File: serverpacket.c

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udhcp 0.9.6-3
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/* serverpacket.c
 *
 * Constuct and send DHCP server packets
 *
 * Russ Dill <Russ.Dill@asu.edu> July 2001
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 * (at your option) any later version.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 * GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
 * Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
 */

#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <time.h>

#include "packet.h"
#include "debug.h"
#include "dhcpd.h"
#include "options.h"
#include "leases.h"

/* send a packet to giaddr using the kernel ip stack */
static int send_packet_to_relay(struct dhcpMessage *payload)
{
	DEBUG(LOG_INFO, "Forwarding packet to relay");

	return kernel_packet(payload, server_config.server, SERVER_PORT,
			payload->giaddr, SERVER_PORT);
}


/* send a packet to a specific arp address and ip address by creating our own ip packet */
static int send_packet_to_client(struct dhcpMessage *payload, int force_broadcast)
{
	u_int32_t ciaddr;
	char chaddr[6];
	
	if (force_broadcast) {
		DEBUG(LOG_INFO, "broadcasting packet to client (NAK)");
		ciaddr = INADDR_BROADCAST;
		memcpy(chaddr, MAC_BCAST_ADDR, 6);		
	} else if (payload->ciaddr) {
		DEBUG(LOG_INFO, "unicasting packet to client ciaddr");
		ciaddr = payload->ciaddr;
		memcpy(chaddr, payload->chaddr, 6);
	} else if (ntohs(payload->flags) & BROADCAST_FLAG) {
		DEBUG(LOG_INFO, "broadcasting packet to client (requested)");
		ciaddr = INADDR_BROADCAST;
		memcpy(chaddr, MAC_BCAST_ADDR, 6);		
	} else {
		DEBUG(LOG_INFO, "unicasting packet to client yiaddr");
		ciaddr = payload->yiaddr;
		memcpy(chaddr, payload->chaddr, 6);
	}
	return raw_packet(payload, server_config.server, SERVER_PORT, 
			ciaddr, CLIENT_PORT, chaddr, server_config.ifindex);
}


/* send a dhcp packet, if force broadcast is set, the packet will be broadcast to the client */
static int send_packet(struct dhcpMessage *payload, int force_broadcast)
{
	int ret;

	if (payload->giaddr)
		ret = send_packet_to_relay(payload);
	else ret = send_packet_to_client(payload, force_broadcast);
	return ret;
}


static void init_packet(struct dhcpMessage *packet, struct dhcpMessage *oldpacket, char type)
{
	memset(packet, 0, sizeof(struct dhcpMessage));
	
	packet->op = BOOTREPLY;
	packet->htype = ETH_10MB;
	packet->hlen = ETH_10MB_LEN;
	packet->xid = oldpacket->xid;
	memcpy(packet->chaddr, oldpacket->chaddr, 16);
	packet->cookie = htonl(DHCP_MAGIC);
	packet->options[0] = DHCP_END;
	packet->flags = oldpacket->flags;
	packet->giaddr = oldpacket->giaddr;
	packet->ciaddr = oldpacket->ciaddr;
	add_simple_option(packet->options, DHCP_MESSAGE_TYPE, type);
	add_simple_option(packet->options, DHCP_SERVER_ID, ntohl(server_config.server)); /* expects host order */
}


/* add in the bootp options */
static void add_bootp_options(struct dhcpMessage *packet)
{
	packet->siaddr = server_config.siaddr;
	if (server_config.sname)
		strncpy(packet->sname, server_config.sname, sizeof(packet->sname) - 1);
	if (server_config.boot_file)
		strncpy(packet->file, server_config.boot_file, sizeof(packet->file) - 1);
}
	

/* send a DHCP OFFER to a DHCP DISCOVER */
int sendOffer(struct dhcpMessage *oldpacket)
{
	struct dhcpMessage packet;
	struct dhcpOfferedAddr *lease = NULL;
	u_int32_t req_align, lease_time_align = server_config.lease;
	char *req, *lease_time;
	struct option_set *curr;
	struct in_addr addr;

	init_packet(&packet, oldpacket, DHCPOFFER);
	
	/* the client is in our lease/offered table */
	if ((lease = find_lease_by_chaddr(oldpacket->chaddr))) {
		if (!lease_expired(lease)) 
			lease_time_align = lease->expires - time(0);
		packet.yiaddr = lease->yiaddr;
		
