File: if_xcmdsrv.c

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/* vi:set ts=8 sts=4 sw=4:
 *
 * VIM - Vi IMproved	by Bram Moolenaar
 * X command server by Flemming Madsen
 *
 * Do ":help uganda"  in Vim to read copying and usage conditions.
 * Do ":help credits" in Vim to see a list of people who contributed.
 * See README.txt for an overview of the Vim source code.
 *
 * if_xcmdsrv.c: Functions for passing commands through an X11 display.
 *
 */

#include "vim.h"
#include "version.h"

#if defined(FEAT_CLIENTSERVER) || defined(PROTO)

# ifdef FEAT_X11
#  include <X11/Intrinsic.h>
#  include <X11/Xatom.h>
# endif

# if defined(HAVE_SYS_SELECT_H) && \
	(!defined(HAVE_SYS_TIME_H) || defined(SYS_SELECT_WITH_SYS_TIME))
#  include <sys/select.h>
# endif

# ifndef HAVE_SELECT
#  ifdef HAVE_SYS_POLL_H
#   include <sys/poll.h>
#  else
#   ifdef HAVE_POLL_H
#    include <poll.h>
#   endif
#  endif
# endif

/*
 * This file provides procedures that implement the command server
 * functionality of Vim when in contact with an X11 server.
 *
 * Adapted from TCL/TK's send command  in tkSend.c of the tk 3.6 distribution.
 * Adapted for use in Vim by Flemming Madsen. Protocol changed to that of tk 4
 */

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1989-1993 The Regents of the University of California.
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, without written agreement and without
 * license or royalty fees, to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
 * software and its documentation for any purpose, provided that the
 * above copyright notice and the following two paragraphs appear in
 * all copies of this software.
 *
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA BE LIABLE TO ANY PARTY FOR
 * DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT
 * OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE AND ITS DOCUMENTATION, EVEN IF THE UNIVERSITY OF
 * CALIFORNIA HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 * THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTIES,
 * INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
 * AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  THE SOFTWARE PROVIDED HEREUNDER IS
 * ON AN "AS IS" BASIS, AND THE UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA HAS NO OBLIGATION TO
 * PROVIDE MAINTENANCE, SUPPORT, UPDATES, ENHANCEMENTS, OR MODIFICATIONS.
 */


/*
 * When a result is being awaited from a sent command, one of
 * the following structures is present on a list of all outstanding
 * sent commands.  The information in the structure is used to
 * process the result when it arrives.  You're probably wondering
 * how there could ever be multiple outstanding sent commands.
 * This could happen if Vim instances invoke each other recursively.
 * It's unlikely, but possible.
 */

typedef struct PendingCommand
{
    int	    serial;	/* Serial number expected in result. */
    int	    code;	/* Result Code. 0 is OK */
    char_u  *result;	/* String result for command (malloc'ed).
			 * NULL means command still pending. */
    struct PendingCommand *nextPtr;
			/* Next in list of all outstanding commands.
			 * NULL means end of list. */
} PendingCommand;

static PendingCommand *pendingCommands = NULL;
				/* List of all commands currently
				 * being waited for. */

