File: shell.c

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/* 
/ spatialite
/
/ a CLI backend for SpatiaLite 
/
/ version 4.0, 2012 November 1
/
/ Author: Sandro Furieri a.furieri@lqt.it
/
/ Copyright (C) 2012  Alessandro Furieri
/
/    This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
/    it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
/    the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
/    (at your option) any later version.
/
/    This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
/    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
/    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
/    GNU General Public License for more details.
/
/    You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
/    along with this program.  If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
/
*/

/*

 DISCLAIMER
 ==========
 
 This file is the original SQLite command-line backend
 slightly modified by Alessandro Furieri in order to
 fully support the SpatiaLite extensions

*/

#if defined(_WIN32) && !defined(__MINGW32__)
#include "config-msvc.h"
#else
#include "config.h"
#endif

/* Sandro Furieri 30 May 2008
/ #include "sqlite3.h"
*/
#ifdef SPATIALITE_AMALGAMATION
#include <spatialite/sqlite3.h>
#else
#include <sqlite3.h>
#endif

#include <spatialite.h>
#include <spatialite/gaiaaux.h>
#include <spatialite/gg_wfs.h>
#include <spatialite/gg_dxf.h>
#ifdef __MINGW32__
#define LIBICONV_STATIC
#endif
#include <iconv.h>
/* end Sandro Furieri 30 May 2008 */
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdarg.h>

#ifdef _WIN32
#define strcasecmp	_stricmp
#endif /* not WIN32 */

#if !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(WIN32)
# include <signal.h>
# if !defined(__RTP__) && !defined(_WRS_KERNEL)
#  include <pwd.h>
# endif
# include <unistd.h>
# include <sys/types.h>
#endif

#ifdef HAVE_EDITLINE
# include <editline/editline.h>
#endif
#if defined(HAVE_READLINE) && HAVE_READLINE==1
# include <readline/readline.h>
# include <readline/history.h>
#endif
#if !defined(HAVE_EDITLINE) && (!defined(HAVE_READLINE) || HAVE_READLINE!=1)
# define readline(p) local_getline(p,stdin,0)
# define add_history(X)
# define read_history(X)
# define write_history(X)
# define stifle_history(X)
#endif

#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
# include <io.h>
#define isatty(h) _isatty(h)
#define access(f,m) _access((f),(m))
#undef popen
#define popen(a,b) _popen((a),(b))
#undef pclose
#define pclose(x) _pclose(x)
#else
/* Make sure isatty() has a prototype.
*/
extern int isatty(int);
#endif

#if defined(_WIN32_WCE)
/* Windows CE (arm-wince-mingw32ce-gcc) does not provide isatty()
 * thus we always assume that we have a console. That can be
 * overridden with the -batch command line option.
 */
#define isatty(x) 1
#endif

/* True if the timer is enabled */
static int enableTimer = 0;

/* sandro 2013-11-07 */
void *splite_cache = NULL;
/* end sandro 2013-11-07 */

/* ctype macros that work with signed characters */
#define IsSpace(X)  isspace((unsigned char)X)
#define IsDigit(X)  isdigit((unsigned char)X)
#define ToLower(X)  (char)tolower((unsigned char)X)

#if !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(WIN32) && !defined(_WRS_KERNEL)
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>

/* Saved resource information for the beginning of an operation */
static struct rusage sBegin;

/*
** Begin timing an operation
*/
static void beginTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer ){
    getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &sBegin);
  }
}

/* Return the difference of two time_structs in seconds */
static double timeDiff(struct timeval *pStart, struct timeval *pEnd){
  return (pEnd->tv_usec - pStart->tv_usec)*0.000001 + 
         (double)(pEnd->tv_sec - pStart->tv_sec);
}

/*
** Print the timing results.
*/
static void endTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer ){
    struct rusage sEnd;
    getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &sEnd);
    printf("CPU Time: user %f sys %f\n",
       timeDiff(&sBegin.ru_utime, &sEnd.ru_utime),
       timeDiff(&sBegin.ru_stime, &sEnd.ru_stime));
  }
}

#define BEGIN_TIMER beginTimer()
#define END_TIMER endTimer()
#define HAS_TIMER 1

#elif (defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32))

#include <windows.h>

/* Saved resource information for the beginning of an operation */
static HANDLE hProcess;
static FILETIME ftKernelBegin;
static FILETIME ftUserBegin;
typedef BOOL (WINAPI *GETPROCTIMES)(HANDLE, LPFILETIME, LPFILETIME, LPFILETIME, LPFILETIME);
static GETPROCTIMES getProcessTimesAddr = NULL;

/*
** Check to see if we have timer support.  Return 1 if necessary
** support found (or found previously).
*/
static int hasTimer(void){
  if( getProcessTimesAddr ){
    return 1;
  } else {
    /* GetProcessTimes() isn't supported in WIN95 and some other Windows versions.
    ** See if the version we are running on has it, and if it does, save off
    ** a pointer to it and the current process handle.
    */
    hProcess = GetCurrentProcess();
    if( hProcess ){
      HINSTANCE hinstLib = LoadLibrary(TEXT("Kernel32.dll"));
      if( NULL != hinstLib ){
        getProcessTimesAddr = (GETPROCTIMES) GetProcAddress(hinstLib, "GetProcessTimes");
        if( NULL != getProcessTimesAddr ){
          return 1;
        }
        FreeLibrary(hinstLib); 
      }
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Begin timing an operation
*/
static void beginTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer && getProcessTimesAddr ){
    FILETIME ftCreation, ftExit;
    getProcessTimesAddr(hProcess, &ftCreation, &ftExit, &ftKernelBegin, &ftUserBegin);
  }
}

/* Return the difference of two FILETIME structs in seconds */
static double timeDiff(FILETIME *pStart, FILETIME *pEnd){
  sqlite_int64 i64Start = *((sqlite_int64 *) pStart);
  sqlite_int64 i64End = *((sqlite_int64 *) pEnd);
  return (double) ((i64End - i64Start) / 10000000.0);
}

/*
** Print the timing results.
*/
static void endTimer(void){
  if( enableTimer && getProcessTimesAddr){
    FILETIME ftCreation, ftExit, ftKernelEnd, ftUserEnd;
    getProcessTimesAddr(hProcess, &ftCreation, &ftExit, &ftKernelEnd, &ftUserEnd);
    printf("CPU Time: user %f sys %f\n",
       timeDiff(&ftUserBegin, &ftUserEnd),
       timeDiff(&ftKernelBegin, &ftKernelEnd));
  }
}

#define BEGIN_TIMER beginTimer()
#define END_TIMER endTimer()
#define HAS_TIMER hasTimer()

#else
#define BEGIN_TIMER 
#define END_TIMER
#define HAS_TIMER 0
#endif

/* sandro: 3 September 2012 
** If the following flag is set, then SQL Log is enabled
*/
static int sql_log_enabled = 1;
/* end sandro: 3 September 2012 */

/*
** Used to prevent warnings about unused parameters
*/
#define UNUSED_PARAMETER(x) (void)(x)

/*
** If the following flag is set, then command execution stops
** at an error if we are not interactive.
*/
static int bail_on_error = 0;

/*
** sandro 2013-08-30
** If the following flag is set, no welcome message will be
** printed at all.
*/
static int splite_silent = 0;

/*
** Threat stdin as an interactive input if the following variable
** is true.  Otherwise, assume stdin is connected to a file or pipe.
*/
static int stdin_is_interactive = 1;

/*
** The following is the open SQLite database.  We make a pointer
** to this database a static variable so that it can be accessed
** by the SIGINT handler to interrupt database processing.
*/
static sqlite3 *db = 0;

/*
** True if an interrupt (Control-C) has been received.
*/
static volatile int seenInterrupt = 0;

/*
** This is the name of our program. It is set in main(), used
** in a number of other places, mostly for error messages.
*/
static char *Argv0;

/*
** Prompt strings. Initialized in main. Settable with
**   .prompt main continue
*/
static char mainPrompt[20];     /* First line prompt. default: "spatialite> "*/
static char continuePrompt[20]; /* Continuation prompt. default: "   ...> " */

/*
** Write I/O traces to the following stream.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
static FILE *iotrace = 0;
#endif

/*
** This routine works like printf in that its first argument is a
** format string and subsequent arguments are values to be substituted
** in place of % fields.  The result of formatting this string
** is written to iotrace.
*/
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
static void iotracePrintf(const char *zFormat, ...){
  va_list ap;
  char *z;
  if( iotrace==0 ) return;
  va_start(ap, zFormat);
  z = sqlite3_vmprintf(zFormat, ap);
  va_end(ap);
  fprintf(iotrace, "%s", z);
  sqlite3_free(z);
}
#endif



/* 
    Sandro Furieri 2013-04-29
     WFS progress handler callback
*/
static void wfs_page_done(int features, void *ptr)
{
    if (isatty (1))
    {
	printf("WFS Features loaded since now: %d\r", features);
	fflush(stdout);
    }
}

/* 
    Sandro Furieri 2008-11-20
     implementing AUTO FDO
*/

struct auto_fdo_table
{
    char *name;
    struct auto_fdo_table *next;
};

struct auto_fdo_tables
{
    struct auto_fdo_table *first;
    struct auto_fdo_table *last;
};

static struct auto_fdo_tables *
fdo_tables_alloc ()
{
    struct auto_fdo_tables *p = malloc (sizeof (struct auto_fdo_tables));
    p->first = NULL;
    p->last = NULL;
    return p;
}

static void
fdo_tables_free (struct auto_fdo_tables *p)
{
    struct auto_fdo_table *pt;
    struct auto_fdo_table *ptn;
    if (!p)
	return;
    pt = p->first;
    while (pt)
      {
	  ptn = pt->next;
	  free (pt->name);
	  free (pt);
	  pt = ptn;
      }
    free (p);
}

static void
add_to_fdo_tables (struct auto_fdo_tables *pt, const char *name, int len)
{
    struct auto_fdo_table *p = malloc (sizeof (struct auto_fdo_table));
    p->name = malloc (len + 1);
    strcpy (p->name, name);
    p->next = NULL;
    if (!(pt->first))
	pt->first = p;
    if (pt->last)
	pt->last->next = p;
    pt->last = p;
}

static void
auto_fdo_start (sqlite3 * db)
{
/* trying to start the FDO-OGR auto-wrapper */
    int ret;
    const char *name;
    int i;
    char **results;
    int rows;
    int columns;
    char sql[1024];
    int count = 0;
    int len;
    int spatial_type = 0;
    struct auto_fdo_tables *tables;
    struct auto_fdo_table *p;
    if (!db)
	return;
    strcpy (sql, "SELECT CheckSpatialMetadata()");
    ret = sqlite3_get_table (db, sql, &results, &rows, &columns, NULL);
    if (ret != SQLITE_OK)
	goto error1;
    if (rows < 1)
	;
    else
      {
	  for (i = 1; i <= rows; i++)
	      spatial_type = atoi (results[(i * columns) + 0]);
      }
    sqlite3_free_table (results);
  error1:
    if (spatial_type == 2)
      {
	  /* ok, creating VirtualFDO tables */
	  tables = fdo_tables_alloc ();
	  strcpy (sql, "SELECT DISTINCT f_table_name FROM geometry_columns");
	  ret = sqlite3_get_table (db, sql, &results, &rows, &columns, NULL);
	  if (ret != SQLITE_OK)
	      goto error;
	  if (rows < 1)
	      ;
	  else
	    {
		for (i = 1; i <= rows; i++)
		  {
		      name = results[(i * columns) + 0];
		      if (name)
			{
			    len = strlen (name);
			    add_to_fdo_tables (tables, name, len);
			}
		  }
	    }
	  sqlite3_free_table (results);
	  p = tables->first;
	  if (p)
	      printf
		  ("\n================ FDO-OGR Spatial Metadata detected ===============\n");
	  while (p)
	    {
		/* destroying the VirtualFDO table [if existing]  */
		sprintf (sql, "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS fdo_%s", p->name);
		ret = sqlite3_exec (db, sql, NULL, 0, NULL);
		if (ret != SQLITE_OK)
		    goto error;
		/* creating the VirtualFDO table  */
		sprintf (sql,
			 "CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE fdo_%s USING VirtualFDO(%s)",
			 p->name, p->name);
		ret = sqlite3_exec (db, sql, NULL, 0, NULL);
		if (ret != SQLITE_OK)
		    goto error;
		printf ("\tcreated VirtualFDO table 'fdo_%s'\n", p->name);
		count++;
		p = p->next;
	    }
	error:
	  if (count++)
	    {
		printf
		    ("Accessing these fdo_XX tables you can take full advantage of\n");
		printf ("FDO-OGR auto-wrapping facility\n");
		printf
		    ("This allows you to access any specific FDO-OGR Geometry as if it\n");
		printf
		    ("where native SpatiaLite ones in a completely transparent way\n");
		printf
		    ("==================================================================\n\n");
		fdo_tables_free (tables);
	    }
	  return;
      }
}

static void
auto_fdo_stop (sqlite3 * db)
{
/* trying to stop the FDO-OGR auto-wrapper */
    int ret;
    const char *name;
    int i;
    char **results;
    int rows;
    int columns;
    char sql[1024];
    int count = 0;
    int len;
    int spatial_type = 0;
    struct auto_fdo_tables *tables;
    struct auto_fdo_table *p;
    if (!db)
	return;
    strcpy (sql, "SELECT CheckSpatialMetadata()");
    ret = sqlite3_get_table (db, sql, &results, &rows, &columns, NULL);
    if (ret != SQLITE_OK)
	goto error1;
    if (rows < 1)
	;
    else
      {
	  for (i = 1; i <= rows; i++)
	      spatial_type = atoi (results[(i * columns) + 0]);
      }
    sqlite3_free_table (results);
  error1:
    if (spatial_type == 2)
      {
	  /* ok, destroying VirtualFDO tables */
	  tables = fdo_tables_alloc ();
	  strcpy (sql, "SELECT DISTINCT f_table_name FROM geometry_columns");
	  ret = sqlite3_get_table (db, sql, &results, &rows, &columns, NULL);
	  if (ret != SQLITE_OK)
	      goto error;
	  if (rows < 1)
	      ;
	  else
	    {
		for (i = 1; i <= rows; i++)
		  {
		      name = results[(i * columns) + 0];
		      if (name)
			{
			    len = strlen (name);
			    add_to_fdo_tables (tables, name, len);
			}
		  }
	    }
	  sqlite3_free_table (results);
	  p = tables->first;
	  while (p)
	    {
		/* destroying the VirtualFDO table [if existing] */
		sprintf (sql, "DROP TABLE IF EXISTS fdo_%s", p->name);
		ret = sqlite3_exec (db, sql, NULL, 0, NULL);
		if (ret != SQLITE_OK)
		    goto error;
		count++;
		p = p->next;
	    }
	error:
	  if (count++)
	      printf ("\n*** FDO-OGR auto-wrapping shutdown done ***\n");
	  fdo_tables_free (tables);
	  return;
      }
}

/* end Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008 */




/* 
    Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008
     implementing full UNICODE support
*/

static iconv_t locale_to_utf8 = NULL;
static iconv_t utf8_to_locale = NULL;
static iconv_t in_charset_to_utf8 = NULL;
static char spatialite_charset[1024] = "";

static void
create_utf8_converter (char *charset)
{
/* creating the UTF8 structs */
    *spatialite_charset = '\0';
    if (locale_to_utf8)
      {
	  /* destroying old converter, if exists */
	  iconv_close (locale_to_utf8);
	  locale_to_utf8 = NULL;
      }
    if (utf8_to_locale)
      {
	  /* destroying old converter, if exists */
	  iconv_close (utf8_to_locale);
	  utf8_to_locale = NULL;
      }
/* creating new converters */
    locale_to_utf8 = iconv_open ("UTF-8", charset);
    if (locale_to_utf8 == (iconv_t) (-1))
      {
	  locale_to_utf8 = NULL;
	  fprintf (stderr,
		   "*** charset ERROR *** cannot convert from '%s' to 'UTF-8'\n",
		   charset);
	  fflush (stderr);
	  return;
      }
    utf8_to_locale = iconv_open (charset, "UTF-8");
    if (utf8_to_locale == (iconv_t) (-1))
      {
	  utf8_to_locale = NULL;
	  fprintf (stderr,
		   "*** charset ERROR *** cannot convert from 'UTF-8' to '%s'\n",
		   charset);
	  fflush (stderr);
	  return;
      }
    strncpy (spatialite_charset, charset, sizeof (spatialite_charset) - 1);
    spatialite_charset[sizeof (spatialite_charset) - 1] = '\0';
}

static void
create_input_utf8_converter (char *charset)
{
/* creating the UTF8 structs */
    if (in_charset_to_utf8)
      {
	  /* destroying old converter, if exists */
	  iconv_close (in_charset_to_utf8);
	  in_charset_to_utf8 = NULL;
      }
/* creating new converter */
    in_charset_to_utf8 = iconv_open ("UTF-8", charset);
    if (in_charset_to_utf8 == (iconv_t) (-1))
      {
	  in_charset_to_utf8 = NULL;
	  fprintf (stderr,
		   "*** charset ERROR *** cannot convert from '%s' to 'UTF-8'\n",
		   charset);
	  fflush (stderr);
	  return;
      }
}

static void
convert_from_utf8 (char *buf, int maxlen)
{
/* converting from UTF8 to locale charset */
    char *utf8buf = 0;
#if !defined(__MINGW32__) && defined(_WIN32)
    const char *pBuf;
#else
    char *pBuf;
#endif
    size_t len;
    size_t utf8len;
    char *pUtf8buf;
    if (!utf8_to_locale)
	return;
    utf8buf = malloc (maxlen);
    if (utf8buf == 0)
      {
	  fprintf (stderr, "out of memory!\n");
	  exit (1);
      }
    len = strlen (buf);
    utf8len = maxlen;
    pBuf = buf;
    pUtf8buf = utf8buf;
    if (iconv (utf8_to_locale, &pBuf, &len, &pUtf8buf, &utf8len) ==
	(size_t) (-1))
      {
	  fprintf (stderr, "\n*** ILLEGAL CHARACTER SEQUENCE ***\n\n");
	  fflush (stderr);
	  free (utf8buf);
	  return;
      }
    utf8buf[maxlen - utf8len] = '\0';
    memcpy (buf, utf8buf, (maxlen - utf8len) + 1);
    free (utf8buf);
}

static void
convert_to_utf8 (char *buf, int maxlen)
{
/* converting from locale charset to UTF8 */
    char *utf8buf = 0;
#if !defined(__MINGW32__) && defined(_WIN32)
    const char *pBuf;
#else
    char *pBuf;
#endif
    size_t len;
    size_t utf8len;
    char *pUtf8buf;
    if (!locale_to_utf8)
	return;
    utf8buf = malloc (maxlen);
    if (utf8buf == 0)
      {
	  fprintf (stderr, "out of memory!\n");
	  exit (1);
      }
    len = strlen (buf);
    utf8len = maxlen;
    pBuf = buf;
    pUtf8buf = utf8buf;
    if (iconv (locale_to_utf8, &pBuf, &len, &pUtf8buf, &utf8len) ==
	(size_t) (-1))
      {
	  fprintf (stderr, "\n*** ILLEGAL CHARACTER SEQUENCE ***\n\n");
	  fflush (stderr);
	  free (utf8buf);
	  return;
      }
    utf8buf[maxlen - utf8len] = '\0';
    memcpy (buf, utf8buf, (maxlen - utf8len) + 1);
    free (utf8buf);
}

