File: jsarray.cpp

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/* -*- Mode: C++; tab-width: 8; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 4 -*-
 * vim: set ts=8 sts=4 et sw=4 tw=99:
 * This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

#include "jsarrayinlines.h"

#include "mozilla/ArrayUtils.h"
#include "mozilla/CheckedInt.h"
#include "mozilla/DebugOnly.h"
#include "mozilla/MathAlgorithms.h"

#include <algorithm>

#include "jsapi.h"
#include "jsfriendapi.h"
#include "jsnum.h"
#include "jstypes.h"
#include "jsutil.h"

#include "ds/Sort.h"
#include "gc/Heap.h"
#include "jit/InlinableNatives.h"
#include "js/Class.h"
#include "js/Conversions.h"
#include "util/StringBuffer.h"
#include "util/Text.h"
#include "vm/ArgumentsObject.h"
#include "vm/Interpreter.h"
#include "vm/Iteration.h"
#include "vm/JSAtom.h"
#include "vm/JSContext.h"
#include "vm/JSFunction.h"
#include "vm/JSObject.h"
#include "vm/SelfHosting.h"
#include "vm/Shape.h"
#include "vm/TypedArrayObject.h"
#include "vm/WrapperObject.h"

#include "vm/ArgumentsObject-inl.h"
#include "vm/ArrayObject-inl.h"
#include "vm/Caches-inl.h"
#include "vm/GeckoProfiler-inl.h"
#include "vm/Interpreter-inl.h"
#include "vm/JSAtom-inl.h"
#include "vm/NativeObject-inl.h"
#include "vm/UnboxedObject-inl.h"

using namespace js;
using namespace js::gc;

using mozilla::Abs;
using mozilla::ArrayLength;
using mozilla::CeilingLog2;
using mozilla::CheckedInt;
using mozilla::DebugOnly;

using JS::AutoCheckCannotGC;
using JS::IsArrayAnswer;
using JS::ToUint32;

bool JS::IsArray(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, IsArrayAnswer* answer) {
  if (obj->is<ArrayObject>()) {
    *answer = IsArrayAnswer::Array;
    return true;
  }

  if (obj->is<ProxyObject>()) return Proxy::isArray(cx, obj, answer);

  *answer = IsArrayAnswer::NotArray;
  return true;
}

bool JS::IsArray(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, bool* isArray) {
  IsArrayAnswer answer;
  if (!IsArray(cx, obj, &answer)) return false;

  if (answer == IsArrayAnswer::RevokedProxy) {
    JS_ReportErrorNumberASCII(cx, GetErrorMessage, nullptr,
                              JSMSG_PROXY_REVOKED);
    return false;
  }

  *isArray = answer == IsArrayAnswer::Array;
  return true;
}

// ES2017 7.1.15 ToLength, but clamped to the [0,2^32-2] range.
static bool ToLengthClamped(JSContext* cx, HandleValue v, uint32_t* out) {
  if (v.isInt32()) {
    int32_t i = v.toInt32();
    *out = i < 0 ? 0 : i;
    return true;
  }
  double d;
  if (v.isDouble()) {
    d = v.toDouble();
  } else {
    if (!ToNumber(cx, v, &d)) return false;
  }
  d = JS::ToInteger(d);
  if (d <= 0.0)
    *out = 0;
  else if (d < double(UINT32_MAX - 1))
    *out = uint32_t(d);
  else
    *out = UINT32_MAX;
  return true;
}

bool js::GetLengthProperty(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, uint32_t* lengthp) {
  if (obj->is<ArrayObject>()) {
    *lengthp = obj->as<ArrayObject>().length();
    return true;
  }

  if (obj->is<ArgumentsObject>()) {
    ArgumentsObject& argsobj = obj->as<ArgumentsObject>();
    if (!argsobj.hasOverriddenLength()) {
      *lengthp = argsobj.initialLength();
      return true;
    }
  }

  RootedValue value(cx);
  if (!GetProperty(cx, obj, obj, cx->names().length, &value)) return false;

  if (!ToLengthClamped(cx, value, lengthp)) return false;

  return true;
}

// ES2017 7.1.15 ToLength.
static bool ToLength(JSContext* cx, HandleValue v, uint64_t* out) {
  if (v.isInt32()) {
    int32_t i = v.toInt32();
    *out = i < 0 ? 0 : i;
    return true;
  }

  double d;
  if (v.isDouble()) {
    d = v.toDouble();
  } else {
    if (!ToNumber(cx, v, &d)) return false;
  }

  d = JS::ToInteger(d);
  if (d <= 0.0)
    *out = 0;
  else
    *out = uint64_t(Min(d, DOUBLE_INTEGRAL_PRECISION_LIMIT - 1));
  return true;
}

static MOZ_ALWAYS_INLINE bool GetLengthProperty(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj,
                                                uint64_t* lengthp) {
  if (obj->is<ArrayObject>()) {
    *lengthp = obj->as<ArrayObject>().length();
    return true;
  }

  if (obj->is<ArgumentsObject>()) {
    ArgumentsObject& argsobj = obj->as<ArgumentsObject>();
    if (!argsobj.hasOverriddenLength()) {
      *lengthp = argsobj.initialLength();
      return true;
    }
  }

  RootedValue value(cx);
  if (!GetProperty(cx, obj, obj, cx->names().length, &value)) return false;

  return ToLength(cx, value, lengthp);
}

/*
 * Determine if the id represents an array index.
 *
 * An id is an array index according to ECMA by (15.4):
 *
 * "Array objects give special treatment to a certain class of property names.
 * A property name P (in the form of a string value) is an array index if and
 * only if ToString(ToUint32(P)) is equal to P and ToUint32(P) is not equal
 * to 2^32-1."
 *
 * This means the largest allowed index is actually 2^32-2 (4294967294).
 *
 * In our implementation, it would be sufficient to check for id.isInt32()
 * except that by using signed 31-bit integers we miss the top half of the
 * valid range. This function checks the string representation itself; note
 * that calling a standard conversion routine might allow strings such as
 * "08" or "4.0" as array indices, which they are not.
 *
 */
template <typename CharT>
static bool StringIsArrayIndex(const CharT* s, uint32_t length,
                               uint32_t* indexp) {
  const CharT* end = s + length;

  if (length == 0 || length > (sizeof("4294967294") - 1) || !JS7_ISDEC(*s))
    return false;

  uint32_t c = 0, previous = 0;
  uint32_t index = JS7_UNDEC(*s++);

  /* Don't allow leading zeros. */
  if (index == 0 && s != end) return false;

  for (; s < end; s++) {
    if (!JS7_ISDEC(*s)) return false;

    previous = index;
    c = JS7_UNDEC(*s);
    index = 10 * index + c;
  }

  /* Make sure we didn't overflow. */
  if (previous < (MAX_ARRAY_INDEX / 10) ||
      (previous == (MAX_ARRAY_INDEX / 10) && c <= (MAX_ARRAY_INDEX % 10))) {
    MOZ_ASSERT(index <= MAX_ARRAY_INDEX);
    *indexp = index;
    return true;
  }

  return false;
}

JS_FRIEND_API bool js::StringIsArrayIndex(JSLinearString* str,
                                          uint32_t* indexp) {
  AutoCheckCannotGC nogc;
  return str->hasLatin1Chars() ? ::StringIsArrayIndex(str->latin1Chars(nogc),
                                                      str->length(), indexp)
                               : ::StringIsArrayIndex(str->twoByteChars(nogc),
                                                      str->length(), indexp);
}

template <typename T>
static bool ToId(JSContext* cx, T index, MutableHandleId id);

template <>
bool ToId(JSContext* cx, uint32_t index, MutableHandleId id) {
  return IndexToId(cx, index, id);
}

template <>
bool ToId(JSContext* cx, uint64_t index, MutableHandleId id) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(index < uint64_t(DOUBLE_INTEGRAL_PRECISION_LIMIT));

  if (index == uint32_t(index)) return IndexToId(cx, uint32_t(index), id);

  Value tmp = DoubleValue(index);
  return ValueToId<CanGC>(cx, HandleValue::fromMarkedLocation(&tmp), id);
}

/*
 * If the property at the given index exists, get its value into |vp| and set
 * |*hole| to false. Otherwise set |*hole| to true and |vp| to Undefined.
 */
template <typename T>
static bool HasAndGetElement(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj,
                             HandleObject receiver, T index, bool* hole,
                             MutableHandleValue vp) {
  if (obj->isNative()) {
    NativeObject* nobj = &obj->as<NativeObject>();
    if (index < nobj->getDenseInitializedLength()) {
      vp.set(nobj->getDenseElement(size_t(index)));
      if (!vp.isMagic(JS_ELEMENTS_HOLE)) {
        *hole = false;
        return true;
      }
    }
    if (nobj->is<ArgumentsObject>() && index <= UINT32_MAX) {
      if (nobj->as<ArgumentsObject>().maybeGetElement(uint32_t(index), vp)) {
        *hole = false;
        return true;
      }
    }
  }

  RootedId id(cx);
  if (!ToId(cx, index, &id)) return false;

  bool found;
  if (!HasProperty(cx, obj, id, &found)) return false;

  if (found) {
    if (!GetProperty(cx, obj, receiver, id, vp)) return false;
  } else {
    vp.setUndefined();
  }
  *hole = !found;
  return true;
}

template <typename T>
static inline bool HasAndGetElement(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, T index,
                                    bool* hole, MutableHandleValue vp) {
  return HasAndGetElement(cx, obj, obj, index, hole, vp);
}

bool ElementAdder::append(JSContext* cx, HandleValue v) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(index_ < length_);
  if (resObj_) {
    NativeObject* resObj = &resObj_->as<NativeObject>();
    DenseElementResult result =
        resObj->setOrExtendDenseElements(cx, index_, v.address(), 1);
    if (result == DenseElementResult::Failure) return false;
    if (result == DenseElementResult::Incomplete) {
      if (!DefineDataElement(cx, resObj_, index_, v)) return false;
    }
  } else {
    vp_[index_] = v;
  }
  index_++;
  return true;
}

void ElementAdder::appendHole() {
  MOZ_ASSERT(getBehavior_ == ElementAdder::CheckHasElemPreserveHoles);
  MOZ_ASSERT(index_ < length_);
  if (!resObj_) vp_[index_].setMagic(JS_ELEMENTS_HOLE);
  index_++;
}

bool js::GetElementsWithAdder(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj,
                              HandleObject receiver, uint32_t begin,
                              uint32_t end, ElementAdder* adder) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(begin <= end);

  RootedValue val(cx);
  for (uint32_t i = begin; i < end; i++) {
    if (adder->getBehavior() == ElementAdder::CheckHasElemPreserveHoles) {
      bool hole;
      if (!HasAndGetElement(cx, obj, receiver, i, &hole, &val)) return false;
      if (hole) {
        adder->appendHole();
        continue;
      }
    } else {
      MOZ_ASSERT(adder->getBehavior() == ElementAdder::GetElement);
      if (!GetElement(cx, obj, receiver, i, &val)) return false;
    }
    if (!adder->append(cx, val)) return false;
  }

  return true;
}

static bool ObjectMayHaveExtraIndexedProperties(JSObject* obj);

static inline bool IsPackedArrayOrNoExtraIndexedProperties(JSObject* obj,
                                                           uint64_t length) {
  return (IsPackedArray(obj) && obj->as<ArrayObject>().length() == length) ||
         !ObjectMayHaveExtraIndexedProperties(obj);
}

static bool GetDenseElements(NativeObject* aobj, uint32_t length, Value* vp) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(IsPackedArrayOrNoExtraIndexedProperties(aobj, length));

  if (length > aobj->getDenseInitializedLength()) return false;

  for (size_t i = 0; i < length; i++) {
    vp[i] = aobj->getDenseElement(i);

    // No other indexed properties so hole => undefined.
    if (vp[i].isMagic(JS_ELEMENTS_HOLE)) vp[i] = UndefinedValue();
  }

  return true;
}

bool js::GetElements(JSContext* cx, HandleObject aobj, uint32_t length,
                     Value* vp) {
  if (IsPackedArrayOrNoExtraIndexedProperties(aobj, length)) {
    if (GetDenseElements(&aobj->as<NativeObject>(), length, vp)) return true;
  }

  if (aobj->is<ArgumentsObject>()) {
    ArgumentsObject& argsobj = aobj->as<ArgumentsObject>();
    if (!argsobj.hasOverriddenLength()) {
      if (argsobj.maybeGetElements(0, length, vp)) return true;
    }
  }

  if (aobj->is<TypedArrayObject>()) {
    TypedArrayObject* typedArray = &aobj->as<TypedArrayObject>();
    if (typedArray->length() == length) {
      typedArray->getElements(vp);
      return true;
    }
  }

  if (js::GetElementsOp op = aobj->getOpsGetElements()) {
    ElementAdder adder(cx, vp, length, ElementAdder::GetElement);
    return op(cx, aobj, 0, length, &adder);
  }

  for (uint32_t i = 0; i < length; i++) {
    if (!GetElement(cx, aobj, aobj, i,
                    MutableHandleValue::fromMarkedLocation(&vp[i])))
      return false;
  }

  return true;
}

static inline bool GetArrayElement(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj,
                                   uint64_t index, MutableHandleValue vp) {
  if (obj->isNative()) {
    NativeObject* nobj = &obj->as<NativeObject>();
    if (index < nobj->getDenseInitializedLength()) {
      vp.set(nobj->getDenseElement(size_t(index)));
      if (!vp.isMagic(JS_ELEMENTS_HOLE)) return true;
    }

    if (nobj->is<ArgumentsObject>() && index <= UINT32_MAX) {
      if (nobj->as<ArgumentsObject>().maybeGetElement(uint32_t(index), vp))
        return true;
    }
  }

  RootedId id(cx);
  if (!ToId(cx, index, &id)) return false;
  return GetProperty(cx, obj, obj, id, vp);
}

static inline bool DefineArrayElement(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj,
                                      uint64_t index, HandleValue value) {
  RootedId id(cx);
  if (!ToId(cx, index, &id)) return false;
  return DefineDataProperty(cx, obj, id, value);
}

// Set the value of the property at the given index to v.
static inline bool SetArrayElement(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj,
                                   uint64_t index, HandleValue v) {
  RootedId id(cx);
  if (!ToId(cx, index, &id)) return false;

  return SetProperty(cx, obj, id, v);
}

/*
 * Attempt to delete the element |index| from |obj| as if by
 * |obj.[[Delete]](index)|.
 *
 * If an error occurs while attempting to delete the element (that is, the call
 * to [[Delete]] threw), return false.
 *
 * Otherwise call result.succeed() or result.fail() to indicate whether the
 * deletion attempt succeeded (that is, whether the call to [[Delete]] returned
 * true or false).  (Deletes generally fail only when the property is
 * non-configurable, but proxies may implement different semantics.)
 */
static bool DeleteArrayElement(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, uint64_t index,
                               ObjectOpResult& result) {
  if (obj->is<ArrayObject>() && !obj->as<NativeObject>().isIndexed() &&
      !obj->as<NativeObject>().denseElementsAreFrozen()) {
    ArrayObject* aobj = &obj->as<ArrayObject>();
    if (index <= UINT32_MAX) {
      uint32_t idx = uint32_t(index);
      if (idx < aobj->getDenseInitializedLength()) {
        if (!aobj->maybeCopyElementsForWrite(cx)) return false;
        if (idx + 1 == aobj->getDenseInitializedLength()) {
          aobj->setDenseInitializedLength(idx);
        } else {
          aobj->markDenseElementsNotPacked(cx);
          aobj->setDenseElement(idx, MagicValue(JS_ELEMENTS_HOLE));
        }
        if (!SuppressDeletedElement(cx, obj, idx)) return false;
      }
    }

    return result.succeed();
  }

  RootedId id(cx);
  if (!ToId(cx, index, &id)) return false;
  return DeleteProperty(cx, obj, id, result);
}

/* ES6 draft rev 32 (2 Febr 2015) 7.3.7 */
static bool DeletePropertyOrThrow(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj,
                                  uint64_t index) {
  ObjectOpResult success;
  if (!DeleteArrayElement(cx, obj, index, success)) return false;
  if (!success) {
    RootedId id(cx);
    if (!ToId(cx, index, &id)) return false;
    return success.reportError(cx, obj, id);
  }
  return true;
}

static bool DeletePropertiesOrThrow(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj,
                                    uint64_t len, uint64_t finalLength) {
  if (obj->is<ArrayObject>() && !obj->as<NativeObject>().isIndexed() &&
      !obj->as<NativeObject>().denseElementsAreFrozen()) {
    if (len <= UINT32_MAX) {
      // Skip forward to the initialized elements of this array.
      len = Min(uint32_t(len),
                obj->as<ArrayObject>().getDenseInitializedLength());
    }
  }

  for (uint64_t k = len; k > finalLength; k--) {
    if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;

    if (!DeletePropertyOrThrow(cx, obj, k - 1)) return false;
  }
  return true;
}

static bool SetArrayLengthProperty(JSContext* cx, HandleArrayObject obj,
                                   HandleValue value) {
  RootedId id(cx, NameToId(cx->names().length));
  ObjectOpResult result;
  if (obj->lengthIsWritable()) {
    if (!ArraySetLength(cx, obj, id, JSPROP_PERMANENT, value, result))
      return false;
  } else {
    MOZ_ALWAYS_TRUE(result.fail(JSMSG_READ_ONLY));
  }
  return result.checkStrict(cx, obj, id);
}

static bool SetLengthProperty(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj,
                              uint64_t length) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(length < uint64_t(DOUBLE_INTEGRAL_PRECISION_LIMIT));

