File: scanner.l

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%{
/* SPIM S20 MIPS simulator.
   Lexical scanner.

   Copyright (C) 1990-1997 by James Larus (larus@cs.wisc.edu).
   ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

   SPIM is distributed under the following conditions:

     You may make copies of SPIM for your own use and modify those copies.

     All copies of SPIM must retain my name and copyright notice.

     You may not sell SPIM or distributed SPIM in conjunction with a
     commerical product or service without the expressed written consent of
     James Larus.

   THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ``AS IS'' AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR
   IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED
   WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
   PURPOSE. */


/* $Header: /u/l/a/larus/Software/SPIM/RCS/scanner.l,v 1.43 1997/12/30 19:39:07 larus Exp $
*/


#include "spim.h"
#include "spim-utils.h"
#include "inst.h"
#include "sym-tbl.h"
#include "parser.h"
#include "scanner.h"
#include "y.tab.h"

#ifndef YY_CHAR
#define YY_CHAR char
#endif


/* Exported Variables: */

int only_id;
int line_no;		/* Line number in input file*/
int y_str_length;	/* Length of Y_STR */


/* Local Variables: */

/* Track which line we are reading and where it began in the buffer. */
static int current_line_no = 0;

static YY_CHAR *current_line = NULL;


static double scan_float;	/* Where FP values are kept */

static int line_returned = 0;	/* Returned current line yet? */


/* Local functions: */

#ifdef __STDC__
static int check_keyword (YY_CHAR *id, int allow_pseudo_ops);
static YY_CHAR *copy_str (YY_CHAR *str, int chop);
#else
static int check_keyword ();
static YY_CHAR *copy_str ();
#endif

%}

%%

[ \t]		       {
		        if (current_line == NULL)
			  {
			    current_line_no = line_no;
			    current_line = yytext;
			  }
		       }


[\n]			{
			 line_no += 1;
			 return (Y_NL);
			}

[;]			{
			 return (Y_NL);
			}


"#".*			{
				/* Ignore comments */
			}


(-[0-9]+)|([0-9]+)	{
			 if (current_line == NULL)
			   {
			     current_line_no = line_no;
			     current_line = yytext;
			   }
			 yylval.i = atoi (yytext);
			 return (Y_INT);
			}


((0x)|(-0x))[0-9A-Fa-f]+ {
			  if (current_line == NULL)
			    {
			      current_line_no = line_no;
			      current_line = yytext;
			    }
			  if (*yytext == '-')
			    {
			      sscanf(yytext+3, "%lx", &(yylval.i));
			      yylval.i = -yylval.i;
			    }
			  else
			    {
			      sscanf(yytext+2, "%lx", &(yylval.i));
			    }
			  return (Y_INT);
			}


(\+|\-)?[0-9]+\.[0-9]*(e)?(\+|\-)?[0-9]* {
			  if (current_line == NULL)
			    {
			      current_line_no = line_no;
			      current_line = yytext;
			    }
			  scan_float = atof (yytext);
			  yylval.p = (double*) &scan_float;
			  return (Y_FP);
			}


[a-zA-Z_\.][a-zA-Z0-9_\.]* {
			  int token = check_keyword (yytext,
						     !bare_machine
						     && accept_pseudo_insts);
			  label *l;

			  if (current_line == NULL)
			    {
			      current_line_no = line_no;
			      current_line = yytext;
			    }
			  if (!only_id && token != 0)
			    {
			      yylval.i = token;
			      current_line = yytext;
			      return (token);
			    }
			  if (only_id && token != 0)
			    yyerror ("Cannot use opcodes as labels");

			  if ((l = label_is_defined (yytext)) != NULL
			      && l->const_flag)
			    {
			      yylval.i = (int) l->addr;
			      return (Y_INT);
			    }
			  else
			    {
			      yylval.p = (char*) str_copy (yytext);
			      return (Y_ID);
			    }
			}


\$[a-zA-Z0-9_\.$]+	{
			  int reg_no = register_name_to_number (yytext + 1);
			  if (current_line == NULL)
			    {
			      current_line_no = line_no;
			      current_line = yytext;
			    }
			  if (reg_no != -1
			      && *(yytext + 1) == 'f' && *(yytext + 2) != 'p')
			    {
			      yylval.i = reg_no;
			      return (Y_FP_REG);
			    }
			  else if (reg_no < 0 || reg_no > 31)
			    {
			      label *l = label_is_defined (yytext);

			      if (l != NULL && l->const_flag)
				{
				  yylval.i = (int) l->addr;
				  return (Y_INT);
				}
			      else
				{
				  yylval.p = (char*) str_copy (yytext);
				  return (Y_ID);
				}
			    }
			  else
			    {
			      yylval.i = reg_no;
			      return (Y_REG);
			    }
			}


