File: sg_compare_and_write.8

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.TH "COMPARE AND WRITE" "8" "August 2018" "sg3_utils\-1.43" SG3_UTILS
.SH NAME
sg_compare_and_write \- send the SCSI COMPARE AND WRITE command
.SH SYNOPSIS
.B sg_compare_and_write
[\fI\-\-dpo\fR] [\fI\-\-fua\fR] [\fI\-\-fua_nv\fR] [\fI\-\-grpnum=GN\fR]
[\fI\-\-help\fR] \fI\-\-in=IF\fR [\fI\-\-inw=WF\fR] \fI\-\-lba=LBA\fR
[\fI\-\-num=NUM\fR] [\fI\-\-quiet\fR] [\fI\-\-timeout=TO\fR]
[\fI\-\-verbose\fR] [\fI\-\-version\fR] [\fI\-\-wrprotect=WP\fR]
[\fI\-\-xferlen=LEN\fR] \fIDEVICE\fR
.SH DESCRIPTION
.\" Add any additional description here
Send the SCSI COMPARE AND WRITE command to \fIDEVICE\fR. This utility
reads a compare buffer and a write buffer from either one or two files. If
the \fI\-\-inw=WF\fR option is not given then the concatenated compare
and write buffers are read from the file indicated by the \fI\-\-in=IF\fR
option. If the \fI\-\-inw=WF\fR option is given then the compare buffer
is read from the file indicated by the \fI\-\-in=IF\fR while the write
buffer is read from the file indicated by the \fI\-\-inw=WF\fR.
.PP
Those buffers are expected to each contain \fINUM\fR blocks of data. The
compare starts at logical block address \fILBA\fR on the \fIDEVICE\fR
and if the comparison fails (i.e. the provided compare buffer does not
equal at \fILBA\fR on the \fIDEVICE\fR) then the COMPARE AND WRITE command
finishes with a sense key of MISCOMPARE. In this case this utility will
completes and set an exit status of 14 (which happens to be the sense key
value of MISCOMPARE).
.PP
If the comparison succeeds then the provided write buffer is written to
starting at \fILBA\fR for \fINUM\fR blocks on the \fIDEVICE\fR.
.PP
The actual number of bytes transferred in the data\-out buffer of the
COMPARE AND WRITE command may need to be given by the user with the
\fI\-\-xferlen=LEN\fR option. \fILEN\fR defaults to (2 * \fINUM\fR * 512)
which is 1024 for the default \fINUM\fR of 1. If the block size is
other than 512 then the user will need to use \fI\-\-xferlen=LEN\fR option.
If protection information is given (indicated by a value of \fIWP\fR
other than 0 (the default)) then for a \fINUM\fR of 1 \fILEN\fR should
be 1040 . Note that the SCSI READ CAPACITY command is not checked by
this utility (e.g. to find the block size).
.PP
The definition of the SCSI COMPARE AND WRITE command requires that the
\fIDEVICE\fR implement the compare and optional write as an uninterrupted
series of actions. Depending on some other \fIDEVICE\fR settings a
verify operation may occur prior to the compare.
.PP
When a mismatch occurs between the compare buffer and the blocks starting
at \fILBA\fR read from the \fIDEVICE\fR the sense buffer containing the
MISCOMPARE sense key causes several messages to be sent to stderr (including
the offset of the first byte mismatch). To suppress these messages use the
\fI\-\-quiet\fR option. With or without the \fI\-\-quiet\fR option the exit
status will be set to 14.
.PP
This command is defined in SBC\-3 whose most recent revision is 36. SBC\-3
and other SCSI documents can be found at http://www.t10.org .
.SH OPTIONS
Arguments to long options are mandatory for short options as well.
The options are arranged in alphabetical order based on the long option name.
.TP
\fB\-d\fR, \fB\-\-dpo\fR
Set the DPO bit in the COMPARE AND WRITE CDB
.TP
\fB\-f\fR, \fB\-\-fua\fR
Set the FUA bit in the COMPARE AND WRITE CDB
.TP
\fB\-F\fR, \fB\-\-fua_nv\fR
Set the FUA_NV bit in the COMPARE AND WRITE CDB. This bit was removed in
SBC\-3 revision 35d and its position marked as "reserved".
.TP
\fB\-g\fR, \fB\-\-grpnum\fR=\fIGN\fR
where \fIGN\fR is the value to be placed in the group number field in the
COMPARE AND WRITE CDB.
