File: README.udhcpc

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udhcp 0.9.8cvs20050124-3
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udhcp client (udhcpc)
--------------------

The udhcp client negotiates a lease with the DHCP server and notifies
a set of scripts when a leases is obtained or lost.


command line options
-------------------

The command line options for the udhcp client are:

-c, --clientid=CLIENTID         Client identifier
-H, --hostname=HOSTNAME         Client hostname
-h,                             Alias for -H
-F, --fqdn=FQDN                 Client fully qualified domain name
-f, --foreground                Do not fork after getting lease
-b, --background                Fork to background if lease cannot be
                                immediately negotiated.
-i, --interface=INTERFACE       Interface to use (default: eth0)
-n, --now                       Exit with failure if lease cannot be
                                immediately negotiated.
-p, --pidfile=file              Store process ID of daemon in file
-q, --quit                      Quit after obtaining lease
-r, --request=IP                IP address to request (default: none)
-s, --script=file               Run file at dhcp events (default:
                                /etc/udhcpc/default.script)
-v, --version                   Display version


If the requested IP address cannot be obtained, the client accepts the
address that the server offers.


udhcp client scripts
-------------------

When an event occurs, udhcpc calls the action script. udhcpc never does
any configuration of the network interface itself, but instead relies on
a set of scripts. The script by default is
/etc/udhcpc/default.script but this can be changed via the command
line arguments. The three possible arguments to the script are:

	deconfig: This argument is used when udhcpc starts, and
	when a leases is lost. The script must put the interface in an
	up, but deconfigured state, ie: ifconfig $interface 0.0.0.0.

	bound: This argument is used when udhcpc moves from an
	unbound, to a bound state. All of the paramaters are set in
	enviromental variables, The script should configure the interface,
	and set any other relavent parameters (default gateway, dns server,
	etc).

	renew: This argument is used when a DHCP lease is renewed. All of
	the paramaters are set in enviromental variables. This argument is
	used when the interface is already configured, so the IP address,
	will not change, however, the other DHCP paramaters, such as the
	default gateway, subnet mask, and dns server may change.

	nak: This argument is used with udhcpc receives a NAK message.
	The script with the deconfig argument will be called directly
	afterwards, so no changes to the network interface are neccessary.
	This hook is provided for purely informational purposes (the
	message option may contain a reason for the NAK).

The paramaters for enviromental variables are as follows:

	$HOME		- The set $HOME env or "/"
	$PATH		- the set $PATH env or "/bin:/usr/bin:/sbin:/usr/sbin"
	$1		- What action the script should perform
	interface	- The interface this was obtained on
	ip		- The obtained IP
	mask		- The number of bits in the netmask (ie: 24)
	siaddr		- The bootp next server option
	sname		- The bootp server name option
	boot_file	- The bootp boot file option
	subnet		- The assigend subnet mask
	timezone	- Offset in seconds from UTC
	router		- A list of routers
	timesvr		- A list of time servers
	namesvr		- A list of IEN 116 name servers
	dns		- A list of DNS server
	logsvr		- A list of MIT-LCS UDP log servers
	cookiesvr	- A list of RFC 865 cookie servers
	lprsvr		- A list of LPR servers
	hostname	- The assigned hostname
	bootsize	- The length in 512 octect blocks of the bootfile
	domain		- The domain name of the network
	swapsvr		- The IP address of the client's swap server
	rootpath	- The path name of the client's root disk
	ipttl		- The TTL to use for this network
	mtu		- The MTU to use for this network
	broadcast	- The broadcast address for this network
	ntpsrv		- A list of NTP servers
	wins		- A list of WINS servers
	lease		- The lease time, in seconds
	dhcptype	- DHCP message type (safely ignored)
	serverid	- The IP of the server
	message		- Reason for a DHCPNAK
	tftp		- The TFTP server name
	bootfile	- The bootfile name

additional options are easily added in options.c.


note on udhcpc's random seed
---------------------------

udhcpc will seed its random number generator (used for generating xid's)
by reading /dev/urandom. If you have a lot of embedded systems on the same
network, with no entropy, you can either seed /dev/urandom by a method of
your own, or doing the following on startup:

ifconfig eth0 > /dev/urandom

in order to seed /dev/urandom with some data (mac address) unique to your
system. If reading /dev/urandom fails, udhcpc will fall back to its old
behavior of seeding with time(0).


signals accepted by udhcpc
-------------------------

udhcpc also responds to SIGUSR1 and SIGUSR2. SIGUSR1 will force a renew state,
and SIGUSR2 will force a release of the current lease, and cause udhcpc to
go into an inactive state (until it is killed, or receives a SIGUSR1). You do
not need to sleep between sending signals, as signals received are processed
sequencially in the order they are received.


compile time options
-------------------

options.c contains a set of dhcp options for the client:

	name[10]: The name of the option as it will appear in scripts

	flags: The type of option, as well as if it will be requested
	by the client (OPTION_REQ)

	code: The DHCP code for this option