File: README.txt2html

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NAME
    HTML::TextToHTML - convert plain text file to HTML

VERSION
    version 2.53

SYNOPSIS
      From the command line:

        txt2html I<arguments>

      From Scripts:

        use HTML::TextToHTML;
 
        # create a new object
        my $conv = new HTML::TextToHTML();

        # convert a file
        $conv->txt2html(infile=>[$text_file],
                         outfile=>$html_file,
                         title=>"Wonderful Things",
                         mail=>1,
          ]);

        # reset arguments
        $conv->args(infile=>[], mail=>0);

        # convert a string
        $newstring = $conv->process_chunk($mystring)

DESCRIPTION
    HTML::TextToHTML converts plain text files to HTML. The txt2html script
    uses this module to do the same from the command-line.

    It supports headings, tables, lists, simple character markup, and
    hyperlinking, and is highly customizable. It recognizes some of the
    apparent structure of the source document (mostly whitespace and
    typographic layout), and attempts to mark that structure explicitly
    using HTML. The purpose for this tool is to provide an easier way of
    converting existing text documents to HTML format, giving something
    nicer than just whapping the text into a big PRE block.

  History
    The original txt2html script was written by Seth Golub (see
    http://www.aigeek.com/txt2html/), and converted to a perl module by
    Kathryn Andersen (see http://www.katspace.com/tools/text_to_html/) and
    made into a sourceforge project by Sun Tong (see
    http://sourceforge.net/projects/txt2html/). Earlier versions of the
    HTML::TextToHTML module called the included script texthyper so as not
    to clash with the original txt2html script, but now the projects have
    all been merged. UPDATING: currently, the project is available on GitHub
    at https://github.com/resurrecting-open-source-projects/txt2html

OPTIONS
    All arguments can be set when the object is created, and further options
    can be set when calling the actual txt2html method. Arguments to methods
    can take a hash of arguments.

    Note that all option-names must match exactly -- no abbreviations are
    allowed. The argument-keys are expected to have values matching those
    required for that argument -- whether that be a boolean, a string, a
    reference to an array or a reference to a hash. These will replace any
    value for that argument that might have been there before.

    append_file
            append_file=>I<filename>

        If you want something appended by default, put the filename here.
        The appended text will not be processed at all, so make sure it's
        plain text or correct HTML. i.e. do not have things like: Mary
        Andersen <kitty@example.com> but instead, have: Mary Andersen
        &lt;kitty@example.com&gt;

        (default: nothing)

    append_head
            append_head=>I<filename>

        If you want something appended to the head by default, put the
        filename here. The appended text will not be processed at all, so
        make sure it's plain text or correct HTML. i.e. do not have things
        like: Mary Andersen <kitty@example.com> but instead, have: Mary
        Andersen &lt;kitty@example.com&gt;

        (default: nothing)

    body_deco
            body_deco=>I<string>

        Body decoration string: a string to be added to the BODY tag so that
        one can set attributes to the BODY (such as class, style, bgcolor
        etc) For example, "class='withimage'".

    bold_delimiter
            bold_delimiter=>I<string>

        This defines what character (or string) is taken to be the delimiter
        of text which is to be interpreted as bold (that is, to be given a
        STRONG tag). If this is empty, then no bolding of text will be done.
        (default: #)

    bullets
            bullets=>I<string>

        This defines what single characters are taken to be "bullet"
        characters for unordered lists. Note that because this is used as a
        character class, if you use '-' it must come first.
        (default:-=o*\267)

    bullets_ordered
            bullets_ordered=>I<string>

        This defines what single characters are taken to be "bullet"
        placeholder characters for ordered lists. Ordered lists are normally
        marked by a number or letter followed by '.' or ')' or ']' or ':'.
        If an ordered bullet is used, then it simply indicates that this is
        an ordered list, without giving explicit numbers.

        Note that because this is used as a character class, if you use '-'
        it must come first. (default:nothing)

    caps_tag
            caps_tag=>I<tag>

        Tag to put around all-caps lines (default: STRONG) If an empty tag
        is given, then no tag will be put around all-caps lines.

    custom_heading_regexp
            custom_heading_regexp=>\@custom_headings

        Add patterns for headings. Header levels are assigned by regexp in
        the order seen in the input text. When a line matches a custom
        header regexp, it is tagged as a header. If it's the first time that
        particular regexp has matched, the next available header level is
        associated with it and applied to the line. Any later matches of
        that regexp will use the same header level. Therefore, if you want
        to match numbered header lines, you could use something like this:

            my @custom_headings = ('^ *\d+\. \w+',
                                   '^ *\d+\.\d+\. \w+',
                                   '^ *\d+\.\d+\.\d+\. \w+');

            ...
                custom_heading_regexp=>\@custom_headings,
            ...

