File: tx16w.c

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/* Yamaha TX-16W sampler file support
 *
 * May 20, 1993
 * Copyright 1993 Rob Talley   (rob@aii.com)
 * This source code is freely redistributable and may be used for
 * any purpose. This copyright notice and the following copyright 
 * notice must be maintained intact. No warranty whatsoever is
 * provided. This code is furnished AS-IS as a component of the
 * larger work Copyright 1991 Lance Norskog and Sundry Contributors.
 * Much appreciation to ross-c  for his sampConv utility for SGI/IRIX
 * from where these methods were derived.
 *
 * Jan 24, 1994
 * Pat McElhatton, HP Media Technology Lab <patmc@apollo.hp.com>
 * Handles reading of files which do not have the sample rate field
 * set to one of the expected by looking at some other bytes in the
 * attack/loop length fields, and defaulting to 33kHz if the sample
 * rate is still unknown.
 *
 * January 12, 1995
 * Copyright 1995 Mark Lakata (lakata@physics.berkeley.edu)
 * Additions to tx16w.c SOX driver.  This version writes as well as
 * reads TX16W format.
 *
 * July 31, 1998
 * Cleaned up by Leigh Smith (leigh@psychokiller.dialix.oz.au)
 * for incorporation into the main sox distribution.
 *
 * September 24, 1998
 * Forced output to mono signed words to match input.  It was basically
 * doing this anyways but now the user will see a display that its being
 * overriding.  cbagwell@sprynet.com
 *
 */

#define TXMAXLEN 0x3FF80

/*
 * Sound Tools skeleton file format driver.
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "st.h"

/* Private data for TX16 file */
typedef struct txwstuff {
	LONG	rest;			/* bytes remaining in sample file */
} *txw_t;

IMPORT float volume, amplitude;
IMPORT int summary, verbose;

struct WaveHeader_ {
  char filetype[6]; /* = "LM8953", */
  unsigned char
    nulls[10],
    dummy_aeg[6],    /* space for the AEG (never mind this) */
    format,          /* 0x49 = looped, 0xC9 = non-looped */
    sample_rate,     /* 1 = 33 kHz, 2 = 50 kHz, 3 = 16 kHz */
    atc_length[3],   /* I'll get to this... */
    rpt_length[3],
    unused[2];       /* set these to null, to be on the safe side */
} ;

static unsigned char magic1[4] = {0, 0x06, 0x10, 0xF6};
static unsigned char magic2[4] = {0, 0x52, 0x00, 0x52};

static LONG tx16w_len=0;
static LONG writedone=0;

/*
 * Do anything required before you start reading samples.
 * Read file header. 
 *	Find out sampling rate, 
 *	size and style of samples,
 *	mono/stereo/quad.
 */
void txwstartread(ft)
     ft_t ft;
{
  int c;
  char filetype[7];
  char format;
  char sample_rate;
  LONG num_samp_bytes = 0;
  char dummy;
  char gunk[8];
  int blewIt;

  txw_t sk = (txw_t) ft->priv;
  /* If you need to seek around the input file. */
  if (! ft->seekable)
    fail("txw input file must be a file, not a pipe");

  /* This is dumb but portable, just count the bytes til EOF */
  while ( getc(ft->fp) != EOF ) 
    num_samp_bytes++; 
  num_samp_bytes -= 32;		/* calculate num samples by sub header size */
  fseek(ft->fp,0L,0);		/* rewind file */
  sk->rest = num_samp_bytes;	/* set how many sample bytes to read */

  /* first 6 bytes are file type ID LM8953 */
  filetype[0] = getc(ft->fp);
  filetype[1] = getc(ft->fp);
  filetype[2] = getc(ft->fp);
  filetype[3] = getc(ft->fp);
  filetype[4] = getc(ft->fp);
  filetype[5] = getc(ft->fp);
  filetype[6] = '\0';
  for( c = 16; c > 0 ; c-- )	/* Discard next 16 bytes */
    dummy = getc(ft->fp);	/* they have no meaning here */
  format = getc(ft->fp);
  sample_rate = getc(ft->fp);
  /*
   * save next 8 bytes - if sample rate is 0, then we need
   *  to look at gunk[2] and gunk[5] to get real rate
   */
  for( c = 0; c < 8; c++ )
    gunk[c] = getc(ft->fp);
  /*
   * We should now be pointing at start of raw sample data in file 
   */