/*
 * The information below is used for communication between processes
 * during "send" commands.  Each process keeps a private window, never
 * even mapped, with one property, "Comm".  When a command is sent to
 * an interpreter, the command is appended to the comm property of the
 * communication window associated with the interp's process.  Similarly,
 * when a result is returned from a sent command, it is also appended
 * to the comm property.
 *
 * Each command and each result takes the form of ASCII text.  For a
 * command, the text consists of a nul character followed by several
 * nul-terminated ASCII strings.  The first string consists of a
 * single letter:
 * "c" for an expression
 * "k" for keystrokes
 * "r" for reply
 * "n" for notification.
 * Subsequent strings have the form "option value" where the following options
 * are supported:
 *
 * -r commWindow serial
 *
 *	This option means that a response should be sent to the window
 *	whose X identifier is "commWindow" (in hex), and the response should
 *	be identified with the serial number given by "serial" (in decimal).
 *	If this option isn't specified then the send is asynchronous and
 *	no response is sent.
 *
 * -n name
 *	"Name" gives the name of the application for which the command is
 *	intended.  This option must be present.
 *
 * -E encoding
 *	Encoding name used for the text.  This is the 'encoding' of the
 *	sender.  The receiver may want to do conversion to his 'encoding'.
 *
 * -s script
 *	"Script" is the script to be executed.  This option must be
 *	present.  Taken as a series of keystrokes in a "k" command where
 *	<Key>'s are expanded
 *
 * The options may appear in any order.  The -n and -s options must be
 * present, but -r may be omitted for asynchronous RPCs.  For compatibility
 * with future releases that may add new features, there may be additional
 * options present;  as long as they start with a "-" character, they will
 * be ignored.
 *
 * A result also consists of a zero character followed by several null-
 * terminated ASCII strings.  The first string consists of the single
 * letter "r".  Subsequent strings have the form "option value" where
 * the following options are supported:
 *
 * -s serial
 *	Identifies the command for which this is the result.  It is the
 *	same as the "serial" field from the -s option in the command.  This
 *	option must be present.
 *
 * -r result
 *	"Result" is the result string for the script, which may be either
 *	a result or an error message.  If this field is omitted then it
 *	defaults to an empty string.
 *
 * -c code
 *	0: for OK. This is the default.
 *	1: for error: Result is the last error
 *
 * -i errorInfo
 * -e errorCode
 *	Not applicable for Vim
 *
 * Options may appear in any order, and only the -s option must be
 * present.  As with commands, there may be additional options besides
 * these;  unknown options are ignored.
 */

/*
 * Maximum size property that can be read at one time by
 * this module:
 */

#define MAX_PROP_WORDS 100000

struct ServerReply
{
    Window  id;
    garray_T strings;
};
static garray_T serverReply = { 0, 0, 0, 0, 0 };
enum ServerReplyOp { SROP_Find, SROP_Add, SROP_Delete };

typedef int (*EndCond) __ARGS((void *));

/*
 * Forward declarations for procedures defined later in this file:
 */

static Window	LookupName __ARGS((Display *dpy, char_u *name, int delete, char_u **loose));
static int	SendInit __ARGS((Display *dpy));
static int	DoRegisterName __ARGS((Display *dpy, char_u *name));
static void	DeleteAnyLingerer __ARGS((Display *dpy, Window w));
static int	GetRegProp __ARGS((Display *dpy, char_u **regPropp, long_u *numItemsp, int domsg));
static int	WaitForPend __ARGS((void *p));
static int	WaitForReply __ARGS((void *p));
static int	WindowValid __ARGS((Display *dpy, Window w));
static void	ServerWait __ARGS((Display *dpy, Window w, EndCond endCond, void *endData, int localLoop, int seconds));
static struct ServerReply *ServerReplyFind __ARGS((Window w, enum ServerReplyOp op));
static int	AppendPropCarefully __ARGS((Display *display, Window window, Atom property, char_u *value, int length));
static int	x_error_check __ARGS((Display *dpy, XErrorEvent *error_event));
static int	IsSerialName __ARGS((char_u *name));

/* Private variables for the "server" functionality */
static Atom	registryProperty = None;
static Atom	vimProperty = None;
static int	got_x_error = FALSE;

static char_u	*empty_prop = (char_u *)"";	/* empty GetRegProp() result */

/*
 * Associate an ASCII name with Vim.  Try real hard to get a unique one.
 * Returns FAIL or OK.
 */
    int
serverRegisterName(dpy, name)
    Display	*dpy;		/* display to register with */
    char_u	*name;		/* the name that will be used as a base */
{
    int		i;
    int		res;
    char_u	*p = NULL;

    res = DoRegisterName(dpy, name);
    if (res < 0)
    {
	i = 1;
	do
	{
	    if (res < -1 || i >= 1000)
	    {
		MSG_ATTR(_("Unable to register a command server name"),
							      hl_attr(HLF_W));
		return FAIL;
	    }
	    if (p == NULL)
		p = alloc(STRLEN(name) + 10);
	    if (p == NULL)
	    {
		res = -10;
		continue;
	    }
	    sprintf((char *)p, "%s%d", name, i++);
	    res = DoRegisterName(dpy, p);
	}
	while (res < 0)
	    ;
	vim_free(p);
    }
    return OK;
}

