File: README.source

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systemd 232-25+deb9u12
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Building from source
--------------------
Install “git-buildpackage” and run the following steps:

  gbp clone git+ssh://git.debian.org/git/pkg-systemd/systemd.git
  cd systemd
  gbp buildpackage

We recommend you use pbuilder to make sure you build in a clean environment:

  gbp buildpackage --git-pbuilder

Changelog
---------
The systemd package uses gbp dch for automatically generating
debian/changelog entries from the corresponding git commits. This makes
cherry-picking, merging, and rebasing much simpler.

Thus, for any packaging change *don't* modify debian/changelog, just write a
meaningful git commit log with proper bug references (such as "Closes: #12345"
on the last line). For doing a release, run

  gbp dch --auto

then beautify the generated debian/changelog, then run the usual "dch -r" and
"debcommit -ar --sign-tags".

Patch handling
--------------
The systemd package uses gbp pq for maintaining patches with a git-like
workflow in a "patch-queue/<branch>" local branch and then exporting them as
quilt series.  For working on patches you run

  gbp pq import --force

Then you are in the patch-queue branch and can git log, commit, cherry-pick
upstream commits, rebase, etc. there. After you are done, run

  gbp pq export

which will put you back into master and update debian/patches/ (including
series). You need to git add etc. new patches, possibly other
packaging changes, and then git commit as usual.

systemd uses gbp pq's "topic" branches for organizing patches; for simplicity
(as this is the most common operation), upstream cherry-picks go into the
"empty" topic (i. e. directly into debian/patches/), while Debian specific
patches go into "Gbp-Pq: Topic debian" (i. e. debian/patches/debian/).

Rebasing patches to a new upstream version
------------------------------------------
gbp pq's "rebase" command does not work very conveniently as it fails on merge
conflicts. First, ensure you are in the master branch:

  git checkout master  # in case you aren't already

Now, do one of

 (1) To import a new upstream release into the existing master branch for unstable,
do:

  gbp pq import --force
  gbp pq switch   # switch back to master from patch-queue/master
  gbp import-orig [...]
  gbp pq switch   # switch to patch-queue/master
  git rebase master

 (2) To import a new upstream release into a new branch for Debian experimental, do:

  git branch experimental
  git checkout experimental
  editor debian/gbp.conf  # set "debian-branch=experimental"
  gbp import-orig [...]
  git branch patch-queue/experimental patch-queue/master
  git checkout patch-queue/experimental
  git rebase experimental

Now resolve all the conflicts, skip obsolete patches, etc. When you are done, run

  gbp pq export

Note that our debian/gbp.conf disables patch numbers.

Cherry-picking upstream patches
-------------------------------
You can add the systemd upstream branch as an additional remote to the Debian
packaging branch. Call it "github" or similar to avoid confusing it with the
already existing "upstream" branch from git-buildpackage:

  git remote add github https://github.com/systemd/systemd.git
  git fetch github -n

Now you can look at the upstream log and cherry-pick patches into the
patch-queue branch:

  gbp pq import --force
  git log github/master
  git cherry-pick 123DEADBEEF

debian/git-cherry-pick is a nice tool to automate all that:

  debian/git-cherry-pick 123DEADBEEF 987654 AFFE99
  git checkout master  # switch back from patch-queue branch