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# About

SquashFS is a highly compressed, read only file system often used as a root fs
on embedded devices, live systems or simply as a compressed archive format.

Think of it as a .tar.gz that you can mount (or XZ, LZO, LZ4, ZSTD).

As the name suggests, this is not the original user space tooling for
SquashFS, which is currently maintained in parallel elsewhere. After a
long period of silence on the SourceForge site and mailing list, I
attempted to fork the existing code base with the intention to
restructure/clean it up and add many features I personally perceived to
be missing, but I ultimately decided that it would be easier to start
from scratch than to work with the existing code.

Here are some of the features that primarily distinguish this package from
the squashfs-tools 4.3 (latest recent version at the time this project was
started):

 - A shared library that encapsulates code for accessing SquashFS images,
   usable by 3rd party applications.
 - Reproducible, deterministic SquashFS images.
 - Linux `gen_init_cpio` like file listing for micro managing the
   file system contents, permissions, and ownership without having to replicate
   the file system (and especially permissions) locally.
 - Support for SELinux contexts file (see selabel_file(5)) to generate
   SELinux labels.
 - Structured and (hopefully) more readable source code that should be better
   maintainable in the long run.


In addition to that, tools have been added to directly convert a tar archive
into a SquashFS filesystem image and back. This allows for using existing
tools can work on tar archives seamlessly on SquashFS images.


The tools in this package have different names, so they can be installed
together with the existing tools:

 - `gensquashfs` can be used to produce SquashFS images from `gen_init_cpio`
   like file listings or simply pack an input directory.
 - `rdsquashfs` can be used to inspect and unpack SquashFS images.
 - `sqfs2tar` can turn a SquashFS image into a tarball, written to stdout.
 - `tar2sqfs` can turn a tarball (read from stdin) into a SquashFS image.
 - `sqfsdiff` can compare the contents of two SquashFS images.


Most of the actual logic of those tools is implemented in the `libsquashfs`
library that (by default) gets installed on the system along with its header
files, allowing 3rd party applications to use it (e.g. for embedding SquashFS
inside a custom container format without having to implement the SquashFS
part).

# Pre-built Windows binary Packages

Pre-compiled binary packages for Windows are available here:

https://infraroot.at/pub/squashfs/windows

Those packages contain the binaries for the tools, the SquashFS library
and pre-compiled dependency libraries (zlib, zstd, lzo, lzma, lz4).

The binary package does not contain any source code. See below on how to obtain
and compile the source for squashfs-tools-ng. The corresponding source code
from which the 3rd party libraries have been built is also available for
download at the above location.

The headers and import libraries to build applications that use libsquashfs are
included. For convenience, the pre-compiled, 3rd party dependency libraries
also come with headers and import libraries.

# Getting and Building the Source Code

Official release tarballs can be obtained here:

https://infraroot.at/pub/squashfs

The official git tree is currently located here:

https://github.com/AgentD/squashfs-tools-ng

If you are working on an official release tarball, you can build the package
like every autotools based package:

	./configure
	make
	make install

If you work on the git tree, you need to bootstrap the build system first:

	./autogen.sh

If Doxygen is available, a reference manual can be built as follows:

	make doxygen-doc

The pre-compiled binary packages for Windows are built using a helper script
that uses a MinGW cross toolchain to build squashfs-tools-ng and any of the
required dependencies:

	./mkwinbins.sh

## Structure of the Source Code

The main functionality of the package is split up into a number libraries.
The actual tools are mainly wrappers around the libraries that combine their
functionality in a useful way.

The headers of all the libraries can be found in the `include` directory,
whereas the source code is in a per-library sub-directory within `lib`.

The `include` directory has a sub-directory `sqfs` which contains the public
headers of `libsquashfs.so` which are installed along with the library. All
other headers are private to this package.

The following components exist:
 - `libfstree.a` built from files in `lib/fstree` contains functions for
   manipulating a file system tree.
 - `libtar.a` built from files in `lib/tar` contains data structures and
   functions for parsing and creating tar files.
 - `libsquashfs.so` built from files in `lib/sqfs` contains all kinds of
   data structures for reading and writing SquashFS archives. Abstractions
   for data compression and so on. It contains the actual brains of this
   package.
 - `libcommon.a` built from files in `lib/common` contains a bunch
   of commonly used code shared across the utilities.
 - `libcompat.a` built from files in `lib/compat` contains minimal
   implementations of POSIX or GNU functions that are not available on some
   platforms.

Optionally, `libsquashfs` can be compiled with builtin, custom versions of zlib
and lz4. The configure options `--with-builtin-zlib` and `--with-builtin-lz4`
can be used. The respective library sources are in `lib/sqfs/comp` in the
squashfs-tools-ng source tree.

The headers in `include` are stuffed with comments on functions an data
structures.

The `tests` sub-directory contains unit tests for the libraries.

To allow 3rd party applications to use `libsquashfs.so` without restricting
their choice of license, the code in the `lib/sqfs` sub-directories is
licensed under the LGPLv3, in contrast to the rest of this package.

## A Note on LZO Support

The SquashFS format supports compression using LZO. The `liblzo2` library
itself is released under the GNU GPL, version 2.

To make the `libsquashfs` library available as an LGPL library, it *cannot* be
linked against `liblzo2`, neither statically nor dynamically.

This legal problem has been solved using the following technical measure:

 - `libsquashfs`, as of right now, does not support LZO compression.
 - The `libcommon` helper library has an implementation of an `liblzo2` based
   compressor. This library and the tools that use it are released under
   the GPL.

This way, the tools themselves *do* support LZO compression seamlessly, while
the `libsquashfs` library does not.

## Further Information

A documentation of the SquashFS on-disk format can be found here:

https://dr-emann.github.io/squashfs/

# Copyright & License

See [COPYING.md](COPYING.md) for copyright and licensing information.