        Then lines like

                        " 1. Examples "
                        " 1.1. Things"
                    and " 4.2.5. Cold Fusion"

        Would be marked as H1, H2, and H3 (assuming they were found in that
        order, and that no other header styles were encountered). If you
        prefer that the first one specified always be H1, the second always
        be H2, the third H3, etc, then use the "explicit_headings" option.

        This expects a reference to an array of strings.

        (default: none)

    default_link_dict
            default_link_dict=>I<filename>

        The name of the default "user" link dictionary. (default:
        "$ENV{'HOME'}/.txt2html.dict" -- this is the same as for the
        txt2html script. If there is no $ENV{HOME} then it is just
        '.txt2html.dict')

    demoronize
            demoronize=>1

        Convert Microsoft-generated character codes that are non-ISO codes
        into something more reasonable. (default:true)

    doctype
            doctype=>I<doctype>

        This gets put in the DOCTYPE field at the top of the document,
        unless it's empty.

        Default : '-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN"
        "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd'

        If xhtml is true, the contents of this is ignored, unless it's
        empty, in which case no DOCTYPE declaration is output.

    eight_bit_clean
            eight_bit_clean=>1

        If false, convert Latin-1 characters to HTML entities. If true, this
        conversion is disabled; also "demoronize" is set to false, since
        this also changes 8-bit characters. (default: false)

    escape_HTML_chars
            escape_HTML_chars=>1

        turn & < > into &amp; &gt; &lt; (default: true)

    explicit_headings
            explicit_headings=>1

        Don't try to find any headings except the ones specified in the
        --custom_heading_regexp option. Also, the custom headings will not
        be assigned levels in the order they are encountered in the
        document, but in the order they are specified on the
        custom_heading_regexp option. (default: false)

    extract
            extract=>1

        Extract Mode; don't put HTML headers or footers on the result, just
        the plain HTML (thus making the result suitable for inserting into
        another document (or as part of the output of a CGI script).
        (default: false)

    hrule_min
            hrule_min=>I<n>

        Min number of ---s for an HRule. (default: 4)

    indent_width
            indent_width=>I<n>

        Indents this many spaces for each level of a list. (default: 2)

    indent_par_break
            indent_par_break=>1

        Treat paragraphs marked solely by indents as breaks with indents.
        That is, instead of taking a three-space indent as a new paragraph,
        put in a <BR> and three non-breaking spaces instead. (see also
        --preserve_indent) (default: false)

    infile
            infile=>\@my_files
            infile=>['chapter1.txt', 'chapter2.txt']

        The name of the input file(s). This expects a reference to an array
        of filenames.

        The special filename '-' designates STDIN.

        See also "inhandle" and "instring".

        (default:-)

    inhandle
            inhandle=>\@my_handles
            inhandle=>[\*MYINHANDLE, \*STDIN]

        An array of input filehandles; use this instead of "infile" or
        "instring" to use a filehandle or filehandles as input.

    instring
            instring=>\@my_strings
            instring=>[$string1, $string2]

        An array of input strings; use this instead of "infile" or
        "inhandle" to use a string or strings as input.

    italic_delimiter
            italic_delimiter=>I<string>

        This defines what character (or string) is taken to be the delimiter
        of text which is to be interpreted as italic (that is, to be given a
        EM tag). If this is empty, no italicising of text will be done.
        (default: *)

    underline_delimiter
            underline_delimiter=>I<string>

        This defines what character (or string) is taken to be the delimiter
        of text which is to be interpreted as underlined (that is, to be
        given a U tag). If this is empty, no underlining of text will be
        done. (default: _)

    links_dictionaries
            links_dictionaries=>\@my_link_dicts
            links_dictionaries=>['url_links.dict', 'format_links.dict']

        File(s) to use as a link-dictionary. There can be more than one of
        these. These are in addition to the Global Link Dictionary and the
        User Link Dictionary. This expects a reference to an array of
        filenames.

    link_only
            link_only=>1

        Do no escaping or marking up at all, except for processing the links
        dictionary file and applying it. This is useful if you want to use
        the linking feature on an HTML document. If the HTML is a complete
        document (includes HTML,HEAD,BODY tags, etc) then you'll probably
        want to use the --extract option also. (default: false)

    lower_case_tags
             lower_case_tags=>1

        Force all tags to be in lower-case.

    mailmode
            mailmode=>1

        Deal with mail headers & quoted text. The mail header paragraph is
        given the class 'mail_header', and mail-quoted text is given the
        class 'quote_mail'. (default: false)

    make_anchors
            make_anchors=>0

        Should we try to make anchors in headings? (default: true)

    make_links
            make_links=>0

        Should we try to build links? If this is false, then the links
        dictionaries are not consulted and only structural text-to-HTML
        conversion is done. (default: true)

    make_tables
            make_tables=>1

        Should we try to build tables? If true, spots tables and marks them
        up appropriately. See "Input File Format" for information on how
        tables should be formatted.

