.TH siggen.conf 5 "07Feb99" "Release 2.3" "Linux System Manual"
.I siggen.conf \- the siggen configuration files
As from siggen version 2.3 onwards a versatile configuration file scheme has
been introduced. It allows parameters for the siggen programs to be
specified either across the board, or specifically for particular programs.
Three possible configuration files can be used: a LOCAL config file (usually
in current directory), a HOME config file in user's $HOME directory and a
GLOBAL config file.
All the programs are compiled with the names of the config files built in.
The filenames are set in the config.h header file and can be changed. The
LOCAL and GLOBAL config files are specified by the settings of:
#define DEF_CONF_FILENAME ".siggen.conf"
#define DEF_GLOBAL_CONF_FILE "/etc/siggen.conf"
And can be set to any file name or to NULL to disable the file. The HOME
config filename is created using the $HOME environment variable and the
DEF_CONF_FILENAME together, i.e. using the above, the HOME config file for a
user whose home directory is at /home/jj, would be
The config files do not have to exist. If they exist and are readable by the
program they are used, otherwise they are simply ignored.
The config files are always searched for configuration values in the order
LOCAL, HOME, GLOBAL. This allows a scheme where the sysadmin sets up default
config values in the GLOBAL config file, but allows a user to set some or
all different values in their own HOME config file, and to set yet more
specific values when run from a particular directory.
If no configuration files exist, the programs themselves provide builtin
default values (see config.h etc), and most of these values can be set
by appropriate command line switches and flags.
.SH CONFIGURATION\ VALUES
A configuration value has a name and a value, and values for all programs
are set by simply entering a line in the appropriate config file where the
first word is the name, followed by arbitrary spaces/tabs, followed by the
value. The value is all the rest of that line. e.g. to set the global
default samplerate of 44100 samples per sec, the following line would be
entered in the GLOBAL config file:
.IP SAMPLERATE\ \ \ \ \ 44100
Config value names are case insensitive.
A config value can be set for a specific program, by prefixing the config
value name with the program name and a ':'. e.g. to specify a samplerate of
only 8000 samples per sec for the tones program enter
.IP TONES:SAMPLERATE\ \ \ \ 8000
in the relevant config file. If both lines above were in the config file,
all programs except tones would use a samplerate of 44100, and tones would
You do not have to specify all configuration values in the config files.
If a particular value is missing, the programs will simply use their builtin
defaults (see config.h etc).
Configuration values set by command line switches or flags take precedence
over values in any of the config files.
the programs do not have their 'name' built-in, but use the name they
were invoked by. So if you change the name of a program, remember to change
the config file entries. However this does means that by using links to a
program, it can be made to pick up a different set of configuration values,
depending on the name it is invoked by.
.SH EXAMPLE\ CONFIGURATION\ FILE
A sample config file is provided in ".siggen.conf" in the distribution. This
may also be at /etc/siggen.conf . Any line whose first non-whitespace
character is a '#', is a comment line and is ignored.
.SH WHAT\ CONFIGURATION\ VALUES\ ARE\ THERE?
Not all of the siggen programs use all the values described here.
See the relevant man page for which values are used by which programs.
In all programs except tones and fsynth, channels specifies
the number of output channels to use, i.e. 1 for Mono and 2 for
For tones, channels specifies the number of 'voices' on which
tones can generate different waveforms before mixing them into
the one output channel.
For fsynth, channels specifies the numbers of separately
configurable oscillators used to mix the single output channel.
The Digital to Analogue Converter (or PCM or DSP) device on
which to output the generated samples. This must be a real OSS
PCM device, otherwise the ioctls used will fail.
The number of Audio Buffer fragments to configure in the driver.
The interactive programs respond to changes made to parameters
from the keyboard immediately, but data will be buffered in the
driver in the buffer fragments. If the amount of data buffered
is too much then there will very noticeable delays before
the output sound is altered. Against that, insufficient buffering
may mean that there is not enough data buffered for output to
cover the time when other processes are being run by the
scheduler. The programs set the buffer size to the nearest
power of 2 to give aprox. 100millisecs of sound. Hence if
FRAGMENTS is set to 3, there will be aprox. 0.3 secs worth
of sound buffered for output. On a lightly loaded fast
machine this, or 2, should be sufficient. To cover periods
of heavy load or on a less powerful machine use 4 or 5.
But remember the interactive programs will appear sluggish
in responding to the keyboard.
The number of samples per second to use. If output is to the DAC
then the DAC device is set to output samples at this rate.
not all cards can support all samplerates. SoundBlasters
are fairly flexible in this respect. Other cheaper cards are
not. Indeed some cards can only handle a very restricted set of
related samplerates e.g. 11025, 22050, 44100 & 8000, 16000,
32000, 48000. When writing to DACFILE all programs will attempt
to set the samplerate given, but use the actual samplerate the
device used. Use the verbose command line flag to check actual
Some common samplerates used are:
.IP \ \ \ \ 8000
is the samplerate used in the phone system with 8 bit
samples, and is adequate for voice range frequencies.
.IP \ \ \ \ 44100
is the samplerate used in audio CDs
.IP \ \ \ \ 48000
is the samplerate used in DAT systems, I think,
and for much professional kit.
.IP \ \ \ \ 32000
is also used, but I forget where, minidisc?.
In general, the higher the samplerate the larger the memory
and processing requirement, but the higher the frequency range
and the more accurate the signals generated.
Number of bits per sample. Only two values are allowed currently,
8 or 16.
.IP \ \ \ \ 8
bit samples are unsigned, with decimal value 128 being the
.IP \ \ \ \ 16
bit samples are signed little endian values, i.e. the least
significant byte comes before the most significant byte either in
a file, or in the byte stream to an output device.
If samplesize if left completely unspecified, then all programs
will attempt to do 16 bit samples to DACFILE, and if that isn't
possible will do 8 bit samples. Or if writing to a file, 16 bit
samples will be written.
sets verbosity level.
.IP \ \ \ \ 0
.IP \ \ \ \ 1
is be a bit verbose (equiv. to \-v switch)
.IP \ \ \ \ 2
is be very verbose (equiv. to \-vv switch)
if set to a non-zero value, then the VI cursor moving keys
"HJKL" are enabled.
.SH SEE ALSO
.IP sgen(1),\ swgen(1)
.I Copyright\ 1995-2008\ Jim\ Jackson
The software described by this manual is covered by the GNU General
Public License, Version 2, June 1991, issued by :
Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
675 Mass Ave,
Cambridge, MA 02139, USA
Permission is granted to make and distribute verbatim copies of
this manual provided the copyright notice and this permission notice
are preserved on all copies.
Permission is granted to copy and distribute modified versions of this
manual under the conditions for verbatim copying, provided that the
entire resulting derived work is distributed under the terms of a
permission notice identical to this one.
Permission is granted to copy and distribute translations of this
manual into another language, under the above conditions for modified
versions, except that this permission notice may be included in
translation instead of in the original English.
.I Jim Jackson
.I Email: email@example.com