File: vacation.c

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vacation 3.3.1
  • links: PTS
  • area: main
  • in suites: buster, jessie, jessie-kfreebsd, stretch
  • size: 80 kB
  • ctags: 41
  • sloc: ansic: 630; makefile: 13
file content (816 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 19,412 bytes parent folder | download | duplicates (2)
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/*
 * Copyright (c) 1983, 1987, 1993
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 * Copyright 2000-2003 by Marco d'Itri <md@linux.it>
 * (I removed the advertisement clause from the original BSD license.)
 *
 * Removed "vacation:" prefix from syslog messages and added openlog() call.
 *
 * Updated to the latest NetBSD release.
 *
 * Merged -l option from FreeBSD.
 *
 * Merged $SUBJECT substitution and Return-Path handling from OpenBSD.
 *
 * Merged -j option from sourceforge version.
 *
 * Merged patch from Stefan Muenkner <stefan.muenkner@zdv.uni-tuebingen.de>
 * which makes nsearch() ignore case when comparing addresses.
 *
 * Implemented sendmail-style -fmtxz options.
 *
 * Added xmalloc() wrapper.
 */

#if 0
static char copyright[] =
"@(#) Copyright (c) 1983, 1987, 1993\n\
	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.\n";

static char sccsid[] = "@(#)vacation.c	8.2 (Berkeley) 1/26/94";
#endif /* not lint */

/*
**  Vacation
**  Copyright (c) 1983  Eric P. Allman
**  Berkeley, California
*/

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdarg.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <pwd.h>
#include <syslog.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#ifdef HAVE_PATHS_H
# include <paths.h>
#else
# define _PATH_SENDMAIL "/usr/lib/sendmail"
#endif

#ifndef PATH_VACATION
# define PATH_VACATION "/usr/bin/vacation"
#endif

#ifdef libc5
# include <db/db.h>
#else
# if defined __GLIBC__ && __GLIBC__ == 2 && __GLIBC_MINOR__ >= 1
#  include <db_185.h>
# else
#  include <db.h>
# endif
#endif

/* from tzfile.h */
#ifndef DAYSPERWEEK
# define DAYSPERWEEK 7
# define SECSPERDAY (long)(60 * 60 * 24)
#endif

#if (!defined _POSIX_C_SOURCE || _POSIX_C_SOURCE < 2)
int getopt(int , char * const [], const char *);
extern char *optarg;
extern int optind, opterr;
#endif

/*
 *  VACATION -- return a message to the sender when on vacation.
 *
 *	This program is invoked as a message receiver.  It returns a
 *	message specified by the user to whomever sent the mail, taking
 *	care not to return a message too often to prevent "I am on
 *	vacation" loops.
 */

#define	VIT	"__VACATION__INTERVAL__TIMER__"
#define	MAXLINE	1024			/* max line from mail header */
#define	VDB	".vacation.db"		/* dbm's database */
#define VMSG	".vacation.msg"		/* vacation message */
#define FWDBACKUP ".forward~vacation~backup" /* backup of ~/.forward */

typedef struct alias {
	struct alias *next;
	const char *name;
} ALIAS;
ALIAS *names;

void (*msglog)(int, const char *, ...) = &syslog;

DB *db;
char from[MAXLINE];
char subj[MAXLINE];
int jflag = 0;
int ccflag = 0;
char *ccaddr;

/* prototypes */
void readheaders(void);
int nsearch(const char *, const char *);
int junkmail(void);
int recent(void);
time_t lookup(const char *, size_t);
void setreply(const char *, size_t, time_t);
void sendmessage(const char *, const char *);
void usage(void);
void listdb(void);
int isdelim(int);
void *xmalloc(size_t);
void discard(void);
void discard_exit(void);
void initialize(const char *);
void debuglog (int, const char *, ...);
int askyn (const char *);

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
	struct passwd *pw;
	ALIAS *cur;
	time_t interval;
	int ch, iflag, lflag, xflag, zflag;
	char *dbfilename = (char *)VDB;
	char *msgfilename = (char *)VMSG;

