File: plld.1

package info (click to toggle)
swi-prolog 3.1.0-2
  • links: PTS
  • area: main
  • in suites: slink
  • size: 8,772 kB
  • ctags: 12,869
  • sloc: ansic: 43,657; perl: 12,577; lisp: 4,359; sh: 1,534; makefile: 798; awk: 14
file content (172 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 5,153 bytes parent folder | download | duplicates (3)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
.TH SWI 1 "May 18 1996"
.SH NAME
plld \- Create a SWI-Prolog embedded executable
.SH SYNOPSIS
.BR plld
.BI "options" " " "c-files" " " "o-files" 
.BI "pl-files"
.br
.SH DESCRIPTION
The utility
.BI plld
is a front-end for the C-compiler and linker to create a stand-alone
executable from a series of C/C++ and Prolog input files. It extracts
information from the SWI-Prolog executable
.B pl,
after which it scans the arguments and breaks them into several
categories.  It will then call the C-compiler to create an executable
containing the user's C-code and the SWI-Prolog kernel.  After this,
it will call the development environment to create a Prolog saved
state from the prolog files and finally it will create the target
executable by concatenating the state to the emulator.  See also
.BI qsave_program/2
from the
.BI SWI-Prolog " " manual.

.SS Options
.TP
.BI \-pl " prolog"
Specifies the prolog version to use.  The default is
.BI pl.
This flag may be used to choose between different versions installed
on your system, or to specify a modified version.  A modified version
should understands the flags
.BI \-dump-runtime-variables
.BI \-f " file"
.BI \-F " file"
.BI \-g " goal"
.BI \-t " toplevel".
.TP
.BI \-help
Shows options briefly
.TP
.BI \-nostate
Just relinks the kernel.  The newly linked kernel can only function
in the presence of the development system.  Any supplied prolog sourcefiles
are ignored, and so are the options
.BI \-goal
.BI \-toplevel
.BI \-initfile.
This is the preferred way to attach external modules to Prolog if
dynamic loading is not supported on your system.
.TP
.BI \-goal " goal"
The goal that is initially executed when the toplevel is started using
.BI "PL_toplevel()" .
E.i. the default.
.BI \-g
flag for the new executable.
.TP
.BI \-toplevel " goal"
The goal that is executed as the main toplevel goal.  E.i. the default.
.BI \-t
flag for the new executable.
.TP
.BI \-initfile " file"
The file that is loaded by the toplevel.  E.i. the default.
.BI \-f
flag for the new executable.
.TP
.BI \-v
Verbose operation.  This will echo the commands before executing them.
Note that some commands are printed as shell commands, but actually
executed by plld itself for compatibility with the Win32 platforms.
.TP
.BI \-f
Fake operation.  Together with
.BI \-v
this prints the commands that need to be executed without actually
doing anything.
.TP
.BI \-o " file"
Specifies the name of the final executable.  The default is
.BI a.out.
.TP
.BI \-cc " C-compiler"
Specify the compiler to use for
.BI *.c
files.  Default is the compiler used to compile SWI-Prolog itself,
as read from the feature
.BI c_cc.
.TP
.BI -c++ " C++-compiler"
Specify the compiler to use for C++ input files.  If the C-compiler
is
.BI gcc
this is
.BI g++,
otherwise
.BI c++
is assumed.
.TP
.BI \-ld " linker"
Spefies the linker to use.  Default is the C-compiler.  On Win32
platforms, the default is
.BI link.exe.
.TP
.BI \-l "library"
Specifies a C-library for linking the application.  By default,
.BI -lpl
as well as the libraries required by the SWI-Prolog kernel will be
passed to the C-compiler.
.TP
.BI \-L "library-directory"
Specifies an additional library directory for the C-compiler.  By
default, the runtime directory for the current architecture is passed.
.TP
.BI \-g|-I*|-D*|-U*
Passed to the compiler as c-flags.  By default, the SWI-Prolog include
directory is passed as additional include directory.  The following -D
flags are added by plld: -D__SWI_PROLOG__ and -D__SWI_EMBEDDED__.
.TP
.BI \-pl-options*
Specify additional options for
.BI pl.
The first character following
.BI \-pl-options
determines the option-separator.  The remainder of the argument is
split using this separator and the parts are added to the option list
for Prolog.  See also
.BI \-cc-options " and " \-ld-options
.TP
.BI \-ld-options*
Additional options passed to the linker.  For example:
.BI \-ld-options,-Bstatic
.TP
.BI \-cc-options*
Additional options passed to both C- and C++-compiler.
.TP
.BI *.o
Passed as input files to the linker.
.TP
.BI *.c
Compiled using the C-compiler, after which the object-file is passed
to the linker.  The object file is deleted at cleanup.
.TP
.BI *.cc|*.C|*.cxx|*.cpp
Compiled using the C++-compiler, after which the object-file is passed
to the linker.  The object file is deleted at cleanup.
.TP
.BI *.pl|*.qlf
Passed as Prolog input files
.SH BUGS
Parsing the options and distributing them over the various programs is
probably incomplete. Feel free to modify it and please forward generally
useful modifications to
.BI prolog-bugs@swi.psy.uva.nl.

Some care has to be taken that the state created with
.BI qsave_program/2
is self-contained (i.e. contains no references to the Prolog libraries).
Also, as the state is created using the development environment rather
then the user's emulator, the Prolog code cannot use directives that
rely on the C-code added by the user.
.SH "SEE ALSO"
Jan Wielemaker
.I pl(1)
.I SWI-Prolog 2.9 Reference Manual,
University of Amsterdam, Dept. of Social Science and Informatics (SWI).
.SH COPYRIGHT
Copyright (C) 1991-1997, Jan Wielemaker
.SH AUTHOR
Jan Wielemaker