    static int
DoRegisterName(dpy, name)
    Display	*dpy;
    char_u	*name;
{
    Window	w;
    XErrorHandler old_handler;
#define MAX_NAME_LENGTH 100
    char_u	propInfo[MAX_NAME_LENGTH + 20];

    if (commProperty == None)
    {
	if (SendInit(dpy) < 0)
	    return -2;
    }

    /*
     * Make sure the name is unique, and append info about it to
     * the registry property.  It's important to lock the server
     * here to prevent conflicting changes to the registry property.
     * WARNING: Do not step through this while debugging, it will hangup the X
     * server!
     */
    XGrabServer(dpy);
    w = LookupName(dpy, name, FALSE, NULL);
    if (w != (Window)0)
    {
	Status		status;
	int		dummyInt;
	unsigned int	dummyUns;
	Window		dummyWin;

	/*
	 * The name is currently registered.  See if the commWindow
	 * associated with the name exists.  If not, or if the commWindow
	 * is *our* commWindow, then just unregister the old name (this
	 * could happen if an application dies without cleaning up the
	 * registry).
	 */
	old_handler = XSetErrorHandler(x_error_check);
	status = XGetGeometry(dpy, w, &dummyWin, &dummyInt, &dummyInt,
				  &dummyUns, &dummyUns, &dummyUns, &dummyUns);
	(void)XSetErrorHandler(old_handler);
	if (status != Success && w != commWindow)
	{
	    XUngrabServer(dpy);
	    XFlush(dpy);
	    return -1;
	}
	(void)LookupName(dpy, name, /*delete=*/TRUE, NULL);
    }
    sprintf((char *)propInfo, "%x %.*s", (int_u)commWindow,
						       MAX_NAME_LENGTH, name);
    old_handler = XSetErrorHandler(x_error_check);
    got_x_error = FALSE;
    XChangeProperty(dpy, RootWindow(dpy, 0), registryProperty, XA_STRING, 8,
		    PropModeAppend, propInfo, STRLEN(propInfo) + 1);
    XUngrabServer(dpy);
    XSync(dpy, False);
    (void)XSetErrorHandler(old_handler);

    if (!got_x_error)
    {
#ifdef FEAT_EVAL
	set_vim_var_string(VV_SEND_SERVER, name, -1);
#endif
	serverName = vim_strsave(name);
#ifdef FEAT_TITLE
	need_maketitle = TRUE;
#endif
	return 0;
    }
    return -2;
}

#if defined(FEAT_GUI) || defined(PROTO)
/*
 * Clean out new ID from registry and set it as comm win.
 * Change any registered window ID.
 */
    void
serverChangeRegisteredWindow(dpy, newwin)
    Display	*dpy;		/* Display to register with */
    Window	newwin;		/* Re-register to this ID */
{
    char_u	propInfo[MAX_NAME_LENGTH + 20];

    commWindow = newwin;

    /* Always call SendInit() here, to make sure commWindow is marked as a Vim
     * window. */
    if (SendInit(dpy) < 0)
	return;

    /* WARNING: Do not step through this while debugging, it will hangup the X
     * server! */
    XGrabServer(dpy);
    DeleteAnyLingerer(dpy, newwin);
    if (serverName != NULL)
    {
	/* Reinsert name if we was already registered */
	(void)LookupName(dpy, serverName, /*delete=*/TRUE, NULL);
	sprintf((char *)propInfo, "%x %.*s",
		(int_u)newwin, MAX_NAME_LENGTH, serverName);
	XChangeProperty(dpy, RootWindow(dpy, 0), registryProperty, XA_STRING, 8,
			PropModeAppend, (char_u *)propInfo,
			STRLEN(propInfo) + 1);
    }
    XUngrabServer(dpy);
}
#endif

