bg_b;
	size_t rowlen, off, nbytes, i;
	ssize_t count;
	unsigned char hdr[16];
	char *bin = NULL;
	char *filename;
	regex_t regex;
	int fdin, fdout;

	if (s->img || !(filename = s->embed) || !s->embed[0])
		return; /* already done */

	for (i = 0; i < LEN(filters); i++) {
		if (regcomp(&regex, filters[i].regex,
		            REG_NOSUB | REG_EXTENDED | REG_ICASE)) {
			fprintf(stderr, "sent: Invalid regex '%s'\n", filters[i].regex);
			continue;
		}
		if (!regexec(&regex, filename, 0, NULL, 0)) {
			bin = filters[i].bin;
			regfree(&regex);
			break;
		}
		regfree(&regex);
	}
	if (!bin)
		die("sent: Unable to find matching filter for '%s'", filename);

	if ((fdin = open(filename, O_RDONLY)) < 0)
		die("sent: Unable to open '%s':", filename);

	if ((fdout = filter(fdin, bin)) < 0)
		die("sent: Unable to filter '%s':", filename);
	close(fdin);

	if (read(fdout, hdr, 16) != 16)
		die("sent: Unable to read filtered file '%s':", filename);
	if (memcmp("farbfeld", hdr, 8))
		die("sent: Filtered file '%s' has no valid farbfeld header", filename);

	s->img = ecalloc(1, sizeof(Image));
	s->img->bufwidth = ntohl(*(uint32_t *)&hdr[8]);
	s->img->bufheight = ntohl(*(uint32_t *)&hdr[12]);

	if (s->img->buf)
		free(s->img->buf);
	/* internally the image is stored in 888 format */
	s->img->buf = ecalloc(s->img->bufwidth * s->img->bufheight, strlen("888"));

	/* scratch buffer to read row by row */
	rowlen = s->img->bufwidth * 2 * strlen("RGBA");
	row = ecalloc(1, rowlen);

	/* extract window background color channels for transparency */
	bg_r = (sc[ColBg].pixel >> 16) % 256;
	bg_g = (sc[ColBg].pixel >>  8) % 256;
	bg_b = (sc[ColBg].pixel >>  0) % 256;

	for (off = 0, y = 0; y < s->img->bufheight; y++) {
		nbytes = 0;
		while (nbytes < rowlen) {
			count = read(fdout, (char *)row + nbytes, rowlen - nbytes);
			if (count < 0)
				die("sent: Unable to read from pipe:");
			nbytes += count;
		}
		for (x = 0; x < rowlen / 2; x += 4) {
			fg_r = ntohs(row[x + 0]) / 257;
			fg_g = ntohs(row[x + 1]) / 257;
			fg_b = ntohs(row[x + 2]) / 257;
			opac = ntohs(row[x + 3]) / 257;
			/* blend opaque part of image data with window background color to
			 * emulate transparency */
			s->img->buf[off++] = (fg_r * opac + bg_r * (255 - opac)) / 255;
			s->img->buf[off++] = (fg_g * opac + bg_g * (255 - opac)) / 255;
			s->img->buf[off++] = (fg_b * opac + bg_b * (255 - opac)) / 255;
		}
	}

	free(row);
	close(fdout);
}

void
ffprepare(Image *img)
{
	int depth = DefaultDepth(xw.dpy, xw.scr);
	int width = xw.uw;
	int height = xw.uh;

	if (xw.uw * img->bufheight > xw.uh * img->bufwidth)
		width = img->bufwidth * xw.uh / img->bufheight;
	else
		height = img->bufheight * xw.uw / img->bufwidth;

	if (depth < 24)
		die("sent: Display color depths < 24 not supported");

	if (!(img->ximg = XCreateImage(xw.dpy, CopyFromParent, depth, ZPixmap, 0,
	                               NULL, width, height, 32, 0)))
		die("sent: Unable to create XImage");

	img->ximg->data = ecalloc(height, img->ximg->bytes_per_line);
	if (!XInitImage(img->ximg))
		die("sent: Unable to initiate XImage");