/* sandro 2013-11-17 */
static void
split_drop_name(const char *str, char **prefix, char **table)
{
    int len1;
    int len2;
    const char *pt = NULL;
    const char *p = str;
    *prefix = NULL;
    *table = NULL;
    while (*p != '\0')
    {
        if (*p == '.')
        {
            pt = p;
            break;
        }
        p++;
    }
    if (pt == NULL)
        return;
    len1 = pt - str;
    len2 = strlen(pt + 1);
    if (len1 > 0 && len2 > 0)
    {
        *prefix = malloc(len1 + 1);
        memcpy(*prefix, str, len1);
        *(*prefix + len1) = '\0';
        *table = malloc(len2 + 1);
        strcpy(*table, pt + 1);
    }
}
/* end sandro 2013-11-17 */

static void
convert_input_to_utf8 (char *buf, int maxlen)
{
/* converting from required charset to UTF8 */
    char *utf8buf = 0;
#if !defined(__MINGW32__) && defined(_WIN32)
    const char *pBuf;
#else
    char *pBuf;
#endif
    size_t len;
    size_t utf8len;
    char *pUtf8buf;
    if (!in_charset_to_utf8)
	return;
    utf8buf = malloc (maxlen);
    if (utf8buf == 0)
      {
	  fprintf (stderr, "out of memory!\n");
	  exit (1);
      }
    len = strlen (buf);
    utf8len = maxlen;
    pBuf = buf;
    pUtf8buf = utf8buf;
    if (iconv (in_charset_to_utf8, &pBuf, &len, &pUtf8buf, &utf8len) ==
	(size_t) (-1))
      {
	  fprintf (stderr, "\n*** ILLEGAL CHARACTER SEQUENCE ***\n\n");
	  fflush (stderr);
	  free (utf8buf);
	  return;
      }
    utf8buf[maxlen - utf8len] = '\0';
    memcpy (buf, utf8buf, (maxlen - utf8len) + 1);
    free (utf8buf);
}

/* end Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008 */



/*
** Determines if a string is a number of not.
*/
static int isNumber(const char *z, int *realnum){
  if( *z=='-' || *z=='+' ) z++;
  if( !IsDigit(*z) ){
    return 0;
  }
  z++;
  if( realnum ) *realnum = 0;
  while( IsDigit(*z) ){ z++; }
  if( *z=='.' ){
    z++;
    if( !IsDigit(*z) ) return 0;
    while( IsDigit(*z) ){ z++; }
    if( realnum ) *realnum = 1;
  }
  if( *z=='e' || *z=='E' ){
    z++;
    if( *z=='+' || *z=='-' ) z++;
    if( !IsDigit(*z) ) return 0;
    while( IsDigit(*z) ){ z++; }
    if( realnum ) *realnum = 1;
  }
  return *z==0;
}

/*
** A global char* and an SQL function to access its current value 
** from within an SQL statement. This program used to use the 
** sqlite_exec_printf() API to substitue a string into an SQL statement.
** The correct way to do this with sqlite3 is to use the bind API, but
** since the shell is built around the callback paradigm it would be a lot
** of work. Instead just use this hack, which is quite harmless.
*/
static const char *zShellStatic = 0;
static void shellstaticFunc(
  sqlite3_context *context,
  int argc,
  sqlite3_value **argv
){
  assert( 0==argc );
  assert( zShellStatic );
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argc);
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(argv);
  sqlite3_result_text(context, zShellStatic, -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
}


/*
** This routine reads a line of text from FILE in, stores
** the text in memory obtained from malloc() and returns a pointer
** to the text.  NULL is returned at end of file, or if malloc()
** fails.
**
** The interface is like "readline" but no command-line editing
** is done.
*/
static char *local_getline(char *zPrompt, FILE *in, int csvFlag){
  char *zLine;
  int nLine;
  int n;
  int inQuote = 0;

  if( zPrompt && *zPrompt ){
    printf("%s",zPrompt);
    fflush(stdout);
  }
  nLine = 100;
  zLine = malloc( nLine );
  if( zLine==0 ) return 0;
  n = 0;
  while( 1 ){
    if( n+100>nLine ){
      nLine = nLine*2 + 100;
      zLine = realloc(zLine, nLine);
      if( zLine==0 ) return 0;
    }
    if( fgets(&zLine[n], nLine - n, in)==0 ){
      if( n==0 ){
        free(zLine);
        return 0;
      }
      zLine[n] = 0;
      break;
    }
    while( zLine[n] ){
      if( zLine[n]=='"' ) inQuote = !inQuote;
      n++;
    }
    if( n>0 && zLine[n-1]=='\n' && (!inQuote || !csvFlag) ){
      n--;
      if( n>0 && zLine[n-1]=='\r' ) n--;
      zLine[n] = 0;
      break;
    }
  }
  zLine = realloc( zLine, n+1 );
  return zLine;
}

/*
** Retrieve a single line of input text.
**
** zPrior is a string of prior text retrieved.  If not the empty
** string, then issue a continuation prompt.
*/
static char *one_input_line(const char *zPrior, FILE *in){
  char *zPrompt;
  char *zResult;
  if( in!=0 ){
    return local_getline(0, in, 0);
  }
  if( zPrior && zPrior[0] ){
    zPrompt = continuePrompt;
  }else{
    zPrompt = mainPrompt;
  }
  zResult = readline(zPrompt);
#if defined(HAVE_READLINE) && HAVE_READLINE==1
  if( zResult && *zResult ) add_history(zResult);
#endif
  return zResult;
}

struct previous_mode_data {
  int valid;        /* Is there legit data in here? */
  int mode;
  int showHeader;
  int colWidth[100];
};

/*
** An pointer to an instance of this structure is passed from
** the main program to the callback.  This is used to communicate
** state and mode information.
*/
struct callback_data {
  sqlite3 *db;           /* The database */
  int echoOn;            /* True to echo input commands */
  int statsOn;           /* True to display memory stats before each finalize */
  int cnt;               /* Number of records displayed so far */
  FILE *out;             /* Write results here */
  FILE *traceOut;        /* Output for sqlite3_trace() */
  int nErr;              /* Number of errors seen */
  int mode;              /* An output mode setting */
  int writableSchema;    /* True if PRAGMA writable_schema=ON */
  int showHeader;        /* True to show column names in List or Column mode */
  char *zDestTable;      /* Name of destination table when MODE_Insert */
  char separator[20];    /* Separator character for MODE_List */
  int colWidth[100];     /* Requested width of each column when in column mode*/
  int actualWidth[100];  /* Actual width of each column */
  char nullvalue[20];    /* The text to print when a NULL comes back from
                         ** the database */
  struct previous_mode_data explainPrev;
                         /* Holds the mode information just before
                         ** .explain ON */
  char outfile[FILENAME_MAX]; /* Filename for *out */
  const char *zDbFilename;    /* name of the database file */
  const char *zVfs;           /* Name of VFS to use */
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;   /* Current statement if any. */
  FILE *pLog;            /* Write log output here */
};

/*
** These are the allowed modes.
*/
#define MODE_Line     0  /* One column per line.  Blank line between records */
#define MODE_Column   1  /* One record per line in neat columns */
#define MODE_List     2  /* One record per line with a separator */
#define MODE_Semi     3  /* Same as MODE_List but append ";" to each line */
#define MODE_Html     4  /* Generate an XHTML table */
#define MODE_Insert   5  /* Generate SQL "insert" statements */
#define MODE_Tcl      6  /* Generate ANSI-C or TCL quoted elements */
#define MODE_Csv      7  /* Quote strings, numbers are plain */
#define MODE_Explain  8  /* Like MODE_Column, but do not truncate data */

static const char *modeDescr[] = {
  "line",
  "column",
  "list",
  "semi",
  "html",
  "insert",
  "tcl",
  "csv",
  "explain",
};

/*
** Number of elements in an array
*/
#define ArraySize(X)  (int)(sizeof(X)/sizeof(X[0]))

/*
** Compute a string length that is limited to what can be stored in
** lower 30 bits of a 32-bit signed integer.
*/
static int strlen30(const char *z){
  const char *z2 = z;
  while( *z2 ){ z2++; }
  return 0x3fffffff & (int)(z2 - z);
}

/*
** A callback for the sqlite3_log() interface.
*/
static void shellLog(void *pArg, int iErrCode, const char *zMsg){
  struct callback_data *p = (struct callback_data*)pArg;
  if( p->pLog==0 ) return;
  fprintf(p->pLog, "(%d) %s\n", iErrCode, zMsg);
  fflush(p->pLog);
}

/*
** Output the given string as a hex-encoded blob (eg. X'1234' )
*/
static void output_hex_blob(FILE *out, const void *pBlob, int nBlob){
  int i;
  char *zBlob = (char *)pBlob;
  fprintf(out,"X'");
  for(i=0; i<nBlob; i++){ fprintf(out,"%02x",zBlob[i]&0xff); }
  fprintf(out,"'");
}

/*
** Output the given string as a quoted string using SQL quoting conventions.
*/
static void output_quoted_string(FILE *out, const char *z){
  int i;
  int nSingle = 0;
  for(i=0; z[i]; i++){
    if( z[i]=='\'' ) nSingle++;
  }
  if( nSingle==0 ){
    fprintf(out,"'%s'",z);
  }else{
    fprintf(out,"'");
    while( *z ){
      for(i=0; z[i] && z[i]!='\''; i++){}
      if( i==0 ){
        fprintf(out,"''");
        z++;
      }else if( z[i]=='\'' ){
        fprintf(out,"%.*s''",i,z);
        z += i+1;
      }else{
        fprintf(out,"%s",z);
        break;
      }
    }
    fprintf(out,"'");
  }
}

/*
** Output the given string as a quoted according to C or TCL quoting rules.
*/
static void output_c_string(FILE *out, const char *z){
  unsigned int c;
  fputc('"', out);
  while( (c = *(z++))!=0 ){
    if( c=='\\' ){
      fputc(c, out);
      fputc(c, out);
    }else if( c=='\t' ){
      fputc('\\', out);
      fputc('t', out);
    }else if( c=='\n' ){
      fputc('\\', out);
      fputc('n', out);
    }else if( c=='\r' ){
      fputc('\\', out);
      fputc('r', out);
    }else if( !isprint(c) ){
      fprintf(out, "\\%03o", c&0xff);
    }else{
      fputc(c, out);
    }
  }
  fputc('"', out);
}

/*
** Output the given string with characters that are special to
** HTML escaped.
*/
static void output_html_string(FILE *out, const char *z){
  int i;
  while( *z ){
    for(i=0;   z[i] 
            && z[i]!='<' 
            && z[i]!='&' 
            && z[i]!='>' 
            && z[i]!='\"' 
            && z[i]!='\'';
        i++){}
    if( i>0 ){
      fprintf(out,"%.*s",i,z);
    }
    if( z[i]=='<' ){
      fprintf(out,"&lt;");
    }else if( z[i]=='&' ){
      fprintf(out,"&amp;");
    }else if( z[i]=='>' ){
      fprintf(out,"&gt;");
    }else if( z[i]=='\"' ){
      fprintf(out,"&quot;");
    }else if( z[i]=='\'' ){
      fprintf(out,"&#39;");
    }else{
      break;
    }
    z += i + 1;
  }
}

/*
** If a field contains any character identified by a 1 in the following
** array, then the string must be quoted for CSV.
*/
static const char needCsvQuote[] = {
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   
  1, 0, 1, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 
  0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,   0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 1, 
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   
  1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1, 1,   
};

/*
** Output a single term of CSV.  Actually, p->separator is used for
** the separator, which may or may not be a comma.  p->nullvalue is
** the null value.  Strings are quoted if necessary.
*/
static void output_csv(struct callback_data *p, const char *z, int bSep){
  FILE *out = p->out;
  if( z==0 ){
    fprintf(out,"%s",p->nullvalue);
  }else{
    int i;
    int nSep = strlen30(p->separator);
    for(i=0; z[i]; i++){
      if( needCsvQuote[((unsigned char*)z)[i]] 
         || (z[i]==p->separator[0] && 
             (nSep==1 || memcmp(z, p->separator, nSep)==0)) ){
        i = 0;
        break;
      }
    }
    if( i==0 ){
      putc('"', out);
      for(i=0; z[i]; i++){
        if( z[i]=='"' ) putc('"', out);
        putc(z[i], out);
      }
      putc('"', out);
    }else{
      fprintf(out, "%s", z);
    }
  }
  if( bSep ){
    fprintf(p->out, "%s", p->separator);
  }
}

#ifdef SIGINT
/*
** This routine runs when the user presses Ctrl-C
*/
static void interrupt_handler(int NotUsed){
  UNUSED_PARAMETER(NotUsed);
  seenInterrupt = 1;
  if( db ) sqlite3_interrupt(db);
}
#endif

/*
** This is the callback routine that the shell
** invokes for each row of a query result.
*/
static int shell_callback(void *pArg, int nArg, char **azArg, char **azCol, int *aiType){
  int i;
/* Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008 - supporting full UNICODE */
    char *buf = NULL;
    int len;
/* end Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008 */
  struct callback_data *p = (struct callback_data*)pArg;