	openlog("vacation", LOG_PERROR, LOG_MAIL);
	opterr = iflag = lflag = xflag = zflag = 0;
	interval = -1;
	while ((ch = getopt(argc, argv, "a:c:df:Iijlm:r:t:xz")) != -1)
		switch((char)ch) {
		case 'a':			/* alias */
			cur = xmalloc(sizeof(ALIAS));
			cur->name = optarg;
			cur->next = names;
			names = cur;
			break;
		case 'c':			/* cc the replies */
			ccaddr = xmalloc(strlen(optarg) + 1);
			strcpy(ccaddr, optarg);
			ccflag = 1;
			break;
		case 'd':
			msglog = &debuglog;
			break;
		case 'f':			/* alternate database */
			dbfilename = xmalloc(strlen(optarg) + 1);
			strcpy(dbfilename, optarg);
			break;
		case 'I':			/* backward compatible */
		case 'i':			/* init the database */
			iflag = 1;
			break;
		case 'j':			/* ignore recipient addr. */
			jflag = 1;
			break;
		case 'l':			/* list the database */
			lflag = 1;
			break;
		case 'm':			/* alternate message file */
			msgfilename = xmalloc(strlen(optarg) + 1);
			strcpy(msgfilename, optarg);
			break;
		case 'r':
			if (isdigit(*optarg)) {
				interval = atol(optarg) * SECSPERDAY;
				if (interval < 0)
					usage();
			}
			else
				interval = LONG_MAX;
			break;
/*
		case 't':
			break;
*/
		case 'x':
			xflag = 1;
			break;
		case 'z':
			zflag = 1;
			break;
		case '?':
		default:
			usage();
		}
	argc -= optind;
	argv += optind;

	if (argc != 1) {
		if (!iflag && !lflag && !xflag && argc != 0)
			usage();
		if (!(pw = getpwuid(getuid()))) {
			msglog(LOG_ERR, "no such user uid %u.\n", getuid());
			exit(1);
		}
	}
	else if (!(pw = getpwnam(*argv))) {
		msglog(LOG_ERR, "no such user %s.\n", *argv);
		exit(1);
	}
	if (msgfilename[0] != '/' || dbfilename[0] != '/')
		if (chdir(pw->pw_dir)) {
			msglog(LOG_ERR, "no such directory %s.\n", pw->pw_dir);
			exit(1);
		}

	db = dbopen(dbfilename, O_CREAT|O_RDWR|(iflag ? O_TRUNC : 0),
	    S_IRUSR|S_IWUSR, DB_HASH, NULL);
	if (!db) {
		msglog(LOG_NOTICE, "%s: %m\n", dbfilename);
		exit(1);
	}

	if (lflag)
		listdb();

	if (xflag) {
		char buf[MAXLINE], *p;

		while (fgets(buf, sizeof buf, stdin)) {
			if ((p = strchr(buf, '\n')) != NULL)
				*p = '\0';
			setreply(buf, strlen(buf), LONG_MAX);
		}
	}

	if (interval != -1)
		setreply(VIT, sizeof(VIT), interval);

	if (iflag || lflag || xflag) {
		(db->close)(db);
		exit(0);
	}

	if (argc == 0) {
		if (!isatty(1))
			usage();
		initialize(pw->pw_name);
	}

	cur = xmalloc(sizeof(ALIAS));
	cur->name = pw->pw_name;
	cur->next = names;
	names = cur;

	readheaders();
	discard();
	if (!recent()) {
		setreply(from, strlen(from), time(NULL));
		(db->close)(db);
		sendmessage(zflag ? "<>" : pw->pw_name, msgfilename);
	}
	else
		(db->close)(db);
	exit(0);
	/* NOTREACHED */
}

/*
 * readheaders --
 *	read mail headers
 */
void readheaders(void)
{
	ALIAS *cur;
	char *p, *q;
	int tome, cont;
	char buf[MAXLINE];