  RootedValue v(cx, NumberValue(length));
  if (obj->is<ArrayObject>())
    return SetArrayLengthProperty(cx, obj.as<ArrayObject>(), v);
  return SetProperty(cx, obj, cx->names().length, v);
}

bool js::SetLengthProperty(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, uint32_t length) {
  RootedValue v(cx, NumberValue(length));
  if (obj->is<ArrayObject>())
    return SetArrayLengthProperty(cx, obj.as<ArrayObject>(), v);
  return SetProperty(cx, obj, cx->names().length, v);
}

static bool array_length_getter(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, HandleId id,
                                MutableHandleValue vp) {
  vp.setNumber(obj->as<ArrayObject>().length());
  return true;
}

static bool array_length_setter(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, HandleId id,
                                HandleValue v, ObjectOpResult& result) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(id == NameToId(cx->names().length));

  if (!obj->is<ArrayObject>()) {
    // This array .length property was found on the prototype
    // chain. Ideally the setter should not have been called, but since
    // we're here, do an impression of SetPropertyByDefining.
    return DefineDataProperty(cx, obj, id, v, JSPROP_ENUMERATE, result);
  }

  HandleArrayObject arr = obj.as<ArrayObject>();
  MOZ_ASSERT(arr->lengthIsWritable(),
             "setter shouldn't be called if property is non-writable");

  return ArraySetLength(cx, arr, id, JSPROP_PERMANENT, v, result);
}

struct ReverseIndexComparator {
  bool operator()(const uint32_t& a, const uint32_t& b, bool* lessOrEqualp) {
    MOZ_ASSERT(a != b, "how'd we get duplicate indexes?");
    *lessOrEqualp = b <= a;
    return true;
  }
};

static bool MaybeInIteration(HandleObject obj, JSContext* cx) {
  /*
   * Don't optimize if the array might be in the midst of iteration.  We
   * rely on this to be able to safely move dense array elements around with
   * just a memmove (see NativeObject::moveDenseArrayElements), without worrying
   * about updating any in-progress enumerators for properties implicitly
   * deleted if a hole is moved from one location to another location not yet
   * visited.  See bug 690622.
   *
   * Note that it's fine to optimize if |obj| is on the prototype of another
   * object: SuppressDeletedProperty only suppresses properties deleted from
   * the iterated object itself.
   */

  if (MOZ_LIKELY(!cx->compartment()->objectMaybeInIteration(obj))) return false;

  ObjectGroup* group = JSObject::getGroup(cx, obj);
  if (MOZ_UNLIKELY(!group)) {
    cx->recoverFromOutOfMemory();
    return true;
  }

  if (MOZ_UNLIKELY(group->hasAllFlags(OBJECT_FLAG_ITERATED))) return true;

  return false;
}

/* ES6 draft rev 34 (2015 Feb 20) 9.4.2.4 ArraySetLength */
bool js::ArraySetLength(JSContext* cx, Handle<ArrayObject*> arr, HandleId id,
                        unsigned attrs, HandleValue value,
                        ObjectOpResult& result) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(id == NameToId(cx->names().length));

  if (!arr->maybeCopyElementsForWrite(cx)) return false;

  // Step 1.
  uint32_t newLen;
  if (attrs & JSPROP_IGNORE_VALUE) {
    MOZ_ASSERT(value.isUndefined());

    // The spec has us calling OrdinaryDefineOwnProperty if
    // Desc.[[Value]] is absent, but our implementation is so different that
    // this is impossible. Instead, set newLen to the current length and
    // proceed to step 9.
    newLen = arr->length();
  } else {
    // Step 2 is irrelevant in our implementation.

    // Step 3.
    if (!ToUint32(cx, value, &newLen)) return false;

    // Step 4.
    double d;
    if (!ToNumber(cx, value, &d)) return false;

    // Step 5.
    if (d != newLen) {
      JS_ReportErrorNumberASCII(cx, GetErrorMessage, nullptr,
                                JSMSG_BAD_ARRAY_LENGTH);
      return false;
    }

    // Steps 6-8 are irrelevant in our implementation.
  }

  // Steps 9-11.
  bool lengthIsWritable = arr->lengthIsWritable();
#ifdef DEBUG
  {
    RootedShape lengthShape(cx, arr->lookupPure(id));
    MOZ_ASSERT(lengthShape);
    MOZ_ASSERT(lengthShape->writable() == lengthIsWritable);
  }
#endif
  uint32_t oldLen = arr->length();

  // Part of steps 1.a, 12.a, and 16: Fail if we're being asked to change
  // enumerability or configurability, or otherwise break the object
  // invariants. (ES6 checks these by calling OrdinaryDefineOwnProperty, but
  // in SM, the array length property is hardly ordinary.)
  if ((attrs & (JSPROP_PERMANENT | JSPROP_IGNORE_PERMANENT)) == 0 ||
      (attrs & (JSPROP_ENUMERATE | JSPROP_IGNORE_ENUMERATE)) ==
          JSPROP_ENUMERATE ||
      (attrs & (JSPROP_GETTER | JSPROP_SETTER)) != 0 ||
      (!lengthIsWritable &&
       (attrs & (JSPROP_READONLY | JSPROP_IGNORE_READONLY)) == 0)) {
    return result.fail(JSMSG_CANT_REDEFINE_PROP);
  }

  // Steps 12-13 for arrays with non-writable length.
  if (!lengthIsWritable) {
    if (newLen == oldLen) return result.succeed();

    return result.fail(JSMSG_CANT_REDEFINE_ARRAY_LENGTH);
  }

  // Step 19.
  bool succeeded = true;
  do {
    // The initialized length and capacity of an array only need updating
    // when non-hole elements are added or removed, which doesn't happen
    // when array length stays the same or increases.
    if (newLen >= oldLen) break;

    // Attempt to propagate dense-element optimization tricks, if possible,
    // and avoid the generic (and accordingly slow) deletion code below.
    // We can only do this if there are only densely-indexed elements.
    // Once there's a sparse indexed element, there's no good way to know,
    // save by enumerating all the properties to find it.  But we *have* to
    // know in case that sparse indexed element is non-configurable, as
    // that element must prevent any deletions below it.  Bug 586842 should
    // fix this inefficiency by moving indexed storage to be entirely
    // separate from non-indexed storage.
    // A second reason for this optimization to be invalid is an active
    // for..in iteration over the array. Keys deleted before being reached
    // during the iteration must not be visited, and suppressing them here
    // would be too costly.
    if (!arr->isIndexed() && !MaybeInIteration(arr, cx)) {
      if (!arr->maybeCopyElementsForWrite(cx)) return false;

      uint32_t oldCapacity = arr->getDenseCapacity();
      uint32_t oldInitializedLength = arr->getDenseInitializedLength();
      MOZ_ASSERT(oldCapacity >= oldInitializedLength);
      if (oldInitializedLength > newLen) arr->setDenseInitializedLength(newLen);
      if (oldCapacity > newLen) arr->shrinkElements(cx, newLen);

      // We've done the work of deleting any dense elements needing
      // deletion, and there are no sparse elements.  Thus we can skip
      // straight to defining the length.
      break;
    }

    // Step 15.
    //
    // Attempt to delete all elements above the new length, from greatest
    // to least.  If any of these deletions fails, we're supposed to define
    // the length to one greater than the index that couldn't be deleted,
    // *with the property attributes specified*.  This might convert the
    // length to be not the value specified, yet non-writable.  (You may be
    // forgiven for thinking these are interesting semantics.)  Example:
    //
    //   var arr =
    //     Object.defineProperty([0, 1, 2, 3], 1, { writable: false });
    //   Object.defineProperty(arr, "length",
    //                         { value: 0, writable: false });
    //
    // will convert |arr| to an array of non-writable length two, then
    // throw a TypeError.
    //
    // We implement this behavior, in the relevant lops below, by setting
    // |succeeded| to false.  Then we exit the loop, define the length
    // appropriately, and only then throw a TypeError, if necessary.
    uint32_t gap = oldLen - newLen;
    const uint32_t RemoveElementsFastLimit = 1 << 24;
    if (gap < RemoveElementsFastLimit) {
      // If we're removing a relatively small number of elements, just do
      // it exactly by the spec.
      while (newLen < oldLen) {
        // Step 15a.
        oldLen--;

        // Steps 15b-d.
        ObjectOpResult deleteSucceeded;
        if (!DeleteElement(cx, arr, oldLen, deleteSucceeded)) return false;
        if (!deleteSucceeded) {
          newLen = oldLen + 1;
          succeeded = false;
          break;
        }
      }
    } else {
      // If we're removing a large number of elements from an array
      // that's probably sparse, try a different tack.  Get all the own
      // property names, sift out the indexes in the deletion range into
      // a vector, sort the vector greatest to least, then delete the
      // indexes greatest to least using that vector.  See bug 322135.
      //
      // This heuristic's kind of a huge guess -- "large number of
      // elements" and "probably sparse" are completely unprincipled
      // predictions.  In the long run, bug 586842 will support the right
      // fix: store sparse elements in a sorted data structure that
      // permits fast in-reverse-order traversal and concurrent removals.

      Vector<uint32_t> indexes(cx);
      {
        AutoIdVector props(cx);
        if (!GetPropertyKeys(cx, arr, JSITER_OWNONLY | JSITER_HIDDEN, &props))
          return false;

        for (size_t i = 0; i < props.length(); i++) {
          if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;

          uint32_t index;
          if (!IdIsIndex(props[i], &index)) continue;

          if (index >= newLen && index < oldLen) {
            if (!indexes.append(index)) return false;
          }
        }
      }

      uint32_t count = indexes.length();
      {
        // We should use radix sort to be O(n), but this is uncommon
        // enough that we'll punt til someone complains.
        Vector<uint32_t> scratch(cx);
        if (!scratch.resize(count)) return false;
        MOZ_ALWAYS_TRUE(MergeSort(indexes.begin(), count, scratch.begin(),
                                  ReverseIndexComparator()));
      }

      uint32_t index = UINT32_MAX;
      for (uint32_t i = 0; i < count; i++) {
        MOZ_ASSERT(indexes[i] < index, "indexes should never repeat");
        index = indexes[i];

        // Steps 15b-d.
        ObjectOpResult deleteSucceeded;
        if (!DeleteElement(cx, arr, index, deleteSucceeded)) return false;
        if (!deleteSucceeded) {
          newLen = index + 1;
          succeeded = false;
          break;
        }
      }
    }
  } while (false);

  // Update array length. Technically we should have been doing this
  // throughout the loop, in step 19.d.iii.
  arr->setLength(cx, newLen);

  // Step 20.
  if (attrs & JSPROP_READONLY) {
    // Yes, we totally drop a non-stub getter/setter from a defineProperty
    // API call on the floor here.  Given that getter/setter will go away in
    // the long run, with accessors replacing them both internally and at the
    // API level, just run with this.
    RootedShape lengthShape(cx, arr->lookup(cx, id));
    if (!NativeObject::changeProperty(
            cx, arr, lengthShape, lengthShape->attributes() | JSPROP_READONLY,
            array_length_getter, array_length_setter)) {
      return false;
    }
  }

  // All operations past here until the |!succeeded| code must be infallible,
  // so that all element fields remain properly synchronized.

  // Trim the initialized length, if needed, to preserve the <= length
  // invariant.  (Capacity was already reduced during element deletion, if
  // necessary.)
  ObjectElements* header = arr->getElementsHeader();
  header->initializedLength = Min(header->initializedLength, newLen);

  if (attrs & JSPROP_READONLY) arr->setNonWritableLength(cx);

  if (!succeeded) return result.fail(JSMSG_CANT_TRUNCATE_ARRAY);

  return result.succeed();
}

bool js::WouldDefinePastNonwritableLength(HandleNativeObject obj,
                                          uint32_t index) {
  if (!obj->is<ArrayObject>()) return false;

  ArrayObject* arr = &obj->as<ArrayObject>();
  return !arr->lengthIsWritable() && index >= arr->length();
}

static bool array_addProperty(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, HandleId id,
                              HandleValue v) {
  ArrayObject* arr = &obj->as<ArrayObject>();

  uint32_t index;
  if (!IdIsIndex(id, &index)) return true;

  uint32_t length = arr->length();
  if (index >= length) {
    MOZ_ASSERT(arr->lengthIsWritable(),
               "how'd this element get added if length is non-writable?");
    arr->setLength(cx, index + 1);
  }
  return true;
}

static inline bool ObjectMayHaveExtraIndexedOwnProperties(JSObject* obj) {
  if (!obj->isNative()) return true;

  if (obj->as<NativeObject>().isIndexed()) return true;

  if (obj->is<TypedArrayObject>()) return true;

  return ClassMayResolveId(*obj->runtimeFromAnyThread()->commonNames,
                           obj->getClass(), INT_TO_JSID(0), obj);
}

/*
 * Whether obj may have indexed properties anywhere besides its dense
 * elements. This includes other indexed properties in its shape hierarchy, and
 * indexed properties or elements along its prototype chain.
 */
static bool ObjectMayHaveExtraIndexedProperties(JSObject* obj) {
  MOZ_ASSERT_IF(obj->hasDynamicPrototype(), !obj->isNative());

  if (ObjectMayHaveExtraIndexedOwnProperties(obj)) return true;

  do {
    MOZ_ASSERT(obj->hasStaticPrototype(),
               "dynamic-prototype objects must be non-native, ergo must "
               "have failed ObjectMayHaveExtraIndexedOwnProperties");

    obj = obj->staticPrototype();
    if (!obj) return false;  // no extra indexed properties found

    if (ObjectMayHaveExtraIndexedOwnProperties(obj)) return true;
    if (obj->as<NativeObject>().getDenseInitializedLength() != 0) return true;
  } while (true);
}

static bool AddLengthProperty(JSContext* cx, HandleArrayObject obj) {
  /*
   * Add the 'length' property for a newly created array,
   * and update the elements to be an empty array owned by the object.
   * The shared emptyObjectElements singleton cannot be used for slow arrays,
   * as accesses to 'length' will use the elements header.
   */

  RootedId lengthId(cx, NameToId(cx->names().length));
  MOZ_ASSERT(!obj->lookup(cx, lengthId));

  return NativeObject::addAccessorProperty(
      cx, obj, lengthId, array_length_getter, array_length_setter,
      JSPROP_PERMANENT | JSPROP_SHADOWABLE);
}

static bool IsArrayConstructor(const JSObject* obj) {
  // This must only return true if v is *the* Array constructor for the
  // current compartment; we rely on the fact that any other Array
  // constructor would be represented as a wrapper.
  return obj->is<JSFunction>() && obj->as<JSFunction>().isNative() &&
         obj->as<JSFunction>().native() == ArrayConstructor;
}

static bool IsArrayConstructor(const Value& v) {
  return v.isObject() && IsArrayConstructor(&v.toObject());
}

bool js::IsWrappedArrayConstructor(JSContext* cx, const Value& v,
                                   bool* result) {
  if (!v.isObject()) {
    *result = false;
    return true;
  }
  if (v.toObject().is<WrapperObject>()) {
    JSObject* obj = CheckedUnwrap(&v.toObject());
    if (!obj) {
      ReportAccessDenied(cx);
      return false;
    }

    *result = IsArrayConstructor(obj);
  } else {
    *result = false;
  }
  return true;
}

static MOZ_ALWAYS_INLINE bool IsArraySpecies(JSContext* cx,
                                             HandleObject origArray) {
  if (MOZ_UNLIKELY(origArray->is<ProxyObject>())) {
    if (origArray->getClass()->isDOMClass()) {
#ifdef DEBUG
      // We assume DOM proxies never return true for IsArray.
      IsArrayAnswer answer;
      MOZ_ASSERT(Proxy::isArray(cx, origArray, &answer));
      MOZ_ASSERT(answer == IsArrayAnswer::NotArray);
#endif
      return true;
    }
    return false;
  }