  switch( p->mode ){
    case MODE_Line: {
      int w = 5;
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        int len = strlen30(azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
        if( len>w ) w = len;
      }
      if( p->cnt++>0 ) fprintf(p->out,"\n");
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
/* Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008
        fprintf(p->out,"%*s = %s\n", w, azCol[i],
                azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullvalue);
 */
	    if (azArg[i] == 0)
		fprintf (p->out, "%*s = %s\n", w, azCol[i],
			 p->nullvalue);
	    else
	      {
		  len = strlen (azArg[i]) + 1;
		  if (buf)
		      free (buf);
		  buf = malloc (len * 4);
		  strcpy (buf, azArg[i]);
		  convert_from_utf8 (buf, len * 4);
		  fprintf (p->out, "%*s = %s\n", w, azCol[i],
			   azArg[i] ? buf : p->nullvalue);
                  free(buf);
                  buf = NULL;
	      }
/* end Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008 */
      }
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Explain:
    case MODE_Column: {
      if( p->cnt++==0 ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          int w, n;
          if( i<ArraySize(p->colWidth) ){
            w = p->colWidth[i];
          }else{
            w = 0;
          }
          if( w<=0 ){
            w = strlen30(azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
            if( w<10 ) w = 10;
            n = strlen30(azArg && azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullvalue);
            if( w<n ) w = n;
          }
          if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
            p->actualWidth[i] = w;
          }
          if( p->showHeader ){
            fprintf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,azCol[i], i==nArg-1 ? "\n": "  ");
          }
        }
        if( p->showHeader ){
          for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
            int w;
            if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
               w = p->actualWidth[i];
            }else{
               w = 10;
            }
            fprintf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,"-----------------------------------"
                   "----------------------------------------------------------",
                    i==nArg-1 ? "\n": "  ");
          }
        }
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        int w;
        if( i<ArraySize(p->actualWidth) ){
           w = p->actualWidth[i];
        }else{
           w = 10;
        }
        if( p->mode==MODE_Explain && azArg[i] && 
           strlen30(azArg[i])>w ){
          w = strlen30(azArg[i]);
        }
/* Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008
        fprintf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,
            azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullvalue, i==nArg-1 ? "\n": "  ");
*/
	    if (azArg[i] == 0)
		fprintf (p->out, "%-*.*s%s", w, w, p->nullvalue,
			 i == nArg - 1 ? "\n" : "  ");
	    else
	      {
		  len = strlen (azArg[i]) + 1;
		  if (buf)
		      free (buf);
		  buf = malloc (len * 4);
		  strcpy (buf, azArg[i]);
		  convert_from_utf8 (buf, len * 4);
		  fprintf (p->out, "%-*.*s%s", w, w,
			   azArg[i] ? buf : p->nullvalue,
			   i == nArg - 1 ? "\n" : "  ");
                  free(buf);
                  buf = NULL;
	      }
/* end Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008 */
        fprintf(p->out,"%-*.*s%s",w,w,
            azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullvalue, i==nArg-1 ? "\n": "  ");
      }
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Semi:
    case MODE_List: {
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          fprintf(p->out,"%s%s",azCol[i], i==nArg-1 ? "\n" : p->separator);
        }
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
/* Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008
        char *z = azArg[i];
        if( z==0 ) z = p->nullvalue;
*/
	    char *z;
	    if (azArg[i] == 0)
		z = p->nullvalue;
	    else
	      {
		  len = strlen (azArg[i]) + 1;
		  if (buf)
		      free (buf);
		  buf = malloc (len * 4);
		  z = buf;
		  strcpy (buf, azArg[i]);
		  convert_from_utf8 (buf, len * 4);
	      }
/* end Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008 */
        fprintf(p->out, "%s", z);
        if (buf)
            free(buf);
        buf = NULL;
        if( i<nArg-1 ){
          fprintf(p->out, "%s", p->separator);
        }else if( p->mode==MODE_Semi ){
          fprintf(p->out, ";\n");
        }else{
          fprintf(p->out, "\n");
        }
      }
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Html: {
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
        fprintf(p->out,"<TR>");
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          fprintf(p->out,"<TH>");
          output_html_string(p->out, azCol[i]);
          fprintf(p->out,"</TH>\n");
        }
        fprintf(p->out,"</TR>\n");
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      fprintf(p->out,"<TR>");
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        fprintf(p->out,"<TD>");
/* Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008
        output_html_string(p->out, azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullvalue);
*/
	    if (azArg[i] == 0)
		output_html_string (p->out, p->nullvalue);
	    else
	      {
		  len = strlen (azArg[i]) + 1;
		  if (buf)
		      free (buf);
		  buf = malloc (len * 4);
		  strcpy (buf, azArg[i]);
		  convert_from_utf8 (buf, len * 4);
		  output_html_string (p->out,
				      azArg[i] ? buf : p->nullvalue);
                  free(buf);
                  buf = NULL;
	      }
/* end Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008 */
        fprintf(p->out,"</TD>\n");
      }
      fprintf(p->out,"</TR>\n");
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Tcl: {
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          output_c_string(p->out,azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "");
          fprintf(p->out, "%s", p->separator);
        }
        fprintf(p->out,"\n");
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
/* Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008
        output_c_string(p->out, azArg[i] ? azArg[i] : p->nullvalue);
*/
	    if (azArg[i] == 0)
		output_c_string (p->out, p->nullvalue);
	    else
	      {
		  len = strlen (azArg[i]) + 1;
		  if (buf)
		      free (buf);
		  buf = malloc (len * 4);
		  strcpy (buf, azArg[i]);
		  convert_from_utf8 (buf, len * 4);
		  output_c_string (p->out,
				   azArg[i] ? buf : p->nullvalue);
                  free(buf);
                  buf = NULL;
	      }
/* end Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008 */
        fprintf(p->out, "%s", p->separator);
      }
      fprintf(p->out,"\n");
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Csv: {
      if( p->cnt++==0 && p->showHeader ){
        for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
          output_csv(p, azCol[i] ? azCol[i] : "", i<nArg-1);
        }
        fprintf(p->out,"\n");
      }
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
/* Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008
        output_csv(p, azArg[i], i<nArg-1);
*/
		    if (azArg[i] == 0)
			output_csv (p, azArg[i], i < nArg - 1);
		    else
		      {
			  len = strlen (azArg[i]) + 1;
			  if (buf)
			      free (buf);
			  buf = malloc (len * 4);
			  strcpy (buf, azArg[i]);
			  convert_from_utf8 (buf, len * 4);
			  output_csv (p, buf, i < nArg - 1);
                          free(buf);
                          buf = NULL;
		      }
/* end Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008 */
      }
      fprintf(p->out,"\n");
      break;
    }
    case MODE_Insert: {
      p->cnt++;
      if( azArg==0 ) break;
      fprintf(p->out,"INSERT INTO %s VALUES(",p->zDestTable);
      for(i=0; i<nArg; i++){
        char *zSep = i>0 ? ",": "";
        if( (azArg[i]==0) || (aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_NULL) ){
          fprintf(p->out,"%sNULL",zSep);
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_TEXT ){
          if( zSep[0] ) fprintf(p->out,"%s",zSep);
/* Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008
          output_quoted_string(p->out, azArg[i]);
*/
		  if (azArg[i] == 0)
		      output_quoted_string (p->out, azArg[i]);
		  else
		    {
			len = strlen (azArg[i]) + 1;
			if (buf)
			    free (buf);
			buf = malloc (len * 4);
			strcpy (buf, azArg[i]);
			convert_from_utf8 (buf, len * 4);
			output_quoted_string (p->out, buf);
                        free(buf);
                        buf = NULL;
		    }
/* end Sandro Furieri 11 July 2008 */
        }else if( aiType && (aiType[i]==SQLITE_INTEGER || aiType[i]==SQLITE_FLOAT) ){
          fprintf(p->out,"%s%s",zSep, azArg[i]);
        }else if( aiType && aiType[i]==SQLITE_BLOB && p->pStmt ){
          const void *pBlob = sqlite3_column_blob(p->pStmt, i);
          int nBlob = sqlite3_column_bytes(p->pStmt, i);
          if( zSep[0] ) fprintf(p->out,"%s",zSep);
          output_hex_blob(p->out, pBlob, nBlob);
        }else if( isNumber(azArg[i], 0) ){
          fprintf(p->out,"%s%s",zSep, azArg[i]);
        }else{
          if( zSep[0] ) fprintf(p->out,"%s",zSep);
          output_quoted_string(p->out, azArg[i]);
        }
      }
      fprintf(p->out,");\n");
      break;
    }
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** This is the callback routine that the SQLite library
** invokes for each row of a query result.
*/
static int callback(void *pArg, int nArg, char **azArg, char **azCol){
  /* since we don't have type info, call the shell_callback with a NULL value */
  return shell_callback(pArg, nArg, azArg, azCol, NULL);
}

/*
** Set the destination table field of the callback_data structure to
** the name of the table given.  Escape any quote characters in the
** table name.
*/
static void set_table_name(struct callback_data *p, const char *zName){
  int i, n;
  int needQuote;
  char *z;

  if( p->zDestTable ){
    free(p->zDestTable);
    p->zDestTable = 0;
  }
  if( zName==0 ) return;
  needQuote = !isalpha((unsigned char)*zName) && *zName!='_';
  for(i=n=0; zName[i]; i++, n++){
    if( !isalnum((unsigned char)zName[i]) && zName[i]!='_' ){
      needQuote = 1;
      if( zName[i]=='\'' ) n++;
    }
  }
  if( needQuote ) n += 2;
  z = p->zDestTable = malloc( n+1 );
  if( z==0 ){
    fprintf(stderr,"Error: out of memory\n");
    exit(1);
  }
  n = 0;
  if( needQuote ) z[n++] = '\'';
  for(i=0; zName[i]; i++){
    z[n++] = zName[i];
    if( zName[i]=='\'' ) z[n++] = '\'';
  }
  if( needQuote ) z[n++] = '\'';
  z[n] = 0;
}

/* zIn is either a pointer to a NULL-terminated string in memory obtained
** from malloc(), or a NULL pointer. The string pointed to by zAppend is
** added to zIn, and the result returned in memory obtained from malloc().
** zIn, if it was not NULL, is freed.
**
** If the third argument, quote, is not '\0', then it is used as a 
** quote character for zAppend.
*/
static char *appendText(char *zIn, char const *zAppend, char quote){
  int len;
  int i;
  int nAppend = strlen30(zAppend);
  int nIn = (zIn?strlen30(zIn):0);

  len = nAppend+nIn+1;
  if( quote ){
    len += 2;
    for(i=0; i<nAppend; i++){
      if( zAppend[i]==quote ) len++;
    }
  }

  zIn = (char *)realloc(zIn, len);
  if( !zIn ){
    return 0;
  }

  if( quote ){
    char *zCsr = &zIn[nIn];
    *zCsr++ = quote;
    for(i=0; i<nAppend; i++){
      *zCsr++ = zAppend[i];
      if( zAppend[i]==quote ) *zCsr++ = quote;
    }
    *zCsr++ = quote;
    *zCsr++ = '\0';
    assert( (zCsr-zIn)==len );
  }else{
    memcpy(&zIn[nIn], zAppend, nAppend);
    zIn[len-1] = '\0';
  }

  return zIn;
}


/*
** Execute a query statement that will generate SQL output.  Print
** the result columns, comma-separated, on a line and then add a
** semicolon terminator to the end of that line.
**
** If the number of columns is 1 and that column contains text "--"
** then write the semicolon on a separate line.  That way, if a 
** "--" comment occurs at the end of the statement, the comment
** won't consume the semicolon terminator.
*/
static int run_table_dump_query(
  struct callback_data *p, /* Query context */
  const char *zSelect,     /* SELECT statement to extract content */
  const char *zFirstRow    /* Print before first row, if not NULL */
){
  sqlite3_stmt *pSelect;
  int rc;
  int nResult;
  int i;
  const char *z;
  rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zSelect, -1, &pSelect, 0);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !pSelect ){
    fprintf(p->out, "/**** ERROR: (%d) %s *****/\n", rc, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
    p->nErr++;
    return rc;
  }
  rc = sqlite3_step(pSelect);
  nResult = sqlite3_column_count(pSelect);
  while( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
    if( zFirstRow ){
      fprintf(p->out, "%s", zFirstRow);
      zFirstRow = 0;
    }
    z = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pSelect, 0);
    fprintf(p->out, "%s", z);
    for(i=1; i<nResult; i++){ 
      fprintf(p->out, ",%s", sqlite3_column_text(pSelect, i));
    }
    if( z==0 ) z = "";
    while( z[0] && (z[0]!='-' || z[1]!='-') ) z++;
    if( z[0] ){
      fprintf(p->out, "\n;\n");
    }else{
      fprintf(p->out, ";\n");
    }    
    rc = sqlite3_step(pSelect);
  }
  rc = sqlite3_finalize(pSelect);
  if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
    fprintf(p->out, "/**** ERROR: (%d) %s *****/\n", rc, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
    p->nErr++;
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Allocate space and save off current error string.
*/
static char *save_err_msg(
  sqlite3 *db            /* Database to query */
){
  int nErrMsg = 1+strlen30(sqlite3_errmsg(db));
  char *zErrMsg = sqlite3_malloc(nErrMsg);
  if( zErrMsg ){
    memcpy(zErrMsg, sqlite3_errmsg(db), nErrMsg);
  }
  return zErrMsg;
}

/*
** Display memory stats.
*/
static int display_stats(
  sqlite3 *db,                /* Database to query */
  struct callback_data *pArg, /* Pointer to struct callback_data */
  int bReset                  /* True to reset the stats */
){
  int iCur;
  int iHiwtr;

  if( pArg && pArg->out ){
    
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_MEMORY_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Memory Used:                         %d (max %d) bytes\n", iCur, iHiwtr);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_COUNT, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Number of Outstanding Allocations:   %d (max %d)\n", iCur, iHiwtr);
/*
** Not currently used by the CLI.
**    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
**    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
**    fprintf(pArg->out, "Number of Pcache Pages Used:         %d (max %d) pages\n", iCur, iHiwtr);
*/
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_OVERFLOW, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Number of Pcache Overflow Bytes:     %d (max %d) bytes\n", iCur, iHiwtr);
/*
** Not currently used by the CLI.
**    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
**    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
**    fprintf(pArg->out, "Number of Scratch Allocations Used:  %d (max %d)\n", iCur, iHiwtr);
*/
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_OVERFLOW, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Number of Scratch Overflow Bytes:    %d (max %d) bytes\n", iCur, iHiwtr);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_MALLOC_SIZE, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Largest Allocation:                  %d bytes\n", iHiwtr);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_PAGECACHE_SIZE, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Largest Pcache Allocation:           %d bytes\n", iHiwtr);
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_SCRATCH_SIZE, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Largest Scratch Allocation:          %d bytes\n", iHiwtr);
#ifdef YYTRACKMAXSTACKDEPTH
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
    sqlite3_status(SQLITE_STATUS_PARSER_STACK, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Deepest Parser Stack:                %d (max %d)\n", iCur, iHiwtr);
#endif
  }

/* Sandro Furieri 1 November 2012 - depending on SQLite version */
  if( pArg && pArg->out && db ){
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
#ifdef HAVE_DECL_SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Lookaside Slots Used:                %d (max %d)\n", iCur, iHiwtr);
#else
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Lookaside Slots Used:                n.a.\n");
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_DECL_SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_HIT, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Successful lookaside attempts:       %d\n", iHiwtr);
#else
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Successful lookaside attempts:       n.a.\n");
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_DECL_SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_SIZE, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Lookaside failures due to size:      %d\n", iHiwtr);
#else
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Lookaside failures due to size:      n.a.\n");
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_DECL_SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_LOOKASIDE_MISS_FULL, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Lookaside failures due to OOM:       %d\n", iHiwtr);
#else
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Lookaside failures due to OOM:       n.a.\n");
#endif
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
#ifdef HAVE_DECL_SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Pager Heap Usage:                    %d bytes\n", iCur);  
#else
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Pager Heap Usage:                    n.a.\n");  
#endif  
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
#ifdef HAVE_DECL_SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_HIT, &iCur, &iHiwtr, 1);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Page cache hits:                     %d\n", iCur);
#else
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Page cache hits:                     n.a.\n");
#endif
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
#ifdef HAVE_DECL_SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_MISS, &iCur, &iHiwtr, 1);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Page cache misses:                   %d\n", iCur); 
#else
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Page cache misses:                   n.a.\n"); 
#endif
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
#ifdef HAVE_DECL_SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_CACHE_WRITE, &iCur, &iHiwtr, 1);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Page cache writes:                   %d\n", iCur); 
#else
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Page cache writes:                   n.a.\n"); 
#endif
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
#ifdef HAVE_DECL_SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_SCHEMA_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Schema Heap Usage:                   %d bytes\n", iCur);
#else
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Schema Heap Usage:                   n.a.\n");
#endif 
    iHiwtr = iCur = -1;
#ifdef HAVE_DECL_SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED
    sqlite3_db_status(db, SQLITE_DBSTATUS_STMT_USED, &iCur, &iHiwtr, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Statement Heap/Lookaside Usage:      %d bytes\n", iCur); 
#else
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Statement Heap/Lookaside Usage:      n.a.\n");
#endif
  }

  if( pArg && pArg->out && db && pArg->pStmt ){
#ifdef HAVE_DECL_SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP
    iCur = sqlite3_stmt_status(pArg->pStmt, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_FULLSCAN_STEP, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Fullscan Steps:                      %d\n", iCur);
#else
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Fullscan Steps:                      n.a.\n");
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_DECL_SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT
    iCur = sqlite3_stmt_status(pArg->pStmt, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_SORT, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Sort Operations:                     %d\n", iCur);
#else
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Sort Operations:                     n.a.\n");
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_DECL_SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX
    iCur = sqlite3_stmt_status(pArg->pStmt, SQLITE_STMTSTATUS_AUTOINDEX, bReset);
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Autoindex Inserts:                   %d\n", iCur);
#else
    fprintf(pArg->out, "Autoindex Inserts:                   n.a.\n");
#endif
  }
/* end sandro 1 November 2012 */

  return 0;
}

/*
** Execute a statement or set of statements.  Print 
** any result rows/columns depending on the current mode 
** set via the supplied callback.
**
** This is very similar to SQLite's built-in sqlite3_exec() 
** function except it takes a slightly different callback 
** and callback data argument.
*/
static int shell_exec(
  sqlite3 *db,                                /* An open database */
  const char *zSql,                           /* SQL to be evaluated */
  int (*xCallback)(void*,int,char**,char**,int*),   /* Callback function */
                                              /* (not the same as sqlite3_exec) */
  struct callback_data *pArg,                 /* Pointer to struct callback_data */
  char **pzErrMsg                             /* Error msg written here */
){
  sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = NULL;     /* Statement to execute. */
  int rc = SQLITE_OK;             /* Return Code */
  int rc2;
  const char *zLeftover;          /* Tail of unprocessed SQL */

  if( pzErrMsg ){
    *pzErrMsg = NULL;
  }

  while( zSql[0] && (SQLITE_OK == rc) ){
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, &zLeftover);
    if( SQLITE_OK != rc ){
      if( pzErrMsg ){
        *pzErrMsg = save_err_msg(db);
      }
    }else{
      if( !pStmt ){
        /* this happens for a comment or white-space */
        zSql = zLeftover;
        while( IsSpace(zSql[0]) ) zSql++;
        continue;
      }

      /* save off the prepared statment handle and reset row count */
      if( pArg ){
        pArg->pStmt = pStmt;
        pArg->cnt = 0;
      }

      /* echo the sql statement if echo on */
      if( pArg && pArg->echoOn ){
        const char *zStmtSql = sqlite3_sql(pStmt);
        fprintf(pArg->out, "%s\n", zStmtSql ? zStmtSql : zSql);
      }

      /* Output TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN text of requested */
      if( pArg && pArg->mode==MODE_Explain ){
/* Sandro Furieri 1 November 2012 - depending on SQLite version */
#ifdef HAVE_DECL_SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT
        const char *zExplain = 0;
        sqlite3_test_control(SQLITE_TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN_STMT, pStmt, &zExplain);
        if( zExplain && zExplain[0] ){
          fprintf(pArg->out, "%s", zExplain);
        }
#else
          fprintf(pArg->out, "TESTCTRL_EXPLAIN: unsupported");
#endif
/* end sandro 1 November 2012 */
      }

      /* perform the first step.  this will tell us if we
      ** have a result set or not and how wide it is.
      */
      rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
      /* if we have a result set... */
      if( SQLITE_ROW == rc ){
        /* if we have a callback... */
        if( xCallback ){
          /* allocate space for col name ptr, value ptr, and type */
          int nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
          void *pData = sqlite3_malloc(3*nCol*sizeof(const char*) + 1);
          if( !pData ){
            rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
          }else{
            char **azCols = (char **)pData;      /* Names of result columns */
            char **azVals = &azCols[nCol];       /* Results */
            int *aiTypes = (int *)&azVals[nCol]; /* Result types */
            int i;
            assert(sizeof(int) <= sizeof(char *)); 
            /* save off ptrs to column names */
            for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
              azCols[i] = (char *)sqlite3_column_name(pStmt, i);
            }
            do{
              /* extract the data and data types */
              for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
                azVals[i] = (char *)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, i);
                aiTypes[i] = sqlite3_column_type(pStmt, i);
                if( !azVals[i] && (aiTypes[i]!=SQLITE_NULL) ){
                  rc = SQLITE_NOMEM;
                  break; /* from for */
                }
              } /* end for */