        This overrides the detection of lists; if something looks like a
        table, it is taken as a table, and list-checking is not done for
        that paragraph.

        (default: false)

    min_caps_length
            min_caps_length=>I<n>

        min sequential CAPS for an all-caps line (default: 3)

    outfile
            outfile=>I<filename>

        The name of the output file. If it is "-" then the output goes to
        Standard Output. (default: - )

    outhandle
        The output filehandle; if this is given then the output goes to this
        filehandle instead of to the file given in "outfile".

    par_indent
            par_indent=>I<n>

        Minimum number of spaces indented in first lines of paragraphs. Only
        used when there's no blank line preceding the new paragraph.
        (default: 2)

    preformat_trigger_lines
            preformat_trigger_lines=>I<n>

        How many lines of preformatted-looking text are needed to switch to
        <PRE> <= 0 : Preformat entire document 1 : one line triggers >= 2 :
        two lines trigger

        (default: 2)

    endpreformat_trigger_lines
            endpreformat_trigger_lines=>I<n>

        How many lines of unpreformatted-looking text are needed to switch
        from <PRE> <= 0 : Never preformat within document 1 : one line
        triggers >= 2 : two lines trigger (default: 2)

        NOTE for preformat_trigger_lines and endpreformat_trigger_lines: A
        zero takes precedence. If one is zero, the other is ignored. If both
        are zero, entire document is preformatted.

    preformat_start_marker
            preformat_start_marker=>I<regexp>

        What flags the start of a preformatted section if
        --use_preformat_marker is true.

        (default: "^(:?(:?&lt;)|<)PRE(:?(:?&gt;)|>)\$")

    preformat_end_marker
            preformat_end_marker=>I<regexp>

        What flags the end of a preformatted section if
        --use_preformat_marker is true.

        (default: "^(:?(:?&lt;)|<)/PRE(:?(:?&gt;)|>)\$")

    preformat_whitespace_min
            preformat_whitespace_min=>I<n>

        Minimum number of consecutive whitespace characters to trigger
        normal preformatting. NOTE: Tabs are expanded to spaces before this
        check is made. That means if tab_width is 8 and this is 5, then one
        tab may be expanded to 8 spaces, which is enough to trigger
        preformatting. (default: 5)

    prepend_file
            prepend_file=>I<filename>

        If you want something prepended to the processed body text, put the
        filename here. The prepended text will not be processed at all, so
        make sure it's plain text or correct HTML.

        (default: nothing)

    preserve_indent
            preserve_indent=>1

        Preserve the first-line indentation of paragraphs marked with
        indents by replacing the spaces of the first line with non-breaking
        spaces. (default: false)

    short_line_length
            short_line_length=>I<n>

        Lines this short (or shorter) must be intentionally broken and are
        kept that short. (default: 40)

    style_url
            style_url=>I<url>

        This gives the URL of a stylesheet; a LINK tag will be added to the
        output.

    tab_width
            tab_width=>I<n>

        How many spaces equal a tab? (default: 8)

    table_type
            table_type=>{ ALIGN=>0, PGSQL=>0, BORDER=>1, DELIM=>0 }

        This determines which types of tables will be recognised when
        "make_tables" is true. The possible types are ALIGN, PGSQL, BORDER
        and DELIM. (default: all types are true)

    title
            title=>I<title>

        You can specify a title. Otherwise it will use a blank one.
        (default: nothing)

    titlefirst
            titlefirst=>1

        Use the first non-blank line as the title. (See also "title")

    underline_length_tolerance
            underline_length_tolerance=>I<n>

        How much longer or shorter can underlines be and still be
        underlines? (default: 1)

    underline_offset_tolerance
            underline_offset_tolerance=>I<n>

        How far offset can underlines be and still be underlines? (default:
        1)

    unhyphenation
            unhyphenation=>0

        Enables unhyphenation of text. (default: true)

    use_mosaic_header
            use_mosaic_header=>1

        Use this option if you want to force the heading styles to match
        what Mosaic outputs. (Underlined with "***"s is H1, with "==="s is
        H2, with "+++" is H3, with "---" is H4, with "~~~" is H5 and with
        "..." is H6) This was the behavior of txt2html up to version 1.10.
        (default: false)

    use_preformat_marker
            use_preformat_marker=>1

        Turn on preformatting when encountering "<PRE>" on a line by itself,
        and turn it off when there's a line containing only "</PRE>". When
        such preformatted text is detected, the PRE tag will be given the
        class 'quote_explicit'. (default: off)

    xhtml
            xhtml=>1

        Try to make the output conform to the XHTML standard, including
        closing all open tags and marking empty tags correctly. This turns
        on --lower_case_tags and overrides the --doctype option. Note that
        if you add a header or a footer file, it is up to you to make it
        conform; the header/footer isn't touched by this. Likewise, if you
        make link-dictionary entries that break XHTML, then this won't fix
        them, except to the degree of putting all tags into lower-case.