[:()+-]|">"|"="		{
			  if (current_line == NULL)
			    {
			      current_line_no = line_no;
			      current_line = yytext;
			    }
			  return (*yytext);
			}


","			{
			 if (current_line == NULL)
			   {
			     current_line_no = line_no;
			     current_line = yytext;
			   }
			 /* Skip commas */
		        }

"?"			{
			  if (current_line == NULL)
			    {
			      current_line_no = line_no;
			      current_line = yytext;
			    }
			  yylval.p = (char*) str_copy (yytext);
			  /* For top level */
			  return (Y_ID);
			}


\"(([^"])|(\\\"))*\"	{
			  if (current_line == NULL)
			    {
			      current_line_no = line_no;
			      current_line = yytext;
			    }
			  yylval.p = (char*) copy_str (yytext + 1, 1);
			  return (Y_STR);
			}

\'(([^'])|(\\[^']))\'	{
			  if (current_line == NULL)
			    {
			      current_line_no = line_no;
			      current_line = yytext;
			    }

			    if (*(yytext + 1) == '\\')
			      {
				switch (*(yytext + 2))
				  {
				  case 'n':
				    yylval.i = (int) '\n';
				    return (Y_INT);

				  case 't':
				    yylval.i = (int) '\t';
				    return (Y_INT);

				  default:
				    yyerror ("Bad character \\X");
				  }
			      }
			    else
			      {
				yylval.i = (int) *(yytext + 1);
				return (Y_INT);
			      }
			}

.			{
			  if (current_line == NULL)
			    {
			      current_line_no = line_no;
			      current_line = yytext;
			    }
			  yyerror ("Unknown character");
			}

%%



#ifdef __STDC__
void
initialize_scanner (FILE *in_file)
#else
void
initialize_scanner (in_file)
     FILE *in_file;
#endif
{
  yyin = in_file;
#ifdef FLEX_SCANNER
  yyrestart(in_file);
  yy_init = 1;
#endif
  line_no = 1;
  current_line = NULL;
  line_returned = 0;
}


#ifdef __STDC__
void
scanner_start_line (void)
#else
void
scanner_start_line ()
#endif
{
  current_line = NULL;
  line_returned = 0;
}


int yywrap ()
{
  return 1;
}


/* Return a freshly-allocated copy of STRING with the last CHOP
   characters removed. */

#ifdef __STDC__
static YY_CHAR *
copy_str (YY_CHAR *str, int chop)
#else
static YY_CHAR *
copy_str (str, chop)
     YY_CHAR *str;
     int chop;
#endif
{
  register int new_len = strlen (str) - chop;
  register YY_CHAR *new_str = (YY_CHAR *) xmalloc (new_len + 1), *n;

  for (n = new_str; *str != '\0' && new_len > 0; new_len -= 1)
    if (*str == '\\')
      switch (*(str + 1))
	{
	case 'n':
	  {
	    *n ++ = '\n';
	    str += 2;
	    new_len -= 1;
	    continue;
	  }
	case 't':
	  {
	    *n ++ = '\t';
	    str += 2;
	    new_len -= 1;
	    continue;
	  }
	case '"':
	  {
	    *n ++ = '"';
	    str += 2;
	    new_len -= 1;
	    continue;
	  }
	case 'X':
	  {
	    YY_CHAR c1 = *(str + 2), c2 = *(str + 3);
	    int b = 0;

	    if ('0' <= c1 && c1 <= '9') b = c1 - '0';
	    else if ('A' <= c1 && c1 <= 'F') b = c1 - 'A' + 10;
	    else yyerror ("Bad character in \\X construct in string");

	    b <<= 4;
	    if ('0' <= c2 && c2 <= '9') b += c2 - '0';
	    else if ('A' <= c2 && c2 <= 'F') b += c2 - 'A' + 10;
	    else yyerror ("Bad character in \\X construct in string");

	    *n ++ = (YY_CHAR) b;
	    str += 4;
	    new_len -= 3;
	    continue;
	  }
	default:
	  {
	    *n ++ = *str ++;
	    continue;
	  }
	}
    else
      *n ++ = *str ++;

  *n = '\0';
  y_str_length = n - new_str;
  return (new_str);
}


/* On a parse error, write out the current line and print a caret (^)
   below the point at which the error occured.	Also, reset the input
   stream to the begining of the next line. */