              /* if data and types extracted successfully... */
              if( SQLITE_ROW == rc ){ 
                /* call the supplied callback with the result row data */
                if( xCallback(pArg, nCol, azVals, azCols, aiTypes) ){
                  rc = SQLITE_ABORT;
                }else{
                  rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
                }
              }
            } while( SQLITE_ROW == rc );
            sqlite3_free(pData);
          }
        }else{
          do{
            rc = sqlite3_step(pStmt);
          } while( rc == SQLITE_ROW );
        }
      }

      /* print usage stats if stats on */
      if( pArg && pArg->statsOn ){
        display_stats(db, pArg, 0);
      }

      /* Finalize the statement just executed. If this fails, save a 
      ** copy of the error message. Otherwise, set zSql to point to the
      ** next statement to execute. */
      rc2 = sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_NOMEM ) rc = rc2;
      if( rc==SQLITE_OK ){
        zSql = zLeftover;
        while( IsSpace(zSql[0]) ) zSql++;
      }else if( pzErrMsg ){
        *pzErrMsg = save_err_msg(db);
      }

      /* clear saved stmt handle */
      if( pArg ){
        pArg->pStmt = NULL;
      }
    }
  } /* end while */

  return rc;
}


/*
** This is a different callback routine used for dumping the database.
** Each row received by this callback consists of a table name,
** the table type ("index" or "table") and SQL to create the table.
** This routine should print text sufficient to recreate the table.
*/
static int dump_callback(void *pArg, int nArg, char **azArg, char **azCol){
  int rc;
  const char *zTable;
  const char *zType;
  const char *zSql;
  const char *zPrepStmt = 0;
  struct callback_data *p = (struct callback_data *)pArg;

  UNUSED_PARAMETER(azCol);
  if( nArg!=3 ) return 1;
  zTable = azArg[0];
  zType = azArg[1];
  zSql = azArg[2];
  
  if( strcmp(zTable, "sqlite_sequence")==0 ){
    zPrepStmt = "DELETE FROM sqlite_sequence;\n";
  }else if( strcmp(zTable, "sqlite_stat1")==0 ){
    fprintf(p->out, "ANALYZE sqlite_master;\n");
  }else if( strncmp(zTable, "sqlite_", 7)==0 ){
    return 0;
  }else if( strncmp(zSql, "CREATE VIRTUAL TABLE", 20)==0 ){
    char *zIns;
    if( !p->writableSchema ){
      fprintf(p->out, "PRAGMA writable_schema=ON;\n");
      p->writableSchema = 1;
    }
    zIns = sqlite3_mprintf(
       "INSERT INTO sqlite_master(type,name,tbl_name,rootpage,sql)"
       "VALUES('table','%q','%q',0,'%q');",
       zTable, zTable, zSql);
    fprintf(p->out, "%s\n", zIns);
    sqlite3_free(zIns);
    return 0;
  }else{
    fprintf(p->out, "%s;\n", zSql);
  }

  if( strcmp(zType, "table")==0 ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pTableInfo = 0;
    char *zSelect = 0;
    char *zTableInfo = 0;
    char *zTmp = 0;
    int nRow = 0;
   
    zTableInfo = appendText(zTableInfo, "PRAGMA table_info(", 0);
    zTableInfo = appendText(zTableInfo, zTable, '"');
    zTableInfo = appendText(zTableInfo, ");", 0);

    rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zTableInfo, -1, &pTableInfo, 0);
    free(zTableInfo);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || !pTableInfo ){
      return 1;
    }

    zSelect = appendText(zSelect, "SELECT 'INSERT INTO ' || ", 0);
    /* Always quote the table name, even if it appears to be pure ascii,
    ** in case it is a keyword. Ex:  INSERT INTO "table" ... */
    zTmp = appendText(zTmp, zTable, '"');
    if( zTmp ){
      zSelect = appendText(zSelect, zTmp, '\'');
      free(zTmp);
    }
    zSelect = appendText(zSelect, " || ' VALUES(' || ", 0);
    rc = sqlite3_step(pTableInfo);
    while( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
      const char *zText = (const char *)sqlite3_column_text(pTableInfo, 1);
      zSelect = appendText(zSelect, "quote(", 0);
      zSelect = appendText(zSelect, zText, '"');
      rc = sqlite3_step(pTableInfo);
      if( rc==SQLITE_ROW ){
        zSelect = appendText(zSelect, "), ", 0);
      }else{
        zSelect = appendText(zSelect, ") ", 0);
      }
      nRow++;
    }
    rc = sqlite3_finalize(pTableInfo);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK || nRow==0 ){
      free(zSelect);
      return 1;
    }
    zSelect = appendText(zSelect, "|| ')' FROM  ", 0);
    zSelect = appendText(zSelect, zTable, '"');

    rc = run_table_dump_query(p, zSelect, zPrepStmt);
    if( rc==SQLITE_CORRUPT ){
      zSelect = appendText(zSelect, " ORDER BY rowid DESC", 0);
      run_table_dump_query(p, zSelect, 0);
    }
    free(zSelect);
  }
  return 0;
}

static void
spatialite_autocreate (sqlite3 * db)
{
/* attempting to perform self-initialization for a newly created DB */
    int ret;
    char sql[1024];
    char *err_msg = NULL;
    int count;
    int i;
    char **results;
    int rows;
    int columns;

/* checking if this DB is really empty */
    strcpy (sql, "SELECT Count(*) from sqlite_master");
    ret = sqlite3_get_table (db, sql, &results, &rows, &columns, NULL);
    if (ret != SQLITE_OK)
	return;
    if (rows < 1)
	;
    else
      {
	  for (i = 1; i <= rows; i++)
	      count = atoi (results[(i * columns) + 0]);
      }
    sqlite3_free_table (results);

    if (count > 0)
	return;

/* all right, it's empty: proceding to initialize */
    strcpy (sql, "SELECT InitSpatialMetadata(1)");
    ret = sqlite3_exec (db, sql, NULL, NULL, &err_msg);
    if (ret != SQLITE_OK)
      {
	  fprintf (stderr, "InitSpatialMetadata() error: %s\n", err_msg);
	  sqlite3_free (err_msg);
	  return;
      }
    spatial_ref_sys_init (db, 1);
}

/*
** Run zQuery.  Use dump_callback() as the callback routine so that
** the contents of the query are output as SQL statements.
**
** If we get a SQLITE_CORRUPT error, rerun the query after appending
** "ORDER BY rowid DESC" to the end.
*/
static int run_schema_dump_query(
  struct callback_data *p, 
  const char *zQuery
){
  int rc;
  char *zErr = 0;
  rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, zQuery, dump_callback, p, &zErr);
  if( rc==SQLITE_CORRUPT ){
    char *zQ2;
    int len = strlen30(zQuery);
    fprintf(p->out, "/****** CORRUPTION ERROR *******/\n");
    if( zErr ){
      fprintf(p->out, "/****** %s ******/\n", zErr);
      sqlite3_free(zErr);
      zErr = 0;
    }
    zQ2 = malloc( len+100 );
    if( zQ2==0 ) return rc;
    sqlite3_snprintf(len+100, zQ2, "%s ORDER BY rowid DESC", zQuery);
    rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db, zQ2, dump_callback, p, &zErr);
    if( rc ){
      fprintf(p->out, "/****** ERROR: %s ******/\n", zErr);
    }else{
      rc = SQLITE_CORRUPT;
    }
    sqlite3_free(zErr);
    free(zQ2);
  }
  return rc;
}

/*
** Text of a help message
*/
static char zHelp[] =
  ".backup ?DB? FILE      Backup DB (default \"main\") to FILE\n"
  ".bail ON|OFF           Stop after hitting an error.  Default OFF\n"
  ".databases             List names and files of attached databases\n"
  ".dump ?TABLE? ...      Dump the database in an SQL text format\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only dump tables matching\n"
  "                         LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
  ".echo ON|OFF           Turn command echo on or off\n"
  ".exit                  Exit this program\n"
  ".explain ?ON|OFF?      Turn output mode suitable for EXPLAIN on or off.\n"
  "                         With no args, it turns EXPLAIN on.\n"
  ".header(s) ON|OFF      Turn display of headers on or off\n"
  ".help                  Show this message\n"
  ".import FILE TABLE     Import data from FILE into TABLE\n"
  ".indices ?TABLE?       Show names of all indices\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only show indices for tables\n"
  "                         matching LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
  ".iotrace FILE          Enable I/O diagnostic logging to FILE\n"
#endif
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
  ".load FILE ?ENTRY?     Load an extension library\n"
#endif
  ".log FILE|off          Turn logging on or off.  FILE can be stderr/stdout\n"
  ".mode MODE ?TABLE?     Set output mode where MODE is one of:\n"
  "                         csv      Comma-separated values\n"
  "                         column   Left-aligned columns.  (See .width)\n"
  "                         html     HTML <table> code\n"
  "                         insert   SQL insert statements for TABLE\n"
  "                         line     One value per line\n"
  "                         list     Values delimited by .separator string\n"
  "                         tabs     Tab-separated values\n"
  "                         tcl      TCL list elements\n"
  ".nullvalue STRING      Print STRING in place of NULL values\n"
  ".output FILENAME       Send output to FILENAME\n"
  ".output stdout         Send output to the screen\n"
  ".prompt MAIN CONTINUE  Replace the standard prompts\n"
  ".quit                  Exit this program\n"
  ".read FILENAME         Execute SQL in FILENAME\n"
  ".restore ?DB? FILE     Restore content of DB (default \"main\") from FILE\n"
  ".schema ?TABLE?        Show the CREATE statements\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only show tables matching\n"
  "                         LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
  ".separator STRING      Change separator used by output mode and .import\n"
  ".shell CMD ARGS...     Run CMD ARGS... in a system shell\n"
  ".show                  Show the current values for various settings\n"
  ".stats ON|OFF          Turn stats on or off\n"
  ".system CMD ARGS...    Run CMD ARGS... in a system shell\n"
  ".tables ?TABLE?        List names of tables\n"
  "                         If TABLE specified, only list tables matching\n"
  "                         LIKE pattern TABLE.\n"
  ".timeout MS            Try opening locked tables for MS milliseconds\n"
  ".trace FILE|off        Output each SQL statement as it is run\n"
  ".vfsname ?AUX?         Print the name of the VFS stack\n"
  ".width NUM1 NUM2 ...   Set column widths for \"column\" mode\n"
;

static char zTimerHelp[] =
  ".timer ON|OFF          Turn the CPU timer measurement on or off\n"
/* Sandro Furieri 2008-06-20 */
    "\n====================== SpatiaLite ========================================\n\n"
    ".charset          Report the current locale charset setting\n\n"
    ".charset <charset-name>\n"
    "                  Set the charset encoding according to the command shell\n"
    "                  e.g.: when working on Windows Command Prompt, if you notice\n"
    "                        'strange' chars, a very good idea may be to type\n"
    "                        the following command:\n"
    "                  .charset CP850\n"
    "                        [use the Windows CHCP command in order to check better\n"
    "                         which one charset is used on your Command Prompt]\n\n"
    ".chkdupl <table>  Check a TABLE for duplicated rows\n\n"
    ".remdupl <table>  Removes any duplicated row from a TABLE\n\n"
    ".elemgeo <args>   derives a new table from the original one, so to ensure that\n"
    "                  only elementary Geometries (one for each row) will be present\n"
    "                  arg_list: in_tbl geom out_tbl out_pk out_old_id\n\n"
    ".loadshp <args>   Loads a SHAPEFILE into a SpatiaLite table\n"
    "                  arg_list: shp_path table_name charset [SRID] [column_name]\n"
    "                      [pk_column] [geom_type] [2d | 3d] [compressed]\n"
    "                      [with_spatial_index] [text_dates]\n"
    "                      geom_type={ AUTO | LINESTRING[ Z | M | ZM ]\n"
    "                                 | MULTILINESTRING[ Z | M | ZM ]\n"
    "                                 | POLYGON[ Z | M | ZM ]\n"
    "                                 | MULTIPOLYGON[ Z | M | ZM ] }\n\n"
    ".dumpshp <args>   Dumps a SpatiaLite table into a SHAPEFILE\n"
    "                  arg_list: table_name column_name shp_path charset [geom_type]\n"
    "                      geom_type={ POINT | LINESTRING | POLYGON | MULTIPOINT }\n\n"
    ".loaddbf <args>   Loads a DBF into a SpatiaLite table\n"
    "                  arg_list: dbf_path table_name charset [pk_column] [text_dates]\n\n"
    ".dumpdbf <args>   Dumps a SpatiaLite table into a DBF\n"
    "                  arg_list: table_name dbf_path charset\n\n"
#ifndef OMIT_FREEXL		/* FreeXL is enabled */
    ".loadxl <args>    Loads a XL spreadsheet (.xls) into a SpatiaLite table\n"
    "                  arg_list: xl_path table_name \n"
    "                      [worksheet_index [first_line_titles{0/1}]]\n\n"
#endif /* end FreeXL support */
    ".dumpkml <args>   Dumps a SpatiaLite table as a KML file\n"
    "                  arg_list: table_name geom_column kml_path\n"
    "                      [precision] [name_column] [desc_column]\n\n"
    ".dumpgeojson <args>  Dumps a SpatiaLite table as a GeoJSON file\n"
    "                  arg_list: table_name geom_column geojson_path\n"
    "                      [format] [precision]\n"
    "                  format={ none | MBR | withShortCRS | MBRwithShortCRS\n"
    "                           | withLongCRS | MBRwithLongCRS }\n\n"
    ".checkgeom <args> Checks a Geometry Column for validity\n"
    "                  arg_list: table_name geom_column report_path\n"
    "                  or (all vectors): output_dir\n\n"
    ".sanegeom <args>  Sanitizes a Geometry Column\n"
    "                  arg_list: table_name geom_column tmp_table report_path\n"
    "                  or (all vectors): tmp_prefix output_dir\n\n"
    ".read <args>      Execute an SQL script\n"
    "                  arg_list: script_path charset\n"
    ".sqllog ON|OFF    Turn SQL Log on or off\n"
    ".dropgeo <table>  Drops a Spatial Table (or Spatial View) completely\n"
    "                  removing any related stuff (metadata definitions,\n"
    "                  Spatial Index and alike)\n"
    ".loadwfs <args>   Loads data from some WFS source into a SpatiaLite table\n"
    "                  arg_list: WFS_path_or_URL layer_name table_name [pk_column]\n"
    "                      [swap] [page_size] [with_spatial_index]\n\n"
    ".loaddxf <args>   Loads data from some DXF source into SpatiaLite tables\n"
    "                  arg_list: DXF_path [srid] [append] [dims] [mode]\n"
    "                      [rings] [table_prefix] [layer_name]\n"
    "                  append={Y|N} dims={AUTO|2D|3D} mode={DISTINCT|MIXED}\n"
    "                  rings={NONE|LINKED|UNLINKED}\n\n"
/* end Sandro Furieri 2008-06-20 */
;

/* Forward reference */
static int process_input(struct callback_data *p, FILE *in, char *in_charset);

/*
** Make sure the database is open.  If it is not, then open it.  If
** the database fails to open, print an error message and exit.
*/
static void open_db(struct callback_data *p){
  if( p->db==0 ){
    sqlite3_initialize();
    sqlite3_open(p->zDbFilename, &p->db);
    db = p->db;
    if( db && sqlite3_errcode(db)==SQLITE_OK ){
      sqlite3_create_function(db, "shellstatic", 0, SQLITE_UTF8, 0,
          shellstaticFunc, 0, 0);
    }
    if( db==0 || SQLITE_OK!=sqlite3_errcode(db) ){
      fprintf(stderr,"Error: unable to open database \"%s\": %s\n", 
          p->zDbFilename, sqlite3_errmsg(db));
      exit(1);
    }
    spatialite_init_ex (p->db, splite_cache, (splite_silent == 0) ? 1 : 0);
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
    sqlite3_enable_load_extension(p->db, 1);
#endif

/* Sandro Furieri 2009-11-08 */
	  sqlite3_exec (p->db, "PRAGMA foreign_keys = 1", NULL, 0, NULL);
/* end Sandro Furieri 2008-11-08 */
/* Sandro Furieri 2010-08-07 */
	  spatialite_autocreate (p->db);
/* end Sandro Furieri 2010-08-07 */
  }
}

/*
** Do C-language style dequoting.
**
**    \t    -> tab
**    \n    -> newline
**    \r    -> carriage return
**    \NNN  -> ascii character NNN in octal
**    \\    -> backslash
*/
static void resolve_backslashes(char *z){
  int i, j;
  char c;
  for(i=j=0; (c = z[i])!=0; i++, j++){
    if( c=='\\' ){
      c = z[++i];
      if( c=='n' ){
        c = '\n';
      }else if( c=='t' ){
        c = '\t';
      }else if( c=='r' ){
        c = '\r';
      }else if( c>='0' && c<='7' ){
        c -= '0';
        if( z[i+1]>='0' && z[i+1]<='7' ){
          i++;
          c = (c<<3) + z[i] - '0';
          if( z[i+1]>='0' && z[i+1]<='7' ){
            i++;
            c = (c<<3) + z[i] - '0';
          }
        }
      }
    }
    z[j] = c;
  }
  z[j] = 0;
}

/*
** Interpret zArg as a boolean value.  Return either 0 or 1.
*/
static int booleanValue(char *zArg){
  int val = atoi(zArg);
  int j;
  for(j=0; zArg[j]; j++){
    zArg[j] = ToLower(zArg[j]);
  }
  if( strcmp(zArg,"on")==0 ){
    val = 1;
  }else if( strcmp(zArg,"yes")==0 ){
    val = 1;
  }
  return val;
}

/*
** Close an output file, assuming it is not stderr or stdout
*/
static void output_file_close(FILE *f){
  if( f && f!=stdout && f!=stderr ) fclose(f);
}

/*
** Try to open an output file.   The names "stdout" and "stderr" are
** recognized and do the right thing.  NULL is returned if the output 
** filename is "off".
*/
static FILE *output_file_open(const char *zFile){
  FILE *f;
  if( strcmp(zFile,"stdout")==0 ){
    f = stdout;
  }else if( strcmp(zFile, "stderr")==0 ){
    f = stderr;
  }else if( strcmp(zFile, "off")==0 ){
    f = 0;
  }else{
    f = fopen(zFile, "wb");
    if( f==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", zFile);
    }
  }
  return f;
}