	cont = tome = 0;
	while (fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), stdin) && *buf != '\n')
		switch(*buf) {
		case 'F':		/* "From " */
			cont = 0;
			if (!strncmp(buf, "From ", 5)) {
				for (p = buf + 5; *p && *p != ' '; ++p);
				*p = '\0';
				strcpy(from, buf + 5);
				if ((p = strchr(from, '\n')))
					*p = '\0';
				if (junkmail())
					discard_exit();
			}
			break;
		case 'r':
		case 'R':		/* "Return-Path:" */
					/* EvB: this may use Name <addr@host> */
			cont = 0;
			if (strncasecmp(buf, "Return-Path:", 12) ||
			    (buf[12] != ' ' && buf[12] != '\t'))
				break;
			for (p = buf + 12; *p && isspace(*p); ++p);
			if ((q = strchr(p, '<'))) 
				p = q + 1;
			strncpy(from, p, sizeof(from));
			if ((p = strchr(from, '>')) || (p = strchr(from, '\n')))
				*p = '\0';
			if (junkmail())
				discard_exit();
			break;
		case 'p':
		case 'P':		/* "Precedence:" */
			cont = 0;
			if (strncasecmp(buf, "Precedence", 10) ||
			    (buf[10] != ':' && buf[10] != ' ' &&
			     buf[10] != '\t'))
				break;
			if (!(p = strchr(buf, ':')))
				break;
			while (*++p && isspace(*p));
			if (!*p)
				break;
			if (!strncasecmp(p, "junk", 4) ||
			    !strncasecmp(p, "bulk", 4) ||
			    !strncasecmp(p, "list", 4))
				discard_exit();
			break;
		case 'a':
		case 'A':		/* "Auto-submitted:" */
			cont = 0;
			if (strncasecmp(buf, "Auto-submitted", 14) ||
			    (buf[14] != ':' && buf[14] != ' ' &&
			     buf[14] != '\t'))
				break;
			if (!(p = strchr(buf, ':')))
				break;
			while (*++p && isspace(*p));
			if (!*p)
				break;
			if (strncasecmp(p, "no", 2)) /* Ignore all but no. */
				discard_exit();
			break;
	        case 'x':
	        case 'X':               /* "X-Spam-Flag:" */
                        cont = 0;
                        if (strncasecmp(buf, "X-Spam-Flag", 11) ||
                            (buf[11] != ':' && buf[11] != ' ' &&
                             buf[11] != '\t'))
                                break;
                        if (!(p = strchr(buf, ':')))
                                break;
                        while (*++p && isspace(*p));
                        if (!*p)
                                break;
                        if (!strncasecmp(p, "yes", 3))
                                discard_exit();
                        break;
		case 's':
		case 'S':		/* "Subject" */
			cont = 0;
			if (strncasecmp(buf, "Subject:", 8) ||
			    (buf[8] != ' ' && buf[8] != '\t'))
				break;
			for (p = buf + 8; *p && isspace(*p); ++p);
			strncpy(subj, p, sizeof(subj));
			if ((p = strchr(subj, '\n')))
				*p = '\0';
			break;
		case 'c':
		case 'C':		/* "Cc:" */
			if (strncasecmp(buf, "Cc:", 3))
				break;
			cont = 1;
			goto findme;
		case 't':
		case 'T':		/* "To:" */
			if (strncasecmp(buf, "To:", 3))
				break;
			cont = 1;
			goto findme;
		default:
			if (!isspace(*buf) || !cont || tome) {
				cont = 0;
				break;
			}
findme:			for (cur = names; !tome && cur; cur = cur->next)
				tome += nsearch(cur->name, buf);
		}
	if (!tome && !jflag)
		discard_exit();
	if (!*from) {
		msglog(LOG_ERR, "no initial \"From\" line.\n");
		exit(1);
	}
}

/*
 * nsearch --
 *	do a nice, slow, search of a string for a substring.
 */
int nsearch(const char *name, const char *str)
{
	size_t len;
	const char c = tolower(*name);

	for (len = strlen(name); *str; ++str)
		if (tolower(*str) == c && !strncasecmp(name, str, len)
		    && isdelim((unsigned char)str[len]))
			return(1);
	return(0);
}

/*
 * junkmail --
 *	read the header and return if automagic/junk/bulk/list mail
 */
int junkmail(void)
{
	static struct ignore {
		const char	*name;
		int	len;
	} ignore[] = {
		{ "-request", 8 },
		{ "postmaster", 10 },
		{ "uucp", 4 },
		{ "mailer-daemon", 13 },
		{ "mailer", 6 },
		{ "-relay", 6 },
		{ NULL, 0 }
	};
	struct ignore *cur;
	int len;
	char *p;

	/*
	 * This is mildly amusing, and I'm not positive it's right; trying
	 * to find the "real" name of the sender, assuming that addresses
	 * will be some variant of:
	 *
	 * From site!site!SENDER%site.domain%site.domain@site.domain
	 */
	if (!(p = strchr(from, '%')))
		if (!(p = strchr(from, '@'))) {
			if ((p = strrchr(from, '!')))
				++p;
			else
				p = from;
			for (; *p; ++p);
		}
	len = p - from;
	for (cur = ignore; cur->name; ++cur)
		if (len >= cur->len &&
		    !strncasecmp(cur->name, p - cur->len, cur->len))
			return(1);
	return(0);
}

/*
 * recent --
 *	find out if user has gotten a vacation message recently.
 *	use memmove for machines with alignment restrictions
 */
int recent(void)
{
	time_t then, next, now = time(NULL);
	char *domain;