/*
 * Send to an instance of Vim via the X display.
 * Returns 0 for OK, negative for an error.
 */
    int
serverSendToVim(dpy, name, cmd,  result, server, asExpr, localLoop, silent)
    Display	*dpy;			/* Where to send. */
    char_u	*name;			/* Where to send. */
    char_u	*cmd;			/* What to send. */
    char_u	**result;		/* Result of eval'ed expression */
    Window	*server;		/* Actual ID of receiving app */
    Bool	asExpr;			/* Interpret as keystrokes or expr ? */
    Bool	localLoop;		/* Throw away everything but result */
    int		silent;			/* don't complain about no server */
{
    Window	    w;
    char_u	    *property;
    int		    length;
    int		    res;
    static int	    serial = 0;	/* Running count of sent commands.
				 * Used to give each command a
				 * different serial number. */
    PendingCommand  pending;
    char_u	    *loosename = NULL;

    if (result != NULL)
	*result = NULL;
    if (name == NULL || *name == NUL)
	name = (char_u *)"GVIM";    /* use a default name */

    if (commProperty == None && dpy != NULL)
    {
	if (SendInit(dpy) < 0)
	    return -1;
    }

    /* Execute locally if no display or target is ourselves */
    if (dpy == NULL || (serverName != NULL && STRICMP(name, serverName) == 0))
    {
	if (asExpr)
	{
	    char_u *ret;

	    ret = eval_client_expr_to_string(cmd);
	    if (result != NULL)
	    {
		if (ret == NULL)
		    *result = vim_strsave((char_u *)_(e_invexprmsg));
		else
		    *result = ret;
	    }
	    else
		vim_free(ret);
	    return ret == NULL ? -1 : 0;
	}
	else
	    server_to_input_buf(cmd);
	return 0;
    }

    /*
     * Bind the server name to a communication window.
     *
     * Find any survivor with a serialno attached to the name if the
     * original registrant of the wanted name is no longer present.
     *
     * Delete any lingering names from dead editors.
     */
    while (TRUE)
    {
	w = LookupName(dpy, name, FALSE, &loosename);
	/* Check that the window is hot */
	if (w != None)
	{
	    if (!WindowValid(dpy, w))
	    {
		LookupName(dpy, loosename ? loosename : name,
			   /*DELETE=*/TRUE, NULL);
		continue;
	    }
	}
	break;
    }
    if (w == None)
    {
	if (!silent)
	    EMSG2(_(e_noserver), name);
	return -1;
    }
    else if (loosename != NULL)
	name = loosename;
    if (server != NULL)
	*server = w;

    /*
     * Send the command to target interpreter by appending it to the
     * comm window in the communication window.
     * Length must be computed exactly!
     */
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    length = STRLEN(name) + STRLEN(p_enc) + STRLEN(cmd) + 14;
#else
    length = STRLEN(name) + STRLEN(cmd) + 10;
#endif
    property = (char_u *)alloc((unsigned)length + 30);

#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    sprintf((char *)property, "%c%c%c-n %s%c-E %s%c-s %s",
		      0, asExpr ? 'c' : 'k', 0, name, 0, p_enc, 0, cmd);
#else
    sprintf((char *)property, "%c%c%c-n %s%c-s %s",
		      0, asExpr ? 'c' : 'k', 0, name, 0, cmd);
#endif
    if (name == loosename)
	vim_free(loosename);
    /* Add a back reference to our comm window */
    serial++;
    sprintf((char *)property + length, "%c-r %x %d",
						0, (int_u)commWindow, serial);
    /* Add length of what "-r %x %d" resulted in, skipping the NUL. */
    length += STRLEN(property + length + 1) + 1;

    res = AppendPropCarefully(dpy, w, commProperty, property, length + 1);
    vim_free(property);
    if (res < 0)
    {
	EMSG(_("E248: Failed to send command to the destination program"));
	return -1;
    }

    if (!asExpr) /* There is no answer for this - Keys are sent async */
	return 0;

    /*
     * Register the fact that we're waiting for a command to
     * complete (this is needed by SendEventProc and by
     * AppendErrorProc to pass back the command's results).
     */
    pending.serial = serial;
    pending.code = 0;
    pending.result = NULL;
    pending.nextPtr = pendingCommands;
    pendingCommands = &pending;

    ServerWait(dpy, w, WaitForPend, &pending, localLoop, 600);