/*
** A routine for handling output from sqlite3_trace().
*/
static void sql_trace_callback(void *pArg, const char *z){
  FILE *f = (FILE*)pArg;
  if( f ) fprintf(f, "%s\n", z);
}

/*
** A no-op routine that runs with the ".breakpoint" doc-command.  This is
** a useful spot to set a debugger breakpoint.
*/
static void test_breakpoint(void){
  static int nCall = 0;
  nCall++;
}

/*
** If an input line begins with "." then invoke this routine to
** process that line.
**
** Return 1 on error, 2 to exit, and 0 otherwise.
*/
static int do_meta_command(char *zLine, struct callback_data *p){
  int i = 1;
  int nArg = 0;
  int n, c;
  int rc = 0;
  char *azArg[50];

  /* Parse the input line into tokens.
  */
  while( zLine[i] && nArg<ArraySize(azArg) ){
    while( IsSpace(zLine[i]) ){ i++; }
    if( zLine[i]==0 ) break;
    if( zLine[i]=='\'' || zLine[i]=='"' ){
      int delim = zLine[i++];
      azArg[nArg++] = &zLine[i];
      while( zLine[i] && zLine[i]!=delim ){ i++; }
      if( zLine[i]==delim ){
        zLine[i++] = 0;
      }
      if( delim=='"' ) resolve_backslashes(azArg[nArg-1]);
    }else{
      azArg[nArg++] = &zLine[i];
      while( zLine[i] && !IsSpace(zLine[i]) ){ i++; }
      if( zLine[i] ) zLine[i++] = 0;
      resolve_backslashes(azArg[nArg-1]);
    }
  }

  /* Process the input line.
  */
  if( nArg==0 ) return 0; /* no tokens, no error */
  n = strlen30(azArg[0]);
  c = azArg[0][0];

#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_LOAD_EXTENSION
  if( c=='l' && strncmp(azArg[0], "load", n)==0 && nArg>=2 ){
    const char *zFile, *zProc;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    zFile = azArg[1];
    zProc = nArg>=3 ? azArg[2] : 0;
    open_db(p);
    rc = sqlite3_load_extension(p->db, zFile, zProc, &zErrMsg);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
      sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else
#endif

/* Sandro Furieri 2008-06-20 */
    if (c == 'c' && n > 1 && strncmp (azArg[0], "charset", n) == 0 && nArg == 1)
      {
	  /* reporting the charset */
	  if (*spatialite_charset == '\0')
	    {
		printf
		    ("the shell's default LOCALE CHARSET is currently in use\n");
		fflush (stdout);
	    }
	  else
	    {
		printf ("the %s charset is currently used as LOCALE CHARSET\n",
			spatialite_charset);
		fflush (stdout);
	    }
      }
    else if (c == 'c' && n > 1 && strncmp (azArg[0], "charset", n) == 0
	     && nArg == 2)
      {
	  /* setting the charset */
	  create_utf8_converter (azArg[1]);
      }
    else if (c == 'd' && n > 1 && strncmp (azArg[0], "dumpshp", n) == 0
	     && (nArg == 5 || nArg == 6))
      {
	  /* dumping a spatial table to SHAPEFILE */
	  char *table = azArg[1];
	  char *column = azArg[2];
	  char *shp_path = azArg[3];
	  char *outCS = azArg[4];
	  char *type = NULL;
	  int rows;
	  if (nArg == 6)
	      type = azArg[5];
	  open_db (p);
	  dump_shapefile (p->db, table, column, shp_path, outCS, type, 1, &rows,
			  NULL);
      }
    else if (c == 'd' && n > 1 && strncmp (azArg[0], "dumpdbf", n) == 0
	     && (nArg == 4))
      {
	  /* dumping a spatial table to DBF */
	  char *table = azArg[1];
	  char *dbf_path = azArg[2];
	  char *outCS = azArg[3];
	  open_db (p);
	  dump_dbf (p->db, table, dbf_path, outCS, NULL);
      }
    else if (c == 'd' && n > 1 && strncmp (azArg[0], "dumpkml", n) == 0
	     && (nArg == 4 || nArg == 5 || nArg == 6 || nArg == 7))
      {
	  /* dumping a spatial table as KML file */
	  char *table = azArg[1];
	  char *geom = azArg[2];
	  char *kml_path = azArg[3];
	  char *name = NULL;
	  char *desc = NULL;
	  int precision = 8;
	  if (nArg >= 5)
	      precision = atoi (azArg[4]);
	  if (nArg >= 6)
	      name = azArg[5];
	  if (nArg == 7)
	      desc = azArg[6];
	  open_db (p);
	  dump_kml (p->db, table, geom, kml_path, name, desc, precision);
      }
    else if (c == 'd' && n > 1 && strncmp (azArg[0], "dumpgeojson", n) == 0
	     && (nArg == 4 || nArg == 5 || nArg == 6))
      {
	  /* 
	     dumping a spatial table as file of GeoJSON 
	     2011-11-09 Brad Hards
	   */
	  char *table = azArg[1];
	  char *geom = azArg[2];
	  char *gml_path = azArg[3];
	  int format = 0;
	  int precision = 8;
	  if (nArg >= 5)
	    {
		if (strcmp (azArg[4], "none") == 0)
		    format = 0;
		else if (strcmp (azArg[4], "MBR") == 0)
		    format = 1;
		else if (strcmp (azArg[4], "withShortCRS") == 0)
		    format = 2;
		else if (strcmp (azArg[4], "MBRwithShortCRS") == 0)
		    format = 3;
		else if (strcmp (azArg[4], "withLongCRS") == 0)
		    format = 4;
		else if (strcmp (azArg[4], "MBRwithLongCRS") == 0)
		    format = 5;
	    }
	  if (nArg == 6)
	      precision = atoi (azArg[5]);
	  open_db (p);
	  dump_geojson (p->db, table, geom, gml_path, precision, format);
      }
    else if (c == 'l' && n > 1 && strncmp (azArg[0], "loadshp", n) == 0
	     && (nArg == 4 || nArg == 5 || nArg == 6 || nArg == 7 ||
		 nArg == 8 || nArg == 9 || nArg == 10 || nArg == 11 || nArg == 12))
      {
	  char *shp_path = azArg[1];
	  char *table = azArg[2];
	  char *inCS = azArg[3];
	  int srid = -1;
	  int coerce2d = 0;
	  int compressed = 0;
	  int with_spatial_index = 0;
	  int text_dates = 0;
	  char *column = NULL;
	  char *gtype = NULL;
          char *pk = NULL;
	  int rows;
	  if (nArg >= 5)
	      srid = atoi (azArg[4]);
	  if (nArg >= 6)
	      column = azArg[5];
	  if (nArg >= 7)
	      pk = azArg[6];
	  if (nArg >= 8)
	      gtype = azArg[7];
	  if (nArg >= 9)
	    {
		if (strcasecmp (azArg[8], "2d") == 0)
		    coerce2d = 1;
	    }
	  if (nArg >= 10)
	  {
		if (strcasecmp (azArg[9], "compressed") == 0)
		    compressed = 1;
	  }
	  if (nArg == 11)
	      with_spatial_index = 1;
	  if (nArg == 12)
	      text_dates = atoi(azArg[11]);
	  open_db (p);
	  load_shapefile_ex2 (p->db, shp_path, table, inCS, srid, column, gtype, pk,
			     coerce2d, compressed, 1, with_spatial_index, text_dates,
			     &rows, NULL);
      }
    else if (c == 'l' && n > 1 && strncmp (azArg[0], "loaddbf", n) == 0
	     && (nArg == 4 || nArg == 5 || nArg == 6))
      {
	  char *dbf_path = azArg[1];
	  char *table = azArg[2];
	  char *inCS = azArg[3];
      char *pk = NULL;
      int text_dates = 0;
	  int rows;
      if (nArg == 5)
          pk = azArg[4];
      if (nArg == 6)
          text_dates = atoi(azArg[5]);
	  open_db (p);
	  load_dbf_ex2 (p->db, dbf_path, table, pk, inCS, 1, text_dates, &rows, NULL);
      }
#ifndef OMIT_FREEXL		/* FREEXL is enabled */
    else if (c == 'l' && n > 1 && strncmp (azArg[0], "loadxl", n) == 0
	     && (nArg == 3 || nArg == 4 || nArg == 5))
      {
	  unsigned int rows;
	  char *xl_path = azArg[1];
	  char *table = azArg[2];
	  unsigned int worksheet = 0;
	  int firstLine = 0;
	  if (nArg == 4 || nArg == 5)
	      worksheet = atoi (azArg[3]);
	  if (nArg == 5)
	    {
		if (atoi (azArg[4]) == 1)
		    firstLine = 1;
	    }
	  open_db (p);
	  load_XL (p->db, xl_path, table, worksheet, firstLine, &rows, NULL);
      }
#endif /* end FREEXL support */
    else if (c == 'l' && n > 1 && strncmp (azArg[0], "loadwfs", n) == 0
	     && (nArg == 4 || nArg == 5 || nArg == 6 || nArg == 7 || nArg == 8))
      {
          char *path_or_url = azArg[1];
          char *layer_name = azArg[2];
          char *table = azArg[3];
          int swap_axes = 0;
          int with_spatial_index = 0;
          int page_size = -1;
          char *pk = NULL;
          char *err_msg = NULL;
          int rows;
	  if (nArg >= 5)
	      pk = azArg[4];
	  if (nArg >= 6)
          {
              if (strcasecmp(azArg[5], "swap") == 0 ||
                  strcasecmp(azArg[5], "swap_axis") == 0 ||
                  strcasecmp(azArg[5], "swap_axes") == 0)
                  swap_axes = 1;
          }
	  if (nArg >= 7)
	      page_size = atoi(azArg[6]);
	  if (nArg == 8)
	      with_spatial_index = 1;
	  open_db (p);
	  if (load_from_wfs_paged (p->db, path_or_url, NULL, layer_name, swap_axes, table, pk, with_spatial_index, 
        page_size, &rows, &err_msg, wfs_page_done, NULL) == 0)
		{
			fprintf(stderr, "Unable to load data from WFS:\n");
			fprintf(stderr, "%s\n\n", err_msg);
		}
		else
			fprintf(stderr, "inserted %d rows from WFS into table \"%s\"\n\n", rows, table);
		if (err_msg)
			free(err_msg);
      }
    else if (c == 'l' && n > 1 && strncmp (azArg[0], "loaddxf", n) == 0
	     && (nArg == 2 || (nArg >= 3 && nArg <= 9)))
      {
	  char *dxf_path = azArg[1];
	  int srid = -1;
  	  int append = 0;
          int special_rings = GAIA_DXF_RING_NONE;
          int mode = GAIA_DXF_IMPORT_BY_LAYER;
          int force_dims = GAIA_DXF_AUTO_2D_3D;
          char *prefix = NULL;
          char *layer_name = NULL;
          gaiaDxfParserPtr dxf = NULL;
	  if (nArg >= 3)
	      srid = atoi(azArg[2]);
	  if (nArg >= 4)
          {
              if (strcasecmp(azArg[3], "y") == 0 ||
                  strcasecmp(azArg[3], "yes") == 0)
                  append = 1;
          }
	  if (nArg >= 5)
          {
              if (strcasecmp(azArg[4], "2D") == 0)
                  force_dims = GAIA_DXF_FORCE_2D;
              if (strcasecmp(azArg[4], "3D") == 0)
                  force_dims = GAIA_DXF_FORCE_3D;
          }
	  if (nArg >= 6)
          {
              if (strcasecmp(azArg[5], "mixed") == 0)
                  mode = GAIA_DXF_IMPORT_MIXED;
          }
	  if (nArg >= 7)
          {
              if (strcasecmp(azArg[6], "linked") == 0)
                  special_rings = GAIA_DXF_RING_LINKED;
              if (strcasecmp(azArg[6], "unlinked") == 0)
                  special_rings = GAIA_DXF_RING_UNLINKED;
          }
          if (nArg >= 8)
          {
              if (strlen(azArg[7]) > 0)
                  prefix = azArg[7];
          }
          if (nArg == 9)
          {
              if (strlen(azArg[8]) > 0)
                  layer_name = azArg[8];
          }
	  open_db (p);
      /* creating a DXF parser */
          dxf = gaiaCreateDxfParser (srid, force_dims, prefix, layer_name,
                special_rings);
          if (dxf == NULL)
              goto stop_dxf;
      /* attempting to parse the DXF input file */
          if (gaiaParseDxfFile_r (splite_cache, dxf, dxf_path))
          {
      /* loading into the DB */
              if (!gaiaLoadFromDxfParser (p->db, dxf, mode, append))
                  fprintf (stderr, "DB error while loading: %s\n", dxf_path);
          }
          else
              fprintf (stderr, "Unable to parse: %s\n", dxf_path);
          fprintf(stderr, "\n*** DXF file successfully loaded\n"); 
stop_dxf:
      /* destroying the DXF parser */
          gaiaDestroyDxfParser (dxf);
      }
    else if (c == 'r' && strncmp (azArg[0], "read", n) == 0)
      {
	  FILE *alt;
	  if (nArg != 3)
	    {
		fprintf (stderr,
			 "invalid arguments: .read script_path charset\n");
		return rc;
	    }
	  alt = fopen (azArg[1], "rb");
	  if (alt == 0)
	    {
		fprintf (stderr, "can't open \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
	    }
	  else
	    {
		process_input (p, alt, azArg[2]);
		fclose (alt);
	    }
      }
    else if (c == 'c' && strncmp (azArg[0], "chkdupl", n) == 0 && nArg == 2)
      {
	  int rows;
	  char *table = azArg[1];
	  open_db (p);
	  check_duplicated_rows (p->db, table, &rows);
      }
    else if (c == 'r' && strncmp (azArg[0], "remdupl", n) == 0 && nArg == 2)
      {
	  char *table = azArg[1];
	  open_db (p);
	  remove_duplicated_rows (p->db, table);
      }
    else if (c == 'c' && strncmp (azArg[0], "checkgeom", n) == 0 && nArg == 4)
      {
	  char *table = azArg[1];
	  char *geometry = azArg[2];
	  char *report = azArg[3];
	  char *err_msg = NULL;
	  open_db (p);
	  if (!check_geometry_column (p->db, table, geometry, report, NULL, NULL, &err_msg))
          {
              fprintf(stderr, "check_geometry_column error:\n");
              fprintf(stderr, "%s\n\n", err_msg);
          }
          if (err_msg)
              free(err_msg);
      }
    else if (c == 'c' && strncmp (azArg[0], "checkgeom", n) == 0 && nArg == 2)
      {
	  char *output_dir = azArg[1];
	  char *err_msg = NULL;
	  open_db (p);
	  if (!check_all_geometry_columns (p->db, output_dir, NULL, &err_msg))
          {
              fprintf(stderr, "check_all_geometry_columns error:\n");
              fprintf(stderr, "%s\n\n", err_msg);
          }
          if (err_msg)
              free(err_msg);
      }
    else if (c == 's' && strncmp (azArg[0], "sanegeom", n) == 0 && nArg == 5)
      {
	  char *table = azArg[1];
	  char *geometry = azArg[2];
	  char *tmp_table = azArg[3];
	  char *report = azArg[4];
	  char *err_msg = NULL;
	  open_db (p);
	  if (!sanitize_geometry_column (p->db, table, geometry, tmp_table, report, NULL, NULL, NULL, NULL, &err_msg))
          {
              fprintf(stderr, "sanitize_geometry_column error:\n");
              fprintf(stderr, "%s\n\n", err_msg);
          }
          if (err_msg)
              free(err_msg);
      }
    else if (c == 's' && strncmp (azArg[0], "sanegeom", n) == 0 && nArg == 3)
      {
	  char *tmp_prefix = azArg[1];
	  char *output_dir = azArg[2];
	  char *err_msg = NULL;
	  open_db (p);
	  if (!sanitize_all_geometry_columns (p->db, tmp_prefix, output_dir, NULL, &err_msg))
          {
              fprintf(stderr, "sanitize_all_geometry_columns error:\n");
              fprintf(stderr, "%s\n\n", err_msg);
          }
          if (err_msg)
              free(err_msg);
      }
    else if (c == 'e' && strncmp (azArg[0], "elemgeo", n) == 0 && nArg == 6)
      {
	  char *inTable = azArg[1];
	  char *geom = azArg[2];
	  char *outTable = azArg[3];
	  char *pKey = azArg[4];
	  char *multiId = azArg[5];
	  open_db (p);
	  elementary_geometries (p->db, inTable, geom, outTable, pKey, multiId);
      }
    else if (c == 's' && strncmp (azArg[0], "sqllog", n) == 0 && nArg > 1)
      {
	  sql_log_enabled = booleanValue (azArg[1]);
      }
    else if (c == 'd' && strncmp (azArg[0], "dropgeo", n) == 0 && nArg > 1)
      {
          char *prefix;
          char *table;
          int ret;
          int cnt0 = sqlite3_total_changes(p->db);
          split_drop_name(azArg[1], &prefix, &table);
          if (prefix != NULL && table != NULL)
              ret = gaiaDropTableEx (p->db, prefix, table);
          else
	      ret = gaiaDropTable (p->db, azArg[1]);
          if (ret)
          {
              int cnt1 = sqlite3_total_changes(p->db);
              if (cnt1 > cnt0)
                  fprintf(stderr, "SpatialTable %s successfully removed\n", azArg[1]);
              else
                  fprintf(stderr, "SpatialTable %s seems not to exist\n", azArg[1]);
          }
          else
              fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: unable to remove SpatialTable %s\n", azArg[1]);
          if (prefix != NULL)
              free(prefix);
          if (table != NULL)
              free(table);
      } else
/* end sandro 2008-06-20 */
  if( c=='b' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "backup", n)==0 && nArg>1 && nArg<4){
    const char *zDestFile;
    const char *zDb;
    sqlite3 *pDest;
    sqlite3_backup *pBackup;
    if( nArg==2 ){
      zDestFile = azArg[1];
      zDb = "main";
    }else{
      zDestFile = azArg[2];
      zDb = azArg[1];
    }
    rc = sqlite3_open(zDestFile, &pDest);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", zDestFile);
      sqlite3_close(pDest);
      return 1;
    }
    open_db(p);
    pBackup = sqlite3_backup_init(pDest, "main", p->db, zDb);
    if( pBackup==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(pDest));
      sqlite3_close(pDest);
      return 1;
    }
    while(  (rc = sqlite3_backup_step(pBackup,100))==SQLITE_OK ){}
    sqlite3_backup_finish(pBackup);
    if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
      rc = 0;
    }else{
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(pDest));
      rc = 1;
    }
    sqlite3_close(pDest);
  }else if( c=='b' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "bail", n)==0 && nArg>1 && nArg<3 ){
    bail_on_error = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
  }else

