File: nsHandlerService-json.js

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/* This Source Code Form is subject to the terms of the Mozilla Public
 * License, v. 2.0. If a copy of the MPL was not distributed with this
 * file, You can obtain one at http://mozilla.org/MPL/2.0/. */

ChromeUtils.import("resource://gre/modules/osfile.jsm");
ChromeUtils.import("resource://gre/modules/XPCOMUtils.jsm");
ChromeUtils.import("resource://gre/modules/Services.jsm");

ChromeUtils.defineModuleGetter(this, "FileUtils",
                               "resource://gre/modules/FileUtils.jsm");
ChromeUtils.defineModuleGetter(this, "JSONFile",
                               "resource://gre/modules/JSONFile.jsm");

XPCOMUtils.defineLazyServiceGetter(this, "gExternalProtocolService",
                                   "@mozilla.org/uriloader/external-protocol-service;1",
                                   "nsIExternalProtocolService");
XPCOMUtils.defineLazyServiceGetter(this, "gHandlerServiceRDF",
                                   "@mozilla.org/uriloader/handler-service-rdf;1",
                                   "nsIHandlerService");
XPCOMUtils.defineLazyServiceGetter(this, "gMIMEService",
                                   "@mozilla.org/mime;1",
                                   "nsIMIMEService");

function HandlerService() {
  // Observe handlersvc-json-replace so we can switch to the datasource
  Services.obs.addObserver(this, "handlersvc-json-replace", true);
}

HandlerService.prototype = {

  classID: Components.ID("{220cc253-b60f-41f6-b9cf-fdcb325f970f}"),
  QueryInterface: XPCOMUtils.generateQI([
    Ci.nsISupportsWeakReference,
    Ci.nsIHandlerService,
    Ci.nsIObserver
  ]),

  __store: null,
  get _store() {
    if (!this.__store) {
      this.__store = new JSONFile({
        path: OS.Path.join(OS.Constants.Path.profileDir, "handlers.json"),
        dataPostProcessor: this._dataPostProcessor.bind(this),
      });
    }

    // Always call this even if this.__store was set, since it may have been
    // set by asyncInit, which might not have completed yet.
    this._ensureStoreInitialized();
    return this.__store;
  },

  __storeInitialized: false,
  _ensureStoreInitialized() {
    if (!this.__storeInitialized) {
      this.__storeInitialized = true;
      this.__store.ensureDataReady();

      // We have to inject new default protocol handlers only if we haven't
      // already done this when migrating data from the RDF back-end.
      let alreadyInjected = this._migrateFromRDFIfNeeded();
      this._injectDefaultProtocolHandlersIfNeeded(alreadyInjected);

      Services.obs.notifyObservers(null, "handlersvc-store-initialized");
    }
  },

  _dataPostProcessor(data) {
    return data.defaultHandlersVersion ? data : {
      defaultHandlersVersion: {},
      mimeTypes: {},
      schemes: {},
    };
  },

  /**
   * Migrates data from the RDF back-end, returning true if this happened.
   */
  _migrateFromRDFIfNeeded() {
    try {
      if (Services.prefs.getBoolPref("gecko.handlerService.migrated")) {
        return false;
      }
    } catch (ex) {
      // If the preference does not exist, we need to import.
    }

    try {
      // Don't initialize the RDF back-end if the file does not exist, improving
      // performance on first use for new profiles.
      let rdfFile = FileUtils.getFile("ProfD", ["mimeTypes.rdf"]);
      if (rdfFile.exists()) {
        this._migrateFromRDF();
        return true;
      }
    } catch (ex) {
      Cu.reportError(ex);
    } finally {
      // Don't attempt to import again even if the operation failed.
      Services.prefs.setBoolPref("gecko.handlerService.migrated", true);
    }

    return false;
  },

  _migrateFromRDF() {
    // Initializing the RDF back-end has the side effect of triggering the
    // injection of the default protocol handlers. If the version number is
    // newer and this happens, then the "enumerate" call in the RDF back-end
    // will re-enter the JSON back-end through the MIME service, but this is
    // harmless. The injection will not be repeated in the JSON back-end, so we
    // rely on the new handlers injected by the RDF back-end.
    let handlerInfoEnumerator = gHandlerServiceRDF.enumerate();
    while (handlerInfoEnumerator.hasMoreElements()) {
      let handlerInfo = handlerInfoEnumerator.getNext()
                                             .QueryInterface(Ci.nsIHandlerInfo);
      try {
        // If the import from RDF is repeated by flipping the preference, then
        // handlerInfo might already include some data from the JSON back-end,
        // but any duplication is removed by the "store" method.
        gHandlerServiceRDF.fillHandlerInfo(handlerInfo, "");
        this.store(handlerInfo);
      } catch (ex) {
        Cu.reportError(ex);
      }
    }
  },