	ffscale(img);
	img->state |= SCALED;
}

void
ffscale(Image *img)
{
	unsigned int x, y;
	unsigned int width = img->ximg->width;
	unsigned int height = img->ximg->height;
	char* newBuf = img->ximg->data;
	unsigned char* ibuf;
	unsigned int jdy = img->ximg->bytes_per_line / 4 - width;
	unsigned int dx = (img->bufwidth << 10) / width;

	for (y = 0; y < height; y++) {
		unsigned int bufx = img->bufwidth / width;
		ibuf = &img->buf[y * img->bufheight / height * img->bufwidth * 3];

		for (x = 0; x < width; x++) {
			*newBuf++ = (ibuf[(bufx >> 10)*3+2]);
			*newBuf++ = (ibuf[(bufx >> 10)*3+1]);
			*newBuf++ = (ibuf[(bufx >> 10)*3+0]);
			newBuf++;
			bufx += dx;
		}
		newBuf += jdy;
	}
}

void
ffdraw(Image *img)
{
	int xoffset = (xw.w - img->ximg->width) / 2;
	int yoffset = (xw.h - img->ximg->height) / 2;
	XPutImage(xw.dpy, xw.win, d->gc, img->ximg, 0, 0,
	          xoffset, yoffset, img->ximg->width, img->ximg->height);
	XFlush(xw.dpy);
}

void
getfontsize(Slide *s, unsigned int *width, unsigned int *height)
{
	int i, j;
	unsigned int curw, newmax;
	float lfac = linespacing * (s->linecount - 1) + 1;

	/* fit height */
	for (j = NUMFONTSCALES - 1; j >= 0; j--)
		if (fonts[j]->h * lfac <= xw.uh)
			break;
	LIMIT(j, 0, NUMFONTSCALES - 1);
	drw_setfontset(d, fonts[j]);

	/* fit width */
	*width = 0;
	for (i = 0; i < s->linecount; i++) {
		curw = drw_fontset_getwidth(d, s->lines[i]);
		newmax = (curw >= *width);
		while (j > 0 && curw > xw.uw) {
			drw_setfontset(d, fonts[--j]);
			curw = drw_fontset_getwidth(d, s->lines[i]);
		}
		if (newmax)
			*width = curw;
	}
	*height = fonts[j]->h * lfac;
}

void
cleanup(int slidesonly)
{
	unsigned int i, j;

	if (!slidesonly) {
		for (i = 0; i < NUMFONTSCALES; i++)
			drw_fontset_free(fonts[i]);
		free(sc);
		drw_free(d);

		XDestroyWindow(xw.dpy, xw.win);
		XSync(xw.dpy, False);
		XCloseDisplay(xw.dpy);
	}

	if (slides) {
		for (i = 0; i < slidecount; i++) {
			for (j = 0; j < slides[i].linecount; j++)
				free(slides[i].lines[j]);
			free(slides[i].lines);
			if (slides[i].img)
				fffree(slides[i].img);
		}
		if (!slidesonly) {
			free(slides);
			slides = NULL;
		}
	}
}

void
reload(const Arg *arg)
{
	FILE *fp = NULL;
	unsigned int i;

	if (!fname) {
		fprintf(stderr, "sent: Cannot reload from stdin. Use a file!\n");
		return;
	}

	cleanup(1);
	slidecount = 0;

	if (!(fp = fopen(fname, "r")))
		die("sent: Unable to open '%s' for reading:", fname);
	load(fp);
	fclose(fp);

	LIMIT(idx, 0, slidecount-1);
	for (i = 0; i < slidecount; i++)
		ffload(&slides[i]);
	xdraw();
}

void
load(FILE *fp)
{
	static size_t size = 0;
	size_t blen, maxlines;
	char buf[BUFSIZ], *p;
	Slide *s;

	/* read each line from fp and add it to the item list */
	while (1) {
		/* eat consecutive empty lines */
		while ((p = fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), fp)))
			if (strcmp(buf, "\n") != 0 && buf[0] != '#')
				break;
		if (!p)
			break;

		if ((slidecount+1) * sizeof(*slides) >= size)
			if (!(slides = realloc(slides, (size += BUFSIZ))))
				die("sent: Unable to reallocate %u bytes:", size);

