File: nsenter.1

package info (click to toggle)
util-linux 2.34-0.1
  • links: PTS, VCS
  • area: main
  • in suites: bullseye, sid
  • size: 46,508 kB
  • sloc: ansic: 129,594; sh: 15,590; yacc: 1,170; makefile: 397; xml: 369; python: 316; csh: 37; sed: 16; perl: 15
file content (269 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 7,479 bytes parent folder | download | duplicates (14)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
.TH NSENTER 1 "June 2013" "util-linux" "User Commands"
.SH NAME
nsenter \- run program with namespaces of other processes
.SH SYNOPSIS
.B nsenter
[options]
.RI [ program
.RI [ arguments ]]
.SH DESCRIPTION
Enters the namespaces of one or more other processes and then executes the specified
\fIprogram\fP. If \fIprogram\fP is not given, then ``${SHELL}'' is run (default: /bin\:/sh).
.PP
Enterable namespaces are:
.TP
.B mount namespace
Mounting and unmounting filesystems will not affect the rest of the system,
except for filesystems which are explicitly marked as shared (with
\fBmount --make-\:shared\fP; see \fI/proc\:/self\:/mountinfo\fP for the
\fBshared\fP flag).
For further details, see
.BR mount_namespaces (7)
and the discussion of the
.B CLONE_NEWNS
flag in
.BR clone (2).
.TP
.B UTS namespace
Setting hostname or domainname will not affect the rest of the system.
For further details, see
.BR namespaces (7)
and the discussion of the
.B CLONE_NEWUTS
flag in
.BR clone (2).
.TP
.B IPC namespace
The process will have an independent namespace for POSIX message queues
as well as System V message queues,
semaphore sets and shared memory segments.
For further details, see
.BR namespaces (7)
and the discussion of the
.B CLONE_NEWIPC
flag in
.BR clone (2).
.TP
.B network namespace
The process will have independent IPv4 and IPv6 stacks, IP routing tables,
firewall rules, the
.I /proc\:/net
and
.I /sys\:/class\:/net
directory trees, sockets, etc.
For further details, see
.BR namespaces (7)
and the discussion of the
.B CLONE_NEWNET
flag in
.BR clone (2).
.TP
.B PID namespace
Children will have a set of PID to process mappings separate from the
.B nsenter
process
For further details, see
.BR pid_namespaces (7)
and
the discussion of the
.B CLONE_NEWPID
flag in
.B nsenter
will fork by default if changing the PID namespace, so that the new program
and its children share the same PID namespace and are visible to each other.
If \fB\-\-no\-fork\fP is used, the new program will be exec'ed without forking.
.TP
.B user namespace
The process will have a distinct set of UIDs, GIDs and capabilities.
For further details, see
.BR user_namespaces (7)
and the discussion of the
.B CLONE_NEWUSER
flag in
.BR clone (2).
.TP
.B cgroup namespace
The process will have a virtualized view of \fI/proc\:/self\:/cgroup\fP, and new
cgroup mounts will be rooted at the namespace cgroup root.
For further details, see
.BR cgroup_namespaces (7)
and the discussion of the
.B CLONE_NEWCGROUP
flag in
.BR clone (2).
.TP
See \fBclone\fP(2) for the exact semantics of the flags.
.SH OPTIONS
Various of the options below that relate to namespaces take an optional
.I file
argument.
This should be one of the
.I /proc/[pid]/ns/*
files described in
.BR namespaces (7).
.TP
\fB\-a\fR, \fB\-\-all\fR
Enter all namespaces of the target process by the default
.I /proc/[pid]/ns/*
namespace paths. The default paths to the target process namespaces may be
overwritten by namespace specific options (e.g. --all --mount=[path]).

The user namespace will be ignored if the same as the caller's current user
namespace. It prevents a caller that has dropped capabilities from regaining
those capabilities via a call to setns().  See
.BR setns (2)
for more details.
.TP
\fB\-t\fR, \fB\-\-target\fR \fIpid\fP
Specify a target process to get contexts from.  The paths to the contexts
specified by
.I pid
are:
.RS
.PD 0
.IP "" 20
.TP
/proc/\fIpid\fR/ns/mnt
the mount namespace
.TP
/proc/\fIpid\fR/ns/uts
the UTS namespace
.TP
/proc/\fIpid\fR/ns/ipc
the IPC namespace
.TP
/proc/\fIpid\fR/ns/net
the network namespace
.TP
/proc/\fIpid\fR/ns/pid
the PID namespace
.TP
/proc/\fIpid\fR/ns/user
the user namespace
.TP
/proc/\fIpid\fR/ns/cgroup
the cgroup namespace
.TP
/proc/\fIpid\fR/root
the root directory
.TP
/proc/\fIpid\fR/cwd
the working directory respectively
.PD
.RE
.TP
\fB\-m\fR, \fB\-\-mount\fR[=\fIfile\fR]
Enter the mount namespace.  If no file is specified, enter the mount namespace
of the target process.