.TP
\fB\-h\fR, \fB\-\-help\fR
output the usage message then exit.
.TP
\fB\-i\fR, \fB\-\-in\fR=\fIIF\fR
read data (binary) from file named \fIIF\fR. This will either be the combined
compare and write buffers (when the \fI\-\-inw=WF\fR option is not given) or
just the compare buffer (when the \fI\-\-inw=WF\fR option is given). If
\fIIF\fR is '\-' then stdin (e.g. a pipe) is read.
.TP
\fB\-C\fR, \fB\-\-inc\fR=\fIIF\fR
The same as the \fB\-\-in\fR option.
.TP
\fB\-D\fR, \fB\-\-inw\fR=\fIWF\fR
read data (binary) from file named \fIWF\fR. This will the write buffer
that will become the second half of the data\-out buffer sent to the
\fIDEVICE\fR associated with the COMPARE AND WRITE command. Note that
when this option is given then the \fI\-\-in=IF\fR is expected to hold
the associated compare buffer.
.TP
\fB\-l\fR, \fB\-\-lba\fR=\fILBA\fR
where \fILBA\fR is the logical block address to start the COMPARE AND WRITE
command. Assumed to be in decimal unless prefixed with '0x' or has a
trailing 'h'.
.TP
\fB\-n\fR, \fB\-\-num\fR=\fINUM\fR
where \fINUM\fR is the number of blocks, starting at \fILBA\fR, to read
and compare with the verify instance. And given a match, the \fINUM\fR of
blocks to write starting \fILBA\fR. The default value for \fINUM\fR is 1.
.TP
\fB\-q\fR, \fB\-\-quiet\fR
suppress the sense buffer messages associated with a MISCOMPARE sense key
that would otherwise be sent to stderr. Still set the exit status to 14
which is the sense key value indicating a MISCOMPARE.
.TP
\fB\-t\fR, \fB\-\-timeout\fR=\fITO\fR
where \fITO\fR is the command timeout value in seconds. The default value is
60 seconds. If \fINUM\fR is large (or zero) a WRITE SAME command may require
considerably more time than 60 seconds to complete.
.TP
\fB\-v\fR, \fB\-\-verbose\fR
increase the degree of verbosity (debug messages).
.TP
\fB\-V\fR, \fB\-\-version\fR
output version string then exit.
.TP
\fB\-w\fR, \fB\-\-wrprotect\fR=\fIWP\fR
set the WRPROTECT field in the cdb to \fIWP\fR. The default value is 0 which
implies no protection information is sent (along with the user data) by this
utility.
.TP
\fB\-x\fR, \fB\-\-xferlen\fR=\fILEN\fR
where \fILEN\fR is the data out buffer length in byte. It defaults to (2 *
\fINUM\fR * 512) bytes. If the \fIDEVICE\fR block size is other than 512
bytes or \fIWP\fR is non\-zero (implying additional protection information)
then this default will be incorrect; the use must supply the correct value
for \fILEN\fR
.SH NOTES
Various numeric arguments (e.g. \fILBA\fR) may include multiplicative
suffixes or be given in hexadecimal. See the "NUMERIC ARGUMENTS" section
in the sg3_utils(8) man page.
.SH EXIT STATUS
The exit status of sg_compare_and_write is 0 when it is successful. If the
compare step fails then the exit status is 14. For other exit status values
see the EXIT STATUS section in the sg3_utils(8) man page.
.PP
Earlier versions of this utility set an exit status of 98 when there was a
MISCOMPARE.
.SH AUTHORS
Written by Shahar Salzman. Maintained by Douglas Gilbert. Additions by
Eric Seppanen.
.SH "REPORTING BUGS"
Report bugs to shahar.salzman@kaminario.com or dgilbert@interlog.com
.SH COPYRIGHT
Copyright \(co 2012\-2018 Kaminario Technologies LTD
.br
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
.br
* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this
list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
.br
* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice,
this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation
and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
.br
* Neither the name of the <organization> nor the names of its contributors may
be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
specific prior written permission.

.br
THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS" AND
ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE
DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL Kaminario Technologies LTD BE LIABLE FOR ANY
DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
(INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES;
LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND
ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
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.SH "SEE ALSO"
.B sg_xcopy, sg_receive_copy_results(sg3_utils)