  // 9.4.2.3 Step 4. Non-array objects always use the default constructor.
  if (!origArray->is<ArrayObject>()) return true;

  if (cx->compartment()->arraySpeciesLookup.tryOptimizeArray(
          cx, &origArray->as<ArrayObject>()))
    return true;

  Value ctor;
  if (!GetPropertyPure(cx, origArray, NameToId(cx->names().constructor), &ctor))
    return false;

  if (!IsArrayConstructor(ctor)) return ctor.isUndefined();

  jsid speciesId = SYMBOL_TO_JSID(cx->wellKnownSymbols().species);
  JSFunction* getter;
  if (!GetGetterPure(cx, &ctor.toObject(), speciesId, &getter)) return false;

  if (!getter) return false;

  return IsSelfHostedFunctionWithName(getter, cx->names().ArraySpecies);
}

static bool ArraySpeciesCreate(JSContext* cx, HandleObject origArray,
                               uint64_t length, MutableHandleObject arr) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(length < DOUBLE_INTEGRAL_PRECISION_LIMIT);

  FixedInvokeArgs<2> args(cx);

  args[0].setObject(*origArray);
  args[1].set(NumberValue(length));

  RootedValue rval(cx);
  if (!CallSelfHostedFunction(cx, cx->names().ArraySpeciesCreate,
                              UndefinedHandleValue, args, &rval)) {
    return false;
  }

  MOZ_ASSERT(rval.isObject());
  arr.set(&rval.toObject());
  return true;
}

static bool array_toSource(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  if (!CheckRecursionLimit(cx)) return false;

  CallArgs args = CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);

  if (!args.thisv().isObject()) {
    ReportIncompatible(cx, args);
    return false;
  }

  Rooted<JSObject*> obj(cx, &args.thisv().toObject());
  RootedValue elt(cx);

  AutoCycleDetector detector(cx, obj);
  if (!detector.init()) return false;

  StringBuffer sb(cx);

  if (detector.foundCycle()) {
    if (!sb.append("[]")) return false;
    goto make_string;
  }

  if (!sb.append('[')) return false;

  uint64_t length;
  if (!GetLengthProperty(cx, obj, &length)) return false;

  for (uint64_t index = 0; index < length; index++) {
    bool hole;
    if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx) ||
        !HasAndGetElement(cx, obj, index, &hole, &elt)) {
      return false;
    }

    /* Get element's character string. */
    JSString* str;
    if (hole) {
      str = cx->runtime()->emptyString;
    } else {
      str = ValueToSource(cx, elt);
      if (!str) return false;
    }

    /* Append element to buffer. */
    if (!sb.append(str)) return false;
    if (index + 1 != length) {
      if (!sb.append(", ")) return false;
    } else if (hole) {
      if (!sb.append(',')) return false;
    }
  }

  /* Finalize the buffer. */
  if (!sb.append(']')) return false;

make_string:
  JSString* str = sb.finishString();
  if (!str) return false;

  args.rval().setString(str);
  return true;
}

struct EmptySeparatorOp {
  bool operator()(JSContext*, StringBuffer& sb) { return true; }
};

template <typename CharT>
struct CharSeparatorOp {
  const CharT sep;
  explicit CharSeparatorOp(CharT sep) : sep(sep) {}
  bool operator()(JSContext*, StringBuffer& sb) { return sb.append(sep); }
};

struct StringSeparatorOp {
  HandleLinearString sep;

  explicit StringSeparatorOp(HandleLinearString sep) : sep(sep) {}

  bool operator()(JSContext* cx, StringBuffer& sb) { return sb.append(sep); }
};

template <typename SeparatorOp>
static bool ArrayJoinDenseKernel(JSContext* cx, SeparatorOp sepOp,
                                 HandleNativeObject obj, uint64_t length,
                                 StringBuffer& sb, uint32_t* numProcessed) {
  // This loop handles all elements up to initializedLength. If
  // length > initLength we rely on the second loop to add the
  // other elements.
  MOZ_ASSERT(*numProcessed == 0);
  uint64_t initLength = Min<uint64_t>(obj->getDenseInitializedLength(), length);
  MOZ_ASSERT(initLength <= UINT32_MAX,
             "initialized length shouldn't exceed UINT32_MAX");
  uint32_t initLengthClamped = uint32_t(initLength);
  while (*numProcessed < initLengthClamped) {
    if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;

    // Step 7.b.
    Value elem = obj->getDenseElement(*numProcessed);

    // Steps 7.c-d.
    if (elem.isString()) {
      if (!sb.append(elem.toString())) return false;
    } else if (elem.isNumber()) {
      if (!NumberValueToStringBuffer(cx, elem, sb)) return false;
    } else if (elem.isBoolean()) {
      if (!BooleanToStringBuffer(elem.toBoolean(), sb)) return false;
    } else if (elem.isObject() || elem.isSymbol()) {
      /*
       * Object stringifying could modify the initialized length or make
       * the array sparse. Delegate it to a separate loop to keep this
       * one tight.
       *
       * Symbol stringifying is a TypeError, so into the slow path
       * with those as well.
       */
      break;
    } else {
      MOZ_ASSERT(elem.isMagic(JS_ELEMENTS_HOLE) || elem.isNullOrUndefined());
    }

    // Steps 7.a, 7.e.
    if (++(*numProcessed) != length && !sepOp(cx, sb)) return false;
  }

  return true;
}

template <typename SeparatorOp>
static bool ArrayJoinKernel(JSContext* cx, SeparatorOp sepOp, HandleObject obj,
                            uint64_t length, StringBuffer& sb) {
  // Step 6.
  uint32_t numProcessed = 0;

  if (IsPackedArrayOrNoExtraIndexedProperties(obj, length)) {
    if (!ArrayJoinDenseKernel<SeparatorOp>(cx, sepOp, obj.as<NativeObject>(),
                                           length, sb, &numProcessed)) {
      return false;
    }
  }

  // Step 7.
  if (numProcessed != length) {
    RootedValue v(cx);
    for (uint64_t i = numProcessed; i < length;) {
      if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;

      // Step 7.b.
      if (!GetArrayElement(cx, obj, i, &v)) return false;

      // Steps 7.c-d.
      if (!v.isNullOrUndefined()) {
        if (!ValueToStringBuffer(cx, v, sb)) return false;
      }

      // Steps 7.a, 7.e.
      if (++i != length && !sepOp(cx, sb)) return false;
    }
  }

  return true;
}

// ES2017 draft rev 1b0184bc17fc09a8ddcf4aeec9b6d9fcac4eafce
// 22.1.3.13 Array.prototype.join ( separator )
bool js::array_join(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  if (!CheckRecursionLimit(cx)) return false;

  AutoGeckoProfilerEntry pseudoFrame(cx, "Array.prototype.join");
  CallArgs args = CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);

  // Step 1.
  RootedObject obj(cx, ToObject(cx, args.thisv()));
  if (!obj) return false;

  AutoCycleDetector detector(cx, obj);
  if (!detector.init()) return false;

  if (detector.foundCycle()) {
    args.rval().setString(cx->names().empty);
    return true;
  }

  // Step 2.
  uint64_t length;
  if (!GetLengthProperty(cx, obj, &length)) return false;

  // Steps 3-4.
  RootedLinearString sepstr(cx);
  if (args.hasDefined(0)) {
    JSString* s = ToString<CanGC>(cx, args[0]);
    if (!s) return false;
    sepstr = s->ensureLinear(cx);
    if (!sepstr) return false;
  } else {
    sepstr = cx->names().comma;
  }

  // Steps 5-8 (When the length is zero, directly return the empty string).
  if (length == 0) {
    args.rval().setString(cx->emptyString());
    return true;
  }

  // An optimized version of a special case of steps 5-8: when length==1 and
  // the 0th element is a string, ToString() of that element is a no-op and
  // so it can be immediately returned as the result.
  if (length == 1 && obj->isNative()) {
    NativeObject* nobj = &obj->as<NativeObject>();
    if (nobj->getDenseInitializedLength() == 1) {
      Value elem0 = nobj->getDenseElement(0);
      if (elem0.isString()) {
        args.rval().set(elem0);
        return true;
      }
    }
  }

  // Step 5.
  StringBuffer sb(cx);
  if (sepstr->hasTwoByteChars() && !sb.ensureTwoByteChars()) return false;

  // The separator will be added |length - 1| times, reserve space for that
  // so that we don't have to unnecessarily grow the buffer.
  size_t seplen = sepstr->length();
  if (seplen > 0) {
    if (length > UINT32_MAX) {
      ReportAllocationOverflow(cx);
      return false;
    }
    CheckedInt<uint32_t> res =
        CheckedInt<uint32_t>(seplen) * (uint32_t(length) - 1);
    if (!res.isValid()) {
      ReportAllocationOverflow(cx);
      return false;
    }

    if (!sb.reserve(res.value())) return false;
  }

  // Various optimized versions of steps 6-7.
  if (seplen == 0) {
    EmptySeparatorOp op;
    if (!ArrayJoinKernel(cx, op, obj, length, sb)) return false;
  } else if (seplen == 1) {
    char16_t c = sepstr->latin1OrTwoByteChar(0);
    if (c <= JSString::MAX_LATIN1_CHAR) {
      CharSeparatorOp<Latin1Char> op(c);
      if (!ArrayJoinKernel(cx, op, obj, length, sb)) return false;
    } else {
      CharSeparatorOp<char16_t> op(c);
      if (!ArrayJoinKernel(cx, op, obj, length, sb)) return false;
    }
  } else {
    StringSeparatorOp op(sepstr);
    if (!ArrayJoinKernel(cx, op, obj, length, sb)) return false;
  }

  // Step 8.
  JSString* str = sb.finishString();
  if (!str) return false;

  args.rval().setString(str);
  return true;
}

// ES2017 draft rev f8a9be8ea4bd97237d176907a1e3080dce20c68f
// 22.1.3.27 Array.prototype.toLocaleString ([ reserved1 [ , reserved2 ] ])
// ES2017 Intl draft rev 78bbe7d1095f5ff3760ac4017ed366026e4cb276
// 13.4.1 Array.prototype.toLocaleString ([ locales [ , options ]])
static bool array_toLocaleString(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  if (!CheckRecursionLimit(cx)) return false;

  CallArgs args = CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);

  // Step 1
  RootedObject obj(cx, ToObject(cx, args.thisv()));
  if (!obj) return false;

  // Avoid calling into self-hosted code if the array is empty.
  if (obj->is<ArrayObject>() && obj->as<ArrayObject>().length() == 0) {
    args.rval().setString(cx->names().empty);
    return true;
  }

  AutoCycleDetector detector(cx, obj);
  if (!detector.init()) return false;

  if (detector.foundCycle()) {
    args.rval().setString(cx->names().empty);
    return true;
  }

  FixedInvokeArgs<2> args2(cx);

  args2[0].set(args.get(0));
  args2[1].set(args.get(1));

  // Steps 2-10.
  RootedValue thisv(cx, ObjectValue(*obj));
  return CallSelfHostedFunction(cx, cx->names().ArrayToLocaleString, thisv,
                                args2, args.rval());
}

/* vector must point to rooted memory. */
static bool SetArrayElements(
    JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, uint64_t start, uint32_t count,
    const Value* vector,
    ShouldUpdateTypes updateTypes = ShouldUpdateTypes::Update) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(count <= MAX_ARRAY_INDEX);
  MOZ_ASSERT(start + count < uint64_t(DOUBLE_INTEGRAL_PRECISION_LIMIT));

  if (count == 0) return true;

  if (!ObjectMayHaveExtraIndexedProperties(obj) && start <= UINT32_MAX) {
    NativeObject* nobj = &obj->as<NativeObject>();
    DenseElementResult result = nobj->setOrExtendDenseElements(
        cx, uint32_t(start), vector, count, updateTypes);
    if (result != DenseElementResult::Incomplete)
      return result == DenseElementResult::Success;
  }

  RootedId id(cx);
  const Value* end = vector + count;
  while (vector < end) {
    if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;

    if (!ToId(cx, start++, &id)) return false;

    if (!SetProperty(cx, obj, id, HandleValue::fromMarkedLocation(vector++)))
      return false;
  }

  return true;
}

static DenseElementResult ArrayReverseDenseKernel(JSContext* cx,
                                                  HandleNativeObject obj,
                                                  uint32_t length) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(length > 1);

  // If there are no elements, we're done.
  if (obj->getDenseInitializedLength() == 0) return DenseElementResult::Success;

  if (obj->denseElementsAreFrozen()) return DenseElementResult::Incomplete;

  if (!IsPackedArray(obj)) {
    /*
     * It's actually surprisingly complicated to reverse an array due
     * to the orthogonality of array length and array capacity while
     * handling leading and trailing holes correctly.  Reversing seems
     * less likely to be a common operation than other array
     * mass-mutation methods, so for now just take a probably-small
     * memory hit (in the absence of too many holes in the array at
     * its start) and ensure that the capacity is sufficient to hold
     * all the elements in the array if it were full.
     */
    DenseElementResult result = obj->ensureDenseElements(cx, length, 0);
    if (result != DenseElementResult::Success) return result;

    /* Fill out the array's initialized length to its proper length. */
    obj->ensureDenseInitializedLength(cx, length, 0);
  } else {
    if (!obj->maybeCopyElementsForWrite(cx)) return DenseElementResult::Failure;
  }

  if (!MaybeInIteration(obj, cx) && !cx->zone()->needsIncrementalBarrier()) {
    obj->reverseDenseElementsNoPreBarrier(length);
    return DenseElementResult::Success;
  }

  RootedValue origlo(cx), orighi(cx);

  uint32_t lo = 0, hi = length - 1;
  for (; lo < hi; lo++, hi--) {
    origlo = obj->getDenseElement(lo);
    orighi = obj->getDenseElement(hi);
    obj->setDenseElement(lo, orighi);
    if (orighi.isMagic(JS_ELEMENTS_HOLE) &&
        !SuppressDeletedProperty(cx, obj, INT_TO_JSID(lo))) {
      return DenseElementResult::Failure;
    }
    obj->setDenseElement(hi, origlo);
    if (origlo.isMagic(JS_ELEMENTS_HOLE) &&
        !SuppressDeletedProperty(cx, obj, INT_TO_JSID(hi))) {
      return DenseElementResult::Failure;
    }
  }

  return DenseElementResult::Success;
}

// ES2017 draft rev 1b0184bc17fc09a8ddcf4aeec9b6d9fcac4eafce
// 22.1.3.21 Array.prototype.reverse ( )
bool js::array_reverse(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  AutoGeckoProfilerEntry pseudoFrame(cx, "Array.prototype.reverse");
  CallArgs args = CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);

  // Step 1.
  RootedObject obj(cx, ToObject(cx, args.thisv()));
  if (!obj) return false;

  // Step 2.
  uint64_t len;
  if (!GetLengthProperty(cx, obj, &len)) return false;

  // An empty array or an array with length 1 is already reversed.
  if (len <= 1) {
    args.rval().setObject(*obj);
    return true;
  }

  if (IsPackedArrayOrNoExtraIndexedProperties(obj, len) && len <= UINT32_MAX) {
    DenseElementResult result =
        ArrayReverseDenseKernel(cx, obj.as<NativeObject>(), uint32_t(len));
    if (result != DenseElementResult::Incomplete) {
      /*
       * Per ECMA-262, don't update the length of the array, even if the new
       * array has trailing holes (and thus the original array began with
       * holes).
       */
      args.rval().setObject(*obj);
      return result == DenseElementResult::Success;
    }
  }

  // Steps 3-5.
  RootedValue lowval(cx), hival(cx);
  for (uint64_t i = 0, half = len / 2; i < half; i++) {
    bool hole, hole2;
    if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx) ||
        !HasAndGetElement(cx, obj, i, &hole, &lowval) ||
        !HasAndGetElement(cx, obj, len - i - 1, &hole2, &hival)) {
      return false;
    }

    if (!hole && !hole2) {
      if (!SetArrayElement(cx, obj, i, hival)) return false;
      if (!SetArrayElement(cx, obj, len - i - 1, lowval)) return false;
    } else if (hole && !hole2) {
      if (!SetArrayElement(cx, obj, i, hival)) return false;
      if (!DeletePropertyOrThrow(cx, obj, len - i - 1)) return false;
    } else if (!hole && hole2) {
      if (!DeletePropertyOrThrow(cx, obj, i)) return false;
      if (!SetArrayElement(cx, obj, len - i - 1, lowval)) return false;
    } else {
      // No action required.
    }
  }

  // Step 6.
  args.rval().setObject(*obj);
  return true;
}

static inline bool CompareStringValues(JSContext* cx, const Value& a,
                                       const Value& b, bool* lessOrEqualp) {
  if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;

  JSString* astr = a.toString();
  JSString* bstr = b.toString();
  int32_t result;
  if (!CompareStrings(cx, astr, bstr, &result)) return false;

