File: pl-termwalk.c

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/*  $Id$

    Part of SWI-Prolog

    Author:        Jan Wielemaker
    E-mail:        J.Wielemaker@vu.nl
    WWW:           http://www.swi-prolog.org
    Copyright (C): 1985-2011, University of Amsterdam
			      VU University Amsterdam

    This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
    modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
    License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
    version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

    This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
    but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
    MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
    Lesser General Public License for more details.

    You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
    License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
    Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA  02110-1301  USA
*/

/* - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Provide primitives for walking a term,  while protecting against cycles.
There are two scenarios: avoid walking a   sub-term twice in general and
avoid cycles. I.e. given the term A=a(1), T = t(A,A), we have

    - If walk-whole-term: walks A twice
    - If avoid double: walks A once

Next, sometimes we want to get control after processing the arguments of
a compound and sometimes we do not  care.   In  the  latter case, we can
simply jump to the last argument.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - */

#if !AC_TERM_WALK

typedef struct aNode
{ Word		location;
  size_t	size;
} aNode;

typedef struct term_agenda
{ aNode		work;			/* current work */
  segstack	stack;
  char		first_chunk[256];
} term_agenda;


static void
initTermAgenda(term_agenda *a, size_t size, Word p)
{ initSegStack(&a->stack, sizeof(aNode),
	       sizeof(a->first_chunk), a->first_chunk);
  a->work.location = p;
  a->work.size = size;
}


static void
clearTermAgenda(term_agenda *a)
{ clearSegStack(&a->stack);
}

#define nextTermAgenda(a) \
	nextTermAgenda__LD(a PASS_LD)

static inline Word
nextTermAgenda__LD(term_agenda *a ARG_LD)
{ Word p;

  if ( a->work.size > 0 )
  { ok:
    a->work.size--;
    p = a->work.location++;
    deRef(p);

    return p;
  }

  if ( popSegStack(&a->stack, &a->work, aNode) )
    goto ok;

  return NULL;
}


static inline Word
nextTermAgendaNoDeRef(term_agenda *a)
{ Word p;

  if ( a->work.size > 0 )
  { ok:
    a->work.size--;
    p = a->work.location++;

    return p;
  }

  if ( popSegStack(&a->stack, &a->work, aNode) )
    goto ok;

  return NULL;
}




		 /*******************************
		 *	  PUSH VARIATIONS	*
		 *******************************/

static inline int
pushWorkAgenda(term_agenda *a, size_t amount, Word start)
{ if ( a->work.size > 0 )
  { if ( !pushSegStack(&a->stack, a->work, aNode) )
      return FALSE;
  }
  a->work.location = start;
  a->work.size = amount;

  return TRUE;
}

#endif /*!AC_TERM_WALK*/


#if AC_TERM_WALK

		 /*******************************
		 *	 WALK ACYCLIC TERM	*
		 *******************************/

typedef struct acNode
{ Functor	term;
  Word		location;
  size_t	size;
} acNode;

typedef struct ac_term_agenda
{ acNode	work;			/* current work */
  segstack	stack;
  char		first_chunk[64*sizeof(acNode)];
} ac_term_agenda;


static void
ac_initTermAgenda(ac_term_agenda *a, Word p)
{ initSegStack(&a->stack, sizeof(acNode),
	       sizeof(a->first_chunk), a->first_chunk);
  a->work.term     = NULL;
  a->work.location = p;
  a->work.size     = 1;
}


static void
ac_clearTermAgenda(ac_term_agenda *a)
{ do
  { if ( a->work.term )
      clear_marked((Word)&a->work.term->definition);
  } while(popSegStack(&a->stack, &a->work, acNode));
}


#define ac_nextTermAgenda(a) \
	ac_nextTermAgenda__LD(a PASS_LD)

static Word
ac_nextTermAgenda__LD(ac_term_agenda *a ARG_LD)
{ Word p;

  while ( a->work.size == 0 )
  { if ( a->work.term )
      clear_marked((Word)&a->work.term->definition);
    if ( !popSegStack(&a->stack, &a->work, acNode) )
      return NULL;
  }
  a->work.size--;

  p = a->work.location++;
  deRef(p);

  return p;
}

#define ac_pushTermAgenda(a, w, fp) \
	ac_pushTermAgenda__LD(a, w, fp PASS_LD)

static int
ac_pushTermAgenda__LD(ac_term_agenda *a, word w, functor_t *fp ARG_LD)
{ Functor term = valueTerm(w);