	/* Or the client has a requested ip */
	} else if ((req = get_option(oldpacket, DHCP_REQUESTED_IP)) &&

		   /* Don't look here (ugly hackish thing to do) */
		   memcpy(&req_align, req, 4) &&

		   /* and the ip is in the lease range */
		   ntohl(req_align) >= ntohl(server_config.start) &&
		   ntohl(req_align) <= ntohl(server_config.end) &&
		   
		   /* and its not already taken/offered */
		   ((!(lease = find_lease_by_yiaddr(req_align)) ||
		   
		   /* or its taken, but expired */
		   lease_expired(lease)))) {
				packet.yiaddr = req_align;

	/* otherwise, find a free IP */
	} else {
		packet.yiaddr = find_address(0);
		
		/* try for an expired lease */
		if (!packet.yiaddr) packet.yiaddr = find_address(1);
	}
	
	if(!packet.yiaddr) {
		LOG(LOG_WARNING, "no IP addresses to give -- OFFER abandoned");
		return -1;
	}
	
	if (!add_lease(packet.chaddr, packet.yiaddr, server_config.offer_time)) {
		LOG(LOG_WARNING, "lease pool is full -- OFFER abandoned");
		return -1;
	}		

	if ((lease_time = get_option(oldpacket, DHCP_LEASE_TIME))) {
		memcpy(&lease_time_align, lease_time, 4);
		lease_time_align = ntohl(lease_time_align);
		if (lease_time_align > server_config.lease) 
			lease_time_align = server_config.lease;
	}

	/* Make sure we aren't just using the lease time from the previous offer */
	if (lease_time_align < server_config.min_lease) 
		lease_time_align = server_config.lease;
		
	add_simple_option(packet.options, DHCP_LEASE_TIME, lease_time_align);

	curr = server_config.options;
	while (curr) {
		if (curr->data[OPT_CODE] != DHCP_LEASE_TIME)
			add_option_string(packet.options, curr->data);
		curr = curr->next;
	}

	add_bootp_options(&packet);
	
	addr.s_addr = packet.yiaddr;
	LOG(LOG_INFO, "sending OFFER of %s", inet_ntoa(addr));
	return send_packet(&packet, 0);
}


int sendNAK(struct dhcpMessage *oldpacket)
{
	struct dhcpMessage packet;

	init_packet(&packet, oldpacket, DHCPNAK);
	
	DEBUG(LOG_INFO, "sending NAK");
	return send_packet(&packet, 1);
}


int sendACK(struct dhcpMessage *oldpacket, u_int32_t yiaddr)
{
	struct dhcpMessage packet;
	struct option_set *curr;
	char *lease_time;
	u_int32_t lease_time_align = server_config.lease;
	struct in_addr addr;

	init_packet(&packet, oldpacket, DHCPACK);
	packet.yiaddr = yiaddr;
	
	if ((lease_time = get_option(oldpacket, DHCP_LEASE_TIME))) {
		memcpy(&lease_time_align, lease_time, 4);
		lease_time_align = ntohl(lease_time_align);
		if (lease_time_align > server_config.lease) 
			lease_time_align = server_config.lease;
		else if (lease_time_align < server_config.min_lease) 
			lease_time_align = server_config.lease;
	}
	
	add_simple_option(packet.options, DHCP_LEASE_TIME, lease_time_align);
	
	curr = server_config.options;
	while (curr) {
		if (curr->data[OPT_CODE] != DHCP_LEASE_TIME)
			add_option_string(packet.options, curr->data);
		curr = curr->next;
	}

	add_bootp_options(&packet);

	addr.s_addr = packet.yiaddr;
	LOG(LOG_INFO, "sending ACK to %s", inet_ntoa(addr));

	if (send_packet(&packet, 0) < 0) 
		return -1;

	add_lease(packet.chaddr, packet.yiaddr, lease_time_align);

	return 0;
}


int send_inform(struct dhcpMessage *oldpacket)
{
	struct dhcpMessage packet;
	struct option_set *curr;

	init_packet(&packet, oldpacket, DHCPACK);
	
	curr = server_config.options;
	while (curr) {
		if (curr->data[OPT_CODE] != DHCP_LEASE_TIME)
			add_option_string(packet.options, curr->data);
		curr = curr->next;
	}

	add_bootp_options(&packet);

	return send_packet(&packet, 0);
}