  *lessOrEqualp = (result <= 0);
  return true;
}

static const uint64_t powersOf10[] = {
    1,       10,       100,       1000,       10000,           100000,
    1000000, 10000000, 100000000, 1000000000, 1000000000000ULL};

static inline unsigned NumDigitsBase10(uint32_t n) {
  /*
   * This is just floor_log10(n) + 1
   * Algorithm taken from
   * http://graphics.stanford.edu/~seander/bithacks.html#IntegerLog10
   */
  uint32_t log2 = CeilingLog2(n);
  uint32_t t = log2 * 1233 >> 12;
  return t - (n < powersOf10[t]) + 1;
}

static inline bool CompareLexicographicInt32(const Value& a, const Value& b,
                                             bool* lessOrEqualp) {
  int32_t aint = a.toInt32();
  int32_t bint = b.toInt32();

  /*
   * If both numbers are equal ... trivial
   * If only one of both is negative --> arithmetic comparison as char code
   * of '-' is always less than any other digit
   * If both numbers are negative convert them to positive and continue
   * handling ...
   */
  if (aint == bint) {
    *lessOrEqualp = true;
  } else if ((aint < 0) && (bint >= 0)) {
    *lessOrEqualp = true;
  } else if ((aint >= 0) && (bint < 0)) {
    *lessOrEqualp = false;
  } else {
    uint32_t auint = Abs(aint);
    uint32_t buint = Abs(bint);

    /*
     *  ... get number of digits of both integers.
     * If they have the same number of digits --> arithmetic comparison.
     * If digits_a > digits_b: a < b*10e(digits_a - digits_b).
     * If digits_b > digits_a: a*10e(digits_b - digits_a) <= b.
     */
    unsigned digitsa = NumDigitsBase10(auint);
    unsigned digitsb = NumDigitsBase10(buint);
    if (digitsa == digitsb) {
      *lessOrEqualp = (auint <= buint);
    } else if (digitsa > digitsb) {
      MOZ_ASSERT((digitsa - digitsb) < ArrayLength(powersOf10));
      *lessOrEqualp =
          (uint64_t(auint) < uint64_t(buint) * powersOf10[digitsa - digitsb]);
    } else { /* if (digitsb > digitsa) */
      MOZ_ASSERT((digitsb - digitsa) < ArrayLength(powersOf10));
      *lessOrEqualp =
          (uint64_t(auint) * powersOf10[digitsb - digitsa] <= uint64_t(buint));
    }
  }

  return true;
}

template <typename Char1, typename Char2>
static inline bool CompareSubStringValues(JSContext* cx, const Char1* s1,
                                          size_t len1, const Char2* s2,
                                          size_t len2, bool* lessOrEqualp) {
  if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;

  if (!s1 || !s2) return false;

  int32_t result = CompareChars(s1, len1, s2, len2);
  *lessOrEqualp = (result <= 0);
  return true;
}

namespace {

struct SortComparatorStrings {
  JSContext* const cx;

  explicit SortComparatorStrings(JSContext* cx) : cx(cx) {}

  bool operator()(const Value& a, const Value& b, bool* lessOrEqualp) {
    return CompareStringValues(cx, a, b, lessOrEqualp);
  }
};

struct SortComparatorLexicographicInt32 {
  bool operator()(const Value& a, const Value& b, bool* lessOrEqualp) {
    return CompareLexicographicInt32(a, b, lessOrEqualp);
  }
};

struct StringifiedElement {
  size_t charsBegin;
  size_t charsEnd;
  size_t elementIndex;
};

struct SortComparatorStringifiedElements {
  JSContext* const cx;
  const StringBuffer& sb;

  SortComparatorStringifiedElements(JSContext* cx, const StringBuffer& sb)
      : cx(cx), sb(sb) {}

  bool operator()(const StringifiedElement& a, const StringifiedElement& b,
                  bool* lessOrEqualp) {
    size_t lenA = a.charsEnd - a.charsBegin;
    size_t lenB = b.charsEnd - b.charsBegin;

    if (sb.isUnderlyingBufferLatin1()) {
      return CompareSubStringValues(cx, sb.rawLatin1Begin() + a.charsBegin,
                                    lenA, sb.rawLatin1Begin() + b.charsBegin,
                                    lenB, lessOrEqualp);
    }

    return CompareSubStringValues(cx, sb.rawTwoByteBegin() + a.charsBegin, lenA,
                                  sb.rawTwoByteBegin() + b.charsBegin, lenB,
                                  lessOrEqualp);
  }
};

struct NumericElement {
  double dv;
  size_t elementIndex;
};

static bool ComparatorNumericLeftMinusRight(const NumericElement& a,
                                            const NumericElement& b,
                                            bool* lessOrEqualp) {
  *lessOrEqualp = (a.dv <= b.dv);
  return true;
}

static bool ComparatorNumericRightMinusLeft(const NumericElement& a,
                                            const NumericElement& b,
                                            bool* lessOrEqualp) {
  *lessOrEqualp = (b.dv <= a.dv);
  return true;
}

typedef bool (*ComparatorNumeric)(const NumericElement& a,
                                  const NumericElement& b, bool* lessOrEqualp);

static const ComparatorNumeric SortComparatorNumerics[] = {
    nullptr, nullptr, ComparatorNumericLeftMinusRight,
    ComparatorNumericRightMinusLeft};

static bool ComparatorInt32LeftMinusRight(const Value& a, const Value& b,
                                          bool* lessOrEqualp) {
  *lessOrEqualp = (a.toInt32() <= b.toInt32());
  return true;
}

static bool ComparatorInt32RightMinusLeft(const Value& a, const Value& b,
                                          bool* lessOrEqualp) {
  *lessOrEqualp = (b.toInt32() <= a.toInt32());
  return true;
}

typedef bool (*ComparatorInt32)(const Value& a, const Value& b,
                                bool* lessOrEqualp);

static const ComparatorInt32 SortComparatorInt32s[] = {
    nullptr, nullptr, ComparatorInt32LeftMinusRight,
    ComparatorInt32RightMinusLeft};

// Note: Values for this enum must match up with SortComparatorNumerics
// and SortComparatorInt32s.
enum ComparatorMatchResult {
  Match_Failure = 0,
  Match_None,
  Match_LeftMinusRight,
  Match_RightMinusLeft
};

}  // namespace

/*
 * Specialize behavior for comparator functions with particular common bytecode
 * patterns: namely, |return x - y| and |return y - x|.
 */
static ComparatorMatchResult MatchNumericComparator(JSContext* cx,
                                                    JSObject* obj) {
  if (!obj->is<JSFunction>()) return Match_None;

  RootedFunction fun(cx, &obj->as<JSFunction>());
  if (!fun->isInterpreted() || fun->isClassConstructor()) return Match_None;

  JSScript* script = JSFunction::getOrCreateScript(cx, fun);
  if (!script) return Match_Failure;

  jsbytecode* pc = script->code();

  uint16_t arg0, arg1;
  if (JSOp(*pc) != JSOP_GETARG) return Match_None;
  arg0 = GET_ARGNO(pc);
  pc += JSOP_GETARG_LENGTH;

  if (JSOp(*pc) != JSOP_GETARG) return Match_None;
  arg1 = GET_ARGNO(pc);
  pc += JSOP_GETARG_LENGTH;

  if (JSOp(*pc) != JSOP_SUB) return Match_None;
  pc += JSOP_SUB_LENGTH;

  if (JSOp(*pc) != JSOP_RETURN) return Match_None;

  if (arg0 == 0 && arg1 == 1) return Match_LeftMinusRight;

  if (arg0 == 1 && arg1 == 0) return Match_RightMinusLeft;

  return Match_None;
}

template <typename K, typename C>
static inline bool MergeSortByKey(K keys, size_t len, K scratch, C comparator,
                                  MutableHandle<GCVector<Value>> vec) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(vec.length() >= len);

  /* Sort keys. */
  if (!MergeSort(keys, len, scratch, comparator)) return false;

  /*
   * Reorder vec by keys in-place, going element by element.  When an out-of-
   * place element is encountered, move that element to its proper position,
   * displacing whatever element was at *that* point to its proper position,
   * and so on until an element must be moved to the current position.
   *
   * At each outer iteration all elements up to |i| are sorted.  If
   * necessary each inner iteration moves some number of unsorted elements
   * (including |i|) directly to sorted position.  Thus on completion |*vec|
   * is sorted, and out-of-position elements have moved once.  Complexity is
   * Θ(len) + O(len) == O(2*len), with each element visited at most twice.
   */
  for (size_t i = 0; i < len; i++) {
    size_t j = keys[i].elementIndex;
    if (i == j) continue;  // fixed point

    MOZ_ASSERT(j > i, "Everything less than |i| should be in the right place!");
    Value tv = vec[j];
    do {
      size_t k = keys[j].elementIndex;
      keys[j].elementIndex = j;
      vec[j].set(vec[k]);
      j = k;
    } while (j != i);

    // We could assert the loop invariant that |i == keys[i].elementIndex|
    // here if we synced |keys[i].elementIndex|.  But doing so would render
    // the assertion vacuous, so don't bother, even in debug builds.
    vec[i].set(tv);
  }

  return true;
}

/*
 * Sort Values as strings.
 *
 * To minimize #conversions, SortLexicographically() first converts all Values
 * to strings at once, then sorts the elements by these cached strings.
 */
static bool SortLexicographically(JSContext* cx,
                                  MutableHandle<GCVector<Value>> vec,
                                  size_t len) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(vec.length() >= len);

  StringBuffer sb(cx);
  Vector<StringifiedElement, 0, TempAllocPolicy> strElements(cx);

  /* MergeSort uses the upper half as scratch space. */
  if (!strElements.resize(2 * len)) return false;

  /* Convert Values to strings. */
  size_t cursor = 0;
  for (size_t i = 0; i < len; i++) {
    if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;

    if (!ValueToStringBuffer(cx, vec[i], sb)) return false;

    strElements[i] = {cursor, sb.length(), i};
    cursor = sb.length();
  }

  /* Sort Values in vec alphabetically. */
  return MergeSortByKey(strElements.begin(), len, strElements.begin() + len,
                        SortComparatorStringifiedElements(cx, sb), vec);
}

/*
 * Sort Values as numbers.
 *
 * To minimize #conversions, SortNumerically first converts all Values to
 * numerics at once, then sorts the elements by these cached numerics.
 */
static bool SortNumerically(JSContext* cx, MutableHandle<GCVector<Value>> vec,
                            size_t len, ComparatorMatchResult comp) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(vec.length() >= len);

  Vector<NumericElement, 0, TempAllocPolicy> numElements(cx);

  /* MergeSort uses the upper half as scratch space. */
  if (!numElements.resize(2 * len)) return false;

  /* Convert Values to numerics. */
  for (size_t i = 0; i < len; i++) {
    if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;

    double dv;
    if (!ToNumber(cx, vec[i], &dv)) return false;

    numElements[i] = {dv, i};
  }

  /* Sort Values in vec numerically. */
  return MergeSortByKey(numElements.begin(), len, numElements.begin() + len,
                        SortComparatorNumerics[comp], vec);
}

static bool FillWithUndefined(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, uint32_t start,
                              uint32_t count) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(start < start + count,
             "count > 0 and start + count doesn't overflow");

  do {
    if (ObjectMayHaveExtraIndexedProperties(obj)) break;

    NativeObject* nobj = &obj->as<NativeObject>();
    if (nobj->denseElementsAreFrozen()) break;

    if (obj->is<ArrayObject>() && !obj->as<ArrayObject>().lengthIsWritable() &&
        start + count >= obj->as<ArrayObject>().length()) {
      break;
    }

    DenseElementResult result = nobj->ensureDenseElements(cx, start, count);
    if (result != DenseElementResult::Success) {
      if (result == DenseElementResult::Failure) return false;
      MOZ_ASSERT(result == DenseElementResult::Incomplete);
      break;
    }

    if (obj->is<ArrayObject>() &&
        start + count >= obj->as<ArrayObject>().length())
      obj->as<ArrayObject>().setLengthInt32(start + count);

    for (uint32_t i = 0; i < count; i++)
      nobj->setDenseElementWithType(cx, start + i, UndefinedHandleValue);

    return true;
  } while (false);

  for (uint32_t i = 0; i < count; i++) {
    if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx) ||
        !SetArrayElement(cx, obj, start + i, UndefinedHandleValue))
      return false;
  }

  return true;
}

bool js::intrinsic_ArrayNativeSort(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  // This function is called from the self-hosted Array.prototype.sort
  // implementation. It returns |true| if the array was sorted, otherwise it
  // returns |false| to notify the self-hosted code to perform the sorting.
  CallArgs args = CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);
  MOZ_ASSERT(args.length() == 1);

  HandleValue fval = args[0];
  MOZ_ASSERT(fval.isUndefined() || IsCallable(fval));

  ComparatorMatchResult comp;
  if (fval.isObject()) {
    comp = MatchNumericComparator(cx, &fval.toObject());
    if (comp == Match_Failure) return false;

    if (comp == Match_None) {
      // Non-optimized user supplied comparators perform much better when
      // called from within a self-hosted sorting function.
      args.rval().setBoolean(false);
      return true;
    }
  } else {
    comp = Match_None;
  }

  RootedObject obj(cx, &args.thisv().toObject());

  uint64_t length;
  if (!GetLengthProperty(cx, obj, &length)) return false;
  if (length < 2) {
    /* [] and [a] remain unchanged when sorted. */
    args.rval().setBoolean(true);
    return true;
  }

  if (length > UINT32_MAX) {
    ReportAllocationOverflow(cx);
    return false;
  }
  uint32_t len = uint32_t(length);

  /*
   * We need a temporary array of 2 * len Value to hold the array elements
   * and the scratch space for merge sort. Check that its size does not
   * overflow size_t, which would allow for indexing beyond the end of the
   * malloc'd vector.
   */
#if JS_BITS_PER_WORD == 32
  if (size_t(len) > size_t(-1) / (2 * sizeof(Value))) {
    ReportAllocationOverflow(cx);
    return false;
  }
#endif

  size_t n, undefs;
  {
    Rooted<GCVector<Value>> vec(cx, GCVector<Value>(cx));
    if (!vec.reserve(2 * size_t(len))) return false;

    /*
     * By ECMA 262, 15.4.4.11, a property that does not exist (which we
     * call a "hole") is always greater than an existing property with
     * value undefined and that is always greater than any other property.
     * Thus to sort holes and undefs we simply count them, sort the rest
     * of elements, append undefs after them and then make holes after
     * undefs.
     */
    undefs = 0;
    bool allStrings = true;
    bool allInts = true;
    bool extraIndexed;
    RootedValue v(cx);
    if (IsPackedArray(obj)) {
      HandleArrayObject array = obj.as<ArrayObject>();
      extraIndexed = false;

      for (uint32_t i = 0; i < len; i++) {
        if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;

        v.set(array->getDenseElement(i));
        MOZ_ASSERT(!v.isMagic(JS_ELEMENTS_HOLE));
        if (v.isUndefined()) {
          ++undefs;
          continue;
        }
        vec.infallibleAppend(v);
        allStrings = allStrings && v.isString();
        allInts = allInts && v.isInt32();
      }
    } else {
      extraIndexed = ObjectMayHaveExtraIndexedProperties(obj);

      for (uint32_t i = 0; i < len; i++) {
        if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;

        bool hole;
        if (!HasAndGetElement(cx, obj, i, &hole, &v)) return false;
        if (hole) continue;
        if (v.isUndefined()) {
          ++undefs;
          continue;
        }
        vec.infallibleAppend(v);
        allStrings = allStrings && v.isString();
        allInts = allInts && v.isInt32();
      }
    }

    /*
     * If the array only contains holes, we're done.  But if it contains
     * undefs, those must be sorted to the front of the array.
     */
    n = vec.length();
    if (n == 0 && undefs == 0) {
      args.rval().setBoolean(true);
      return true;
    }

    /* Here len == n + undefs + number_of_holes. */
    if (comp == Match_None) {
      /*
       * Sort using the default comparator converting all elements to
       * strings.
       */
      if (allStrings) {
        JS_ALWAYS_TRUE(vec.resize(n * 2));
        if (!MergeSort(vec.begin(), n, vec.begin() + n,
                       SortComparatorStrings(cx)))
          return false;
      } else if (allInts) {
        JS_ALWAYS_TRUE(vec.resize(n * 2));
        if (!MergeSort(vec.begin(), n, vec.begin() + n,
                       SortComparatorLexicographicInt32())) {
          return false;
        }
      } else {
        if (!SortLexicographically(cx, &vec, n)) return false;
      }
    } else {
      if (allInts) {
        JS_ALWAYS_TRUE(vec.resize(n * 2));
        if (!MergeSort(vec.begin(), n, vec.begin() + n,
                       SortComparatorInt32s[comp]))
          return false;
      } else {
        if (!SortNumerically(cx, &vec, n, comp)) return false;
      }
    }