        (default: true)

DEBUGGING
    There are global variables for setting types and levels of debugging.
    These should only be used by developers.

    $HTML::TextToHTML::Debug
        $HTML::TextToHTML::Debug = 1;

        Enable copious debugging output. (default: false)

    $HTML::TextToHTML::DictDebug
            $HTML::TextToHTML::DictDebug = I<n>;

        Debug mode for link dictionaries. Bitwise-Or what you want to see:

                  1: The parsing of the dictionary
                  2: The code that will make the links
                  4: When each rule matches something
                  8: When each tag is created

        (default: 0)

METHODS
  new
        $conv = new HTML::TextToHTML()

        $conv = new HTML::TextToHTML(titlefirst=>1,
            ...
        );

    Create a new object with new. If arguments are given, these arguments
    will be used in invocations of other methods.

    See "OPTIONS" for the possible values of the arguments.

  args
        $conv->args(short_line_length=>60,
            titlefirst=>1,
            ....
        );

    Updates the current arguments/options of the HTML::TextToHTML object.
    Takes hash of arguments, which will be used in invocations of other
    methods. See "OPTIONS" for the possible values of the arguments.

  process_chunk
    $newstring = $conv->process_chunk($mystring);

    Convert a string to a HTML fragment. This assumes that this string is at
    the least, a single paragraph, but it can contain more than that. This
    returns the processed string. If you want to pass arguments to alter the
    behaviour of this conversion, you need to do that earlier, either when
    you create the object, or with the "args" method.

        $newstring = $conv->process_chunk($mystring,
                                close_tags=>0);

    If there are open tags (such as lists) in the input string,
    process_chunk will automatically close them, unless you specify not to,
    with the close_tags option.

        $newstring = $conv->process_chunk($mystring,
                                is_fragment=>1);

    If you want this string to be treated as a fragment, and not assumed to
    be a paragraph, set is_fragment to true. If there is more than one
    paragraph in the string (ie it contains blank lines) then this option
    will be ignored.

  process_para
    $newstring = $conv->process_para($mystring);

    Convert a string to a HTML fragment. This assumes that this string is at
    the most a single paragraph, with no blank lines in it. If you don't
    know whether your string will contain blank lines or not, use the
    "process_chunk" method instead.

    This returns the processed string. If you want to pass arguments to
    alter the behaviour of this conversion, you need to do that earlier,
    either when you create the object, or with the "args" method.

        $newstring = $conv->process_para($mystring,
                                close_tags=>0);

    If there are open tags (such as lists) in the input string, process_para
    will automatically close them, unless you specify not to, with the
    close_tags option.

        $newstring = $conv->process_para($mystring,
                                is_fragment=>1);

    If you want this string to be treated as a fragment, and not assumed to
    be a paragraph, set is_fragment to true.

  txt2html
        $conv->txt2html(%args);

    Convert a text file to HTML. Takes a hash of arguments. See "OPTIONS"
    for the possible values of the arguments. Arguments which have already
    been set with new or args will remain as they are, unless they are
    overridden.

PRIVATE METHODS
    These are methods used internally, only of interest to developers.

  init_our_data
    $self->init_our_data();

    Initializes the internal object data.

  deal_with_options
    $self->deal_with_options();

    do extra processing related to particular options

  escape
    $newtext = escape($text);

    Escape & < and >

  demoronize_char
    $newtext = demoronize_char($text);

    Convert Microsoft character entities into characters.

    Added by Alan Jackson, alan at ajackson dot org, and based on the
    demoronize script by John Walker, http://www.fourmilab.ch/

  demoronize_code
    $newtext = demoronize_code($text);

    convert Microsoft character entities into HTML code

  get_tag
    $tag = $self->get_tag($in_tag);

    $tag = $self->get_tag($in_tag, tag_type=>TAG_START, inside_tag=>'');

    output the tag wanted (add the <> and the / if necessary) - output in
    lower or upper case - do tag-related processing options:
    tag_type=>TAG_START | tag_type=>TAG_END | tag_type=>TAG_EMPTY (default
    start) inside_tag=>string (default empty)

  close_tag
    $tag = $self->close_tag($in_tag);

    close the open tag

  hrule
       $self->hrule(para_lines_ref=>$para_lines,
                 para_action_ref=>$para_action,
                 ind=>0);

    Deal with horizontal rules.

  shortline
        $self->shortline(line_ref=>$line_ref,
                         line_action_ref=>$line_action_ref,
                         prev_ref=>$prev_ref,
                         prev_action_ref=>$prev_action_ref,
                         prev_line_len=>$prev_line_len);

    Deal with short lines.

  is_mailheader
        if ($self->is_mailheader(rows_ref=>$rows_ref))
        {
            ...
        }