  /**
   * Injects new default protocol handlers if the version in the preferences is
   * newer than the one in the data store. If we just imported data from the RDF
   * back-end, we only need to update the version in the data store.
   */
  _injectDefaultProtocolHandlersIfNeeded(alreadyInjected) {
    let prefsDefaultHandlersVersion;
    try {
      prefsDefaultHandlersVersion = Services.prefs.getComplexValue(
        "gecko.handlerService.defaultHandlersVersion",
        Ci.nsIPrefLocalizedString);
    } catch (ex) {
      if (ex instanceof Components.Exception &&
          ex.result == Cr.NS_ERROR_UNEXPECTED) {
        // This platform does not have any default protocol handlers configured.
        return;
      }
      throw ex;
    }

    try {
      prefsDefaultHandlersVersion = Number(prefsDefaultHandlersVersion.data);
      let locale = Services.locale.getAppLocaleAsLangTag();

      let defaultHandlersVersion =
          this._store.data.defaultHandlersVersion[locale] || 0;
      if (defaultHandlersVersion < prefsDefaultHandlersVersion) {
        if (!alreadyInjected) {
          this._injectDefaultProtocolHandlers();
        }
        this._store.data.defaultHandlersVersion[locale] =
          prefsDefaultHandlersVersion;
      }
    } catch (ex) {
      Cu.reportError(ex);
    }
  },

  _injectDefaultProtocolHandlers() {
    let schemesPrefBranch = Services.prefs.getBranch("gecko.handlerService.schemes.");
    let schemePrefList = schemesPrefBranch.getChildList("");

    let schemes = {};

    // read all the scheme prefs into a hash
    for (let schemePrefName of schemePrefList) {

      let [scheme, handlerNumber, attribute] = schemePrefName.split(".");

      try {
        let attrData =
          schemesPrefBranch.getComplexValue(schemePrefName,
                                            Ci.nsIPrefLocalizedString).data;
        if (!(scheme in schemes)) {
          schemes[scheme] = {};
        }

        if (!(handlerNumber in schemes[scheme])) {
          schemes[scheme][handlerNumber] = {};
        }

        schemes[scheme][handlerNumber][attribute] = attrData;
      } catch (ex) {}
    }

    for (let scheme of Object.keys(schemes)) {

      // This clause is essentially a reimplementation of
      // nsIExternalProtocolHandlerService.getProtocolHandlerInfo().
      // Necessary because we want to use this instance of the service,
      // but nsIExternalProtocolHandlerService would call the RDF-based based version
      // until we complete the conversion.
      let osDefaultHandlerFound = {};
      let protoInfo = gExternalProtocolService.getProtocolHandlerInfoFromOS(scheme,
                                                                            osDefaultHandlerFound);

      if (this.exists(protoInfo)) {
        this.fillHandlerInfo(protoInfo, null);
      } else {
        gExternalProtocolService.setProtocolHandlerDefaults(protoInfo,
                                                            osDefaultHandlerFound.value);
      }

      // cache the possible handlers to avoid extra xpconnect traversals.
      let possibleHandlers = protoInfo.possibleApplicationHandlers;

      for (let handlerNumber of Object.keys(schemes[scheme])) {
        let handlerApp = this.handlerAppFromSerializable(schemes[scheme][handlerNumber]);
        // If there is already a handler registered with the same template
        // URL, the newly added one will be ignored when saving.
        possibleHandlers.appendElement(handlerApp, false);
      }

      this.store(protoInfo);
    }
  },

  _onDBChange() {
    return (async () => {
      if (this.__store) {
        await this.__store.finalize();
      }
      this.__store = null;
      this.__storeInitialized = false;
    })().catch(Cu.reportError);
  },

  // nsIObserver
  observe(subject, topic, data) {
    if (topic != "handlersvc-json-replace") {
      return;
    }
    let promise = this._onDBChange();
    promise.then(() => {
      Services.obs.notifyObservers(null, "handlersvc-json-replace-complete");
    });
  },

  // nsIHandlerService
  asyncInit() {
    if (!this.__store) {
      this.__store = new JSONFile({
        path: OS.Path.join(OS.Constants.Path.profileDir, "handlers.json"),
        dataPostProcessor: this._dataPostProcessor.bind(this),
      });
      this.__store.load().then(() => {
        // __store can be null if we called _onDBChange in the mean time.
        if (this.__store) {
          this._ensureStoreInitialized();
        }
      }).catch(Cu.reportError);
    }
  },