  /* The undocumented ".breakpoint" command causes a call to the no-op
  ** routine named test_breakpoint().
  */
  if( c=='b' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "breakpoint", n)==0 ){
    test_breakpoint();
  }else

  if( c=='d' && n>1 && strncmp(azArg[0], "databases", n)==0 && nArg==1 ){
    struct callback_data data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    open_db(p);
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
    data.showHeader = 1;
    data.mode = MODE_Column;
    data.colWidth[0] = 3;
    data.colWidth[1] = 15;
    data.colWidth[2] = 58;
    data.cnt = 0;
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "PRAGMA database_list; ", callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
    if( zErrMsg ){
      fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
      sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='d' && strncmp(azArg[0], "dump", n)==0 && nArg<3 ){
    open_db(p);
    /* When playing back a "dump", the content might appear in an order
    ** which causes immediate foreign key constraints to be violated.
    ** So disable foreign-key constraint enforcement to prevent problems. */
    fprintf(p->out, "PRAGMA foreign_keys=OFF;\n");
    fprintf(p->out, "BEGIN TRANSACTION;\n");
    p->writableSchema = 0;
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "SAVEPOINT dump; PRAGMA writable_schema=ON", 0, 0, 0);
    p->nErr = 0;
    if( nArg==1 ){
      run_schema_dump_query(p, 
        "SELECT name, type, sql FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE sql NOT NULL AND type=='table' AND name!='sqlite_sequence'"
      );
      run_schema_dump_query(p, 
        "SELECT name, type, sql FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE name=='sqlite_sequence'"
      );
      run_table_dump_query(p,
        "SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE sql NOT NULL AND type IN ('index','trigger','view')", 0
      );
    }else{
      int i;
      for(i=1; i<nArg; i++){
        zShellStatic = azArg[i];
        run_schema_dump_query(p,
          "SELECT name, type, sql FROM sqlite_master "
          "WHERE tbl_name LIKE shellstatic() AND type=='table'"
          "  AND sql NOT NULL");
        run_table_dump_query(p,
          "SELECT sql FROM sqlite_master "
          "WHERE sql NOT NULL"
          "  AND type IN ('index','trigger','view')"
          "  AND tbl_name LIKE shellstatic()", 0
        );
        zShellStatic = 0;
      }
    }
    if( p->writableSchema ){
      fprintf(p->out, "PRAGMA writable_schema=OFF;\n");
      p->writableSchema = 0;
    }
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "PRAGMA writable_schema=OFF;", 0, 0, 0);
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "RELEASE dump;", 0, 0, 0);
    fprintf(p->out, p->nErr ? "ROLLBACK; -- due to errors\n" : "COMMIT;\n");
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "echo", n)==0 && nArg>1 && nArg<3 ){
    p->echoOn = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "exit", n)==0  && nArg==1 ){
    rc = 2;
  }else

  if( c=='e' && strncmp(azArg[0], "explain", n)==0 && nArg<3 ){
    int val = nArg>=2 ? booleanValue(azArg[1]) : 1;
    if(val == 1) {
      if(!p->explainPrev.valid) {
        p->explainPrev.valid = 1;
        p->explainPrev.mode = p->mode;
        p->explainPrev.showHeader = p->showHeader;
        memcpy(p->explainPrev.colWidth,p->colWidth,sizeof(p->colWidth));
      }
      /* We could put this code under the !p->explainValid
      ** condition so that it does not execute if we are already in
      ** explain mode. However, always executing it allows us an easy
      ** was to reset to explain mode in case the user previously
      ** did an .explain followed by a .width, .mode or .header
      ** command.
      */
      p->mode = MODE_Explain;
      p->showHeader = 1;
      memset(p->colWidth,0,ArraySize(p->colWidth));
      p->colWidth[0] = 4;                  /* addr */
      p->colWidth[1] = 13;                 /* opcode */
      p->colWidth[2] = 4;                  /* P1 */
      p->colWidth[3] = 4;                  /* P2 */
      p->colWidth[4] = 4;                  /* P3 */
      p->colWidth[5] = 13;                 /* P4 */
      p->colWidth[6] = 2;                  /* P5 */
      p->colWidth[7] = 13;                  /* Comment */
    }else if (p->explainPrev.valid) {
      p->explainPrev.valid = 0;
      p->mode = p->explainPrev.mode;
      p->showHeader = p->explainPrev.showHeader;
      memcpy(p->colWidth,p->explainPrev.colWidth,sizeof(p->colWidth));
    }
  }else

  if( c=='h' && (strncmp(azArg[0], "header", n)==0 ||
                 strncmp(azArg[0], "headers", n)==0) && nArg>1 && nArg<3 ){
    p->showHeader = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
  }else

  if( c=='h' && strncmp(azArg[0], "help", n)==0 ){
    fprintf(stderr,"%s",zHelp);
    if( HAS_TIMER ){
      fprintf(stderr,"%s",zTimerHelp);
    }
  }else

  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "import", n)==0 && nArg==3 ){
    char *zTable = azArg[2];    /* Insert data into this table */
    char *zFile = azArg[1];     /* The file from which to extract data */
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt = NULL; /* A statement */
    int nCol;                   /* Number of columns in the table */
    int nByte;                  /* Number of bytes in an SQL string */
    int i, j;                   /* Loop counters */
    int nSep;                   /* Number of bytes in p->separator[] */
    char *zSql;                 /* An SQL statement */
    char *zLine;                /* A single line of input from the file */
    char **azCol;               /* zLine[] broken up into columns */
    char *zCommit;              /* How to commit changes */   
    FILE *in;                   /* The input file */
    int lineno = 0;             /* Line number of input file */

    open_db(p);
    nSep = strlen30(p->separator);
    if( nSep==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: non-null separator required for import\n");
      return 1;
    }
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("SELECT * FROM %s", zTable);
    if( zSql==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
      return 1;
    }
    nByte = strlen30(zSql);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      if (pStmt) sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
      return 1;
    }
    nCol = sqlite3_column_count(pStmt);
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    pStmt = 0;
    if( nCol==0 ) return 0; /* no columns, no error */
    zSql = malloc( nByte + 20 + nCol*2 );
    if( zSql==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
      return 1;
    }
    sqlite3_snprintf(nByte+20, zSql, "INSERT INTO %s VALUES(?", zTable);
    j = strlen30(zSql);
    for(i=1; i<nCol; i++){
      zSql[j++] = ',';
      zSql[j++] = '?';
    }
    zSql[j++] = ')';
    zSql[j] = 0;
    rc = sqlite3_prepare(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    free(zSql);
    if( rc ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
      if (pStmt) sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      return 1;
    }
    in = fopen(zFile, "rb");
    if( in==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", zFile);
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      return 1;
    }
    azCol = malloc( sizeof(azCol[0])*(nCol+1) );
    if( azCol==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
      fclose(in);
      sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
      return 1;
    }
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, "BEGIN", 0, 0, 0);
    zCommit = "COMMIT";
    while( (zLine = local_getline(0, in, 1))!=0 ){
      char *z, c;
      int inQuote = 0;
      lineno++;
      azCol[0] = zLine;
      for(i=0, z=zLine; (c = *z)!=0; z++){
        if( c=='"' ) inQuote = !inQuote;
        if( c=='\n' ) lineno++;
        if( !inQuote && c==p->separator[0] && strncmp(z,p->separator,nSep)==0 ){
          *z = 0;
          i++;
          if( i<nCol ){
            azCol[i] = &z[nSep];
            z += nSep-1;
          }
        }
      } /* end for */
      *z = 0;
      if( i+1!=nCol ){
        fprintf(stderr,
                "Error: %s line %d: expected %d columns of data but found %d\n",
                zFile, lineno, nCol, i+1);
        zCommit = "ROLLBACK";
        free(zLine);
        rc = 1;
        break; /* from while */
      }
      for(i=0; i<nCol; i++){
        if( azCol[i][0]=='"' ){
          int k;
          for(z=azCol[i], j=1, k=0; z[j]; j++){
            if( z[j]=='"' ){ j++; if( z[j]==0 ) break; }
            z[k++] = z[j];
          }
          z[k] = 0;
        }
        sqlite3_bind_text(pStmt, i+1, azCol[i], -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
      }
      sqlite3_step(pStmt);
      rc = sqlite3_reset(pStmt);
      free(zLine);
      if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
        fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(db));
        zCommit = "ROLLBACK";
        rc = 1;
        break; /* from while */
      }
    } /* end while */
    free(azCol);
    fclose(in);
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    sqlite3_exec(p->db, zCommit, 0, 0, 0);
  }else

  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "indices", n)==0 && nArg<3 ){
    struct callback_data data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    open_db(p);
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
    data.showHeader = 0;
    data.mode = MODE_List;
    if( nArg==1 ){
      rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db,
        "SELECT name FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE type='index' AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%' "
        "UNION ALL "
        "SELECT name FROM sqlite_temp_master "
        "WHERE type='index' "
        "ORDER BY 1",
        callback, &data, &zErrMsg
      );
    }else{
      zShellStatic = azArg[1];
      rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db,
        "SELECT name FROM sqlite_master "
        "WHERE type='index' AND tbl_name LIKE shellstatic() "
        "UNION ALL "
        "SELECT name FROM sqlite_temp_master "
        "WHERE type='index' AND tbl_name LIKE shellstatic() "
        "ORDER BY 1",
        callback, &data, &zErrMsg
      );
      zShellStatic = 0;
    }
    if( zErrMsg ){
      fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
      sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
      rc = 1;
    }else if( rc != SQLITE_OK ){
      fprintf(stderr,"Error: querying sqlite_master and sqlite_temp_master\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_IOTRACE
  if( c=='i' && strncmp(azArg[0], "iotrace", n)==0 ){
    extern void (*sqlite3IoTrace)(const char*, ...);
    if( iotrace && iotrace!=stdout ) fclose(iotrace);
    iotrace = 0;
    if( nArg<2 ){
      sqlite3IoTrace = 0;
    }else if( strcmp(azArg[1], "-")==0 ){
      sqlite3IoTrace = iotracePrintf;
      iotrace = stdout;
    }else{
      iotrace = fopen(azArg[1], "w");
      if( iotrace==0 ){
        fprintf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
        sqlite3IoTrace = 0;
        rc = 1;
      }else{
        sqlite3IoTrace = iotracePrintf;
      }
    }
  }else
#endif

  if( c=='l' && strncmp(azArg[0], "log", n)==0 && nArg>=2 ){
    const char *zFile = azArg[1];
    output_file_close(p->pLog);
    p->pLog = output_file_open(zFile);
  }else

  if( c=='m' && strncmp(azArg[0], "mode", n)==0 && nArg==2 ){
    int n2 = strlen30(azArg[1]);
    if( (n2==4 && strncmp(azArg[1],"line",n2)==0)
        ||
        (n2==5 && strncmp(azArg[1],"lines",n2)==0) ){
      p->mode = MODE_Line;
    }else if( (n2==6 && strncmp(azArg[1],"column",n2)==0)
              ||
              (n2==7 && strncmp(azArg[1],"columns",n2)==0) ){
      p->mode = MODE_Column;
    }else if( n2==4 && strncmp(azArg[1],"list",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_List;
    }else if( n2==4 && strncmp(azArg[1],"html",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Html;
    }else if( n2==3 && strncmp(azArg[1],"tcl",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Tcl;
    }else if( n2==3 && strncmp(azArg[1],"csv",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Csv;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->separator), p->separator, ",");
    }else if( n2==4 && strncmp(azArg[1],"tabs",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_List;
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->separator), p->separator, "\t");
    }else if( n2==6 && strncmp(azArg[1],"insert",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Insert;
      set_table_name(p, "table");
    }else {
      fprintf(stderr,"Error: mode should be one of: "
         "column csv html insert line list tabs tcl\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='m' && strncmp(azArg[0], "mode", n)==0 && nArg==3 ){
    int n2 = strlen30(azArg[1]);
    if( n2==6 && strncmp(azArg[1],"insert",n2)==0 ){
      p->mode = MODE_Insert;
      set_table_name(p, azArg[2]);
    }else {
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: invalid arguments: "
        " \"%s\". Enter \".help\" for help\n", azArg[2]);
      rc = 1;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='n' && strncmp(azArg[0], "nullvalue", n)==0 && nArg==2 ) {
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->nullvalue), p->nullvalue,
                     "%.*s", (int)ArraySize(p->nullvalue)-1, azArg[1]);
  }else

  if( c=='o' && strncmp(azArg[0], "output", n)==0 && nArg==2 ){
    if( p->outfile[0]=='|' ){
      pclose(p->out);
    }else{
      output_file_close(p->out);
    }
    p->outfile[0] = 0;
    if( azArg[1][0]=='|' ){
      p->out = popen(&azArg[1][1], "w");
      if( p->out==0 ){
        fprintf(stderr,"Error: cannot open pipe \"%s\"\n", &azArg[1][1]);
        p->out = stdout;
        rc = 1;
      }else{
        sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->outfile), p->outfile, "%s", azArg[1]);
      }
    }else{
      p->out = output_file_open(azArg[1]);
      if( p->out==0 ){
        if( strcmp(azArg[1],"off")!=0 ){
          fprintf(stderr,"Error: cannot write to \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
        }
        p->out = stdout;
        rc = 1;
      } else {
        sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->outfile), p->outfile, "%s", azArg[1]);
      }
    }
  }else

  if( c=='p' && strncmp(azArg[0], "prompt", n)==0 && (nArg==2 || nArg==3)){
    if( nArg >= 2) {
      strncpy(mainPrompt,azArg[1],(int)ArraySize(mainPrompt)-1);
    }
    if( nArg >= 3) {
      strncpy(continuePrompt,azArg[2],(int)ArraySize(continuePrompt)-1);
    }
  }else

  if( c=='q' && strncmp(azArg[0], "quit", n)==0 && nArg==1 ){
    rc = 2;
  }else

  if( c=='r' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "read", n)==0 && nArg==2 ){
    FILE *alt = fopen(azArg[1], "rb");
    if( alt==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr,"Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
      rc = 1;
    }else{
      rc = process_input(p, alt, 0);
      fclose(alt);
    }
  }else

  if( c=='r' && n>=3 && strncmp(azArg[0], "restore", n)==0 && nArg>1 && nArg<4){
    const char *zSrcFile;
    const char *zDb;
    sqlite3 *pSrc;
    sqlite3_backup *pBackup;
    int nTimeout = 0;

    if( nArg==2 ){
      zSrcFile = azArg[1];
      zDb = "main";
    }else{
      zSrcFile = azArg[2];
      zDb = azArg[1];
    }
    rc = sqlite3_open(zSrcFile, &pSrc);
    if( rc!=SQLITE_OK ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: cannot open \"%s\"\n", zSrcFile);
      sqlite3_close(pSrc);
      return 1;
    }
    open_db(p);
    pBackup = sqlite3_backup_init(p->db, zDb, pSrc, "main");
    if( pBackup==0 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
      sqlite3_close(pSrc);
      return 1;
    }
    while( (rc = sqlite3_backup_step(pBackup,100))==SQLITE_OK
          || rc==SQLITE_BUSY  ){
      if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY ){
        if( nTimeout++ >= 3 ) break;
        sqlite3_sleep(100);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_backup_finish(pBackup);
    if( rc==SQLITE_DONE ){
      rc = 0;
    }else if( rc==SQLITE_BUSY || rc==SQLITE_LOCKED ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: source database is busy\n");
      rc = 1;
    }else{
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: %s\n", sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
      rc = 1;
    }
    sqlite3_close(pSrc);
  }else

  if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "schema", n)==0 && nArg<3 ){
    struct callback_data data;
    char *zErrMsg = 0;
    open_db(p);
    memcpy(&data, p, sizeof(data));
    data.showHeader = 0;
    data.mode = MODE_Semi;
    if( nArg>1 ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; azArg[1][i]; i++) azArg[1][i] = ToLower(azArg[1][i]);
      if( strcmp(azArg[1],"sqlite_master")==0 ){
        char *new_argv[2], *new_colv[2];
        new_argv[0] = "CREATE TABLE sqlite_master (\n"
                      "  type text,\n"
                      "  name text,\n"
                      "  tbl_name text,\n"
                      "  rootpage integer,\n"
                      "  sql text\n"
                      ")";
        new_argv[1] = 0;
        new_colv[0] = "sql";
        new_colv[1] = 0;
        callback(&data, 1, new_argv, new_colv);
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }else if( strcmp(azArg[1],"sqlite_temp_master")==0 ){
        char *new_argv[2], *new_colv[2];
        new_argv[0] = "CREATE TEMP TABLE sqlite_temp_master (\n"
                      "  type text,\n"
                      "  name text,\n"
                      "  tbl_name text,\n"
                      "  rootpage integer,\n"
                      "  sql text\n"
                      ")";
        new_argv[1] = 0;
        new_colv[0] = "sql";
        new_colv[1] = 0;
        callback(&data, 1, new_argv, new_colv);
        rc = SQLITE_OK;
      }else{
        zShellStatic = azArg[1];
        rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db,
          "SELECT sql FROM "
          "  (SELECT sql sql, type type, tbl_name tbl_name, name name, rowid x"
          "     FROM sqlite_master UNION ALL"
          "   SELECT sql, type, tbl_name, name, rowid FROM sqlite_temp_master) "
          "WHERE lower(tbl_name) LIKE shellstatic()"
          "  AND type!='meta' AND sql NOTNULL "
          "ORDER BY substr(type,2,1), "
                  " CASE type WHEN 'view' THEN rowid ELSE name END",
          callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
        zShellStatic = 0;
      }
    }else{
      rc = sqlite3_exec(p->db,
         "SELECT sql FROM "
         "  (SELECT sql sql, type type, tbl_name tbl_name, name name, rowid x"
         "     FROM sqlite_master UNION ALL"
         "   SELECT sql, type, tbl_name, name, rowid FROM sqlite_temp_master) "
         "WHERE type!='meta' AND sql NOTNULL AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%'"
         "ORDER BY substr(type,2,1),"
                  " CASE type WHEN 'view' THEN rowid ELSE name END",
         callback, &data, &zErrMsg
      );
    }
    if( zErrMsg ){
      fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
      sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
      rc = 1;
    }else if( rc != SQLITE_OK ){
      fprintf(stderr,"Error: querying schema information\n");
      rc = 1;
    }else{
      rc = 0;
    }
  }else

