File: simage_jpeg_reader.icc

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/*
 * Contains an input manager for a data stream for JPEG library
 * decompression. We don't want to use the jpeg_stdio_src() reader of
 * jpeglib because it takes a FILE* argument, which fails miserably
 * under certain circumstances when jpeglib is an MSWindows DLL.
 * 
 * Based on example code found in the libjpeg archive, copyright
 * 1994-1996 by Thomas G. Lane.
 *
 * This file #include'd into simage_jpeg.c.
 *
 */

#include <jpeglib.h>
#include <jerror.h>

#define CHUNK_SIZE  (64 * 1024)

typedef struct {
  struct jpeg_source_mgr pub;

  FILE * infile;
  JOCTET * buffer;
  boolean start_of_file;
} input_source_mgr;

/* Called by jpeg_read_header(). */
static void
init_source(j_decompress_ptr cinfo)
{
  input_source_mgr * src = (input_source_mgr *)cinfo->src;
  src->start_of_file = TRUE;
  /* nothing else to do */
}


/*
 * Fill the input buffer --- called whenever buffer is emptied.
 *
 * In typical applications, this should read fresh data into the buffer
 * (ignoring the current state of next_input_byte & bytes_in_buffer),
 * reset the pointer & count to the start of the buffer, and return TRUE
 * indicating that the buffer has been reloaded.  It is not necessary to
 * fill the buffer entirely, only to obtain at least one more byte.
 *
 * There is no such thing as an EOF return.  If the end of the file has been
 * reached, the routine has a choice of ERREXIT() or inserting fake data into
 * the buffer.  In most cases, generating a warning message and inserting a
 * fake EOI marker is the best course of action --- this will allow the
 * decompressor to output however much of the image is there.  However,
 * the resulting error message is misleading if the real problem is an empty
 * input file, so we handle that case specially.
 *
 * In applications that need to be able to suspend compression due to input
 * not being available yet, a FALSE return indicates that no more data can be
 * obtained right now, but more may be forthcoming later.  In this situation,
 * the decompressor will return to its caller (with an indication of the
 * number of scanlines it has read, if any).  The application should resume
 * decompression after it has loaded more data into the input buffer.  Note
 * that there are substantial restrictions on the use of suspension --- see
 * the documentation.
 *
 * When suspending, the decompressor will back up to a convenient restart point
 * (typically the start of the current MCU). next_input_byte & bytes_in_buffer
 * indicate where the restart point will be if the current call returns FALSE.
 * Data beyond this point must be rescanned after resumption, so move it to
 * the front of the buffer rather than discarding it.
 */

static boolean
fill_input_buffer(j_decompress_ptr cinfo)
{
  input_source_mgr * src = (input_source_mgr *) cinfo->src;
  size_t nbytes = fread(src->buffer, 1, CHUNK_SIZE, src->infile);

  if (nbytes <= 0) {
    if (src->start_of_file)	/* Treat empty input file as fatal error */
      ERREXIT(cinfo, JERR_INPUT_EMPTY);
    WARNMS(cinfo, JWRN_JPEG_EOF);
    /* Insert a fake EOI marker */
    src->buffer[0] = (JOCTET) 0xFF;
    src->buffer[1] = (JOCTET) JPEG_EOI;
    nbytes = 2;
  }

  src->pub.next_input_byte = src->buffer;
  src->pub.bytes_in_buffer = nbytes;
  src->start_of_file = FALSE;

  return TRUE;
}


/*
 * Skip data --- used to skip over a potentially large amount of
 * uninteresting data (such as an APPn marker).
 *
 * Writers of suspendable-input applications must note that skip_input_data
 * is not granted the right to give a suspension return.  If the skip extends
 * beyond the data currently in the buffer, the buffer can be marked empty so
 * that the next read will cause a fill_input_buffer call that can suspend.
 * Arranging for additional bytes to be discarded before reloading the input
 * buffer is the application writer's problem.
 */

static void
skip_input_data(j_decompress_ptr cinfo, long num_bytes)
{
  input_source_mgr * src = (input_source_mgr *) cinfo->src;

  /* Just a dumb implementation for now.  Could use fseek() except
   * it doesn't work on pipes.  Not clear that being smart is worth
   * any trouble anyway --- large skips are infrequent.
   */
  if (num_bytes > 0) {
    while (num_bytes > (long) src->pub.bytes_in_buffer) {
      num_bytes -= (long) src->pub.bytes_in_buffer;
      (void) fill_input_buffer(cinfo);
      /* note we assume that fill_input_buffer will never return FALSE,
       * so suspension need not be handled.
       */
    }
    src->pub.next_input_byte += (size_t) num_bytes;
    src->pub.bytes_in_buffer -= (size_t) num_bytes;
  }
}

/*
 * Terminate source --- called by jpeg_finish_decompress
 * after all data has been read.  Often a no-op.
 *
 * NB: *not* called by jpeg_abort or jpeg_destroy; surrounding
 * application must deal with any cleanup that should happen even
 * for error exit.
 */

static void
term_source(j_decompress_ptr cinfo)
{
  /* no work necessary here */
}


static void
simage_jpeg_src_init(j_decompress_ptr cinfo, FILE * infile)
{
  input_source_mgr * src;

  /* The source object and input buffer are made permanent so that a series
   * of JPEG images can be read from the same file by calling jpeg_stdio_src
   * only before the first one.  (If we discarded the buffer at the end of
   * one image, we'd likely lose the start of the next one.)
   * This makes it unsafe to use this manager and a different source
   * manager serially with the same JPEG object.  Caveat programmer.
   */
  if (cinfo->src == NULL) {	/* first time for this JPEG object? */
    cinfo->src = (struct jpeg_source_mgr *)
      (*cinfo->mem->alloc_small) ((j_common_ptr) cinfo, JPOOL_PERMANENT,
				  sizeof(input_source_mgr));
    src = (input_source_mgr *) cinfo->src;
    src->buffer = (JOCTET *)
      (*cinfo->mem->alloc_small) ((j_common_ptr) cinfo, JPOOL_PERMANENT,
				  CHUNK_SIZE * sizeof(JOCTET));
  }

  src = (input_source_mgr *) cinfo->src;
  src->pub.init_source = init_source;
  src->pub.fill_input_buffer = fill_input_buffer;
  src->pub.skip_input_data = skip_input_data;
  src->pub.resync_to_restart = jpeg_resync_to_restart; /* use default method */
  src->pub.term_source = term_source;
  src->infile = infile;
  src->pub.bytes_in_buffer = 0; /* forces fill_input_buffer on first read */
  src->pub.next_input_byte = NULL; /* until buffer loaded */
}