  // nsIHandlerService
  enumerate() {
    let handlers = Cc["@mozilla.org/array;1"]
                     .createInstance(Ci.nsIMutableArray);
    for (let type of Object.keys(this._store.data.mimeTypes)) {
      let handler = gMIMEService.getFromTypeAndExtension(type, null);
      handlers.appendElement(handler);
    }
    for (let type of Object.keys(this._store.data.schemes)) {
      // nsIExternalProtocolService.getProtocolHandlerInfo can be expensive
      // on Windows, so we return a proxy to delay retrieving the nsIHandlerInfo
      // until one of its properties is accessed.
      //
      // Note: our caller still needs to yield periodically when iterating
      // the enumerator and accessing handler properties to avoid monopolizing
      // the main thread.
      //
      let handler = new Proxy(
        {
          QueryInterface: XPCOMUtils.generateQI([Ci.nsIHandlerInfo]),
          type: type,
          get _handlerInfo() {
            delete this._handlerInfo;
            return this._handlerInfo = gExternalProtocolService.getProtocolHandlerInfo(type);
          },
        },
        {
          get: function(target, name) {
            return target[name] || target._handlerInfo[name];
          },
        },
      );
      handlers.appendElement(handler);
    }
    return handlers.enumerate();
  },

  // nsIHandlerService
  store(handlerInfo) {
    let handlerList = this._getHandlerListByHandlerInfoType(handlerInfo);

    // Retrieve an existing entry if present, instead of creating a new one, so
    // that we preserve unknown properties for forward compatibility.
    let storedHandlerInfo = handlerList[handlerInfo.type];
    if (!storedHandlerInfo) {
      storedHandlerInfo = {};
      handlerList[handlerInfo.type] = storedHandlerInfo;
    }

    // Only a limited number of preferredAction values is allowed.
    if (handlerInfo.preferredAction == Ci.nsIHandlerInfo.saveToDisk ||
        handlerInfo.preferredAction == Ci.nsIHandlerInfo.useSystemDefault ||
        handlerInfo.preferredAction == Ci.nsIHandlerInfo.handleInternally) {
      storedHandlerInfo.action = handlerInfo.preferredAction;
    } else {
      storedHandlerInfo.action = Ci.nsIHandlerInfo.useHelperApp;
    }

    if (handlerInfo.alwaysAskBeforeHandling) {
      storedHandlerInfo.ask = true;
    } else {
      delete storedHandlerInfo.ask;
    }

    // Build a list of unique nsIHandlerInfo instances to process later.
    let handlers = [];
    if (handlerInfo.preferredApplicationHandler) {
      handlers.push(handlerInfo.preferredApplicationHandler);
    }
    let enumerator = handlerInfo.possibleApplicationHandlers.enumerate();
    while (enumerator.hasMoreElements()) {
      let handler = enumerator.getNext().QueryInterface(Ci.nsIHandlerApp);
      // If the caller stored duplicate handlers, we save them only once.
      if (!handlers.some(h => h.equals(handler))) {
        handlers.push(handler);
      }
    }

    // If any of the nsIHandlerInfo instances cannot be serialized, it is not
    // included in the final list. The first element is always the preferred
    // handler, or null if there is none.
    let serializableHandlers =
        handlers.map(h => this.handlerAppToSerializable(h)).filter(h => h);
    if (serializableHandlers.length) {
      if (!handlerInfo.preferredApplicationHandler) {
        serializableHandlers.unshift(null);
      }
      storedHandlerInfo.handlers = serializableHandlers;
    } else {
      delete storedHandlerInfo.handlers;
    }

    if (this._isMIMEInfo(handlerInfo)) {
      let extEnumerator = handlerInfo.getFileExtensions();
      let extensions = storedHandlerInfo.extensions || [];
      while (extEnumerator.hasMore()) {
        let extension = extEnumerator.getNext().toLowerCase();
        // If the caller stored duplicate extensions, we save them only once.
        if (!extensions.includes(extension)) {
          extensions.push(extension);
        }
      }
      if (extensions.length) {
        storedHandlerInfo.extensions = extensions;
      } else {
        delete storedHandlerInfo.extensions;
      }
    }

    this._store.saveSoon();
  },

  // nsIHandlerService
  fillHandlerInfo(handlerInfo, overrideType) {
    let type = overrideType || handlerInfo.type;
    let storedHandlerInfo = this._getHandlerListByHandlerInfoType(handlerInfo)[type];
    if (!storedHandlerInfo) {
      throw new Components.Exception("handlerSvc fillHandlerInfo: don't know this type",
                                     Cr.NS_ERROR_NOT_AVAILABLE);
    }

    handlerInfo.preferredAction = storedHandlerInfo.action;
    handlerInfo.alwaysAskBeforeHandling = !!storedHandlerInfo.ask;