  if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "separator", n)==0 && nArg==2 ){
    sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(p->separator), p->separator,
                     "%.*s", (int)sizeof(p->separator)-1, azArg[1]);
  }else

  if( c=='s'
   && (strncmp(azArg[0], "shell", n)==0 || strncmp(azArg[0],"system",n)==0)
  ){
    char *zCmd;
    int i;
    if( nArg<2 ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Usage: .system COMMAND\n");
      rc = 1;
    }
    else {
      zCmd = sqlite3_mprintf(strchr(azArg[1],' ')==0?"%s":"\"%s\"", azArg[1]);
      for(i=2; i<nArg; i++){
        zCmd = sqlite3_mprintf(strchr(azArg[i],' ')==0?"%z %s":"%z \"%s\"",
                               zCmd, azArg[i]);
      }
      (void)system(zCmd);
      sqlite3_free(zCmd);
    }
  }else


  if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "show", n)==0 && nArg==1 ){
    int i;
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","echo", p->echoOn ? "on" : "off");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","explain", p->explainPrev.valid ? "on" :"off");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","headers", p->showHeader ? "on" : "off");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","mode", modeDescr[p->mode]);
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: ", "nullvalue");
      output_c_string(p->out, p->nullvalue);
      fprintf(p->out, "\n");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","output",
            strlen30(p->outfile) ? p->outfile : "stdout");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: ", "separator");
      output_c_string(p->out, p->separator);
      fprintf(p->out, "\n");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: %s\n","stats", p->statsOn ? "on" : "off");
    fprintf(p->out,"%9.9s: ","width");
    for (i=0;i<(int)ArraySize(p->colWidth) && p->colWidth[i] != 0;i++) {
      fprintf(p->out,"%d ",p->colWidth[i]);
    }
    fprintf(p->out,"\n");
  }else

  if( c=='s' && strncmp(azArg[0], "stats", n)==0 && nArg>1 && nArg<3 ){
    p->statsOn = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
  }else

  if( c=='t' && n>1 && strncmp(azArg[0], "tables", n)==0 && nArg<3 ){
    sqlite3_stmt *pStmt;
    char **azResult;
    int nRow, nAlloc;
    char *zSql = 0;
    int ii;
    open_db(p);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, "PRAGMA database_list", -1, &pStmt, 0);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
        "SELECT name FROM sqlite_master"
        " WHERE type IN ('table','view')"
        "   AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%%'"
        "   AND name LIKE ?1");
    while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      const char *zDbName = (const char*)sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 1);
      if( zDbName==0 || strcmp(zDbName,"main")==0 ) continue;
      if( strcmp(zDbName,"temp")==0 ){
        zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
                 "%z UNION ALL "
                 "SELECT 'temp.' || name FROM sqlite_temp_master"
                 " WHERE type IN ('table','view')"
                 "   AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%%'"
                 "   AND name LIKE ?1", zSql);
      }else{
        zSql = sqlite3_mprintf(
                 "%z UNION ALL "
                 "SELECT '%q.' || name FROM \"%w\".sqlite_master"
                 " WHERE type IN ('table','view')"
                 "   AND name NOT LIKE 'sqlite_%%'"
                 "   AND name LIKE ?1", zSql, zDbName, zDbName);
      }
    }
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);
    zSql = sqlite3_mprintf("%z ORDER BY 1", zSql);
    rc = sqlite3_prepare_v2(p->db, zSql, -1, &pStmt, 0);
    sqlite3_free(zSql);
    if( rc ) return rc;
    nRow = nAlloc = 0;
    azResult = 0;
    if( nArg>1 ){
      sqlite3_bind_text(pStmt, 1, azArg[1], -1, SQLITE_TRANSIENT);
    }else{
      sqlite3_bind_text(pStmt, 1, "%", -1, SQLITE_STATIC);
    }
    while( sqlite3_step(pStmt)==SQLITE_ROW ){
      if( nRow>=nAlloc ){
        char **azNew;
        int n = nAlloc*2 + 10;
        azNew = sqlite3_realloc(azResult, sizeof(azResult[0])*n);
        if( azNew==0 ){
          fprintf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
          break;
        }
        nAlloc = n;
        azResult = azNew;
      }
      azResult[nRow] = sqlite3_mprintf("%s", sqlite3_column_text(pStmt, 0));
      if( azResult[nRow] ) nRow++;
    }
    sqlite3_finalize(pStmt);        
    if( nRow>0 ){
      int len, maxlen = 0;
      int i, j;
      int nPrintCol, nPrintRow;
      for(i=0; i<nRow; i++){
        len = strlen30(azResult[i]);
        if( len>maxlen ) maxlen = len;
      }
      nPrintCol = 80/(maxlen+2);
      if( nPrintCol<1 ) nPrintCol = 1;
      nPrintRow = (nRow + nPrintCol - 1)/nPrintCol;
      for(i=0; i<nPrintRow; i++){
        for(j=i; j<nRow; j+=nPrintRow){
          char *zSp = j<nPrintRow ? "" : "  ";
          printf("%s%-*s", zSp, maxlen, azResult[j] ? azResult[j] : "");
        }
        printf("\n");
      }
    }
    for(ii=0; ii<nRow; ii++) sqlite3_free(azResult[ii]);
    sqlite3_free(azResult);
  }else

  if( c=='t' && n>=8 && strncmp(azArg[0], "testctrl", n)==0 && nArg>=2 ){
    static const struct {
       const char *zCtrlName;   /* Name of a test-control option */
       int ctrlCode;            /* Integer code for that option */
    } aCtrl[] = {
      { "prng_save",             SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_SAVE              },
      { "prng_restore",          SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESTORE           },
      { "prng_reset",            SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESET             },
      { "bitvec_test",           SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BITVEC_TEST            },
      { "fault_install",         SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FAULT_INSTALL          },
      { "benign_malloc_hooks",   SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BENIGN_MALLOC_HOOKS    },
      { "pending_byte",          SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PENDING_BYTE           },
      { "assert",                SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT                 },
      { "always",                SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS                 },
      { "reserve",               SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE                },
      { "optimizations",         SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS          },
      { "iskeyword",             SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD              },
      { "scratchmalloc",         SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC          },
    };
    int testctrl = -1;
    int rc = 0;
    int i, n;
    open_db(p);

    /* convert testctrl text option to value. allow any unique prefix
    ** of the option name, or a numerical value. */
    n = strlen30(azArg[1]);
    for(i=0; i<(int)(sizeof(aCtrl)/sizeof(aCtrl[0])); i++){
      if( strncmp(azArg[1], aCtrl[i].zCtrlName, n)==0 ){
        if( testctrl<0 ){
          testctrl = aCtrl[i].ctrlCode;
        }else{
          fprintf(stderr, "ambiguous option name: \"%s\"\n", azArg[1]);
          testctrl = -1;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
    if( testctrl<0 ) testctrl = atoi(azArg[1]);
    if( (testctrl<SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FIRST) || (testctrl>SQLITE_TESTCTRL_LAST) ){
      fprintf(stderr,"Error: invalid testctrl option: %s\n", azArg[1]);
    }else{
      switch(testctrl){

        /* sqlite3_test_control(int, db, int) */
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_OPTIMIZATIONS:
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_RESERVE:             
          if( nArg==3 ){
            int opt = (int)strtol(azArg[2], 0, 0);        
            rc = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl, p->db, opt);
            printf("%d (0x%08x)\n", rc, rc);
          } else {
            fprintf(stderr,"Error: testctrl %s takes a single int option\n",
                    azArg[1]);
          }
          break;

        /* sqlite3_test_control(int) */
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_SAVE:           
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESTORE:        
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PRNG_RESET:
          if( nArg==2 ){
            rc = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl);
            printf("%d (0x%08x)\n", rc, rc);
          } else {
            fprintf(stderr,"Error: testctrl %s takes no options\n", azArg[1]);
          }
          break;

        /* sqlite3_test_control(int, uint) */
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_PENDING_BYTE:        
          if( nArg==3 ){
            unsigned int opt = (unsigned int)atoi(azArg[2]);        
            rc = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl, opt);
            printf("%d (0x%08x)\n", rc, rc);
          } else {
            fprintf(stderr,"Error: testctrl %s takes a single unsigned"
                           " int option\n", azArg[1]);
          }
          break;
          
        /* sqlite3_test_control(int, int) */
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ASSERT:              
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ALWAYS:              
          if( nArg==3 ){
            int opt = atoi(azArg[2]);        
            rc = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl, opt);
            printf("%d (0x%08x)\n", rc, rc);
          } else {
            fprintf(stderr,"Error: testctrl %s takes a single int option\n",
                            azArg[1]);
          }
          break;

        /* sqlite3_test_control(int, char *) */
#ifdef SQLITE_N_KEYWORD
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_ISKEYWORD:           
          if( nArg==3 ){
            const char *opt = azArg[2];        
            rc = sqlite3_test_control(testctrl, opt);
            printf("%d (0x%08x)\n", rc, rc);
          } else {
            fprintf(stderr,"Error: testctrl %s takes a single char * option\n",
                            azArg[1]);
          }
          break;
#endif

        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BITVEC_TEST:         
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_FAULT_INSTALL:       
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_BENIGN_MALLOC_HOOKS: 
        case SQLITE_TESTCTRL_SCRATCHMALLOC:       
        default:
          fprintf(stderr,"Error: CLI support for testctrl %s not implemented\n",
                  azArg[1]);
          break;
      }
    }
  }else

  if( c=='t' && n>4 && strncmp(azArg[0], "timeout", n)==0 && nArg==2 ){
    open_db(p);
    sqlite3_busy_timeout(p->db, atoi(azArg[1]));
  }else
    
  if( HAS_TIMER && c=='t' && n>=5 && strncmp(azArg[0], "timer", n)==0
   && nArg==2
  ){
    enableTimer = booleanValue(azArg[1]);
  }else
  
  if( c=='t' && strncmp(azArg[0], "trace", n)==0 && nArg>1 ){
    open_db(p);
    output_file_close(p->traceOut);
    p->traceOut = output_file_open(azArg[1]);
#if !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_TRACE) && !defined(SQLITE_OMIT_FLOATING_POINT)
    if( p->traceOut==0 ){
      sqlite3_trace(p->db, 0, 0);
    }else{
      sqlite3_trace(p->db, sql_trace_callback, p->traceOut);
    }
#endif
  }else

  if( c=='v' && strncmp(azArg[0], "version", n)==0 ){
    printf("SQLite %s %s\n" /*extra-version-info*/,
        sqlite3_libversion(), sqlite3_sourceid());
  }else

  if( c=='v' && strncmp(azArg[0], "vfsname", n)==0 ){
    const char *zDbName = nArg==2 ? azArg[1] : "main";
    char *zVfsName = 0;
    if( p->db ){
/* Sandro Furieri 1 November 2012 - depending on SQLite version */
#ifdef HAVE_DECL_SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME
      sqlite3_file_control(p->db, zDbName, SQLITE_FCNTL_VFSNAME, &zVfsName);
      if( zVfsName ){
        printf("%s\n", zVfsName);
        sqlite3_free(zVfsName);
      }
#else
        printf("FCNTL_VFSNAME: unsupported\n");
#endif
/* end sandro 1 November 2012 */
    }
  }else

  if( c=='w' && strncmp(azArg[0], "width", n)==0 && nArg>1 ){
    int j;
    assert( nArg<=ArraySize(azArg) );
    for(j=1; j<nArg && j<ArraySize(p->colWidth); j++){
      p->colWidth[j-1] = atoi(azArg[j]);
    }
  }else

  {
    fprintf(stderr, "Error: unknown command or invalid arguments: "
      " \"%s\". Enter \".help\" for help\n", azArg[0]);
    rc = 1;
  }

  return rc;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if a semicolon occurs anywhere in the first N characters
** of string z[].
*/
static int _contains_semicolon(const char *z, int N){
  int i;
  for(i=0; i<N; i++){  if( z[i]==';' ) return 1; }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Test to see if a line consists entirely of whitespace.
*/
static int _all_whitespace(const char *z){
  for(; *z; z++){
    if( IsSpace(z[0]) ) continue;
    if( *z=='/' && z[1]=='*' ){
      z += 2;
      while( *z && (*z!='*' || z[1]!='/') ){ z++; }
      if( *z==0 ) return 0;
      z++;
      continue;
    }
    if( *z=='-' && z[1]=='-' ){
      z += 2;
      while( *z && *z!='\n' ){ z++; }
      if( *z==0 ) return 1;
      continue;
    }
    return 0;
  }
  return 1;
}

/*
** Return TRUE if the line typed in is an SQL command terminator other
** than a semi-colon.  The SQL Server style "go" command is understood
** as is the Oracle "/".
*/
static int _is_command_terminator(const char *zLine){
  while( IsSpace(zLine[0]) ){ zLine++; };
  if( zLine[0]=='/' && _all_whitespace(&zLine[1]) ){
    return 1;  /* Oracle */
  }
  if( ToLower(zLine[0])=='g' && ToLower(zLine[1])=='o'
         && _all_whitespace(&zLine[2]) ){
    return 1;  /* SQL Server */
  }
  return 0;
}

/*
** Return true if zSql is a complete SQL statement.  Return false if it
** ends in the middle of a string literal or C-style comment.
*/
static int _is_complete(char *zSql, int nSql){
  int rc;
  if( zSql==0 ) return 1;
  zSql[nSql] = ';';
  zSql[nSql+1] = 0;
  rc = sqlite3_complete(zSql);
  zSql[nSql] = 0;
  return rc;
}

/*
** Read input from *in and process it.  If *in==0 then input
** is interactive - the user is typing it it.  Otherwise, input
** is coming from a file or device.  A prompt is issued and history
** is saved only if input is interactive.  An interrupt signal will
** cause this routine to exit immediately, unless input is interactive.
**
** Return the number of errors.
*/
static int process_input(struct callback_data *p, FILE *in, char *in_charset){
  char *zLine = 0;
  char *zSql = 0;
/* Sandro Furieri - 11 July 2008 - supporting UNICODE */
  int utf8len;
  char *utf8Sql = 0;
/* End Sandro Furieri - 11 July 2008 */
/* Sandro Furieri - 3 September 2012 - supporting SqlLog */
  sqlite3_int64 sqllog_pk;
/* End Sandro Furieri - 3 September 2012 - supporting SqlLog */
  int nSql = 0;
  int nSqlPrior = 0;
  char *zErrMsg;
  int rc;
  int errCnt = 0;
  int lineno = 0;
  int startline = 0;

/* Sandro Furieri - 11 July 2008 - supporting UNICODE */
  if (in_charset)
    create_input_utf8_converter (in_charset);
/* End Sandro Furieri - 11 July 2008 */

  while( errCnt==0 || !bail_on_error || (in==0 && stdin_is_interactive) ){
    fflush(p->out);
    free(zLine);
    zLine = one_input_line(zSql, in);
    if( zLine==0 ){
      /* End of input */
      if( stdin_is_interactive ) printf("\n");
      break;
    }
    if( seenInterrupt ){
      if( in!=0 ) break;
      seenInterrupt = 0;
    }
    lineno++;
    if( (zSql==0 || zSql[0]==0) && _all_whitespace(zLine) ) continue;
    if( zLine && zLine[0]=='.' && nSql==0 ){
      if( p->echoOn ) printf("%s\n", zLine);
      rc = do_meta_command(zLine, p);
      if( rc==2 ){ /* exit requested */
        break;
      }else if( rc ){
        errCnt++;
      }
      continue;
    }
    if( _is_command_terminator(zLine) && _is_complete(zSql, nSql) ){
      memcpy(zLine,";",2);
    }
    nSqlPrior = nSql;
    if( zSql==0 ){
      int i;
      for(i=0; zLine[i] && IsSpace(zLine[i]); i++){}
      if( zLine[i]!=0 ){
        nSql = strlen30(zLine);
        zSql = malloc( nSql+3 );
        if( zSql==0 ){
          fprintf(stderr, "Error: out of memory\n");
          exit(1);
        }
        memcpy(zSql, zLine, nSql+1);
        startline = lineno;
      }
    }else{
      int len = strlen30(zLine);
      zSql = realloc( zSql, nSql + len + 4 );
      if( zSql==0 ){
        fprintf(stderr,"Error: out of memory\n");
        exit(1);
      }
      zSql[nSql++] = '\n';
      memcpy(&zSql[nSql], zLine, len+1);
      nSql += len;
    }
    if( zSql && _contains_semicolon(&zSql[nSqlPrior], nSql-nSqlPrior)
                && sqlite3_complete(zSql) ){
      p->cnt = 0;
      open_db(p);
/* Sandro Furieri - 11 July 2008
      BEGIN_TIMER;
      rc = shell_exec(p->db, zSql, shell_callback, p, &zErrMsg);
      END_TIMER;
*/
      utf8len = strlen (zSql) * 4;
      utf8Sql = malloc (utf8len);
      if (utf8Sql == 0)
      {
          fprintf (stderr, "%s: out of memory!\n", Argv0);
          exit (1);
      }
      strncpy (utf8Sql, zSql, utf8len - 1);
      utf8Sql[utf8len - 1] = '\0';
      if (!in_charset)
      {	
      /* assuming input is locale_charset encoded */
          convert_to_utf8 (utf8Sql, utf8len);
      }
      else
      {
      /* input has an explicit charset */
          convert_input_to_utf8 (utf8Sql, utf8len);
      }
      if (sql_log_enabled)
          gaiaInsertIntoSqlLog(p->db, "spatialite CLI", utf8Sql, &sqllog_pk);
      BEGIN_TIMER;
      rc = sqlite3_exec (p->db, utf8Sql, callback, p, &zErrMsg);
      END_TIMER;
      if (sql_log_enabled)
          gaiaUpdateSqlLog(p->db, sqllog_pk, (rc == SQLITE_OK) ? 1 : 0, zErrMsg); 
      free (utf8Sql);
/* End Sandro Furieri - 11 July 2008 */
      if( rc || zErrMsg ){
        char zPrefix[100];
        if( in!=0 || !stdin_is_interactive ){
          sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zPrefix), zPrefix, 
                           "Error: near line %d:", startline);
        }else{
          sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(zPrefix), zPrefix, "Error:");
        }
        if( zErrMsg!=0 ){
          fprintf(stderr, "%s %s\n", zPrefix, zErrMsg);
          sqlite3_free(zErrMsg);
          zErrMsg = 0;
        }else{
          fprintf(stderr, "%s %s\n", zPrefix, sqlite3_errmsg(p->db));
        }
        errCnt++;
      }
      free(zSql);
      zSql = 0;
      nSql = 0;
    }
  }
  if( zSql ){
    if( !_all_whitespace(zSql) ){
      fprintf(stderr, "Error: incomplete SQL: %s\n", zSql);
    }
    free(zSql);
  }
  free(zLine);