  /* Check to make sure we got a good filetype ID from file */
  report("Found header filetype %s",filetype);
  if(strcmp(filetype,"LM8953"))
    fail("Invalid filetype ID in input file header, != LM8953");
  /*
   * Set up the sample rate as indicated by the header
   */

  switch( sample_rate ) {
  case 1:
    ft->info.rate = 33000;
    break;
  case 2:
    ft->info.rate = 50000;
    break;
  case 3:
    ft->info.rate = 16000;
    break;
  default:
    blewIt = 1;
    switch( gunk[2] & 0xFE ) {
    case 0x06:
      if ( (gunk[5] & 0xFE) == 0x52 ) {
	blewIt = 0;
	ft->info.rate = 33000;
      }
      break;
    case 0x10:
      if ( (gunk[5] & 0xFE) == 0x00 ) {
	blewIt = 0;
	ft->info.rate = 50000;
      }
      break;
    case 0xF6:
      if ( (gunk[5] & 0xFE) == 0x52 ) {
	blewIt = 0;
	ft->info.rate = 16000;
      }
      break;
    }
    if ( blewIt ) {
      report("Invalid sample rate identifier found %d", (int)sample_rate);
      ft->info.rate = 33000;
    }
  }
  report("Sample rate = %ld",ft->info.rate);

  ft->info.channels = 1 ; /* not sure about stereo sample data yet ??? */
  ft->info.size = WORD; /* this is close enough */
  ft->info.style = SIGN2;
}

/*
 * Read up to len samples from file.
 * Convert to signed LONGs.
 * Place in buf[].
 * Return number of samples read.
 */

LONG txwread(ft, buf, len)
ft_t ft;
LONG *buf, len;
{
    txw_t sk = (txw_t) ft->priv;
	int done = 0;
	unsigned char uc1,uc2,uc3;
	unsigned short s1,s2;

        /*
	 * This gets called by the top level 'process' routine.
	 * We will essentially get called with a buffer pointer
	 * and a max length to read. Graciously, it is always
	 * an even amount so we don't have to worry about
	 * hanging onto the left over odd samples since there
	 * won't be any. Something to look out for though :-(
	 * We return the number of samples we read.
	 * We will get called over and over again until we return
	 *  0 bytes read.
	 */

	/*
	 * This is ugly but it's readable!
	 * Read three bytes from stream, then decompose these into
	 * two unsigned short samples. 
	 * TCC 3.0 appeared to do unwanted things, so we really specify
	 *  exactly what we want to happen.
	 * Convert unsigned short to LONG then shift up the result
	 *  so that the 12-bit sample lives in the most significant
	 *  12-bits of the LONG.
	 * This gets our two samples into the internal format which we
	 * deposit into the given buffer and adjust our counts respectivly.
         */
        for(done = 0; done < len; ) {
	    if(sk->rest <= 0) break; /* Finished reading from file? */
	    uc1 = (unsigned char)getc(ft->fp); /* read the three bytes */
	    uc2 = (unsigned char)getc(ft->fp);
	    uc3 = (unsigned char)getc(ft->fp);
	    sk->rest -= 3; /* adjust remaining for bytes we just read */
	    s1 = (unsigned short) (uc1 << 4) | (((uc2 >> 4) & 017));
	    s2 = (unsigned short) (uc3 << 4) | (( uc2 & 017 ));
	    *buf = (LONG) s1;
            *buf = (*buf << 20);
	    buf++; /* sample one is done */
	    *buf = (LONG) s2;
            *buf = (*buf << 20);
	    buf++; /* sample two is done */
	    done += 2; /* adjust converted & stored sample count */
	    }
	return done;
}

/*
 * Do anything required when you stop reading samples.  
 * Don't close input file! 
 */
void txwstopread(ft)
ft_t ft;
{
}

void txwstartwrite(ft)
ft_t ft;
{
  struct WaveHeader_ WH;

  report("tx16w selected output");

  if (ft->info.channels != 1)
      report("tx16w is overriding output format to 1 channel.");
  ft->info.channels = 1 ; /* not sure about stereo sample data yet ??? */
  if (ft->info.size != WORD || ft->info.style != SIGN2)
      report("tx16w is overriding output format to size Signed Word format.");
  ft->info.size = WORD; /* this is close enough */
  ft->info.style = SIGN2;
  
