File: CONTRIBUTING.txt

package info (click to toggle)
skimage 0.14.2-2
  • links: PTS, VCS
  • area: main
  • in suites: bullseye, buster, sid
  • size: 30,160 kB
  • sloc: python: 42,481; cpp: 2,592; ansic: 2,425; makefile: 216; sh: 207
file content (454 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 15,254 bytes parent folder | download
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
353
354
355
356
357
358
359
360
361
362
363
364
365
366
367
368
369
370
371
372
373
374
375
376
377
378
379
380
381
382
383
384
385
386
387
388
389
390
391
392
393
394
395
396
397
398
399
400
401
402
403
404
405
406
407
408
409
410
411
412
413
414
415
416
417
418
419
420
421
422
423
424
425
426
427
428
429
430
431
432
433
434
435
436
437
438
439
440
441
442
443
444
445
446
447
448
449
450
451
452
453
454
.. _howto_contribute:

How to contribute to ``skimage``
================================

Developing Open Source is great fun!  Join us on the `scikit-image mailing
list <https://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/scikit-image>`_ and tell us
which of the following challenges you'd like to solve.

* Mentoring is available for those new to scientific programming in Python.
* If you're looking for something to implement, you can find a list of
  `requested features on GitHub <https://github.com/scikit-image/scikit-image/wiki/Requested-features>`__.
  In addition, you can browse the
  `open issues on GitHub <https://github.com/scikit-image/scikit-image/issues?state=open>`__.
* The technical detail of the `development process`_ is summed up below.
  Refer to the :doc:`gitwash <gitwash/index>` for a step-by-step tutorial.

.. contents::
   :local:

Development process
-------------------

Here's the long and short of it:

1. If you are a first-time contributor:

   * Go to `https://github.com/scikit-image/scikit-image
     <http://github.com/scikit-image/scikit-image>`_ and click the
     "fork" button to create your own copy of the project.

   * Clone the project to your local computer::

      git clone https://github.com/your-username/scikit-image.git

   * Change the directory::

      cd scikit-image

   * Add the upstream repository::

      git remote add upstream https://github.com/scikit-image/scikit-image.git

   * Now, you have remote repositories named:

     - ``upstream``, which refers to the ``scikit-image`` repository
     - ``origin``, which refers to your personal fork

2. Develop your contribution:

   * Pull the latest changes from upstream::

      git checkout master
      git pull upstream master

   * Create a branch for the feature you want to work on. Since the
     branch name will appear in the merge message, use a sensible name
     such as 'transform-speedups'::

      git checkout -b transform-speedups

   * Commit locally as you progress (``git add`` and ``git commit``)

3. To submit your contribution:

   * Push your changes back to your fork on GitHub::

      git push origin transform-speedups

   * Enter your GitHub username and password (repeat contributors or advanced
     users can remove this step by connecting to GitHub with SSH. See detailed
     instructions below if desired).

   * Go to GitHub. The new branch will show up with a green Pull Request
     button - click it.

   * If you want, post on the `mailing list
     <https://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/scikit-image>`_ to explain your changes or
     to ask for review.

For a more detailed discussion, read these :doc:`detailed documents
<gitwash/index>` on how to use Git with ``scikit-image``
(`<http://scikit-image.org/docs/dev/gitwash/index.html>`_).

4. Review process:

   * Reviewers (the other developers and interested community members) will
     write inline and/or general comments on your Pull Request (PR) to help
     you improve its implementation, documentation and style.  Every single
     developer working on the project has their code reviewed, and we've come
     to see it as friendly conversation from which we all learn and the
     overall code quality benefits.  Therefore, please don't let the review
     discourage you from contributing: its only aim is to improve the quality
     of project, not to criticize (we are, after all, very grateful for the
     time you're donating!).

   * To update your pull request, make your changes on your local repository
     and commit. As soon as those changes are pushed up (to the same branch as
     before) the pull request will update automatically.

   * `Travis-CI <http://travis-ci.org/>`__, a continuous integration service,
     is triggered after each Pull Request update to build the code, run unit
     tests, measure code coverage and check coding style (PEP8) of your
     branch. The Travis tests must pass before your PR can be merged. If
     Travis fails, you can find out why by clicking on the "failed" icon (red
     cross) and inspecting the build and test log.

   * A pull request must be approved by two core team members before merging.

5. Document changes

   If your change introduces any API modifications, please update
   ``doc/source/api_changes.txt``.

   If your change introduces a deprecation, add a reminder to ``TODO.txt``
   for the team to remove the deprecated functionality in the future.

.. note::

   To reviewers: if it is not obvious from the PR description, add a short
   explanation of what a branch did to the merge message and, if closing a
   bug, also add "Closes #123" where 123 is the issue number.