    Is this a mailheader line?

  mailheader
        $self->mailheader(rows_ref=>$rows_ref);

    Deal with a mailheader.

  mailquote
        $self->mailquote(line_ref=>$line_ref,
                         line_action_ref=>$line_action_ref,
                         prev_ref=>$prev_ref,
                         prev_action_ref=>$prev_action_ref,
                         next_ref=>$next_ref);

    Deal with quoted mail.

  subtract_modes
        $newvector = subtract_modes($vector, $mask);

    Subtracts modes listed in $mask from $vector.

  paragraph
        $self->paragraph(line_ref=>$line_ref,
                         line_action_ref=>$line_action_ref,
                         prev_ref=>$prev_ref,
                         prev_action_ref=>$prev_action_ref,
                         line_indent=>$line_indent,
                         prev_indent=>$prev_indent,
                         is_fragment=>$is_fragment,
                         ind=>$ind);

    Detect paragraph indentation.

  listprefix
        ($prefix, $number, $rawprefix, $term) = $self->listprefix($line);

    Detect and parse a list item.

  startlist
        $self->startlist(prefix=>$prefix,
                         number=>0,
                         rawprefix=>$rawprefix,
                         term=>$term,
                         para_lines_ref=>$para_lines_ref,
                         para_action_ref=>$para_action_ref,
                         ind=>0,
                         prev_ref=>$prev_ref,
                         total_prefix=>$total_prefix);

    Start a list.

  endlist
        $self->endlist(num_lists=>0,
            prev_ref=>$prev_ref,
            line_action_ref=>$line_action_ref);

    End N lists

  continuelist
        $self->continuelist(para_lines_ref=>$para_lines_ref,
                            para_action_ref=>$para_action_ref,
                            ind=>0,
                            term=>$term);

    Continue a list.

  liststuff
        $self->liststuff(para_lines_ref=>$para_lines_ref,
                         para_action_ref=>$para_action_ref,
                         para_line_indent_ref=>$para_line_indent_ref,
                         ind=>0,
                         prev_ref=>$prev_ref);

    Process a list (higher-level method).

  get_table_type
        $table_type = $self->get_table_type(rows_ref=>$rows_ref,
                                            para_len=>0);

    Figure out the table type of this table, if any

  is_aligned_table
        if ($self->is_aligned_table(rows_ref=>$rows_ref, para_len=>0))
        {
            ...
        }

    Check if the given paragraph-array is an aligned table

  is_pgsql_table
        if ($self->is_pgsql_table(rows_ref=>$rows_ref, para_len=>0))
        {
            ...
        }

    Check if the given paragraph-array is a Postgresql table (the ascii
    format produced by Postgresql)

    A PGSQL table can start with an optional table-caption,

        then it has a row of column headings separated by |
        then it has a row of ------+-----
        then it has one or more rows of column values separated by |
        then it has a row-count (N rows)

  is_border_table
        if ($self->is_border_table(rows_ref=>$rows_ref, para_len=>0))
        {
            ...
        }

    Check if the given paragraph-array is a Border table.

    A BORDER table can start with an optional table-caption,

        then it has a row of +------+-----+
        then it has a row of column headings separated by |
        then it has a row of +------+-----+
        then it has one or more rows of column values separated by |
        then it has a row of +------+-----+

  is_delim_table
        if ($self->is_delim_table(rows_ref=>$rows_ref, para_len=>0))
        {
            ...
        }

    Check if the given paragraph-array is a Delimited table.

    A DELIM table can start with an optional table-caption, then it has at
    least two rows which start and end and are punctuated by a
    non-alphanumeric delimiter.

        | val1 | val2 |
        | val3 | val4 |

  tablestuff
        $self->tablestuff(table_type=>0,
                          rows_ref=>$rows_ref,
                          para_len=>0);

    Process a table.

  make_aligned_table
        $self->make_aligned_table(rows_ref=>$rows_ref,
                                  para_len=>0);

    Make an Aligned table.

  make_pgsql_table
        $self->make_pgsql_table(rows_ref=>$rows_ref,
                                  para_len=>0);

    Make a PGSQL table.

  make_border_table
        $self->make_border_table(rows_ref=>$rows_ref,
                                 para_len=>0);

    Make a BORDER table.

  make_delim_table
        $self->make_delim_table(rows_ref=>$rows_ref,
                                para_len=>0);

    Make a Delimited table.

  is_preformatted
        if ($self->is_preformatted($line))
        {
            ...
        }

    Returns true if the passed string is considered to be preformatted.

  split_end_explicit_preformat
        $front = $self->split_end_explicit_preformat(para_ref=>$para_ref);

    Modifies the given string, and returns the front preformatted part.

  endpreformat
        $self->endpreformat(para_lines_ref=>$para_lines_ref,
                            para_action_ref=>$para_action_ref,
                            ind=>0,
                            prev_ref=>$prev_ref);