		/* read one slide */
		maxlines = 0;
		memset((s = &slides[slidecount]), 0, sizeof(Slide));
		do {
			if (buf[0] == '#')
				continue;

			/* grow lines array */
			if (s->linecount >= maxlines) {
				maxlines = 2 * s->linecount + 1;
				if (!(s->lines = realloc(s->lines, maxlines * sizeof(s->lines[0]))))
					die("sent: Unable to reallocate %u bytes:", maxlines * sizeof(s->lines[0]));
			}

			blen = strlen(buf);
			if (!(s->lines[s->linecount] = strdup(buf)))
				die("sent: Unable to strdup:");
			if (s->lines[s->linecount][blen-1] == '\n')
				s->lines[s->linecount][blen-1] = '\0';

			/* mark as image slide if first line of a slide starts with @ */
			if (s->linecount == 0 && s->lines[0][0] == '@')
				s->embed = &s->lines[0][1];

			if (s->lines[s->linecount][0] == '\\')
				memmove(s->lines[s->linecount], &s->lines[s->linecount][1], blen);
			s->linecount++;
		} while ((p = fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), fp)) && strcmp(buf, "\n") != 0);

		slidecount++;
		if (!p)
			break;
	}
}

void
advance(const Arg *arg)
{
	int new_idx = idx + arg->i;
	LIMIT(new_idx, 0, slidecount-1);
	if (new_idx != idx) {
		if (slides[idx].img)
			slides[idx].img->state &= ~SCALED;
		idx = new_idx;
		xdraw();
	}
}

void
quit(const Arg *arg)
{
	running = 0;
}

void
resize(int width, int height)
{
	xw.w = width;
	xw.h = height;
	xw.uw = usablewidth * width;
	xw.uh = usableheight * height;
	drw_resize(d, width, height);
}

void
run()
{
	XEvent ev;

	/* Waiting for window mapping */
	while (1) {
		XNextEvent(xw.dpy, &ev);
		if (ev.type == ConfigureNotify) {
			resize(ev.xconfigure.width, ev.xconfigure.height);
		} else if (ev.type == MapNotify) {
			break;
		}
	}

	while (running) {
		XNextEvent(xw.dpy, &ev);
		if (handler[ev.type])
			(handler[ev.type])(&ev);
	}
}

void
xdraw()
{
	unsigned int height, width, i;
	Image *im = slides[idx].img;

	getfontsize(&slides[idx], &width, &height);
	XClearWindow(xw.dpy, xw.win);

	if (!im) {
		drw_rect(d, 0, 0, xw.w, xw.h, 1, 1);
		for (i = 0; i < slides[idx].linecount; i++)
			drw_text(d,
			         (xw.w - width) / 2,
			         (xw.h - height) / 2 + i * linespacing * d->fonts->h,
			         width,
			         d->fonts->h,
			         0,
			         slides[idx].lines[i],
			         0);
		drw_map(d, xw.win, 0, 0, xw.w, xw.h);
	} else {
		if (!(im->state & SCALED))
			ffprepare(im);
		ffdraw(im);
	}
}

void
xhints()
{
	XClassHint class = {.res_name = "sent", .res_class = "presenter"};
	XWMHints wm = {.flags = InputHint, .input = True};
	XSizeHints *sizeh = NULL;

	if (!(sizeh = XAllocSizeHints()))
		die("sent: Unable to allocate size hints");

	sizeh->flags = PSize;
	sizeh->height = xw.h;
	sizeh->width = xw.w;

	XSetWMProperties(xw.dpy, xw.win, NULL, NULL, NULL, 0, sizeh, &wm, &class);
	XFree(sizeh);
}

void
xinit()
{
	XTextProperty prop;
	unsigned int i;

	if (!(xw.dpy = XOpenDisplay(NULL)))
		die("sent: Unable to open display");
	xw.scr = XDefaultScreen(xw.dpy);
	xw.vis = XDefaultVisual(xw.dpy, xw.scr);
	resize(DisplayWidth(xw.dpy, xw.scr), DisplayHeight(xw.dpy, xw.scr));

	xw.attrs.bit_gravity = CenterGravity;
	xw.attrs.event_mask = KeyPressMask | ExposureMask | StructureNotifyMask |
	                      ButtonMotionMask | ButtonPressMask;