    // We can omit the type update when neither collecting the elements
    // nor calling the default comparator can execute a (getter) function
    // that might run user code.
    ShouldUpdateTypes updateTypes = !extraIndexed && (allStrings || allInts)
                                        ? ShouldUpdateTypes::DontUpdate
                                        : ShouldUpdateTypes::Update;
    if (!SetArrayElements(cx, obj, 0, uint32_t(n), vec.begin(), updateTypes))
      return false;
  }

  /* Set undefs that sorted after the rest of elements. */
  if (undefs > 0) {
    if (!FillWithUndefined(cx, obj, n, undefs)) return false;
    n += undefs;
  }

  /* Re-create any holes that sorted to the end of the array. */
  while (len > n) {
    if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx) || !DeletePropertyOrThrow(cx, obj, --len))
      return false;
  }
  args.rval().setBoolean(true);
  return true;
}

bool js::NewbornArrayPush(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, const Value& v) {
  HandleArrayObject arr = obj.as<ArrayObject>();

  MOZ_ASSERT(!v.isMagic());
  MOZ_ASSERT(arr->lengthIsWritable());

  uint32_t length = arr->length();
  MOZ_ASSERT(length <= arr->getDenseCapacity());

  if (!arr->ensureElements(cx, length + 1)) return false;

  arr->setDenseInitializedLength(length + 1);
  arr->setLengthInt32(length + 1);
  arr->initDenseElementWithType(cx, length, v);
  return true;
}

// ES2017 draft rev 1b0184bc17fc09a8ddcf4aeec9b6d9fcac4eafce
// 22.1.3.18 Array.prototype.push ( ...items )
bool js::array_push(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  AutoGeckoProfilerEntry pseudoFrame(cx, "Array.prototype.push");
  CallArgs args = CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);

  // Step 1.
  RootedObject obj(cx, ToObject(cx, args.thisv()));
  if (!obj) return false;

  // Step 2.
  uint64_t length;
  if (!GetLengthProperty(cx, obj, &length)) return false;

  if (!ObjectMayHaveExtraIndexedProperties(obj) && length <= UINT32_MAX) {
    DenseElementResult result =
        obj->as<NativeObject>().setOrExtendDenseElements(
            cx, uint32_t(length), args.array(), args.length());
    if (result != DenseElementResult::Incomplete) {
      if (result == DenseElementResult::Failure) return false;

      uint32_t newlength = uint32_t(length) + args.length();
      args.rval().setNumber(newlength);

      // setOrExtendDenseElements takes care of updating the length for
      // arrays. Handle updates to the length of non-arrays here.
      if (!obj->is<ArrayObject>()) {
        MOZ_ASSERT(obj->is<NativeObject>());
        return SetLengthProperty(cx, obj, newlength);
      }

      return true;
    }
  }

  // Step 5.
  uint64_t newlength = length + args.length();
  if (newlength >= uint64_t(DOUBLE_INTEGRAL_PRECISION_LIMIT)) {
    JS_ReportErrorNumberASCII(cx, GetErrorMessage, nullptr,
                              JSMSG_TOO_LONG_ARRAY);
    return false;
  }

  // Steps 3-6.
  if (!SetArrayElements(cx, obj, length, args.length(), args.array()))
    return false;

  // Steps 7-8.
  args.rval().setNumber(double(newlength));
  return SetLengthProperty(cx, obj, newlength);
}

// ES2017 draft rev 1b0184bc17fc09a8ddcf4aeec9b6d9fcac4eafce
// 22.1.3.17 Array.prototype.pop ( )
bool js::array_pop(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  AutoGeckoProfilerEntry pseudoFrame(cx, "Array.prototype.pop");
  CallArgs args = CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);

  // Step 1.
  RootedObject obj(cx, ToObject(cx, args.thisv()));
  if (!obj) return false;

  // Step 2.
  uint64_t index;
  if (!GetLengthProperty(cx, obj, &index)) return false;

  // Steps 3-4.
  if (index == 0) {
    // Step 3.b.
    args.rval().setUndefined();
  } else {
    // Steps 4.a-b.
    index--;

    // Steps 4.c, 4.f.
    if (!GetArrayElement(cx, obj, index, args.rval())) return false;

    // Steps 4.d.
    if (!DeletePropertyOrThrow(cx, obj, index)) return false;
  }

  // Steps 3.a, 4.e.
  return SetLengthProperty(cx, obj, index);
}

void js::ArrayShiftMoveElements(NativeObject* obj) {
  AutoUnsafeCallWithABI unsafe;
  MOZ_ASSERT_IF(obj->is<ArrayObject>(),
                obj->as<ArrayObject>().lengthIsWritable());

  size_t initlen = obj->getDenseInitializedLength();
  MOZ_ASSERT(initlen > 0);

  if (!obj->tryShiftDenseElements(1))
    obj->moveDenseElementsNoPreBarrier(0, 1, initlen - 1);
}

static inline void SetInitializedLength(JSContext* cx, NativeObject* obj,
                                        size_t initlen) {
  size_t oldInitlen = obj->getDenseInitializedLength();
  obj->setDenseInitializedLength(initlen);
  if (initlen < oldInitlen) obj->shrinkElements(cx, initlen);
}

static DenseElementResult MoveDenseElements(JSContext* cx, NativeObject* obj,
                                            uint32_t dstStart,
                                            uint32_t srcStart,
                                            uint32_t length) {
  if (obj->denseElementsAreFrozen()) return DenseElementResult::Incomplete;

  if (!obj->maybeCopyElementsForWrite(cx)) return DenseElementResult::Failure;
  obj->moveDenseElements(dstStart, srcStart, length);

  return DenseElementResult::Success;
}

static DenseElementResult ArrayShiftDenseKernel(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj,
                                                MutableHandleValue rval) {
  if (!IsPackedArray(obj) && ObjectMayHaveExtraIndexedProperties(obj))
    return DenseElementResult::Incomplete;

  if (MaybeInIteration(obj, cx)) return DenseElementResult::Incomplete;

  size_t initlen = obj->as<NativeObject>().getDenseInitializedLength();
  if (initlen == 0) return DenseElementResult::Incomplete;

  rval.set(obj->as<NativeObject>().getDenseElement(0));
  if (rval.isMagic(JS_ELEMENTS_HOLE)) rval.setUndefined();

  if (obj->as<NativeObject>().tryShiftDenseElements(1))
    return DenseElementResult::Success;

  DenseElementResult result =
      MoveDenseElements(cx, &obj->as<NativeObject>(), 0, 1, initlen - 1);
  if (result != DenseElementResult::Success) return result;

  SetInitializedLength(cx, obj.as<NativeObject>(), initlen - 1);
  return DenseElementResult::Success;
}

// ES2017 draft rev 1b0184bc17fc09a8ddcf4aeec9b6d9fcac4eafce
// 22.1.3.22 Array.prototype.shift ( )
bool js::array_shift(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  AutoGeckoProfilerEntry pseudoFrame(cx, "Array.prototype.shift");
  CallArgs args = CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);

  // Step 1.
  RootedObject obj(cx, ToObject(cx, args.thisv()));
  if (!obj) return false;

  // Step 2.
  uint64_t len;
  if (!GetLengthProperty(cx, obj, &len)) return false;

  // Step 3.
  if (len == 0) {
    // Step 3.a.
    if (!SetLengthProperty(cx, obj, uint32_t(0))) return false;

    // Step 3.b.
    args.rval().setUndefined();
    return true;
  }

  uint64_t newlen = len - 1;

  /* Fast paths. */
  uint64_t startIndex;
  DenseElementResult result = ArrayShiftDenseKernel(cx, obj, args.rval());
  if (result != DenseElementResult::Incomplete) {
    if (result == DenseElementResult::Failure) return false;

    if (len <= UINT32_MAX) return SetLengthProperty(cx, obj, newlen);

    startIndex = UINT32_MAX - 1;
  } else {
    // Steps 4, 9.
    if (!GetElement(cx, obj, 0, args.rval())) return false;

    startIndex = 0;
  }

  // Steps 5-6.
  RootedValue value(cx);
  for (uint64_t i = startIndex; i < newlen; i++) {
    if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;
    bool hole;
    if (!HasAndGetElement(cx, obj, i + 1, &hole, &value)) return false;
    if (hole) {
      if (!DeletePropertyOrThrow(cx, obj, i)) return false;
    } else {
      if (!SetArrayElement(cx, obj, i, value)) return false;
    }
  }

  // Step 7.
  if (!DeletePropertyOrThrow(cx, obj, newlen)) return false;

  // Step 8.
  return SetLengthProperty(cx, obj, newlen);
}

// ES2017 draft rev 1b0184bc17fc09a8ddcf4aeec9b6d9fcac4eafce
// 22.1.3.29 Array.prototype.unshift ( ...items )
bool js::array_unshift(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  AutoGeckoProfilerEntry pseudoFrame(cx, "Array.prototype.unshift");
  CallArgs args = CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);

  // Step 1.
  RootedObject obj(cx, ToObject(cx, args.thisv()));
  if (!obj) return false;

  // Step 2.
  uint64_t length;
  if (!GetLengthProperty(cx, obj, &length)) return false;

  // Steps 3-4.
  if (args.length() > 0) {
    bool optimized = false;
    do {
      if (length > UINT32_MAX) break;
      if (ObjectMayHaveExtraIndexedProperties(obj)) break;
      if (MaybeInIteration(obj, cx)) break;
      NativeObject* nobj = &obj->as<NativeObject>();
      if (nobj->denseElementsAreFrozen()) break;
      if (nobj->is<ArrayObject>() &&
          !nobj->as<ArrayObject>().lengthIsWritable())
        break;
      if (!nobj->tryUnshiftDenseElements(args.length())) {
        DenseElementResult result =
            nobj->ensureDenseElements(cx, uint32_t(length), args.length());
        if (result != DenseElementResult::Success) {
          if (result == DenseElementResult::Failure) return false;
          MOZ_ASSERT(result == DenseElementResult::Incomplete);
          break;
        }
        if (length > 0)
          nobj->moveDenseElements(args.length(), 0, uint32_t(length));
      }
      for (uint32_t i = 0; i < args.length(); i++)
        nobj->setDenseElementWithType(cx, i, args[i]);
      optimized = true;
    } while (false);

    if (!optimized) {
      if (length > 0) {
        uint64_t last = length;
        uint64_t upperIndex = last + args.length();

        // Step 4.a.
        if (upperIndex >= uint64_t(DOUBLE_INTEGRAL_PRECISION_LIMIT)) {
          JS_ReportErrorNumberASCII(cx, GetErrorMessage, nullptr,
                                    JSMSG_TOO_LONG_ARRAY);
          return false;
        }

        // Steps 4.b-c.
        RootedValue value(cx);
        do {
          --last;
          --upperIndex;
          if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;
          bool hole;
          if (!HasAndGetElement(cx, obj, last, &hole, &value)) return false;
          if (hole) {
            if (!DeletePropertyOrThrow(cx, obj, upperIndex)) return false;
          } else {
            if (!SetArrayElement(cx, obj, upperIndex, value)) return false;
          }
        } while (last != 0);
      }

      // Steps 4.d-f.
      /* Copy from args to the bottom of the array. */
      if (!SetArrayElements(cx, obj, 0, args.length(), args.array()))
        return false;
    }
  }

  // Step 5.
  uint64_t newlength = length + args.length();
  if (!SetLengthProperty(cx, obj, newlength)) return false;

  // Step 6.
  /* Follow Perl by returning the new array length. */
  args.rval().setNumber(double(newlength));
  return true;
}

enum class ArrayAccess { Read, Write };

/*
 * Returns true if this is a dense array whose properties ending at |endIndex|
 * (exclusive) may be accessed (get, set, delete) directly through its
 * contiguous vector of elements without fear of getters, setters, etc. along
 * the prototype chain, or of enumerators requiring notification of
 * modifications.
 */
template <ArrayAccess Access>
static bool CanOptimizeForDenseStorage(HandleObject arr, uint64_t endIndex,
                                       JSContext* cx) {
  /* If the desired properties overflow dense storage, we can't optimize. */
  if (endIndex > UINT32_MAX) return false;

  if (Access == ArrayAccess::Read) {
    /*
     * Dense storage read access is possible for any packed array as long
     * as we only access properties within the initialized length. In all
     * other cases we need to ensure there are no other indexed properties
     * on this object or on the prototype chain. Callers are required to
     * clamp the read length, so it doesn't exceed the initialized length.
     */
    if (IsPackedArray(arr) &&
        endIndex <= arr->as<ArrayObject>().getDenseInitializedLength())
      return true;
    return !ObjectMayHaveExtraIndexedProperties(arr);
  }

  /* There's no optimizing possible if it's not an array. */
  if (!arr->is<ArrayObject>()) return false;

  /* If the length is non-writable, always pick the slow path */
  if (!arr->as<ArrayObject>().lengthIsWritable()) return false;

  MOZ_ASSERT(!arr->as<ArrayObject>().denseElementsAreFrozen(),
             "writable length implies elements are not frozen");

  /* Also pick the slow path if the object is being iterated over. */
  if (MaybeInIteration(arr, cx)) return false;

  /* Or we attempt to write to indices outside the initialized length. */
  if (endIndex > arr->as<ArrayObject>().getDenseInitializedLength())
    return false;

  /*
   * Now watch out for getters and setters along the prototype chain or in
   * other indexed properties on the object. Packed arrays don't have any
   * other indexed properties by definition.
   */
  return IsPackedArray(arr) || !ObjectMayHaveExtraIndexedProperties(arr);
}

static ArrayObject* CopyDenseArrayElements(JSContext* cx,
                                           HandleNativeObject obj,
                                           uint32_t begin, uint32_t count) {
  size_t initlen = obj->getDenseInitializedLength();
  MOZ_ASSERT(initlen <= UINT32_MAX,
             "initialized length shouldn't exceed UINT32_MAX");
  uint32_t newlength = 0;
  if (initlen > begin) newlength = Min<uint32_t>(initlen - begin, count);

  ArrayObject* narr = NewFullyAllocatedArrayTryReuseGroup(cx, obj, newlength);
  if (!narr) return nullptr;

  MOZ_ASSERT(count >= narr->length());
  narr->setLength(cx, count);

  if (newlength > 0) narr->initDenseElements(obj, begin, newlength);

  return narr;
}

static bool CopyArrayElements(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, uint64_t begin,
                              uint64_t count, HandleArrayObject result) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(result->length() == count);

  uint64_t startIndex = 0;
  RootedValue value(cx);

  // Use dense storage for new indexed properties where possible.
  {
    uint32_t index = 0;
    uint32_t limit = Min<uint32_t>(count, JSID_INT_MAX);
    for (; index < limit; index++) {
      bool hole;
      if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx) ||
          !HasAndGetElement(cx, obj, begin + index, &hole, &value)) {
        return false;
      }

      if (!hole) {
        DenseElementResult edResult = result->ensureDenseElements(cx, index, 1);
        if (edResult != DenseElementResult::Success) {
          if (edResult == DenseElementResult::Failure) return false;

          MOZ_ASSERT(edResult == DenseElementResult::Incomplete);
          if (!DefineDataElement(cx, result, index, value)) return false;

          break;
        }
        result->setDenseElementWithType(cx, index, value);
      }
    }
    startIndex = index + 1;
  }

  // Copy any remaining elements.
  for (uint64_t i = startIndex; i < count; i++) {
    bool hole;
    if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx) ||
        !HasAndGetElement(cx, obj, begin + i, &hole, &value)) {
      return false;
    }

    if (!hole && !DefineArrayElement(cx, result, i, value)) return false;
  }
  return true;
}

static bool array_splice_impl(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp,
                              bool returnValueIsUsed) {
  AutoGeckoProfilerEntry pseudoFrame(cx, "Array.prototype.splice");
  CallArgs args = CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);

  /* Step 1. */
  RootedObject obj(cx, ToObject(cx, args.thisv()));
  if (!obj) return false;

  /* Step 2. */
  uint64_t len;
  if (!GetLengthProperty(cx, obj, &len)) return false;

  /* Step 3. */
  double relativeStart;
  if (!ToInteger(cx, args.get(0), &relativeStart)) return false;

  /* Step 4. */
  uint64_t actualStart;
  if (relativeStart < 0)
    actualStart = Max(len + relativeStart, 0.0);
  else
    actualStart = Min(relativeStart, double(len));