    /*
     * Unregister the information about the pending command
     * and return the result.
     */
    if (pendingCommands == &pending)
	pendingCommands = pending.nextPtr;
    else
    {
	PendingCommand *pcPtr;

	for (pcPtr = pendingCommands; pcPtr != NULL; pcPtr = pcPtr->nextPtr)
	    if (pcPtr->nextPtr == &pending)
	    {
		pcPtr->nextPtr = pending.nextPtr;
		break;
	    }
    }
    if (result != NULL)
	*result = pending.result;
    else
	vim_free(pending.result);

    return pending.code == 0 ? 0 : -1;
}

    static int
WaitForPend(p)
    void    *p;
{
    PendingCommand *pending = (PendingCommand *) p;
    return pending->result != NULL;
}

/*
 * Return TRUE if window "w" exists and has a "Vim" property on it.
 */
    static int
WindowValid(dpy, w)
    Display     *dpy;
    Window	w;
{
    XErrorHandler   old_handler;
    Atom	    *plist;
    int		    numProp;
    int		    i;

    old_handler = XSetErrorHandler(x_error_check);
    got_x_error = 0;
    plist = XListProperties(dpy, w, &numProp);
    XSync(dpy, False);
    XSetErrorHandler(old_handler);
    if (plist == NULL || got_x_error)
	return FALSE;

    for (i = 0; i < numProp; i++)
	if (plist[i] == vimProperty)
	{
	    XFree(plist);
	    return TRUE;
	}
    XFree(plist);
    return FALSE;
}

/*
 * Enter a loop processing X events & polling chars until we see a result
 */
    static void
ServerWait(dpy, w, endCond, endData, localLoop, seconds)
    Display	*dpy;
    Window	w;
    EndCond	endCond;
    void	*endData;
    int		localLoop;
    int		seconds;
{
    time_t	    start;
    time_t	    now;
    time_t	    lastChk = 0;
    XEvent	    event;
    XPropertyEvent *e = (XPropertyEvent *)&event;
#   define SEND_MSEC_POLL 50

    time(&start);
    while (endCond(endData) == 0)
    {
	time(&now);
	if (seconds >= 0 && (now - start) >= seconds)
	    break;
	if (now != lastChk)
	{
	    lastChk = now;
	    if (!WindowValid(dpy, w))
		break;
	    /*
	     * Sometimes the PropertyChange event doesn't come.
	     * This can be seen in eg: vim -c 'echo remote_expr("gvim", "3+2")'
	     */
	    serverEventProc(dpy, NULL);
	}
	if (localLoop)
	{
	    /* Just look out for the answer without calling back into Vim */
#ifndef HAVE_SELECT
	    struct pollfd   fds;

	    fds.fd = ConnectionNumber(dpy);
	    fds.events = POLLIN;
	    if (poll(&fds, 1, SEND_MSEC_POLL) < 0)
		break;
#else
	    fd_set	    fds;
	    struct timeval  tv;

	    tv.tv_sec = 0;
	    tv.tv_usec =  SEND_MSEC_POLL * 1000;
	    FD_ZERO(&fds);
	    FD_SET(ConnectionNumber(dpy), &fds);
	    if (select(ConnectionNumber(dpy) + 1, &fds, NULL, NULL, &tv) < 0)
		break;
#endif
	    while (XEventsQueued(dpy, QueuedAfterReading) > 0)
	    {
		XNextEvent(dpy, &event);
		if (event.type == PropertyNotify && e->window == commWindow)
		    serverEventProc(dpy, &event);
	    }
	}
	else
	{
	    if (got_int)
		break;
	    ui_delay((long)SEND_MSEC_POLL, TRUE);
	    ui_breakcheck();
	}
    }
}


/*
 * Fetch a list of all the Vim instance names currently registered for the
 * display.
 *
 * Returns a newline separated list in allocated memory or NULL.
 */
    char_u *
serverGetVimNames(dpy)
    Display	*dpy;
{
    char_u	*regProp;
    char_u	*entry;
    char_u	*p;
    long_u	numItems;
    int_u	w;
    garray_T	ga;

    if (registryProperty == None)
    {
	if (SendInit(dpy) < 0)
	    return NULL;
    }
    ga_init2(&ga, 1, 100);

    /*
     * Read the registry property.
     */
    if (GetRegProp(dpy, &regProp, &numItems, TRUE) == FAIL)
	return NULL;