/* Sandro Furieri - 11 July 2008 */
  if (in_charset_to_utf8)
  {
  /* destroying input converter, if exists */
      iconv_close (in_charset_to_utf8);
      in_charset_to_utf8 = NULL;	
   }	
/* End Sandro Furieri - 11 July 2008 */

  return errCnt;
}

/*
** Return a pathname which is the user's home directory.  A
** 0 return indicates an error of some kind.
*/
static char *find_home_dir(void){
  static char *home_dir = NULL;
  if( home_dir ) return home_dir;

#if !defined(_WIN32) && !defined(WIN32) && !defined(_WIN32_WCE) && !defined(__RTP__) && !defined(_WRS_KERNEL)
  {
    struct passwd *pwent;
    uid_t uid = getuid();
    if( (pwent=getpwuid(uid)) != NULL) {
      home_dir = pwent->pw_dir;
    }
  }
#endif

#if defined(_WIN32_WCE)
  /* Windows CE (arm-wince-mingw32ce-gcc) does not provide getenv()
   */
  home_dir = "/";
#else

#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
  if (!home_dir) {
    home_dir = getenv("USERPROFILE");
  }
#endif

  if (!home_dir) {
    home_dir = getenv("HOME");
  }

#if defined(_WIN32) || defined(WIN32)
  if (!home_dir) {
    char *zDrive, *zPath;
    int n;
    zDrive = getenv("HOMEDRIVE");
    zPath = getenv("HOMEPATH");
    if( zDrive && zPath ){
      n = strlen30(zDrive) + strlen30(zPath) + 1;
      home_dir = malloc( n );
      if( home_dir==0 ) return 0;
      sqlite3_snprintf(n, home_dir, "%s%s", zDrive, zPath);
      return home_dir;
    }
    home_dir = "c:\\";
  }
#endif

#endif /* !_WIN32_WCE */

  if( home_dir ){
    int n = strlen30(home_dir) + 1;
    char *z = malloc( n );
    if( z ) memcpy(z, home_dir, n);
    home_dir = z;
  }

  return home_dir;
}

/*
** Read input from the file given by sqliterc_override.  Or if that
** parameter is NULL, take input from ~/.sqliterc
**
** Returns the number of errors.
*/
static int process_sqliterc(
  struct callback_data *p,        /* Configuration data */
  const char *sqliterc_override   /* Name of config file. NULL to use default */
){
  char *home_dir = NULL;
  const char *sqliterc = sqliterc_override;
  char *zBuf = 0;
  FILE *in = NULL;
  int rc = 0;

  if (sqliterc == NULL) {
    home_dir = find_home_dir();
    if( home_dir==0 ){
#if !defined(__RTP__) && !defined(_WRS_KERNEL)
      fprintf(stderr,"%s: Error: cannot locate your home directory\n", Argv0);
#endif
      return 1;
    }
    sqlite3_initialize();
    zBuf = sqlite3_mprintf("%s/.sqliterc",home_dir);
    sqliterc = zBuf;
  }
  in = fopen(sqliterc,"rb");
  if( in ){
    if( stdin_is_interactive ){
      fprintf(stderr,"-- Loading resources from %s\n",sqliterc);
    }
    rc = process_input(p,in, 0);
    fclose(in);
  }
  sqlite3_free(zBuf);
  return rc;
}

/*
** Show available command line options
*/
static const char zOptions[] = 
  "   -bail                stop after hitting an error\n"
  "   -batch               force batch I/O\n"
  "   -column              set output mode to 'column'\n"
  "   -cmd command         run \"command\" before reading stdin\n"
  "   -csv                 set output mode to 'csv'\n"
  "   -echo                print commands before execution\n"
  "   -init filename       read/process named file\n"
  "   -[no]header          turn headers on or off\n"
  "   -help                show this message\n"
  "   -html                set output mode to HTML\n"
  "   -interactive         force interactive I/O\n"
  "   -line                set output mode to 'line'\n"
  "   -list                set output mode to 'list'\n"
  "   -silent              suppress the welcome message\n"
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MULTIPLEX
  "   -multiplex           enable the multiplexor VFS\n"
#endif
  "   -nullvalue 'text'    set text string for NULL values\n"
  "   -separator 'x'       set output field separator (|)\n"
  "   -stats               print memory stats before each finalize\n"
  "   -version             show SQLite version\n"
  "   -vfs NAME            use NAME as the default VFS\n"
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_VFSTRACE
  "   -vfstrace            enable tracing of all VFS calls\n"
#endif
;
static void usage(int showDetail){
  fprintf(stderr,
      "Usage: %s [OPTIONS] FILENAME [SQL]\n"  
      "FILENAME is the name of an SQLite database. A new database is created\n"
      "if the file does not previously exist.\n", Argv0);
  if( showDetail ){
    fprintf(stderr, "OPTIONS include:\n%s", zOptions);
  }else{
    fprintf(stderr, "Use the -help option for additional information\n");
  }
  exit(1);
}

/*
** Initialize the state information in data
*/
static void main_init(struct callback_data *data) {
  memset(data, 0, sizeof(*data));
  data->mode = MODE_List;
  memcpy(data->separator,"|", 2);
  data->showHeader = 0;
/* Sandro Furieri 1 November 2012 - depending on SQLite version */
#ifdef HAVE_DECL_SQLITE_CONFIG_URI
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_URI, 1);
#endif
/* end sandro 1 November 2012 */
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_LOG, shellLog, data);
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(mainPrompt), mainPrompt,"spatialite> ");
  sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(continuePrompt), continuePrompt,"   ...> ");
  sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_SINGLETHREAD);
}

int main(int argc, char **argv){
  char *zErrMsg = 0;
  struct callback_data data;
  const char *zInitFile = 0;
  char *zFirstCmd = 0;
  int i;
  int rc = 0;
  
/* initializing the SpatiaLite's internal cache */
  splite_cache = spatialite_alloc_connection ();

/*
 * sandro: 2015-06-26
 * 
 * disabling version check as suggested by Fedora and Debian maintainers
 * 
  if( strcmp(sqlite3_sourceid(),SQLITE_SOURCE_ID)!=0 ){
    fprintf(stderr, "SQLite header and source version mismatch\n%s\n%s\n",
            sqlite3_sourceid(), SQLITE_SOURCE_ID);
    exit(1);
  }
*/
 
  Argv0 = argv[0];
  main_init(&data);
/*
Sandro Furieri 30 May 2008
===========================
registering the SpatiaLite extension
2013-08-30: supporting "silent mode"
*/
  for(i=1; i<argc && argv[i][0]=='-'; i++){
    char *z = argv[i];
    if( z[1]=='-' ){ z++; }
    if( strcmp(z,"-silent")==0 ){ splite_silent = 1;}
	}

  stdin_is_interactive = isatty(0);

  /* Make sure we have a valid signal handler early, before anything
  ** else is done.
  */
#ifdef SIGINT
  signal(SIGINT, interrupt_handler);
#endif

  /* Do an initial pass through the command-line argument to locate
  ** the name of the database file, the name of the initialization file,
  ** the size of the alternative malloc heap,
  ** and the first command to execute.
  */
  for(i=1; i<argc-1; i++){
    char *z;
    if( argv[i][0]!='-' ) break;
    z = argv[i];
    if( z[1]=='-' ) z++;
    if( strcmp(z,"-separator")==0
     || strcmp(z,"-nullvalue")==0
     || strcmp(z,"-cmd")==0
    ){
      i++;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-init")==0 ){
      i++;
      zInitFile = argv[i];
    /* Need to check for batch mode here to so we can avoid printing
    ** informational messages (like from process_sqliterc) before 
    ** we do the actual processing of arguments later in a second pass.
    */
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-batch")==0 ){
      stdin_is_interactive = 0;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-heap")==0 ){
#if defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS3) || defined(SQLITE_ENABLE_MEMSYS5)
      int j, c;
      const char *zSize;
      sqlite3_int64 szHeap;

      zSize = argv[++i];
      szHeap = atoi(zSize);
      for(j=0; (c = zSize[j])!=0; j++){
        if( c=='M' ){ szHeap *= 1000000; break; }
        if( c=='K' ){ szHeap *= 1000; break; }
        if( c=='G' ){ szHeap *= 1000000000; break; }
      }
      if( szHeap>0x7fff0000 ) szHeap = 0x7fff0000;
      sqlite3_config(SQLITE_CONFIG_HEAP, malloc((int)szHeap), (int)szHeap, 64);
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_VFSTRACE
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-vfstrace")==0 ){
      extern int vfstrace_register(
         const char *zTraceName,
         const char *zOldVfsName,
         int (*xOut)(const char*,void*),
         void *pOutArg,
         int makeDefault
      );
      vfstrace_register("trace",0,(int(*)(const char*,void*))fputs,stderr,1);
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MULTIPLEX
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-multiplex")==0 ){
      extern int sqlite3_multiple_initialize(const char*,int);
      sqlite3_multiplex_initialize(0, 1);
#endif
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-vfs")==0 ){
      sqlite3_vfs *pVfs = sqlite3_vfs_find(argv[++i]);
      if( pVfs ){
        sqlite3_vfs_register(pVfs, 1);
      }else{
        fprintf(stderr, "no such VFS: \"%s\"\n", argv[i]);
        exit(1);
      }
    }
  }
  if( i<argc ){
    data.zDbFilename = argv[i++];
  }else{
#ifndef SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORYDB
    data.zDbFilename = ":memory:";
#else
    data.zDbFilename = 0;
#endif
  }
  if( i<argc ){
    zFirstCmd = argv[i++];
  }
  if( i<argc ){
    fprintf(stderr,"%s: Error: too many options: \"%s\"\n", Argv0, argv[i]);
    fprintf(stderr,"Use -help for a list of options.\n");
    return 1;
  }
  data.out = stdout;

#ifdef SQLITE_OMIT_MEMORYDB
  if( data.zDbFilename==0 ){
    fprintf(stderr,"%s: Error: no database filename specified\n", Argv0);
    return 1;
  }
#endif

  /* Go ahead and open the database file if it already exists.  If the
  ** file does not exist, delay opening it.  This prevents empty database
  ** files from being created if a user mistypes the database name argument
  ** to the sqlite command-line tool.
  */
  if( access(data.zDbFilename, 0)==0 ){
    open_db(&data);
  }

  /* Process the initialization file if there is one.  If no -init option
  ** is given on the command line, look for a file named ~/.sqliterc and
  ** try to process it.
  */
  rc = process_sqliterc(&data,zInitFile);
  if( rc>0 ){
    return rc;
  }

  /* Make a second pass through the command-line argument and set
  ** options.  This second pass is delayed until after the initialization
  ** file is processed so that the command-line arguments will override
  ** settings in the initialization file.
  */
  for(i=1; i<argc && argv[i][0]=='-'; i++){
    char *z = argv[i];
    if( z[1]=='-' ){ z++; }
    if( strcmp(z,"-init")==0 ){
      i++;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-html")==0 ){
      data.mode = MODE_Html;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-list")==0 ){
      data.mode = MODE_List;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-line")==0 ){
      data.mode = MODE_Line;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-column")==0 ){
      data.mode = MODE_Column;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-csv")==0 ){
      data.mode = MODE_Csv;
      memcpy(data.separator,",",2);
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-separator")==0 ){
      i++;
      if(i>=argc){
        fprintf(stderr,"%s: Error: missing argument for option: %s\n",
                        Argv0, z);
        fprintf(stderr,"Use -help for a list of options.\n");
        return 1;
      }
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(data.separator), data.separator,
                       "%.*s",(int)sizeof(data.separator)-1,argv[i]);
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-nullvalue")==0 ){
      i++;
      if(i>=argc){
        fprintf(stderr,"%s: Error: missing argument for option: %s\n",
                        Argv0, z);
        fprintf(stderr,"Use -help for a list of options.\n");
        return 1;
      }
      sqlite3_snprintf(sizeof(data.nullvalue), data.nullvalue,
                       "%.*s",(int)sizeof(data.nullvalue)-1,argv[i]);
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-header")==0 ){
      data.showHeader = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-noheader")==0 ){
      data.showHeader = 0;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-echo")==0 ){
      data.echoOn = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-stats")==0 ){
      data.statsOn = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-bail")==0 ){
      bail_on_error = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-silent")==0 ){
/* sandro 2013-08-30 */
      splite_silent = 1;
/* end sandro */
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-version")==0 ){
      printf("%s %s\n", sqlite3_libversion(), sqlite3_sourceid());
      return 0;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-interactive")==0 ){
      stdin_is_interactive = 1;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-batch")==0 ){
      stdin_is_interactive = 0;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-heap")==0 ){
      i++;
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-vfs")==0 ){
      i++;
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_VFSTRACE
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-vfstrace")==0 ){
      i++;
#endif
#ifdef SQLITE_ENABLE_MULTIPLEX
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-multiplex")==0 ){
      i++;
#endif
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-help")==0 ){
      usage(1);
    }else if( strcmp(z,"-cmd")==0 ){
      if( i==argc-1 ) break;
      i++;
      z = argv[i];
      if( z[0]=='.' ){
        rc = do_meta_command(z, &data);
        if( rc && bail_on_error ) return rc;
      }else{
        open_db(&data);
        rc = shell_exec(data.db, z, shell_callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
        if( zErrMsg!=0 ){
          fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
          if( bail_on_error ) return rc!=0 ? rc : 1;
        }else if( rc!=0 ){
          fprintf(stderr,"Error: unable to process SQL \"%s\"\n", z);
          if( bail_on_error ) return rc;
        }
      }
    }else{
      fprintf(stderr,"%s: Error: unknown option: %s\n", Argv0, z);
      fprintf(stderr,"Use -help for a list of options.\n");
      return 1;
    }
  }

  if( zFirstCmd ){
    /* Run just the command that follows the database name
    */
    if( zFirstCmd[0]=='.' ){
      rc = do_meta_command(zFirstCmd, &data);
    }else{
      open_db(&data);
      rc = shell_exec(data.db, zFirstCmd, shell_callback, &data, &zErrMsg);
      if( zErrMsg!=0 ){
        fprintf(stderr,"Error: %s\n", zErrMsg);
        return rc!=0 ? rc : 1;
      }else if( rc!=0 ){
        fprintf(stderr,"Error: unable to process SQL \"%s\"\n", zFirstCmd);
        return rc;
      }
    }
  }else{
    /* Run commands received from standard input
    */
    if( stdin_is_interactive ){
      char *zHome;
      char *zHistory = 0;
      int nHistory;
/* Sandro Furieri 2008-11-20
      printf(
        "SQLite version %s %.19s\n" 
        "Enter \".help\" for instructions\n"
        "Enter SQL statements terminated with a \";\"\n",
        sqlite3_libversion(), sqlite3_sourceid()
      );
*/
     open_db(&data);
     if (isatty (1))
          printf ("SQLite version ......: %s\n",
     sqlite3_libversion ());
     auto_fdo_start (data.db);
     if (isatty (1))
         printf ("Enter \".help\" for instructions\n");
/* end Sandro Furieri 2008-11-20 */
      printf(
        "SQLite version %s %.19s\n" /*extra-version-info*/
        "Enter \".help\" for instructions\n"
        "Enter SQL statements terminated with a \";\"\n",
        sqlite3_libversion(), sqlite3_sourceid()
      );
      zHome = find_home_dir();
      if( zHome ){
        nHistory = strlen30(zHome) + 20;
        if( (zHistory = malloc(nHistory))!=0 ){
          sqlite3_snprintf(nHistory, zHistory,"%s/.sqlite_history", zHome);
        }
      }
#if defined(HAVE_READLINE) && HAVE_READLINE==1
      if( zHistory ) read_history(zHistory);
#endif
      rc = process_input(&data, 0, 0);
      if( zHistory ){
        stifle_history(100);
        write_history(zHistory);
        free(zHistory);
      }
    }else{
      rc = process_input(&data, stdin, 0);
    }
  }
  set_table_name(&data, 0);
    if (data.db)
      {
/* Sandro Furieri 2008-11-20 */
	  auto_fdo_stop (data.db);
/* end Sandro Furieri 2008-11-20 */
	  if (sqlite3_close (data.db) != SQLITE_OK)
	    {
		fprintf (stderr, "error closing database: %s\n",
			 sqlite3_errmsg (data.db));
	    }
      }


/*
Sandro Furieri 30 May 2008
===========================
memory cleanup for SpatiaLite extension
*/
    
  spatialite_cleanup_ex (splite_cache);
  spatialite_shutdown ();

  return rc;
}