  /* Step 5. */
  uint64_t actualDeleteCount;
  if (args.length() == 0) {
    /* Step 5.b. */
    actualDeleteCount = 0;
  } else if (args.length() == 1) {
    /* Step 6.b. */
    actualDeleteCount = len - actualStart;
  } else {
    /* Steps 7.b. */
    double deleteCountDouble;
    if (!ToInteger(cx, args[1], &deleteCountDouble)) return false;

    /* Step 7.c. */
    actualDeleteCount =
        Min(Max(deleteCountDouble, 0.0), double(len - actualStart));

    /* Step 8. */
    uint32_t insertCount = args.length() - 2;
    if (len + insertCount - actualDeleteCount >=
        DOUBLE_INTEGRAL_PRECISION_LIMIT) {
      JS_ReportErrorNumberASCII(cx, GetErrorMessage, nullptr,
                                JSMSG_TOO_LONG_ARRAY);
      return false;
    }
  }

  MOZ_ASSERT(actualStart + actualDeleteCount <= len);

  RootedObject arr(cx);
  if (IsArraySpecies(cx, obj)) {
    if (actualDeleteCount > UINT32_MAX) {
      JS_ReportErrorNumberASCII(cx, GetErrorMessage, nullptr,
                                JSMSG_BAD_ARRAY_LENGTH);
      return false;
    }
    uint32_t count = uint32_t(actualDeleteCount);

    if (CanOptimizeForDenseStorage<ArrayAccess::Read>(obj, actualStart + count,
                                                      cx)) {
      MOZ_ASSERT(actualStart <= UINT32_MAX,
                 "if actualStart + count <= UINT32_MAX, then actualStart <= "
                 "UINT32_MAX");
      if (returnValueIsUsed) {
        /* Steps 9-12. */
        arr = CopyDenseArrayElements(cx, obj.as<NativeObject>(),
                                     uint32_t(actualStart), count);
        if (!arr) return false;
      }
    } else {
      /* Step 9. */
      arr = NewFullyAllocatedArrayTryReuseGroup(cx, obj, count);
      if (!arr) return false;

      /* Steps 10-11. */
      if (!CopyArrayElements(cx, obj, actualStart, count,
                             arr.as<ArrayObject>()))
        return false;

      /* Step 12 (implicit). */
    }
  } else {
    /* Steps 9. */
    if (!ArraySpeciesCreate(cx, obj, actualDeleteCount, &arr)) return false;

    /* Steps 10, 11, 11.d. */
    RootedValue fromValue(cx);
    for (uint64_t k = 0; k < actualDeleteCount; k++) {
      /* Step 11.a (implicit). */

      if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;

      /* Steps 11.b, 11.c.i. */
      bool hole;
      if (!HasAndGetElement(cx, obj, actualStart + k, &hole, &fromValue))
        return false;

      /* Step 11.c. */
      if (!hole) {
        /* Step 11.c.ii. */
        if (!DefineArrayElement(cx, arr, k, fromValue)) return false;
      }
    }

    /* Step 12. */
    if (!SetLengthProperty(cx, arr, actualDeleteCount)) return false;
  }

  /* Step 14. */
  uint32_t itemCount = (args.length() >= 2) ? (args.length() - 2) : 0;
  uint64_t finalLength = len - actualDeleteCount + itemCount;

  if (itemCount < actualDeleteCount) {
    /* Step 15: the array is being shrunk. */
    uint64_t sourceIndex = actualStart + actualDeleteCount;
    uint64_t targetIndex = actualStart + itemCount;

    if (CanOptimizeForDenseStorage<ArrayAccess::Write>(obj, len, cx)) {
      MOZ_ASSERT(sourceIndex <= len && targetIndex <= len && len <= UINT32_MAX,
                 "sourceIndex and targetIndex are uint32 array indices");
      MOZ_ASSERT(finalLength < len, "finalLength is strictly less than len");
      MOZ_ASSERT(obj->isNative());

      /* Steps 15.a-b. */
      if (targetIndex != 0 ||
          !obj->as<NativeObject>().tryShiftDenseElements(sourceIndex)) {
        DenseElementResult result = MoveDenseElements(
            cx, &obj->as<NativeObject>(), uint32_t(targetIndex),
            uint32_t(sourceIndex), uint32_t(len - sourceIndex));
        MOZ_ASSERT(result != DenseElementResult::Incomplete);
        if (result == DenseElementResult::Failure) return false;
      }

      /* Steps 15.c-d. */
      SetInitializedLength(cx, obj.as<NativeObject>(), finalLength);
    } else {
      /*
       * This is all very slow if the length is very large. We don't yet
       * have the ability to iterate in sorted order, so we just do the
       * pessimistic thing and let CheckForInterrupt handle the
       * fallout.
       */

      /* Steps 15.a-b. */
      RootedValue fromValue(cx);
      for (uint64_t from = sourceIndex, to = targetIndex; from < len;
           from++, to++) {
        /* Steps 15.b.i-ii (implicit). */

        if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;

        /* Steps 15.b.iii, 15.b.iv.1. */
        bool hole;
        if (!HasAndGetElement(cx, obj, from, &hole, &fromValue)) return false;

        /* Steps 15.b.iv. */
        if (hole) {
          /* Steps 15.b.v.1. */
          if (!DeletePropertyOrThrow(cx, obj, to)) return false;
        } else {
          /* Step 15.b.iv.2. */
          if (!SetArrayElement(cx, obj, to, fromValue)) return false;
        }
      }

      /* Steps 15.c-d. */
      if (!DeletePropertiesOrThrow(cx, obj, len, finalLength)) return false;
    }
  } else if (itemCount > actualDeleteCount) {
    MOZ_ASSERT(actualDeleteCount <= UINT32_MAX);
    uint32_t deleteCount = uint32_t(actualDeleteCount);

    /* Step 16. */

    /*
     * Optimize only if the array is already dense and we can extend it to
     * its new length.  It would be wrong to extend the elements here for a
     * number of reasons.
     *
     * First, this could cause us to fall into the fast-path below.  This
     * would cause elements to be moved into places past the non-writable
     * length.  And when the dense initialized length is updated, that'll
     * cause the |in| operator to think that those elements actually exist,
     * even though, properly, setting them must fail.
     *
     * Second, extending the elements here will trigger assertions inside
     * ensureDenseElements that the elements aren't being extended past the
     * length of a non-writable array.  This is because extending elements
     * will extend capacity -- which might extend them past a non-writable
     * length, violating the |capacity <= length| invariant for such
     * arrays.  And that would make the various JITted fast-path method
     * implementations of [].push, [].unshift, and so on wrong.
     *
     * If the array length is non-writable, this method *will* throw.  For
     * simplicity, have the slow-path code do it.  (Also note that the slow
     * path may validly *not* throw -- if all the elements being moved are
     * holes.)
     */
    if (obj->is<ArrayObject>() && !ObjectMayHaveExtraIndexedProperties(obj) &&
        len <= UINT32_MAX) {
      HandleArrayObject arr = obj.as<ArrayObject>();
      if (arr->lengthIsWritable()) {
        DenseElementResult result = arr->ensureDenseElements(
            cx, uint32_t(len), itemCount - deleteCount);
        if (result == DenseElementResult::Failure) return false;
      }
    }

    if (CanOptimizeForDenseStorage<ArrayAccess::Write>(obj, finalLength, cx)) {
      MOZ_ASSERT((actualStart + actualDeleteCount) <= len && len <= UINT32_MAX,
                 "start and deleteCount are uint32 array indices");
      MOZ_ASSERT(actualStart + itemCount <= UINT32_MAX,
                 "can't overflow because |len - actualDeleteCount + itemCount "
                 "<= UINT32_MAX| "
                 "and |actualStart <= len - actualDeleteCount| are both true");
      uint32_t start = uint32_t(actualStart);
      uint32_t length = uint32_t(len);

      DenseElementResult result = MoveDenseElements(
          cx, &obj->as<NativeObject>(), start + itemCount, start + deleteCount,
          length - (start + deleteCount));
      MOZ_ASSERT(result != DenseElementResult::Incomplete);
      if (result == DenseElementResult::Failure) return false;

      /* Steps 16.a-b. */
      SetInitializedLength(cx, obj.as<NativeObject>(), finalLength);
    } else {
      RootedValue fromValue(cx);
      for (uint64_t k = len - actualDeleteCount; k > actualStart; k--) {
        if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;

        /* Step 16.b.i. */
        uint64_t from = k + actualDeleteCount - 1;

        /* Step 16.b.ii. */
        uint64_t to = k + itemCount - 1;

        /* Steps 16.b.iii, 16.b.iv.1. */
        bool hole;
        if (!HasAndGetElement(cx, obj, from, &hole, &fromValue)) return false;

        /* Steps 16.b.iv. */
        if (hole) {
          /* Step 16.b.v.1. */
          if (!DeletePropertyOrThrow(cx, obj, to)) return false;
        } else {
          /* Step 16.b.iv.2. */
          if (!SetArrayElement(cx, obj, to, fromValue)) return false;
        }
      }
    }
  }

  /* Step 13 (reordered). */
  Value* items = args.array() + 2;

  /* Steps 17-18. */
  if (!SetArrayElements(cx, obj, actualStart, itemCount, items)) return false;

  /* Step 19. */
  if (!SetLengthProperty(cx, obj, finalLength)) return false;

  /* Step 20. */
  if (returnValueIsUsed) args.rval().setObject(*arr);

  return true;
}

/* ES 2016 draft Mar 25, 2016 22.1.3.26. */
bool js::array_splice(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  return array_splice_impl(cx, argc, vp, true);
}

static bool array_splice_noRetVal(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  return array_splice_impl(cx, argc, vp, false);
}

struct SortComparatorIndexes {
  bool operator()(uint32_t a, uint32_t b, bool* lessOrEqualp) {
    *lessOrEqualp = (a <= b);
    return true;
  }
};

// Returns all indexed properties in the range [begin, end) found on |obj| or
// its proto chain. This function does not handle proxies, objects with
// resolve/lookupProperty hooks or indexed getters, as those can introduce
// new properties. In those cases, *success is set to |false|.
static bool GetIndexedPropertiesInRange(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj,
                                        uint64_t begin, uint64_t end,
                                        Vector<uint32_t>& indexes,
                                        bool* success) {
  *success = false;

  // TODO: Add IdIsIndex with support for large indices.
  if (end > UINT32_MAX) return true;
  MOZ_ASSERT(begin <= UINT32_MAX);

  // First, look for proxies or class hooks that can introduce extra
  // properties.
  JSObject* pobj = obj;
  do {
    if (!pobj->isNative() || pobj->getClass()->getResolve() ||
        pobj->getOpsLookupProperty())
      return true;
  } while ((pobj = pobj->staticPrototype()));

  // Collect indexed property names.
  pobj = obj;
  do {
    // Append dense elements.
    NativeObject* nativeObj = &pobj->as<NativeObject>();
    uint32_t initLen = nativeObj->getDenseInitializedLength();
    for (uint32_t i = begin; i < initLen && i < end; i++) {
      if (nativeObj->getDenseElement(i).isMagic(JS_ELEMENTS_HOLE)) continue;
      if (!indexes.append(i)) return false;
    }

    // Append typed array elements.
    if (nativeObj->is<TypedArrayObject>()) {
      uint32_t len = nativeObj->as<TypedArrayObject>().length();
      for (uint32_t i = begin; i < len && i < end; i++) {
        if (!indexes.append(i)) return false;
      }
    }

    // Append sparse elements.
    if (nativeObj->isIndexed()) {
      Shape::Range<NoGC> r(nativeObj->lastProperty());
      for (; !r.empty(); r.popFront()) {
        Shape& shape = r.front();
        jsid id = shape.propid();
        uint32_t i;
        if (!IdIsIndex(id, &i)) continue;

        if (!(begin <= i && i < end)) continue;

        // Watch out for getters, they can add new properties.
        if (!shape.hasDefaultGetter()) return true;

        if (!indexes.append(i)) return false;
      }
    }
  } while ((pobj = pobj->staticPrototype()));

  // Sort the indexes.
  Vector<uint32_t> tmp(cx);
  size_t n = indexes.length();
  if (!tmp.resize(n)) return false;
  if (!MergeSort(indexes.begin(), n, tmp.begin(), SortComparatorIndexes()))
    return false;

  // Remove duplicates.
  if (!indexes.empty()) {
    uint32_t last = 0;
    for (size_t i = 1, len = indexes.length(); i < len; i++) {
      uint32_t elem = indexes[i];
      if (indexes[last] != elem) {
        last++;
        indexes[last] = elem;
      }
    }
    if (!indexes.resize(last + 1)) return false;
  }

  *success = true;
  return true;
}

static bool SliceSparse(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, uint64_t begin,
                        uint64_t end, HandleArrayObject result) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(begin <= end);

  Vector<uint32_t> indexes(cx);
  bool success;
  if (!GetIndexedPropertiesInRange(cx, obj, begin, end, indexes, &success))
    return false;

  if (!success) return CopyArrayElements(cx, obj, begin, end - begin, result);

  MOZ_ASSERT(end <= UINT32_MAX,
             "indices larger than UINT32_MAX should be rejected by "
             "GetIndexedPropertiesInRange");

  RootedValue value(cx);
  for (uint32_t index : indexes) {
    MOZ_ASSERT(begin <= index && index < end);

    bool hole;
    if (!HasAndGetElement(cx, obj, index, &hole, &value)) return false;

    if (!hole && !DefineDataElement(cx, result, index - uint32_t(begin), value))
      return false;
  }

  return true;
}

static JSObject* SliceArguments(JSContext* cx, Handle<ArgumentsObject*> argsobj,
                                uint32_t begin, uint32_t count) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(!argsobj->hasOverriddenLength() &&
             !argsobj->isAnyElementDeleted());
  MOZ_ASSERT(begin + count <= argsobj->initialLength());

  ArrayObject* result = NewDenseFullyAllocatedArray(cx, count);
  if (!result) return nullptr;
  result->setDenseInitializedLength(count);

  MOZ_ASSERT(result->group()->unknownProperties(),
             "The default array group has unknown properties, so we can "
             "directly initialize the"
             "dense elements without needing to update the indexed type set.");

  for (uint32_t index = 0; index < count; index++) {
    const Value& v = argsobj->element(begin + index);
    result->initDenseElement(index, v);
  }
  return result;
}

template <typename T, typename ArrayLength>
static inline ArrayLength NormalizeSliceTerm(T value, ArrayLength length) {
  if (value < 0) {
    value += length;
    if (value < 0) return 0;
  } else if (double(value) > double(length)) {
    return length;
  }
  return ArrayLength(value);
}

static bool ArraySliceOrdinary(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, uint64_t begin,
                               uint64_t end, MutableHandleValue rval) {
  if (begin > end) begin = end;

  if ((end - begin) > UINT32_MAX) {
    JS_ReportErrorNumberASCII(cx, GetErrorMessage, nullptr,
                              JSMSG_BAD_ARRAY_LENGTH);
    return false;
  }
  uint32_t count = uint32_t(end - begin);

  if (CanOptimizeForDenseStorage<ArrayAccess::Read>(obj, end, cx)) {
    MOZ_ASSERT(begin <= UINT32_MAX,
               "if end <= UINT32_MAX, then begin <= UINT32_MAX");
    JSObject* narr = CopyDenseArrayElements(cx, obj.as<NativeObject>(),
                                            uint32_t(begin), count);
    if (!narr) return false;

    rval.setObject(*narr);
    return true;
  }

  if (obj->is<ArgumentsObject>()) {
    Handle<ArgumentsObject*> argsobj = obj.as<ArgumentsObject>();
    if (!argsobj->hasOverriddenLength() && !argsobj->isAnyElementDeleted()) {
      MOZ_ASSERT(begin <= UINT32_MAX, "begin is limited by |argsobj|'s length");
      JSObject* narr = SliceArguments(cx, argsobj, uint32_t(begin), count);
      if (!narr) return false;

      rval.setObject(*narr);
      return true;
    }
  }

  RootedArrayObject narr(cx,
                         NewPartlyAllocatedArrayTryReuseGroup(cx, obj, count));
  if (!narr) return false;

  if (end <= UINT32_MAX) {
    if (js::GetElementsOp op = obj->getOpsGetElements()) {
      ElementAdder adder(cx, narr, count,
                         ElementAdder::CheckHasElemPreserveHoles);
      if (!op(cx, obj, uint32_t(begin), uint32_t(end), &adder)) return false;

      rval.setObject(*narr);
      return true;
    }
  }

  if (obj->isNative() && obj->as<NativeObject>().isIndexed() && count > 1000) {
    if (!SliceSparse(cx, obj, begin, end, narr)) return false;
  } else {
    if (!CopyArrayElements(cx, obj, begin, count, narr)) return false;
  }

  rval.setObject(*narr);
  return true;
}

/* ES 2016 draft Mar 25, 2016 22.1.3.23. */
bool js::array_slice(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  AutoGeckoProfilerEntry pseudoFrame(cx, "Array.prototype.slice");
  CallArgs args = CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);