    End a preformatted section.

  preformat
        $self->preformat(mode_ref=>$mode_ref,
                         line_ref=>$line_ref,
                         line_action_ref=>$line_action_ref,
                         prev_ref=>$prev_ref,
                         next_ref=>$next_ref,
                         prev_action_ref);

    Detect and process a preformatted section.

  make_new_anchor
        $anchor = $self->make_new_anchor($heading_level);

    Make a new anchor.

  anchor_mail
        $self->anchor_mail($line_ref);

    Make an anchor for a mail section.

  anchor_heading
        $self->anchor_heading($heading_level, $line_ref);

    Make an anchor for a heading.

  heading_level
        $self->heading_level($style);

    Add a new heading style if this is a new heading style.

  is_ul_list_line
        if ($self->is_ul_list_line($line))
        {
            ...
        }

    Tests if this line starts a UL list item.

  is_heading
        if ($self->is_heading(line_ref=>$line_ref, next_ref=>$next_ref))
        {
            ...
        }

    Tests if this line is a heading. Needs to take account of the next line,
    because a standard heading is defined by "underlining" the text of the
    heading.

  heading
        $self->heading(line_ref=>$line_ref,
            next_ref=>$next_ref);

    Make a heading. Assumes is_heading is true.

  is_custom_heading
        if ($self->is_custom_heading($line))
        {
            ...
        }

    Check if the given line matches a custom heading.

  custom_heading
        $self->custom_heading(line_ref=>$line_ref);

    Make a custom heading. Assumes is_custom_heading is true.

  unhyphenate_para
        $self->unhyphenate_para($para_ref);

    Join up hyphenated words that are split across lines.

  tagline
        $self->tagline($tag, $line_ref);

    Put the given tag around the given line.

  iscaps
        if ($self->iscaps($line))
        {
            ...
        }

    Check if a line is all capitals.

  caps
        $self->caps(line_ref=>$line_ref,
                    line_action_ref=>$line_action_ref);

    Detect and deal with an all-caps line.

  do_delim
        $self->do_delim(line_ref=>$line_ref,
                        line_action_ref=>$line_action_ref,
                        delim=>'*',
                        tag=>'STRONG');

    Deal with a line which has words delimited by the given delimiter; this
    is used to deal with italics, bold and underline formatting.

  glob2regexp
        $regexp = glob2regexp($glob);

    Convert very simple globs to regexps

  add_regexp_to_links_table
        $self->add_regexp_to_links_table(label=>$label,
                                         pattern=>$pattern,
                                         url=>$url,
                                         switches=>$switches);

    Add the given regexp "link definition" to the links table.

  add_literal_to_links_table
        $self->add_literal_to_links_table(label=>$label,
                                          pattern=>$pattern,
                                          url=>$url,
                                          switches=>$switches);

    Add the given literal "link definition" to the links table.

  add_glob_to_links_table
        $self->add_glob_to_links_table(label=>$label,
                                       pattern=>$pattern,
                                       url=>$url,
                                       switches=>$switches);

    Add the given glob "link definition" to the links table.

  parse_dict
        $self->parse_dict($dictfile, $dict);

    Parse the dictionary file. (see also load_dictionary_links, for things
    that were stripped)

  setup_dict_checking
        $self->setup_dict_checking();

    Set up the dictionary checking.

  in_link_context
        if ($self->in_link_context($match, $before))
        {
            ...
        }

    Check if we are inside a link (<a ...>); certain kinds of substitution
    are not allowed here.

  apply_links
        $self->apply_links(para_ref=>$para_ref,
                           para_action_ref=>$para_action_ref);

    Apply links and formatting to this paragraph.

  check_dictionary_links
        $self->check_dictionary_links(line_ref=>$line_ref,
                                      line_action_ref=>$line_action_ref);

    Check (and alter if need be) the bits in this line matching the patterns
    in the link dictionary.

  load_dictionary_links
        $self->load_dictionary_links();

    Load the dictionary links.

  do_file_start
        $self->do_file_start($outhandle, $para);

    Extra stuff needed for the beginning: HTML headers, and prepending a
    file if desired.

  do_init_call
        $self->do_init_call();

    Certain things, like reading link dictionaries, need to be done only
    once.

FILE FORMATS
    There are two files which are used which can affect the outcome of the
    conversion. One is the link dictionary, which contains patterns (of how
    to recognise http links and other things) and how to convert them. The
    other is, naturally, the format of the input file itself.

  Link Dictionary
    A link dictionary file contains patterns to match, and what to convert
    them to. It is called a "link" dictionary because it was intended to be
    something which defined what a href link was, but it can be used for
    more than that. However, if you wish to define your own links, it is
    strongly advised to read up on regular expressions (regexes) because
    this relies heavily on them.