If
.I file
is specified, enter the mount namespace
specified by
.IR file .
.TP
\fB\-u\fR, \fB\-\-uts\fR[=\fIfile\fR]
Enter the UTS namespace.  If no file is specified, enter the UTS namespace of
the target process.
If
.I file
is specified, enter the UTS namespace specified by
.IR file .
.TP
\fB\-i\fR, \fB\-\-ipc\fR[=\fIfile\fR]
Enter the IPC namespace.  If no file is specified, enter the IPC namespace of
the target process.
If
.I file
is specified, enter the IPC namespace specified by
.IR file .
.TP
\fB\-n\fR, \fB\-\-net\fR[=\fIfile\fR]
Enter the network namespace.  If no file is specified, enter the network
namespace of the target process.
If
.I file
is specified, enter the network namespace specified by
.IR file .
.TP
\fB\-p\fR, \fB\-\-pid\fR[=\fIfile\fR]
Enter the PID namespace.  If no file is specified, enter the PID namespace of
the target process.
If
.I file
is specified, enter the PID namespace specified by
.IR file .
.TP
\fB\-U\fR, \fB\-\-user\fR[=\fIfile\fR]
Enter the user namespace.  If no file is specified, enter the user namespace of
the target process.
If
.I file
is specified, enter the user namespace specified by
.IR file .
See also the \fB\-\-setuid\fR and \fB\-\-setgid\fR options.
.TP
\fB\-C\fR, \fB\-\-cgroup\fR[=\fIfile\fR]
Enter the cgroup namespace.  If no file is specified, enter the cgroup namespace of
the target process.
If
.I file
is specified, enter the cgroup namespace specified by
.IR file .
.TP
\fB\-G\fR, \fB\-\-setgid\fR \fIgid\fR
Set the group ID which will be used in the entered namespace and drop
supplementary groups.
.BR nsenter (1)
always sets GID for user namespaces, the default is 0.
.TP
\fB\-S\fR, \fB\-\-setuid\fR \fIuid\fR
Set the user ID which will be used in the entered namespace.
.BR nsenter (1)
always sets UID for user namespaces, the default is 0.
.TP
\fB\-\-preserve\-credentials\fR
Don't modify UID and GID when enter user namespace. The default is to
drops supplementary groups and sets GID and UID to 0.
.TP
\fB\-r\fR, \fB\-\-root\fR[=\fIdirectory\fR]
Set the root directory.  If no directory is specified, set the root directory to
the root directory of the target process.  If directory is specified, set the
root directory to the specified directory.
.TP
\fB\-w\fR, \fB\-\-wd\fR[=\fIdirectory\fR]
Set the working directory.  If no directory is specified, set the working
directory to the working directory of the target process.  If directory is
specified, set the working directory to the specified directory.
.TP
\fB\-F\fR, \fB\-\-no\-fork\fR
Do not fork before exec'ing the specified program.  By default, when entering a
PID namespace, \fBnsenter\fP calls \fBfork\fP before calling \fBexec\fP so that
any children will also be in the newly entered PID namespace.
.TP
\fB\-Z\fR, \fB\-\-follow\-context\fR
Set the SELinux security context used for executing a new process according to
already running process specified by \fB\-\-target\fR PID. (The util-linux has
to be compiled with SELinux support otherwise the option is unavailable.)
.TP
\fB\-V\fR, \fB\-\-version\fR
Display version information and exit.
.TP
\fB\-h\fR, \fB\-\-help\fR
Display help text and exit.
.SH SEE ALSO
.BR clone (2),
.BR setns (2),
.BR namespaces (7)
.SH AUTHORS
.UR biederm@xmission.com
Eric Biederman
.UE
.br
.UR kzak@redhat.com
Karel Zak
.UE
.SH AVAILABILITY
The nsenter command is part of the util-linux package and is available from
.UR https://\:www.kernel.org\:/pub\:/linux\:/utils\:/util-linux/
Linux Kernel Archive
.UE .