  /* Step 1. */
  RootedObject obj(cx, ToObject(cx, args.thisv()));
  if (!obj) return false;

  /* Step 2. */
  uint64_t length;
  if (!GetLengthProperty(cx, obj, &length)) return false;

  uint64_t k = 0;
  uint64_t final = length;
  if (args.length() > 0) {
    double d;
    /* Step 3. */
    if (!ToInteger(cx, args[0], &d)) return false;

    /* Step 4. */
    k = NormalizeSliceTerm(d, length);

    if (args.hasDefined(1)) {
      /* Step 5. */
      if (!ToInteger(cx, args[1], &d)) return false;

      /* Step 6. */
      final = NormalizeSliceTerm(d, length);
    }
  }

  if (IsArraySpecies(cx, obj)) {
    /* Steps 7-12: Optimized for ordinary array. */
    return ArraySliceOrdinary(cx, obj, k, final, args.rval());
  }

  /* Step 7. */
  uint64_t count = final > k ? final - k : 0;

  /* Step 8. */
  RootedObject arr(cx);
  if (!ArraySpeciesCreate(cx, obj, count, &arr)) return false;

  /* Step 9. */
  uint64_t n = 0;

  /* Step 10. */
  RootedValue kValue(cx);
  while (k < final) {
    if (!CheckForInterrupt(cx)) return false;

    /* Steps 10.a-b, and 10.c.i. */
    bool kNotPresent;
    if (!HasAndGetElement(cx, obj, k, &kNotPresent, &kValue)) return false;

    /* Step 10.c. */
    if (!kNotPresent) {
      /* Steps 10.c.ii. */
      if (!DefineArrayElement(cx, arr, n, kValue)) return false;
    }
    /* Step 10.d. */
    k++;

    /* Step 10.e. */
    n++;
  }

  /* Step 11. */
  if (!SetLengthProperty(cx, arr, n)) return false;

  /* Step 12. */
  args.rval().setObject(*arr);
  return true;
}

static bool ArraySliceDenseKernel(JSContext* cx, ArrayObject* arr,
                                  int32_t beginArg, int32_t endArg,
                                  ArrayObject* result) {
  uint32_t length = arr->length();

  uint32_t begin = NormalizeSliceTerm(beginArg, length);
  uint32_t end = NormalizeSliceTerm(endArg, length);

  if (begin > end) begin = end;

  uint32_t count = end - begin;
  size_t initlen = arr->getDenseInitializedLength();
  if (initlen > begin) {
    uint32_t newlength = Min<uint32_t>(initlen - begin, count);
    if (newlength > 0) {
      if (!result->ensureElements(cx, newlength)) return false;
      result->initDenseElements(arr, begin, newlength);
    }
  }

  MOZ_ASSERT(count >= result->length());
  result->setLength(cx, count);

  return true;
}

JSObject* js::array_slice_dense(JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, int32_t begin,
                                int32_t end, HandleObject result) {
  if (result && IsArraySpecies(cx, obj)) {
    if (!ArraySliceDenseKernel(cx, &obj->as<ArrayObject>(), begin, end,
                               &result->as<ArrayObject>())) {
      return nullptr;
    }
    return result;
  }

  // Slower path if the JIT wasn't able to allocate an object inline.
  JS::AutoValueArray<4> argv(cx);
  argv[0].setUndefined();
  argv[1].setObject(*obj);
  argv[2].setInt32(begin);
  argv[3].setInt32(end);
  if (!array_slice(cx, 2, argv.begin())) return nullptr;
  return &argv[0].toObject();
}

static bool array_isArray(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  CallArgs args = CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);
  bool isArray = false;
  if (args.get(0).isObject()) {
    RootedObject obj(cx, &args[0].toObject());
    if (!IsArray(cx, obj, &isArray)) return false;
  }
  args.rval().setBoolean(isArray);
  return true;
}

static bool ArrayFromCallArgs(JSContext* cx, CallArgs& args,
                              HandleObject proto = nullptr) {
  ArrayObject* obj = NewCopiedArrayForCallingAllocationSite(
      cx, args.array(), args.length(), proto);
  if (!obj) return false;

  args.rval().setObject(*obj);
  return true;
}

static bool array_of(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  CallArgs args = CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);

  if (IsArrayConstructor(args.thisv()) || !IsConstructor(args.thisv())) {
    // IsArrayConstructor(this) will usually be true in practice. This is
    // the most common path.
    return ArrayFromCallArgs(cx, args);
  }

  // Step 4.
  RootedObject obj(cx);
  {
    FixedConstructArgs<1> cargs(cx);

    cargs[0].setNumber(args.length());

    if (!Construct(cx, args.thisv(), cargs, args.thisv(), &obj)) return false;
  }

  // Step 8.
  for (unsigned k = 0; k < args.length(); k++) {
    if (!DefineDataElement(cx, obj, k, args[k])) return false;
  }

  // Steps 9-10.
  if (!SetLengthProperty(cx, obj, args.length())) return false;

  // Step 11.
  args.rval().setObject(*obj);
  return true;
}

const JSJitInfo js::array_splice_info = {
    {(JSJitGetterOp)array_splice_noRetVal},
    {0}, /* unused */
    {0}, /* unused */
    JSJitInfo::IgnoresReturnValueNative,
    JSJitInfo::AliasEverything,
    JSVAL_TYPE_UNDEFINED,
};

static const JSFunctionSpec array_methods[] = {
    JS_FN(js_toSource_str, array_toSource, 0, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN(js_toString_str, "ArrayToString", 0, 0),
    JS_FN(js_toLocaleString_str, array_toLocaleString, 0, 0),

    /* Perl-ish methods. */
    JS_INLINABLE_FN("join", array_join, 1, 0, ArrayJoin),
    JS_FN("reverse", array_reverse, 0, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("sort", "ArraySort", 1, 0),
    JS_INLINABLE_FN("push", array_push, 1, 0, ArrayPush),
    JS_INLINABLE_FN("pop", array_pop, 0, 0, ArrayPop),
    JS_INLINABLE_FN("shift", array_shift, 0, 0, ArrayShift),
    JS_FN("unshift", array_unshift, 1, 0),
    JS_FNINFO("splice", array_splice, &array_splice_info, 2, 0),

    /* Pythonic sequence methods. */
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("concat", "ArrayConcat", 1, 0),
    JS_INLINABLE_FN("slice", array_slice, 2, 0, ArraySlice),

    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("lastIndexOf", "ArrayLastIndexOf", 1, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("indexOf", "ArrayIndexOf", 1, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("forEach", "ArrayForEach", 1, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("map", "ArrayMap", 1, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("filter", "ArrayFilter", 1, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("reduce", "ArrayReduce", 1, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("reduceRight", "ArrayReduceRight", 1, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("some", "ArraySome", 1, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("every", "ArrayEvery", 1, 0),

    /* ES6 additions */
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("find", "ArrayFind", 1, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("findIndex", "ArrayFindIndex", 1, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("copyWithin", "ArrayCopyWithin", 3, 0),

    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("fill", "ArrayFill", 3, 0),

    JS_SELF_HOSTED_SYM_FN(iterator, "ArrayValues", 0, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("entries", "ArrayEntries", 0, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("keys", "ArrayKeys", 0, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("values", "ArrayValues", 0, 0),

    /* ES7 additions */
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("includes", "ArrayIncludes", 2, 0),

#ifdef NIGHTLY_BUILD
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("flatMap", "ArrayFlatMap", 1, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("flatten", "ArrayFlatten", 0, 0),
#endif

    JS_FS_END};

static const JSFunctionSpec array_static_methods[] = {
    JS_INLINABLE_FN("isArray", array_isArray, 1, 0, ArrayIsArray),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("concat", "ArrayStaticConcat", 2, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("lastIndexOf", "ArrayStaticLastIndexOf", 2, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("indexOf", "ArrayStaticIndexOf", 2, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("forEach", "ArrayStaticForEach", 2, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("map", "ArrayStaticMap", 2, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("filter", "ArrayStaticFilter", 2, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("every", "ArrayStaticEvery", 2, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("some", "ArrayStaticSome", 2, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("reduce", "ArrayStaticReduce", 2, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("reduceRight", "ArrayStaticReduceRight", 2, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("join", "ArrayStaticJoin", 2, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("reverse", "ArrayStaticReverse", 1, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("sort", "ArrayStaticSort", 2, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("push", "ArrayStaticPush", 2, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("pop", "ArrayStaticPop", 1, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("shift", "ArrayStaticShift", 1, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("unshift", "ArrayStaticUnshift", 2, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("splice", "ArrayStaticSplice", 3, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("slice", "ArrayStaticSlice", 3, 0),
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_FN("from", "ArrayFrom", 3, 0),
    JS_FN("of", array_of, 0, 0),

    JS_FS_END};

const JSPropertySpec array_static_props[] = {
    JS_SELF_HOSTED_SYM_GET(species, "ArraySpecies", 0), JS_PS_END};

static inline bool ArrayConstructorImpl(JSContext* cx, CallArgs& args,
                                        bool isConstructor) {
  RootedObject proto(cx);
  if (isConstructor) {
    if (!GetPrototypeFromBuiltinConstructor(cx, args, &proto)) return false;
  } else {
    // We're emulating |new Array(n)| with |std_Array(n)| in self-hosted JS,
    // and the proto should be %ArrayPrototype% regardless of the callee.
    proto = GlobalObject::getOrCreateArrayPrototype(cx, cx->global());
    if (!proto) return false;
  }

  if (args.length() != 1 || !args[0].isNumber())
    return ArrayFromCallArgs(cx, args, proto);

  uint32_t length;
  if (args[0].isInt32()) {
    int32_t i = args[0].toInt32();
    if (i < 0) {
      JS_ReportErrorNumberASCII(cx, GetErrorMessage, nullptr,
                                JSMSG_BAD_ARRAY_LENGTH);
      return false;
    }
    length = uint32_t(i);
  } else {
    double d = args[0].toDouble();
    length = ToUint32(d);
    if (d != double(length)) {
      JS_ReportErrorNumberASCII(cx, GetErrorMessage, nullptr,
                                JSMSG_BAD_ARRAY_LENGTH);
      return false;
    }
  }

  ArrayObject* obj =
      NewPartlyAllocatedArrayForCallingAllocationSite(cx, length, proto);
  if (!obj) return false;

  args.rval().setObject(*obj);
  return true;
}

/* ES5 15.4.2 */
bool js::ArrayConstructor(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  CallArgs args = CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);
  return ArrayConstructorImpl(cx, args, /* isConstructor = */ true);
}

bool js::array_construct(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  CallArgs args = CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);
  MOZ_ASSERT(!args.isConstructing());
  MOZ_ASSERT(args.length() == 1);
  MOZ_ASSERT(args[0].isNumber());
  return ArrayConstructorImpl(cx, args, /* isConstructor = */ false);
}

ArrayObject* js::ArrayConstructorOneArg(JSContext* cx, HandleObjectGroup group,
                                        int32_t lengthInt) {
  if (lengthInt < 0) {
    JS_ReportErrorNumberASCII(cx, GetErrorMessage, nullptr,
                              JSMSG_BAD_ARRAY_LENGTH);
    return nullptr;
  }

  uint32_t length = uint32_t(lengthInt);
  return NewPartlyAllocatedArrayTryUseGroup(cx, group, length);
}

static JSObject* CreateArrayPrototype(JSContext* cx, JSProtoKey key) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(key == JSProto_Array);
  RootedObject proto(
      cx, GlobalObject::getOrCreateObjectPrototype(cx, cx->global()));
  if (!proto) return nullptr;

  RootedObjectGroup group(cx,
                          ObjectGroup::defaultNewGroup(cx, &ArrayObject::class_,
                                                       TaggedProto(proto)));
  if (!group) return nullptr;

  RootedShape shape(cx, EmptyShape::getInitialShape(cx, &ArrayObject::class_,
                                                    TaggedProto(proto),
                                                    gc::AllocKind::OBJECT0));
  if (!shape) return nullptr;

  AutoSetNewObjectMetadata metadata(cx);
  RootedArrayObject arrayProto(
      cx, ArrayObject::createArray(cx, gc::AllocKind::OBJECT4, gc::TenuredHeap,
                                   shape, group, 0, metadata));
  if (!arrayProto || !JSObject::setSingleton(cx, arrayProto) ||
      !JSObject::setDelegate(cx, arrayProto) ||
      !AddLengthProperty(cx, arrayProto)) {
    return nullptr;
  }

  /*
   * The default 'new' group of Array.prototype is required by type inference
   * to have unknown properties, to simplify handling of e.g. heterogenous
   * arrays in JSON and script literals and allows setDenseArrayElement to
   * be used without updating the indexed type set for such default arrays.
   */
  if (!JSObject::setNewGroupUnknown(cx, &ArrayObject::class_, arrayProto))
    return nullptr;

  return arrayProto;
}

static bool array_proto_finish(JSContext* cx, JS::HandleObject ctor,
                               JS::HandleObject proto) {
  // Add Array.prototype[@@unscopables]. ECMA-262 draft (2016 Mar 19) 22.1.3.32.
  RootedObject unscopables(
      cx, NewObjectWithGivenProto<PlainObject>(cx, nullptr, SingletonObject));
  if (!unscopables) return false;

  RootedValue value(cx, BooleanValue(true));
  if (!DefineDataProperty(cx, unscopables, cx->names().copyWithin, value) ||
      !DefineDataProperty(cx, unscopables, cx->names().entries, value) ||
      !DefineDataProperty(cx, unscopables, cx->names().fill, value) ||
      !DefineDataProperty(cx, unscopables, cx->names().find, value) ||
      !DefineDataProperty(cx, unscopables, cx->names().findIndex, value) ||
      !DefineDataProperty(cx, unscopables, cx->names().includes, value) ||
      !DefineDataProperty(cx, unscopables, cx->names().keys, value) ||
      !DefineDataProperty(cx, unscopables, cx->names().values, value)) {
    return false;
  }

  RootedId id(cx, SYMBOL_TO_JSID(
                      cx->wellKnownSymbols().get(JS::SymbolCode::unscopables)));
  value.setObject(*unscopables);
  return DefineDataProperty(cx, proto, id, value, JSPROP_READONLY);
}

static const ClassOps ArrayObjectClassOps = {
    array_addProperty, nullptr, /* delProperty */
    nullptr,                    /* enumerate */
    nullptr,                    /* resolve */
    nullptr,                    /* mayResolve */
    nullptr,                    /* finalize */
    nullptr,                    /* call */
    nullptr,                    /* hasInstance */
    nullptr,                    /* construct */
    nullptr,                    /* trace */
};

static const ClassSpec ArrayObjectClassSpec = {
    GenericCreateConstructor<ArrayConstructor, 1, AllocKind::FUNCTION,
                             &jit::JitInfo_Array>,
    CreateArrayPrototype,
    array_static_methods,
    array_static_props,
    array_methods,
    nullptr,
    array_proto_finish};

const Class ArrayObject::class_ = {
    "Array",
    JSCLASS_HAS_CACHED_PROTO(JSProto_Array) | JSCLASS_DELAY_METADATA_BUILDER,
    &ArrayObjectClassOps, &ArrayObjectClassSpec};

/*
 * Array allocation functions.
 */

static inline bool EnsureNewArrayElements(JSContext* cx, ArrayObject* obj,
                                          uint32_t length) {
  /*
   * If ensureElements creates dynamically allocated slots, then having
   * fixedSlots is a waste.
   */
  DebugOnly<uint32_t> cap = obj->getDenseCapacity();

  if (!obj->ensureElements(cx, length)) return false;

  MOZ_ASSERT_IF(cap, !obj->hasDynamicElements());

  return true;
}

template <uint32_t maxLength>
static MOZ_ALWAYS_INLINE ArrayObject* NewArray(
    JSContext* cx, uint32_t length, HandleObject protoArg,
    NewObjectKind newKind = GenericObject) {
  gc::AllocKind allocKind = GuessArrayGCKind(length);
  MOZ_ASSERT(CanBeFinalizedInBackground(allocKind, &ArrayObject::class_));
  allocKind = GetBackgroundAllocKind(allocKind);

  RootedObject proto(cx, protoArg);
  if (!proto) {
    proto = GlobalObject::getOrCreateArrayPrototype(cx, cx->global());
    if (!proto) return nullptr;
  }