Divergence between ``upstream master`` and your feature branch
--------------------------------------------------------------

If GitHub indicates that the branch of your Pull Request can no longer
be merged automatically, merge the master branch into yours::

   git fetch upstream master
   git merge upstream/master

If any conflicts occur, they need to be fixed before continuing.  See
which files are in conflict using::

   git status

Which displays a message like::

   Unmerged paths:
     (use "git add <file>..." to mark resolution)

     both modified:   file_with_conflict.txt

Inside the conflicted file, you'll find sections like these::

   <<<<<<< HEAD
   The way the text looks in your branch
   =======
   The way the text looks in the master branch
   >>>>>>> master

Choose one version of the text that should be kept, and delete the
rest::

   The way the text looks in your branch

Now, add the fixed file::

   git add file_with_conflict.txt

Once you've fixed all merge conflicts, do::

   git commit

.. note::

   Advanced Git users are encouraged to `rebase instead of merge
   <http://scikit-image.org/docs/dev/gitwash/development_workflow.html#rebasing-on-trunk>`__,
   but we squash and merge most PRs either way.

Guidelines
----------

* All code should have tests (see `test coverage`_ below for more details).
* All code should be documented, to the same
  `standard <https://github.com/numpy/numpy/blob/master/doc/HOWTO_DOCUMENT.rst.txt#docstring-standard>`_ as NumPy and SciPy.
* For new functionality, always add an example to the gallery.
* No changes are ever committed without review and approval by two core
  team members.  Ask on the
  `mailing list <https://mail.python.org/mailman/listinfo/scikit-image>`_ if
  you get no response to your pull request.
  **Never merge your own pull request.**
* Examples in the gallery should have a maximum figure width of 8 inches.

Stylistic Guidelines
--------------------

* Set up your editor to remove trailing whitespace.  Follow `PEP08
  <http://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0008/>`__.  Check code with pyflakes / flake8.

* Use numpy data types instead of strings (``np.uint8`` instead of
  ``"uint8"``).

* Use the following import conventions::

   import numpy as np
   import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
   from scipy import ndimage as ndi

   cimport numpy as cnp  # in Cython code

* When documenting array parameters, use ``image : (M, N) ndarray``
  and then refer to ``M`` and ``N`` in the docstring, if necessary.

* Refer to array dimensions as (plane), row, column, not as x, y, z. See
  :ref:`Coordinate conventions <numpy-images-coordinate-conventions>`
  in the user guide for more information.

* Functions should support all input image dtypes.  Use utility functions such
  as ``img_as_float`` to help convert to an appropriate type.  The output
  format can be whatever is most efficient.  This allows us to string together
  several functions into a pipeline, e.g.::

   hough(canny(my_image))

* Use ``Py_ssize_t`` as data type for all indexing, shape and size variables
  in C/C++ and Cython code.

* Use relative module imports, i.e. ``from .._shared import xyz`` rather than
  ``from skimage._shared import xyz``.

* Wrap Cython code in a pure Python function, which defines the API. This
  improves compatibility with code introspection tools, which are often not
  aware of Cython code.

* For Cython functions, release the GIL whenever possible, using
  ``with nogil:``.


Testing
-------
``scikit-image`` has an extensive test suite that ensures correct
execution on your system.  The test suite has to pass before a pull
request can be merged, and tests should be added to cover any
modifications to the code base.

We make use of the `pytest <https://docs.pytest.org/en/latest/>`__
testing framework, with tests located in the various
``skimage/submodule/tests`` folders.

To use ``pytest``, ensure that Cython extensions are built and that
the library is installed in development mode::

    $ pip install -e .

Now, run all tests using::

    $ PYTHONPATH=. pytest skimage

Or the tests for a specific submodule::

    $ PYTHONPATH=. pytest skimage/morphology

Or tests from a specific file::

    $ PYTHONPATH=. pytest skimage/morphology/tests/test_grey.py

Or a single test within that file::

    $ PYTHONPATH=. pytest skimage/morphology/tests/test_grey.py::test_3d_fallback_black_tophat

Use ``--doctest-modules`` to run doctests.
For example, run all tests and all doctests using::

    $ PYTHONPATH=. pytest --doctest-modules skimage

Test coverage
-------------

Tests for a module should ideally cover all code in that module,
i.e., statement coverage should be at 100%.

To measure the test coverage, install
`pytest-cov <http://pytest-cov.readthedocs.io/en/latest/>`__
(using ``easy_install pytest-cov``) and then run::

  $ make coverage

This will print a report with one line for each file in `skimage`,
detailing the test coverage::

  Name                                             Stmts   Exec  Cover   Missing
  ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  skimage/color/colorconv                             77     77   100%
  skimage/filter/__init__                              1      1   100%
  ...