  /* If you have to seek around the output file */
  if (! ft->seekable)
      fail("Output .txw file must be a file, not a pipe");

  /* dummy numbers, just for place holder, real header is written
     at end of processing, since byte count is needed */

  fwrite(&WH,1,32,ft->fp);
  writedone = 32;
}

void txwwrite(ft, buf, len)
ft_t ft;
LONG *buf, len;
{
	int i;
        unsigned int w1,w2;
        
        tx16w_len += len;
        if (tx16w_len > TXMAXLEN) return;
        
        for (i=0;i<len;i+=2) {
            w1 =  *buf++ >> 20;
            if (i+1==len)
                w2 = 0;
            else {
                w2 =  *buf++ >> 20;
            }
            putc((w1 >> 4) & 0xFF,ft->fp);
            putc((((w1 & 0x0F) << 4) | (w2 & 0x0F)) & 0xFF,ft->fp);
            putc((w2 >> 4) & 0xFF,ft->fp);
            writedone += 3;
        }
}

void txwstopwrite(ft)
ft_t ft;
{
    struct WaveHeader_ WH;
    int AttackLength, LoopLength, i;
  
    /* All samples are already written out. */
    /* If file header needs fixing up, for example it needs the */
    /* the number of samples in a field, seek back and write them here. */
    
    /* If your format specifies any of the following info. */
    /*
      ft->info.rate = 
      ft->info.size = BYTE or WORD ...;
      ft->info.style = UNSIGNED or SIGN2 ...;
      ft->info.channels = 1 or 2 or 4;
      */
    
    report("tx16w:output finished");
    
    strncpy(WH.filetype,"LM8953",6);
    for (i=0;i<10;i++) WH.nulls[i]=0;
    for (i=0;i<6;i++)  WH.dummy_aeg[i]=0;
    for (i=0;i<2;i++)  WH.unused[i]=0;
    for (i=0;i<2;i++)  WH.dummy_aeg[i] = 0;
    for (i=2;i<6;i++)  WH.dummy_aeg[i] = 0x7F;
    
    WH.format = 0xC9;   /* loop off */
    
    /* the actual sample rate is not that important ! */  
    if (ft->info.rate < 24000)      WH.sample_rate = 3;
    else if (ft->info.rate < 41000) WH.sample_rate = 1;
    else                            WH.sample_rate = 2;
    
    if (tx16w_len >= TXMAXLEN) {
        fprintf(stderr,"Sound too large for TX16W. Truncating, Loop Off\n");
        AttackLength       = TXMAXLEN/2;
        LoopLength         = TXMAXLEN/2;
    }
    else if (tx16w_len >=TXMAXLEN/2) {
        AttackLength       = TXMAXLEN/2;
        LoopLength         = tx16w_len - TXMAXLEN/2;
        if (LoopLength < 0x40) {
            LoopLength   +=0x40;
            AttackLength -= 0x40;
        }
    }    
    else if (tx16w_len >= 0x80) {
        AttackLength                       = tx16w_len -0x40;
        LoopLength                         = 0x40;
    }
    else {
        AttackLength                       = 0x40;
        LoopLength                         = 0x40;
        for(i=tx16w_len;i<0x80;i++) {
            putc(0,ft->fp);
            putc(0,ft->fp);
            putc(0,ft->fp);
            writedone += 3;
        }
    }

    /* Fill up to 256 byte blocks; the TX16W seems to like that */

    while ((writedone % 0x100) != 0) {
        putc(0,ft->fp);
        writedone++;
    }

    WH.atc_length[0] = 0xFF & AttackLength;
    WH.atc_length[1] = 0xFF & (AttackLength >> 8);
    WH.atc_length[2] = (0x01 & (AttackLength >> 16)) +
        magic1[WH.sample_rate];
    
    WH.rpt_length[0] = 0xFF & LoopLength;
    WH.rpt_length[1] = 0xFF & (LoopLength >> 8);
    WH.rpt_length[2] = (0x01 & (LoopLength >> 16)) +
        magic2[WH.sample_rate];
    
    rewind(ft->fp);
    fwrite(&WH,1,32,ft->fp);
}