	/* get interval time */
	if ((next = lookup(VIT, sizeof(VIT))) == -1)
		next = SECSPERDAY * DAYSPERWEEK;

	/* get record for this address */
	if ((then = lookup(from, strlen(from))) != -1)
		if (next == LONG_MAX || then == LONG_MAX || then + next > now)
			return 1;
	if ((domain = strchr(from, '@')) == NULL)
		return 0;
	if ((then = lookup(domain, strlen(domain))) != -1)
		if (next == LONG_MAX || then == LONG_MAX || then + next > now)
			return 1;
	return 0;
}

/* lookup a record in the database */
time_t lookup(const char *s, size_t len)
{
	DBT key, data;
	time_t ret;

	key.data = (char *)s;
	key.size = len;
	if (!(db->get)(db, &key, &data, 0)) {
		memmove(&ret, data.data, sizeof(ret));
		return ret;
	}
	return -1;
}

/*
 * setreply --
 *	store that this user knows about the vacation.
 *	VIT must have a trailing \0, addresses must not.
 */
void setreply(const char *addr, size_t size, time_t when)
{
	DBT key, data;

	key.data = (char *)addr;
	key.size = size;
	data.data = &when;
	data.size = sizeof(when);
	(db->put)(db, &key, &data, 0);
}

/*
 * sendmessage --
 *	exec sendmail to send the vacation file to sender
 */
void sendmessage(const char *myname, const char *msgfile)
{
	FILE *mfp, *sfp;
	int i;
	int pvect[2];
	char buf[MAXLINE];

	mfp = fopen(msgfile, "r");
	if (mfp == NULL) {
		msglog(LOG_ERR, "no %s file.\n", msgfile);
		exit(1);
	}
	if (pipe(pvect) < 0) {
		msglog(LOG_ERR, "pipe: %m");
		exit(1);
	}
	i = fork();
	if (i < 0) {
		msglog(LOG_ERR, "fork: %m");
		exit(1);
	}
	if (i == 0) {
		dup2(pvect[0], 0);
		close(pvect[0]);
		close(pvect[1]);
		fclose(mfp);
		if (ccflag) {
		  execl(_PATH_SENDMAIL, "sendmail", "-f", myname, "--",
			ccaddr, from, NULL);
		} else {
		  execl(_PATH_SENDMAIL, "sendmail", "-f", myname, "--",
			from, NULL);
		}
		msglog(LOG_ERR, "can't exec %s: %m", _PATH_SENDMAIL);
		exit(1);
	}
	close(pvect[0]);
	sfp = fdopen(pvect[1], "w");
	fprintf(sfp, "To: %s\n", from);
	while (fgets(buf, sizeof buf, mfp)) {
		char *s = strstr(buf, "$SUBJECT");
		if (s) {
			*s = 0;
			fputs(buf, sfp);
			fputs(subj, sfp);
			fputs(s + 8, sfp);
		} else {
			fputs(buf, sfp);
		}
	}
	fclose(mfp);
	fclose(sfp);
}

void usage(void)
{
	msglog(LOG_NOTICE, "uid %u: usage: vacation [-i] [-r interval] [-a alias] [-f db] [-m msg] [-j] [-l] [-x] [-z] login\n",
	    getuid());
	exit(1);
}

void listdb(void)
{
    DBT key, data;
    int rv;
    time_t t;
    char user[MAXLINE];

    while ((rv = (db->seq)(db, &key, &data, R_NEXT)) == 0) {
	memmove(user, key.data, key.size);
	user[key.size] = '\0';
	if (strcmp(user, VIT) == 0)
	    continue;
	memmove(&t, data.data, data.size);
	printf("%-50s", user);
	if (t == LONG_MAX)
	    puts("(never deleted)");
	else
	    printf("%-10s", ctime(&t));
    }
    if (rv == -1)
	perror("IO error in database");
}

/*
 * Is `c' a delimiting character for a recipient name?
 */
int isdelim(int c)
{
	/*
	 * NB: don't use setlocale() before, headers are supposed to
	 * consist only of ASCII (aka. C locale) characters.
	 */
	if (isalnum(c))
		return(0);
	if (c == '_' || c == '-' || c == '.')
		return(0);
	return(1);
}

/*
 * Append a message to the standard error for the convenience of end-users
 * debugging without access to the syslog messages.
 */
void debuglog(int i, const char *fmt, ...)
{
	va_list ap;

	i = 0;			/* Printing syslog priority not implemented */
	va_start(ap, fmt);
	vfprintf(stderr, fmt, ap);
	va_end(ap);
}

