[Regarding an optimization to the bounds-checking code in the core
NEXTBYTE macro, which code is absolutely vital to the proper processing
of corrupt zipfiles (lack of checking can result in an infinite loop)
but which also slows processing.]
The key to the solution is a pair of small functions called
defer_leftover_input() and undefer_input(). The idea is, whenever
you are going to be processing input using NEXTBYTE, you call
defer_leftover_input(), and whenever you are going to process input by
any other means, such as readbuf(), ZLSEEK, or directly reading stuff
into G.inbuf, you call undefer_input(). What defer_leftover_input()
does is adjust G.incnt so that any data beyond the current end of file
is not visible. undefer_input() restores it to visibility. So when
you're calling NEXTBYTE (or NEEDBITS or READBITS), an end-of-data
condition only occurs at the same time as an end-of-buffer condition,
and can be handled inside readbyte() instead of needing a check in the
NEXTBYTE macro. Note: none of this applies to fUnZip.
In order for this to work, certain conditions have to be met:
1) NEXTBYTE input must not be mixed with other forms of input involving
G.inptr and G.incnt. They must be separated by defer/undefer.
I believe this condition is fully met by simply bracketing the central
part of extract_or_test_member with defer/undefer, around the part
where the actual decompression is done, and another defer/undefer pair
in decrypt() around the reading of the RAND_HEADER_LEN password bytes.
When USE_ZLIB is defined, I think that calls of fillinbuf() must be
bracketed by defer/undefer.
2) G.csize must not be assumed to contain the number of bytes left to
process, when decompressing with NEXTBYTE. Instead, it contains
the number of bytes left after the current buffer is exausted. To
check the number of bytes remaining, use (G.csize + G.incnt).
I believe the only places this change was needed were in explode.c,
mostly in the check at the end of each explode function that tests
whether the correct number of bytes has been read. G.incnt will
normally be zero at that time anyway. The other place is the line
that says "bd = G.csize > 200000L ? 8 : 7;" but that's just a rough