Activate Travis-CI for your fork (optional)
-------------------------------------------

Travis-CI checks all unittests in the project to prevent breakage.

Before sending a pull request, you may want to check that Travis-CI
successfully passes all tests. To do so,

* Go to `Travis-CI <http://travis-ci.org/>`__ and follow the Sign In link at
  the top

* Go to your `profile page <https://travis-ci.org/profile>`__ and switch on
  your scikit-image fork

It corresponds to steps one and two in
`Travis-CI documentation <http://about.travis-ci.org/docs/user/getting-started/>`__
(Step three is already done in scikit-image).

Thus, as soon as you push your code to your fork, it will trigger Travis-CI,
and you will receive an email notification when the process is done.

Every time Travis is triggered, it also calls on `Codecov
<http://codecov.io>`_ to inspect the current test overage.


Building docs
-------------

To build docs, run ``make`` from the ``doc`` directory. ``make help`` lists
all targets.

Requirements
~~~~~~~~~~~~

`Sphinx <http://www.sphinx-doc.org/en/stable/>`__ and LaTeX are needed to build
the documentation.

**Sphinx:**

.. code:: sh

    pip install sphinx

**LaTeX Ubuntu:**

.. code:: sh

    sudo apt-get install -qq texlive texlive-latex-extra dvipng

**LaTeX Mac:**

Install the full `MacTex <http://www.tug.org/mactex/>`__ installation or
install the smaller
`BasicTex <http://www.tug.org/mactex/morepackages.html>`__ and add *ucs*
and *dvipng* packages:

.. code:: sh

    sudo tlmgr install ucs dvipng

Fixing Warnings
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

-  "citation not found: R###" There is probably an underscore after a
   reference in the first line of a docstring (e.g. [1]\_). Use this
   method to find the source file: $ cd doc/build; grep -rin R####

-  "Duplicate citation R###, other instance in..."" There is probably a
   [2] without a [1] in one of the docstrings

-  Make sure to use pre-sphinxification paths to images (not the
   \_images directory)

Auto-generating dev docs
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

This set of instructions was used to create
scikit-image/tools/deploy-docs.sh

-  Go to Github account settings -> personal access tokens
-  Create a new token with access rights ``public_repo`` and
   ``user:email only``
-  Install the travis command line tool: ``gem install travis``. On OSX,
   you can get gem via ``brew install ruby``.
-  Take then token generated by Github and run
   ``travis encrypt GH_TOKEN=<token>`` from inside a scikit-image repo
-  Paste the output into the secure: field of ``.travis.yml``.
-  The decrypted GH\_TOKEN env var will be available for travis scripts

https://help.github.com/articles/creating-an-access-token-for-command-line-use/
http://docs.travis-ci.com/user/encryption-keys/

Deprecation cycle
-----------------

If the behavior of the library has to be changed, a deprecation cycle must be
followed to warn users.

- a deprecation cycle is *not* necessary when:

    * adding a new function, or
    * adding a new keyword argument to the *end* of a function signature, or
    * fixing what was buggy behaviour

- a deprecation cycle is necessary for *any breaking API change*, meaning a
    change where the function, invoked with the same arguments, would return a
    different result after the change. This includes:

    * changing the order of arguments or keyword arguments, or
    * adding arguments or keyword arguments to a function, or
    * changing a function's name or submodule, or
    * changing the default value of a function's arguments.

Usually, our policy is to put in place a deprecation cycle over two releases.

For the sake of illustration, we consider the modification of a default value in
a function signature. In version N (therefore, next release will be N+1), we
have

.. code-block:: python

    def a_function(image, rescale=True):
        out = do_something(image, rescale=rescale)
        return out

that has to be changed to

.. code-block:: python

    def a_function(image, rescale=None):
        if rescale is None:
            warn('The default value of rescale will change to `False` in version N+3')
            rescale = True
        out = do_something(image, rescale=rescale)
        return out

and in version N+3

.. code-block:: python

    def a_function(image, rescale=False):
        out = do_something(image, rescale=rescale)
        return out

Here is the process for a 2-release deprecation cycle:

- In the signature, set default to `None`, and modify the docstring to specify
  that it's `True`.
- In the function, _if_ rescale is set to `None`, set to `True` and warn that the
  default will change to `False` in version N+3.
- In ``doc/release/release_dev.rst``, under deprecations, add "In
  `a_function`, the `rescale` argument will default to `False` in N+3."
- In ``TODO.txt``, create an item in the section related to version N+3 and write
  "change rescale default to False in a_function".

Note that the 2-release deprecation cycle is not a strict rule and in some
cases, the developers can agree on a different procedure upon justification
(like when we can't detect the change, or it involves moving or deleting an
entire function for example).

Bugs
----

Please `report bugs on GitHub <https://github.com/scikit-image/scikit-image/issues>`_.