	xw.win = XCreateWindow(xw.dpy, XRootWindow(xw.dpy, xw.scr), 0, 0,
	                       xw.w, xw.h, 0, XDefaultDepth(xw.dpy, xw.scr),
	                       InputOutput, xw.vis, CWBitGravity | CWEventMask,
	                       &xw.attrs);

	xw.wmdeletewin = XInternAtom(xw.dpy, "WM_DELETE_WINDOW", False);
	xw.netwmname = XInternAtom(xw.dpy, "_NET_WM_NAME", False);
	XSetWMProtocols(xw.dpy, xw.win, &xw.wmdeletewin, 1);

	if (!(d = drw_create(xw.dpy, xw.scr, xw.win, xw.w, xw.h)))
		die("sent: Unable to create drawing context");
	sc = drw_scm_create(d, colors, 2);
	drw_setscheme(d, sc);
	XSetWindowBackground(xw.dpy, xw.win, sc[ColBg].pixel);

	xloadfonts();
	for (i = 0; i < slidecount; i++)
		ffload(&slides[i]);

	XStringListToTextProperty(&argv0, 1, &prop);
	XSetWMName(xw.dpy, xw.win, &prop);
	XSetTextProperty(xw.dpy, xw.win, &prop, xw.netwmname);
	XFree(prop.value);
	XMapWindow(xw.dpy, xw.win);
	xhints();
	XSync(xw.dpy, False);
}

void
xloadfonts()
{
	int i, j;
	char *fstrs[LEN(fontfallbacks)];

	for (j = 0; j < LEN(fontfallbacks); j++) {
		fstrs[j] = ecalloc(1, MAXFONTSTRLEN);
	}

	for (i = 0; i < NUMFONTSCALES; i++) {
		for (j = 0; j < LEN(fontfallbacks); j++) {
			if (MAXFONTSTRLEN < snprintf(fstrs[j], MAXFONTSTRLEN, "%s:size=%d", fontfallbacks[j], FONTSZ(i)))
				die("sent: Font string too long");
		}
		if (!(fonts[i] = drw_fontset_create(d, (const char**)fstrs, LEN(fstrs))))
			die("sent: Unable to load any font for size %d", FONTSZ(i));
	}

	for (j = 0; j < LEN(fontfallbacks); j++)
		if (fstrs[j])
			free(fstrs[j]);
}

void
bpress(XEvent *e)
{
	unsigned int i;

	for (i = 0; i < LEN(mshortcuts); i++)
		if (e->xbutton.button == mshortcuts[i].b && mshortcuts[i].func)
			mshortcuts[i].func(&(mshortcuts[i].arg));
}

void
cmessage(XEvent *e)
{
	if (e->xclient.data.l[0] == xw.wmdeletewin)
		running = 0;
}

void
expose(XEvent *e)
{
	if (0 == e->xexpose.count)
		xdraw();
}

void
kpress(XEvent *e)
{
	unsigned int i;
	KeySym sym;

	sym = XkbKeycodeToKeysym(xw.dpy, (KeyCode)e->xkey.keycode, 0, 0);
	for (i = 0; i < LEN(shortcuts); i++)
		if (sym == shortcuts[i].keysym && shortcuts[i].func)
			shortcuts[i].func(&(shortcuts[i].arg));
}

void
configure(XEvent *e)
{
	resize(e->xconfigure.width, e->xconfigure.height);
	if (slides[idx].img)
		slides[idx].img->state &= ~SCALED;
	xdraw();
}

void
usage()
{
	die("usage: %s [file]", argv0);
}

int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
	FILE *fp = NULL;

	ARGBEGIN {
	case 'v':
		fprintf(stderr, "sent-"VERSION"\n");
		return 0;
	default:
		usage();
	} ARGEND

	if (!argv[0] || !strcmp(argv[0], "-"))
		fp = stdin;
	else if (!(fp = fopen(fname = argv[0], "r")))
		die("sent: Unable to open '%s' for reading:", fname);
	load(fp);
	fclose(fp);

	if (!slidecount)
		usage();

	xinit();
	run();

	cleanup(0);
	return 0;
}