  Rooted<TaggedProto> taggedProto(cx, TaggedProto(proto));
  bool isCachable = NewObjectWithTaggedProtoIsCachable(cx, taggedProto, newKind,
                                                       &ArrayObject::class_);
  if (isCachable) {
    NewObjectCache& cache = cx->caches().newObjectCache;
    NewObjectCache::EntryIndex entry = -1;
    if (cache.lookupProto(&ArrayObject::class_, proto, allocKind, &entry)) {
      gc::InitialHeap heap = GetInitialHeap(newKind, &ArrayObject::class_);
      AutoSetNewObjectMetadata metadata(cx);
      JSObject* obj = cache.newObjectFromHit(cx, entry, heap);
      if (obj) {
        /* Fixup the elements pointer and length, which may be incorrect. */
        ArrayObject* arr = &obj->as<ArrayObject>();
        arr->setFixedElements();
        arr->setLength(cx, length);
        if (maxLength > 0 &&
            !EnsureNewArrayElements(cx, arr, std::min(maxLength, length))) {
          return nullptr;
        }
        return arr;
      }
    }
  }

  RootedObjectGroup group(cx,
                          ObjectGroup::defaultNewGroup(cx, &ArrayObject::class_,
                                                       TaggedProto(proto)));
  if (!group) return nullptr;

  /*
   * Get a shape with zero fixed slots, regardless of the size class.
   * See JSObject::createArray.
   */
  RootedShape shape(cx, EmptyShape::getInitialShape(cx, &ArrayObject::class_,
                                                    TaggedProto(proto),
                                                    gc::AllocKind::OBJECT0));
  if (!shape) return nullptr;

  AutoSetNewObjectMetadata metadata(cx);
  RootedArrayObject arr(
      cx, ArrayObject::createArray(
              cx, allocKind, GetInitialHeap(newKind, &ArrayObject::class_),
              shape, group, length, metadata));
  if (!arr) return nullptr;

  if (shape->isEmptyShape()) {
    if (!AddLengthProperty(cx, arr)) return nullptr;
    shape = arr->lastProperty();
    EmptyShape::insertInitialShape(cx, shape, proto);
  }

  if (newKind == SingletonObject && !JSObject::setSingleton(cx, arr))
    return nullptr;

  if (isCachable) {
    NewObjectCache& cache = cx->caches().newObjectCache;
    NewObjectCache::EntryIndex entry = -1;
    cache.lookupProto(&ArrayObject::class_, proto, allocKind, &entry);
    cache.fillProto(entry, &ArrayObject::class_, taggedProto, allocKind, arr);
  }

  if (maxLength > 0 &&
      !EnsureNewArrayElements(cx, arr, std::min(maxLength, length)))
    return nullptr;

  probes::CreateObject(cx, arr);
  return arr;
}

ArrayObject* JS_FASTCALL
js::NewDenseEmptyArray(JSContext* cx, HandleObject proto /* = nullptr */,
                       NewObjectKind newKind /* = GenericObject */) {
  return NewArray<0>(cx, 0, proto, newKind);
}

ArrayObject* JS_FASTCALL js::NewDenseFullyAllocatedArray(
    JSContext* cx, uint32_t length, HandleObject proto /* = nullptr */,
    NewObjectKind newKind /* = GenericObject */) {
  return NewArray<UINT32_MAX>(cx, length, proto, newKind);
}

ArrayObject* JS_FASTCALL js::NewDensePartlyAllocatedArray(
    JSContext* cx, uint32_t length, HandleObject proto /* = nullptr */,
    NewObjectKind newKind /* = GenericObject */) {
  return NewArray<ArrayObject::EagerAllocationMaxLength>(cx, length, proto,
                                                         newKind);
}

ArrayObject* JS_FASTCALL js::NewDenseUnallocatedArray(
    JSContext* cx, uint32_t length, HandleObject proto /* = nullptr */,
    NewObjectKind newKind /* = GenericObject */) {
  return NewArray<0>(cx, length, proto, newKind);
}

// values must point at already-rooted Value objects
ArrayObject* js::NewDenseCopiedArray(
    JSContext* cx, uint32_t length, const Value* values,
    HandleObject proto /* = nullptr */,
    NewObjectKind newKind /* = GenericObject */) {
  ArrayObject* arr = NewArray<UINT32_MAX>(cx, length, proto, newKind);
  if (!arr) return nullptr;

  MOZ_ASSERT(arr->getDenseCapacity() >= length);
  MOZ_ASSERT(arr->getDenseInitializedLength() == 0);

  if (values) arr->initDenseElements(values, length);

  return arr;
}

ArrayObject* js::NewDenseFullyAllocatedArrayWithTemplate(
    JSContext* cx, uint32_t length, JSObject* templateObject) {
  AutoSetNewObjectMetadata metadata(cx);
  gc::AllocKind allocKind = GuessArrayGCKind(length);
  MOZ_ASSERT(CanBeFinalizedInBackground(allocKind, &ArrayObject::class_));
  allocKind = GetBackgroundAllocKind(allocKind);

  RootedObjectGroup group(cx, templateObject->group());
  RootedShape shape(cx, templateObject->as<ArrayObject>().lastProperty());

  gc::InitialHeap heap = GetInitialHeap(GenericObject, &ArrayObject::class_);
  Rooted<ArrayObject*> arr(
      cx, ArrayObject::createArray(cx, allocKind, heap, shape, group, length,
                                   metadata));
  if (!arr) return nullptr;

  if (!EnsureNewArrayElements(cx, arr, length)) return nullptr;

  probes::CreateObject(cx, arr);

  return arr;
}

ArrayObject* js::NewDenseCopyOnWriteArray(JSContext* cx,
                                          HandleArrayObject templateObject,
                                          gc::InitialHeap heap) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(!gc::IsInsideNursery(templateObject));

  ArrayObject* arr =
      ArrayObject::createCopyOnWriteArray(cx, heap, templateObject);
  if (!arr) return nullptr;

  probes::CreateObject(cx, arr);
  return arr;
}

// Return a new array with the specified length and allocated capacity (up to
// maxLength), using the specified group if possible. If the specified group
// cannot be used, ensure that the created array at least has the given
// [[Prototype]].
template <uint32_t maxLength>
static inline ArrayObject* NewArrayTryUseGroup(
    JSContext* cx, HandleObjectGroup group, size_t length,
    NewObjectKind newKind = GenericObject) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(newKind != SingletonObject);

  if (group->shouldPreTenure()) newKind = TenuredObject;

  RootedObject proto(cx, group->proto().toObject());
  ArrayObject* res = NewArray<maxLength>(cx, length, proto, newKind);
  if (!res) return nullptr;

  res->setGroup(group);

  // If the length calculation overflowed, make sure that is marked for the
  // new group.
  if (res->length() > INT32_MAX) res->setLength(cx, res->length());

  return res;
}

ArrayObject* js::NewFullyAllocatedArrayTryUseGroup(JSContext* cx,
                                                   HandleObjectGroup group,
                                                   size_t length,
                                                   NewObjectKind newKind) {
  return NewArrayTryUseGroup<UINT32_MAX>(cx, group, length, newKind);
}

ArrayObject* js::NewPartlyAllocatedArrayTryUseGroup(JSContext* cx,
                                                    HandleObjectGroup group,
                                                    size_t length) {
  return NewArrayTryUseGroup<ArrayObject::EagerAllocationMaxLength>(cx, group,
                                                                    length);
}

// Return a new array with the default prototype and specified allocated
// capacity and length. If possible, try to reuse the group of the input
// object. The resulting array will either reuse the input object's group or
// will have unknown property types.
template <uint32_t maxLength>
static inline ArrayObject* NewArrayTryReuseGroup(
    JSContext* cx, HandleObject obj, size_t length,
    NewObjectKind newKind = GenericObject) {
  if (!obj->is<ArrayObject>())
    return NewArray<maxLength>(cx, length, nullptr, newKind);

  if (obj->staticPrototype() != cx->global()->maybeGetArrayPrototype())
    return NewArray<maxLength>(cx, length, nullptr, newKind);

  RootedObjectGroup group(cx, JSObject::getGroup(cx, obj));
  if (!group) return nullptr;

  return NewArrayTryUseGroup<maxLength>(cx, group, length, newKind);
}

ArrayObject* js::NewFullyAllocatedArrayTryReuseGroup(JSContext* cx,
                                                     HandleObject obj,
                                                     size_t length,
                                                     NewObjectKind newKind) {
  return NewArrayTryReuseGroup<UINT32_MAX>(cx, obj, length, newKind);
}

ArrayObject* js::NewPartlyAllocatedArrayTryReuseGroup(JSContext* cx,
                                                      HandleObject obj,
                                                      size_t length) {
  return NewArrayTryReuseGroup<ArrayObject::EagerAllocationMaxLength>(cx, obj,
                                                                      length);
}

ArrayObject* js::NewFullyAllocatedArrayForCallingAllocationSite(
    JSContext* cx, size_t length, NewObjectKind newKind) {
  RootedObjectGroup group(
      cx, ObjectGroup::callingAllocationSiteGroup(cx, JSProto_Array));
  if (!group) return nullptr;
  return NewArrayTryUseGroup<UINT32_MAX>(cx, group, length, newKind);
}

ArrayObject* js::NewPartlyAllocatedArrayForCallingAllocationSite(
    JSContext* cx, size_t length, HandleObject proto) {
  RootedObjectGroup group(
      cx, ObjectGroup::callingAllocationSiteGroup(cx, JSProto_Array, proto));
  if (!group) return nullptr;
  return NewArrayTryUseGroup<ArrayObject::EagerAllocationMaxLength>(cx, group,
                                                                    length);
}

ArrayObject* js::NewCopiedArrayTryUseGroup(JSContext* cx,
                                           HandleObjectGroup group,
                                           const Value* vp, size_t length,
                                           NewObjectKind newKind,
                                           ShouldUpdateTypes updateTypes) {
  ArrayObject* obj =
      NewFullyAllocatedArrayTryUseGroup(cx, group, length, newKind);
  if (!obj) return nullptr;

  DenseElementResult result =
      obj->setOrExtendDenseElements(cx, 0, vp, length, updateTypes);
  if (result == DenseElementResult::Failure) return nullptr;

  MOZ_ASSERT(result == DenseElementResult::Success);
  return obj;
}

ArrayObject* js::NewCopiedArrayForCallingAllocationSite(
    JSContext* cx, const Value* vp, size_t length,
    HandleObject proto /* = nullptr */) {
  RootedObjectGroup group(
      cx, ObjectGroup::callingAllocationSiteGroup(cx, JSProto_Array, proto));
  if (!group) return nullptr;
  return NewCopiedArrayTryUseGroup(cx, group, vp, length);
}

#ifdef DEBUG
bool js::ArrayInfo(JSContext* cx, unsigned argc, Value* vp) {
  CallArgs args = CallArgsFromVp(argc, vp);
  RootedObject obj(cx);

  for (unsigned i = 0; i < args.length(); i++) {
    HandleValue arg = args[i];

    UniqueChars bytes =
        DecompileValueGenerator(cx, JSDVG_SEARCH_STACK, arg, nullptr);
    if (!bytes) return false;
    if (arg.isPrimitive() || !(obj = arg.toObjectOrNull())->is<ArrayObject>()) {
      fprintf(stderr, "%s: not array\n", bytes.get());
      continue;
    }
    fprintf(stderr, "%s: (len %u", bytes.get(),
            obj->as<ArrayObject>().length());
    fprintf(stderr, ", capacity %u", obj->as<ArrayObject>().getDenseCapacity());
    fputs(")\n", stderr);
  }

  args.rval().setUndefined();
  return true;
}
#endif

void js::ArraySpeciesLookup::initialize(JSContext* cx) {
  MOZ_ASSERT(state_ == State::Uninitialized);

  // Get the canonical Array.prototype.
  NativeObject* arrayProto = cx->global()->maybeGetArrayPrototype();

  // Leave the cache uninitialized if the Array class itself is not yet
  // initialized.
  if (!arrayProto) return;

  // Get the canonical Array constructor.
  const Value& arrayCtorValue = cx->global()->getConstructor(JSProto_Array);
  MOZ_ASSERT(arrayCtorValue.isObject(),
             "The Array constructor is initialized iff Array.prototype is "
             "initialized");
  JSFunction* arrayCtor = &arrayCtorValue.toObject().as<JSFunction>();

  // Shortcut returns below means Array[@@species] will never be
  // optimizable, set to disabled now, and clear it later when we succeed.
  state_ = State::Disabled;

  // Look up Array.prototype[@@iterator] and ensure it's a data property.
  Shape* ctorShape = arrayProto->lookup(cx, NameToId(cx->names().constructor));
  if (!ctorShape || !ctorShape->isDataProperty()) return;

  // Get the referred value, and ensure it holds the canonical Array
  // constructor.
  JSFunction* ctorFun;
  if (!IsFunctionObject(arrayProto->getSlot(ctorShape->slot()), &ctorFun))
    return;
  if (ctorFun != arrayCtor) return;

  // Look up the '@@species' value on Array
  Shape* speciesShape =
      arrayCtor->lookup(cx, SYMBOL_TO_JSID(cx->wellKnownSymbols().species));
  if (!speciesShape || !speciesShape->hasGetterValue()) return;

  // Get the referred value, ensure it holds the canonical Array[@@species]
  // function.
  JSFunction* speciesFun;
  if (!IsFunctionObject(speciesShape->getterValue(), &speciesFun)) return;
  if (!IsSelfHostedFunctionWithName(speciesFun, cx->names().ArraySpecies))
    return;

  // Store raw pointers below. This is okay to do here, because all objects
  // are in the tenured heap.
  MOZ_ASSERT(!IsInsideNursery(arrayProto));
  MOZ_ASSERT(!IsInsideNursery(arrayCtor));
  MOZ_ASSERT(!IsInsideNursery(arrayCtor->lastProperty()));
  MOZ_ASSERT(!IsInsideNursery(speciesShape));
  MOZ_ASSERT(!IsInsideNursery(speciesFun));
  MOZ_ASSERT(!IsInsideNursery(arrayProto->lastProperty()));

  state_ = State::Initialized;
  arrayProto_ = arrayProto;
  arrayConstructor_ = arrayCtor;
  arrayConstructorShape_ = arrayCtor->lastProperty();
#ifdef DEBUG
  arraySpeciesShape_ = speciesShape;
  canonicalSpeciesFunc_ = speciesFun;
#endif
  arrayProtoShape_ = arrayProto->lastProperty();
  arrayProtoConstructorSlot_ = ctorShape->slot();
}

void js::ArraySpeciesLookup::reset() {
  state_ = State::Uninitialized;
  arrayProto_ = nullptr;
  arrayConstructor_ = nullptr;
  arrayConstructorShape_ = nullptr;
#ifdef DEBUG
  arraySpeciesShape_ = nullptr;
  canonicalSpeciesFunc_ = nullptr;
#endif
  arrayProtoShape_ = nullptr;
  arrayProtoConstructorSlot_ = -1;
}

bool js::ArraySpeciesLookup::isArrayStateStillSane() {
  MOZ_ASSERT(state_ == State::Initialized);

  // Ensure that Array.prototype still has the expected shape.
  if (arrayProto_->lastProperty() != arrayProtoShape_) return false;

  // Ensure that Array.prototype.constructor contains the canonical Array
  // constructor function.
  if (arrayProto_->getSlot(arrayProtoConstructorSlot_) !=
      ObjectValue(*arrayConstructor_))
    return false;

  // Ensure that Array still has the expected shape.
  if (arrayConstructor_->lastProperty() != arrayConstructorShape_) return false;

  // Ensure the species getter contains the canonical @@species function.
  // Note: This is currently guaranteed to be always true, because modifying
  // the getter property implies a new shape is generated. If this ever
  // changes, convert this assertion into an if-statement.
  MOZ_ASSERT(arraySpeciesShape_->getterObject() == canonicalSpeciesFunc_);

  return true;
}

bool js::ArraySpeciesLookup::tryOptimizeArray(JSContext* cx,
                                              ArrayObject* array) {
  if (state_ == State::Uninitialized) {
    // If the cache is not initialized, initialize it.
    initialize(cx);
  } else if (state_ == State::Initialized && !isArrayStateStillSane()) {
    // Otherwise, if the array state is no longer sane, reinitialize.
    reset();
    initialize(cx);
  }

  // If the cache is disabled or still uninitialized, don't bother trying to
  // optimize.
  if (state_ != State::Initialized) return false;

  // By the time we get here, we should have a sane array state.
  MOZ_ASSERT(isArrayStateStillSane());

  // Ensure |array|'s prototype is the actual Array.prototype.
  if (array->staticPrototype() != arrayProto_) return false;

  // Ensure |array| doesn't define any own properties besides its
  // non-deletable "length" property. This serves as a quick check to make
  // sure |array| doesn't define an own "constructor" property which may
  // shadow Array.prototype.constructor.
  Shape* shape = array->shape();
  if (shape->previous() && !shape->previous()->isEmptyShape()) return false;

  MOZ_ASSERT(JSID_IS_ATOM(shape->propidRaw(), cx->names().length));
  return true;
}