    // If the first item is not null, it is also the preferred handler. Since
    // we cannot modify the stored array, use a boolean to keep track of this.
    let isFirstItem = true;
    for (let handler of storedHandlerInfo.handlers || [null]) {
      let handlerApp = this.handlerAppFromSerializable(handler || {});
      if (isFirstItem) {
        isFirstItem = false;
        handlerInfo.preferredApplicationHandler = handlerApp;
      }
      if (handlerApp) {
        handlerInfo.possibleApplicationHandlers.appendElement(handlerApp);
      }
    }

    if (this._isMIMEInfo(handlerInfo) && storedHandlerInfo.extensions) {
      for (let extension of storedHandlerInfo.extensions) {
        handlerInfo.appendExtension(extension);
      }
    }
  },

  /**
   * @param handler
   *        A nsIHandlerApp handler app
   * @returns  Serializable representation of a handler app object.
   */
  handlerAppToSerializable(handler) {
    if (handler instanceof Ci.nsILocalHandlerApp) {
      return {
        name: handler.name,
        path: handler.executable.path,
      };
    } else if (handler instanceof Ci.nsIWebHandlerApp) {
      return {
        name: handler.name,
        uriTemplate: handler.uriTemplate,
      };
    } else if (handler instanceof Ci.nsIDBusHandlerApp) {
      return {
        name: handler.name,
        service: handler.service,
        method: handler.method,
        objectPath: handler.objectPath,
        dBusInterface: handler.dBusInterface,
      };
    } else if (handler instanceof Ci.nsIGIOMimeApp) {
      return {
        name: handler.name,
        command: handler.command,
      };
    }
    // If the handler is an unknown handler type, return null.
    // Android default application handler is the case.
    return null;
  },

  /**
   * @param handlerObj
   *        Serializable representation of a handler object.
   * @returns  {nsIHandlerApp}  the handler app, if any; otherwise null
   */
  handlerAppFromSerializable(handlerObj) {
    let handlerApp;
    if ("path" in handlerObj) {
      try {
        let file = new FileUtils.File(handlerObj.path);
        if (!file.exists()) {
          return null;
        }
        handlerApp = Cc["@mozilla.org/uriloader/local-handler-app;1"]
                       .createInstance(Ci.nsILocalHandlerApp);
        handlerApp.executable = file;
      } catch (ex) {
        return null;
      }
    } else if ("uriTemplate" in handlerObj) {
      handlerApp = Cc["@mozilla.org/uriloader/web-handler-app;1"]
                     .createInstance(Ci.nsIWebHandlerApp);
      handlerApp.uriTemplate = handlerObj.uriTemplate;
    } else if ("service" in handlerObj) {
      handlerApp = Cc["@mozilla.org/uriloader/dbus-handler-app;1"]
                     .createInstance(Ci.nsIDBusHandlerApp);
      handlerApp.service = handlerObj.service;
      handlerApp.method = handlerObj.method;
      handlerApp.objectPath = handlerObj.objectPath;
      handlerApp.dBusInterface = handlerObj.dBusInterface;
    } else if ("command" in handlerObj &&
               "@mozilla.org/gio-service;1" in Cc) {
      try {
        handlerApp = Cc["@mozilla.org/gio-service;1"]
                       .getService(Ci.nsIGIOService)
                       .createAppFromCommand(handlerObj.command, handlerObj.name);
      } catch (ex) {
        return null;
      }
    } else {
      return null;
    }

    handlerApp.name = handlerObj.name;
    return handlerApp;
  },

  /**
   * The function returns a reference to the "mimeTypes" or "schemes" object
   * based on which type of handlerInfo is provided.
   */
  _getHandlerListByHandlerInfoType(handlerInfo) {
    return this._isMIMEInfo(handlerInfo) ? this._store.data.mimeTypes
                                         : this._store.data.schemes;
  },

  /**
   * Determines whether an nsIHandlerInfo instance represents a MIME type.
   */
  _isMIMEInfo(handlerInfo) {
    // We cannot rely only on the instanceof check because on Android both MIME
    // types and protocols are instances of nsIMIMEInfo. We still do the check
    // so that properties of nsIMIMEInfo become available to the callers.
    return handlerInfo instanceof Ci.nsIMIMEInfo &&
           handlerInfo.type.includes("/");
  },

  // nsIHandlerService
  exists(handlerInfo) {
    return handlerInfo.type in this._getHandlerListByHandlerInfoType(handlerInfo);
  },

  // nsIHandlerService
  remove(handlerInfo) {
    delete this._getHandlerListByHandlerInfoType(handlerInfo)[handlerInfo.type];
    this._store.saveSoon();
  },

  // nsIHandlerService
  getTypeFromExtension(fileExtension) {
    let extension = fileExtension.toLowerCase();
    let mimeTypes = this._store.data.mimeTypes;
    for (let type of Object.keys(mimeTypes)) {
      if (mimeTypes[type].extensions &&
          mimeTypes[type].extensions.includes(extension)) {
        return type;
      }
    }
    return "";
  },
};

this.NSGetFactory = XPCOMUtils.generateNSGetFactory([HandlerService]);