/* read stdin and throw away everything we receive.  This keeps
 * mailers which are delivering to a pipe happy that we've deal with
 * the message sucessfully. */
void discard(void)
{
    char buf[BUFSIZ];

    while (fread(buf, BUFSIZ, 1, stdin) > 0 && !feof(stdin));
}

/* as for discard, but also exit. */
void discard_exit(void)
{
    discard();

    /* we exit, whether error happened while reading or not */
    exit(0);
}

void *xmalloc(size_t size)
{
    char *p = malloc(size);

    if (p != NULL)
	return p;
    msglog(LOG_ERR, "can't allocate memory");
    exit(75);			/* EX_TEMPFAIL */
}

void initialize(const char *user)
{
    FILE *file;
    char buf[1024];
    int r;
    struct stat sb;
    const char *editor, *pager;

    if (stat(FWDBACKUP, &sb) == 0) {
	puts("You have a ~/" FWDBACKUP " file.");
	r = askyn("Do you want to restore it and disable the vacation"
		" program (y/N)? ");
	if (r) {
	    if (rename(FWDBACKUP, ".forward") < 0) {
		perror("rename");
		exit(1);
	    }
	    puts("The vacation program has been DISABLED.");
	} else
	    puts("The vacation program is ENABLED.");
	exit(0);
    }

    if (!(editor = getenv("VISUAL")) && !(editor = getenv("EDITOR")))
	    editor = "/usr/bin/sensible-editor";
    if (!(pager = getenv("PAGER")))
	    pager = "/usr/bin/sensible-pager";

    puts("This program will answer your mail automatically when you"
	" go away on vacation.");

    if (stat(VMSG, &sb) < 0) {
	if (errno != ENOENT) {
	    perror("stat");
	    exit(1);
	}
	puts("You need to put in the ~/" VMSG " file the reply message.");
	r = askyn("Would you like to create it (y/N)? ");
	if (!r) {
	    puts("OK, no file has been written.");
	    exit(0);
	}

	file = fopen(VMSG, "w");
	if (!file) {
	    perror("fopen(\".forward\")");
	    exit(1);
	}
	fprintf(file,
"Subject: away from my mail\n"
"\n"
"I will not be reading my mail for a while.\n"
"Your mail concerning \"$SUBJECT\"\n"
"will be read when I return.\n"
	       );
	fclose(file);
    } else {
	puts("You have a message in ~/" VMSG ".");
	r = askyn("Would you like to see it (y/N)? ");
	if (r) {
	    snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s " VMSG, pager);
	    system(buf);
	}

	r = askyn("Would you like to edit it (y/N)? ");
	if (r) {
	    snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s " VMSG, editor);
	    system(buf);
	}
    }

    r = askyn("To enable the vacation program a '~/.forward' file is created.\n"
	"Would you like to enable the vacation program (y/N)? ");
    if (!r) {
	puts("OK, the vacation program has not been enabled");
	exit(0);
    }

    file = fopen(".forward", "r");
    if (file) {
	puts("You have a '~/.forward' file containing:\n");
	while (fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), file)) {
	    printf("    %s", buf);
	}
	fclose(file);
	puts("\nIt needs to be renamed before the vacation program"
		" can be enabled.");
	r = askyn("Do you want to proceed (y/N)? ");
	if (!r) {
	    puts("OK, the vacation program has not been enabled");
	    exit(0);
	}
	if (rename(".forward", FWDBACKUP) < 0) {
	    perror("rename");
	    exit(1);
	}
    } else if (errno != ENOENT) {
	perror("fopen(\".forward\")");
	exit(1);
    }

    if ((file = fopen(".forward", "w")) == NULL) {
	perror("fopen(\".forward\")");
	exit(1);
    }
    fprintf(file, "\\%s, \"|" PATH_VACATION " %s\"\n", user, user);
    puts("The vacation program is ENABLED.\n"
	    "Please remember to turn it off when you get back from vacation.");
    exit(0);
}

int askyn(const char *question)
{
    char buf[32];

    fprintf(stdout, "%s", question);
    while (1) {
	fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), stdin);
	if (!buf || *buf == '\n' || *buf == 'n' || *buf == 'N')
	    return 0;
	if (*buf == 'y' || *buf == 'Y')
	    return 1;
	fputs("Please reply 'yes' or 'no' ('y' or 'n'): ", stdout);
    }
}