    The file consists of comments (which are lines starting with #) and
    blank lines, and link entries. Each entry consists of a regular
    expression, a -> separator (with optional flags), and a link "result".

    In the simplest case, with no flags, the regular expression defines the
    pattern to look for, and the result says what part of the regular
    expression is the actual link, and the link which is generated has the
    href as the link, and the whole matched pattern as the visible part of
    the link. The first character of the regular expression is taken to be
    the separator for the regex, so one could either use the traditional /
    separator, or something else such as | (which can be helpful with URLs
    which are full of / characters).

    So, for example, an ftp URL might be defined as:

        |ftp:[\w/\.:+\-]+|      -> $&

    This takes the whole pattern as the href, and the resultant link has the
    same thing in the href as in the contents of the anchor.

    But sometimes the href isn't the whole pattern.

        /&lt;URL:\s*(\S+?)\s*&gt;/ --> $1

    With the above regex, a () grouping marks the first subexpression, which
    is represented as $1 (rather than $& the whole expression). This entry
    matches a URL which was marked explicitly as a URL with the pattern
    <URL:foo> (note the &lt; is shown as the entity, not the actual
    character. This is because by the time the links dictionary is checked,
    all such things have already been converted to their HTML entity forms,
    unless, of course, the escape_HTML_chars option was turned off) This
    would give us a link in the form <A HREF="foo">&lt;URL:foo&gt;</A>

    The h flag

    However, if we want more control over the way the link is constructed,
    we can construct it ourself. If one gives the h flag, then the "result"
    part of the entry is taken not to contain the href part of the link, but
    the whole link.

    For example, the entry:

        /&lt;URL:\s*(\S+?)\s*&gt;/ -h-> <A HREF="$1">$1</A>

    will take <URL:foo> and give us <A HREF="foo">foo</A>

    However, this is a very powerful mechanism, because it can be used to
    construct custom tags which aren't links at all. For example, to flag
    *italicised words* the following entry will surround the words with EM
    tags.

        /\B\*([a-z][a-z -]*[a-z])\*\B/ -hi-> <EM>$1</EM>

    The i flag

    This turns on ignore case in the pattern matching.

    The e flag

    This turns on execute in the pattern substitution. This really only
    makes sense if h is turned on too. In that case, the "result" part of
    the entry is taken as perl code to be executed, and the result of that
    code is what replaces the pattern.

    The o flag

    This marks the entry as a once-only link. This will convert the first
    instance of a matching pattern, and ignore any others further on.

    For example, the following pattern will take the first mention of
    HTML::TextToHTML and convert it to a link to the module's home page.

        "HTML::TextToHTML"  -io-> http://www.katspace.com/tools/text_to_html/

  Input File Format
    For the most part, this module tries to use intuitive conventions for
    determining the structure of the text input. Unordered lists are marked
    by bullets; ordered lists are marked by numbers or letters; in either
    case, an increase in indentation marks a sub-list contained in the outer
    list.

    Headers (apart from custom headers) are distinguished by "underlines"
    underneath them; headers in all-capitals are distinguished from those in
    mixed case. All headers, both normal and custom headers, are expected to
    start at the first line in a "paragraph".

    In other words, the following is a header:

        I am Head Man
        -------------

    But the following does not have a header:

        I am not a head Man, man
        I am Head Man
        -------------

    Tables require a more rigid convention. A table must be marked as a
    separate paragraph, that is, it must be surrounded by blank lines.
    Tables come in different types. For a table to be parsed, its
    --table_type option must be on, and the --make_tables option must be
    true.

    ALIGN Table Type

    Columns must be separated by two or more spaces (this prevents
    accidental incorrect recognition of a paragraph where interword spaces
    happen to line up). If there are two or more rows in a paragraph and all
    rows share the same set of (two or more) columns, the paragraph is
    assumed to be a table. For example

        -e  File exists.
        -z  File has zero size.
        -s  File has nonzero size (returns size).

    becomes

        <table>
        <tr><td>-e</td><td>File exists.</td></tr>
        <tr><td>-z</td><td>File has zero size.</td></tr>
        <tr><td>-s</td><td>File has nonzero size (returns size).</td></tr>
        </table>

    This guesses for each column whether it is intended to be left, centre
    or right aligned.

    BORDER Table Type

    This table type has nice borders around it, and will be rendered with a
    border, like so:

        +---------+---------+
        | Column1 | Column2 |
        +---------+---------+
        | val1    | val2    |
        | val3    | val3    |
        +---------+---------+

    The above becomes

        <table border="1">
        <thead><tr><th>Column1</th><th>Column2</th></tr></thead>
        <tbody>
        <tr><td>val1</td><td>val2</td></tr>
        <tr><td>val3</td><td>val3</td></tr>
        </tbody>
        </table>

    It can also have an optional caption at the start.