  if ( is_marked((Word)&term->definition) )
    return FALSE;			/* hit cycle */
  if ( !pushSegStack(&a->stack, a->work, acNode) )
    return -1;				/* no memory */
  a->work.term     = term;
  a->work.location = term->arguments;
  a->work.size     = arityFunctor(term->definition);
  *fp              = term->definition;
  set_marked((Word)&term->definition);

  return TRUE;
}

#endif /*AC_TERM_WALK*/


#if AC_TERM_WALK_LR

		 /*******************************
		 *    OPERATIONS ON TWO TERMS	*
		 *******************************/

typedef struct aNodeLR
{ Word		left;			/* left term */
  Word		right;			/* right term */
  size_t	size;
} aNodeLR;

typedef struct term_agendaLR
{ aNodeLR	work;			/* current work */
  segstack	stack;
  char		first_chunk[256];
} term_agendaLR;


static void
initTermAgendaLR(term_agendaLR *a, size_t count, Word left, Word right)
{ initSegStack(&a->stack, sizeof(aNodeLR),
	       sizeof(a->first_chunk), a->first_chunk);
  a->work.left  = left;
  a->work.right = right;
  a->work.size  = count;
}


static void
clearTermAgendaLR(term_agendaLR *a)
{ clearSegStack(&a->stack);
}


static int
nextTermAgendaLR(term_agendaLR *a, Word *lp, Word *rp)
{ if ( a->work.size > 0 )
  { ok:
    a->work.size--;
    *lp = a->work.left++;
    *rp = a->work.right++;

    return TRUE;
  }

  if ( popSegStack(&a->stack, &a->work, aNodeLR) )
    goto ok;

  return FALSE;
}


static inline int
pushWorkAgendaLR(term_agendaLR *a, size_t amount, Word left, Word right)
{ if ( a->work.size > 0 )
  { if ( !pushSegStack(&a->stack, a->work, aNodeLR) )
      return FALSE;
  }
  a->work.left  = left;
  a->work.right = right;
  a->work.size  = amount;

  return TRUE;
}

#endif /*AC_TERM_WALK_LR*/

#if AC_TERM_WALK_LRS

		 /*******************************
		 *       TWO TERMS WITH POP	*
		 *******************************/

typedef struct aNodeLRS
{ Functor	left;			/* left term */
  Functor	right;			/* right term */
  int		arg;
  int		arity;
  void	       *data;
} aNodeLRS;

typedef void (*popLRS)(Functor left, Functor right, void *data);

typedef struct term_agendaLRS
{ aNodeLRS	work;			/* current work */
  popLRS	pop;
  segstack	stack;
  char		first_chunk[sizeof(aNodeLRS)*25];
} term_agendaLRS;


static void
initTermAgendaLRS(term_agendaLRS *a,
		  Functor left, Functor right,
		  popLRS pop, void *data)
{ initSegStack(&a->stack, sizeof(aNodeLRS),
	       sizeof(a->first_chunk), a->first_chunk);
  a->pop	= pop;
  a->work.data  = data;
  a->work.left  = left;
  a->work.right = right;
  a->work.arg   = 0;
  a->work.arity = arityFunctor(left->definition);
}


static void
clearTermAgendaLRS(term_agendaLRS *a)
{ do
  { if ( a->work.arg != -1 )
      (*a->pop)(a->work.left, a->work.right, a->work.data);
  } while(popSegStack(&a->stack, &a->work, aNodeLRS));
}


#define nextTermAgendaLRS(a, lp, rp) \
	nextTermAgendaLRS__LD(a, lp, rp PASS_LD)

static int
nextTermAgendaLRS__LD(term_agendaLRS *a, Word *lp, Word *rp ARG_LD)
{ Word p;

  while ( a->work.arg == a->work.arity )
  { (*a->pop)(a->work.left, a->work.right, a->work.data);
    a->work.arg = -1;
    if ( !popSegStack(&a->stack, &a->work, aNodeLRS) )
      return FALSE;
  }

  deRef2(&a->work.left->arguments[a->work.arg], p); *lp = p;
  deRef2(&a->work.right->arguments[a->work.arg],p); *rp = p;
  a->work.arg++;

  return TRUE;
}


static int
pushWorkAgendaLRS(term_agendaLRS *a, Functor left, Functor right, void *data)
{ if ( !pushSegStack(&a->stack, a->work, aNodeLRS) )
    return FALSE;

  a->work.data  = data;
  a->work.left  = left;
  a->work.right = right;
  a->work.arg   = 0;
  a->work.arity = arityFunctor(left->definition);

  return TRUE;
}

#endif /*AC_TERM_WALK_LRS*/