#ifdef __STDC__
void
print_erroneous_line (void)
#else
void
print_erroneous_line ()
#endif
{
  int prefix_length = yytext - current_line;
  int i, c;
  YY_CHAR buffer[1024], *bp = buffer;

  if (current_line == NULL) return;

  error ("	  ");
  c = *(current_line + prefix_length);
  *(current_line + prefix_length) = '\0';
  error ("%s", current_line);
  *(current_line + prefix_length) = c;
  error ("%s", yytext);

  /* Flush the rest of the line. */
  if (*yytext != '\n')
    {
      while ((c = input ()) != '\n' && c != EOF)
	*bp ++ = c;
      *bp = '\0';
      error ("%s\n", buffer);
      if (c == '\n') unput ('\n');
      current_line = NULL;
    }

  error ("	  ");
  for (i = 0; i < prefix_length; i ++) buffer[i] = ' ';
  buffer[i] = '\0';
  error ("%s^\n", buffer);
}


static inst_info keyword_tbl [] = {
#undef OP
#define OP(NAME, OPCODE, TYPE, R_OPCODE) {NAME, OPCODE, TYPE},
#include "op.h"
};


#ifdef __STDC__
static int
check_keyword (YY_CHAR *id, int allow_pseudo_ops)
#else
static int
check_keyword (id, allow_pseudo_ops)
     YY_CHAR *id;
     int allow_pseudo_ops;
#endif
{
  inst_info *entry =
    map_string_to_inst_info (keyword_tbl,
			     sizeof(keyword_tbl) / sizeof (inst_info),
			     id);
  if (entry == NULL)
    return (0);
  else if (!allow_pseudo_ops && entry->value2 == PSEUDO_OP)
    return (0);
  else
    return (entry->value1);
}


static inst_info register_tbl [] = {
  {"a0", 4, 0},
  {"a1", 5, 0},
  {"a2", 6, 0},
  {"a3", 7, 0},
  {"at", 1, 0},
  {"fp", 30, 0},
  {"gp", 28, 0},
  {"k0", 26, 0},
  {"k1", 27, 0},
  {"kt0", 26, 0},
  {"kt1", 27, 0},
  {"ra", 31, 0},
  {"s0", 16, 0},
  {"s1", 17, 0},
  {"s2", 18, 0},
  {"s3", 19, 0},
  {"s4", 20, 0},
  {"s5", 21, 0},
  {"s6", 22, 0},
  {"s7", 23, 0},
  {"s8", 30, 0},
  {"sp", 29, 0},
  {"t0", 8, 0},
  {"t1", 9, 0},
  {"t2", 10, 0},
  {"t3", 11, 0},
  {"t4", 12, 0},
  {"t5", 13, 0},
  {"t6", 14, 0},
  {"t7", 15, 0},
  {"t8", 24, 0},
  {"t9", 25, 0},
  {"v0", 2, 0},
  {"v1", 3, 0},
  {"zero", 0, 0}
};


#ifdef __STDC__
int
register_name_to_number (char *name)
#else
int
register_name_to_number (name)
     char *name;
#endif
{
  register int c1 = *name, c2 = *(name + 1);

  if ('0' <= c1 && c1 <= '9'
      && (c2 == '\0' || (('0' <= c2 && c2 <= '9') && *(name + 2) == '\0')))
    return (atoi (name));
  else if (c1 == 'f' && c2 >= '0' && c2 <= '9')
    return atoi (name + 1);
  else
    {
      inst_info *entry =
	map_string_to_inst_info (register_tbl,
				 sizeof (register_tbl) / sizeof (inst_info),
				 name);
      if (entry == NULL)
	return (-1);
      else
	return (entry->value1);
    }
}


/* Exactly once, return the current source line, as a printable string
   with a line number.  Subsequent calls receive NULL instead of the
   line. */

#ifdef __STDC__
char *
source_line ()
#else
char *
source_line ()
#endif
{
  if (line_returned)
    return (NULL);
  else if (current_line == NULL)	/* Error on line */
    return (NULL);
  else
    {
      YY_CHAR *nl, c;
      char *r;

      /* Find end of line: */
      for (nl = current_line; *nl != '\0' && *nl != '\n'; ) nl += 1;
      c = *nl;
      *nl = '\0';

      r = (char *) xmalloc (nl - current_line + 10);
      sprintf (r, "%d: %s", current_line_no, current_line);
      *nl = c;
      line_returned = 1;
      return ((char *) r);
    }
}