             My Caption
        +---------+---------+
        | Column1 | Column2 |
        +---------+---------+
        | val1    | val2    |
        | val3    | val3    |
        +---------+---------+

    PGSQL Table Type

    This format of table is what one gets from the output of a Postgresql
    query.

         Column1 | Column2
        ---------+---------
         val1    | val2
         val3    | val3
        (2 rows)

    This can also have an optional caption at the start. This table is also
    rendered with a border and table-headers like the BORDER type.

    DELIM Table Type

    This table type is delimited by non-alphanumeric characters, and has to
    have at least two rows and two columns before it's recognised as a
    table.

    This one is delimited by the '| character:

        | val1  | val2  |
        | val3  | val3  |

    But one can use almost any suitable character such as : # $ % + and so
    on. This is clever enough to figure out what you are using as the
    delimiter if you have your data set up like a table. Note that the line
    has to both begin and end with the delimiter, as well as using it to
    separate values.

    This can also have an optional caption at the start.

EXAMPLES
        use HTML::TextToHTML;

  Create a new object
        my $conv = new HTML::TextToHTML();

        my $conv = new HTML::TextToHTML(title=>"Wonderful Things",
                                default_link_dict=>$my_link_file,
          );

  Add further arguments
        $conv->args(short_line_length=>60,
                   preformat_trigger_lines=>4,
                   caps_tag=>"strong",
          );

  Convert a file
        $conv->txt2html(infile=>[$text_file],
                         outfile=>$html_file,
                         title=>"Wonderful Things",
                         mail=>1
          );

  Make a pipleline
        open(IN, "ls |") or die "could not open!";
        $conv->txt2html(inhandle=>[\*IN],
                         outfile=>'-',
          );

NOTES
    *   If the underline used to mark a header is off by more than 1, then
        that part of the text will not be picked up as a header unless you
        change the value of --underline_length_tolerance and/or
        --underline_offset_tolerance. People tend to forget this.

REQUIRES
    HTML::TextToHTML requires Perl 5.8.1 or later.

    For installation, it needs:

        Module::Build

    The txt2html script needs:

        Getopt::Long
        Getopt::ArgvFile
        Pod::Usage
        File::Basename

    For testing, it also needs:

        Test::More

    For debugging, it also needs:

        YAML::Syck

INSTALLATION
    Make sure you have the dependencies installed first! (see REQUIRES
    above)

    Some of those modules come standard with more recent versions of perl,
    but I thought I'd mention them anyway, just in case you may not have
    them.

    If you don't know how to install these, try using the CPAN module, an
    easy way of auto-installing modules from the Comprehensive Perl Archive
    Network, where the above modules reside. Do "perldoc perlmodinstall" or
    "perldoc CPAN" for more information.

    To install this module type the following:

       perl Build.PL
       ./Build
       ./Build test
       ./Build install

    Or, if you're on a platform (like DOS or Windows) that doesn't like the
    "./" notation, you can do this:

       perl Build.PL
       perl Build
       perl Build test
       perl Build install

    In order to install somewhere other than the default, such as in a
    directory under your home directory, like "/home/fred/perl" go

       perl Build.PL --install_base /home/fred/perl

    as the first step instead.

    This will install the files underneath /home/fred/perl.

    You will then need to make sure that you alter the PERL5LIB variable to
    find the modules, and the PATH variable to find the script.

    Therefore you will need to change: your path, to include
    /home/fred/perl/script (where the script will be)

            PATH=/home/fred/perl/script:${PATH}

    the PERL5LIB variable to add /home/fred/perl/lib

            PERL5LIB=/home/fred/perl/lib:${PERL5LIB}

    Note that the system links dictionary will be installed as
    "/home/fred/perl/share/txt2html/txt2html.dict"

    If you want to install in a temporary install directory (such as if you
    are building a package) then instead of going

       perl Build install

    go

       perl Build install destdir=/my/temp/dir

    and it will be installed there, with a directory structure under
    /my/temp/dir the same as it would be if it were installed plain. Note
    that this is NOT the same as setting --install_base, because certain
    things are done at build-time which use the install_base info.

    See "perldoc perlrun" for more information on PERL5LIB, and see "perldoc
    Module::Build" for more information on installation options.

BUGS
    Please, send to
    https://github.com/resurrecting-open-source-projects/txt2html/issues

SEE ALSO
    perl txt2html.

AUTHOR
        Kathryn Andersen (RUBYKAT)
        perlkat AT katspace dot com
        http//www.katspace.com/

    based on txt2html by Seth Golub

    Current homepage is
    https://github.com/resurrecting-open-source-projects/txt2html

COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE
    Original txt2html script copyright (c) 1994-2000 Seth Golub <seth AT
    aigeek.com>

    Copyright (c) 2002-2005 by Kathryn Andersen

    Copyright (c) 2018-2019 Joao Eriberto Mota Filho

    This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
    under the same terms as Perl itself.