    /*
     * Scan all of the names out of the property.
     */
    ga_init2(&ga, 1, 100);
    for (p = regProp; (p - regProp) < numItems; p++)
    {
	entry = p;
	while (*p != 0 && !isspace(*p))
	    p++;
	if (*p != 0)
	{
	    w = None;
	    sscanf((char *)entry, "%x", &w);
	    if (WindowValid(dpy, (Window)w))
	    {
		ga_concat(&ga, p + 1);
		ga_concat(&ga, (char_u *)"\n");
	    }
	    while (*p != 0)
		p++;
	}
    }
    if (regProp != empty_prop)
	XFree(regProp);
    ga_append(&ga, NUL);
    return ga.ga_data;
}

/* ----------------------------------------------------------
 * Reply stuff
 */

    static struct ServerReply *
ServerReplyFind(w, op)
    Window  w;
    enum ServerReplyOp op;
{
    struct ServerReply *p;
    struct ServerReply e;
    int		i;

    p = (struct ServerReply *) serverReply.ga_data;
    for (i = 0; i < serverReply.ga_len; i++, p++)
	if (p->id == w)
	    break;
    if (i >= serverReply.ga_len)
	p = NULL;

    if (p == NULL && op == SROP_Add)
    {
	if (serverReply.ga_growsize == 0)
	    ga_init2(&serverReply, sizeof(struct ServerReply), 1);
	if (ga_grow(&serverReply, 1) == OK)
	{
	    p = ((struct ServerReply *) serverReply.ga_data)
		+ serverReply.ga_len;
	    e.id = w;
	    ga_init2(&e.strings, 1, 100);
	    memcpy(p, &e, sizeof(e));
	    serverReply.ga_len++;
	}
    }
    else if (p != NULL && op == SROP_Delete)
    {
	ga_clear(&p->strings);
	mch_memmove(p, p + 1, (serverReply.ga_len - i - 1) * sizeof(*p));
	serverReply.ga_len--;
    }

    return p;
}

/*
 * Convert string to windowid.
 * Issue an error if the id is invalid.
 */
    Window
serverStrToWin(str)
    char_u  *str;
{
    unsigned  id = None;

    sscanf((char *)str, "0x%x", &id);
    if (id == None)
	EMSG2(_("E573: Invalid server id used: %s"), str);

    return (Window)id;
}

/*
 * Send a reply string (notification) to client with id "name".
 * Return -1 if the window is invalid.
 */
    int
serverSendReply(name, str)
    char_u	*name;
    char_u	*str;
{
    char_u	*property;
    int		length;
    int		res;
    Display	*dpy = X_DISPLAY;
    Window	win = serverStrToWin(name);

    if (commProperty == None)
    {
	if (SendInit(dpy) < 0)
	    return -2;
    }
    if (!WindowValid(dpy, win))
	return -1;

#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
    length = STRLEN(p_enc) + STRLEN(str) + 14;
#else
    length = STRLEN(str) + 10;
#endif
    if ((property = (char_u *)alloc((unsigned)length + 30)) != NULL)
    {
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
	sprintf((char *)property, "%cn%c-E %s%c-n %s%c-w %x",
			    0, 0, p_enc, 0, str, 0, (unsigned int)commWindow);
#else
	sprintf((char *)property, "%cn%c-n %s%c-w %x",
			    0, 0, str, 0, (unsigned int)commWindow);
#endif
	/* Add length of what "%x" resulted in. */
	length += STRLEN(property + length);
	res = AppendPropCarefully(dpy, win, commProperty, property, length + 1);
	vim_free(property);
	return res;
    }
    return -1;
}

    static int
WaitForReply(p)
    void    *p;
{
    Window  *w = (Window *) p;
    return ServerReplyFind(*w, SROP_Find) != NULL;
}

/*
 * Wait for replies from id (win)
 * Return 0 and the malloc'ed string when a reply is available.
 * Return -1 if the window becomes invalid while waiting.
 */
    int
serverReadReply(dpy, win, str, localLoop)
    Display	*dpy;
    Window	win;
    char_u	**str;
    int		localLoop;
{
    int		len;
    char_u	*s;
    struct	ServerReply *p;

    ServerWait(dpy, win, WaitForReply, &win, localLoop, -1);

    if ((p = ServerReplyFind(win, SROP_Find)) != NULL && p->strings.ga_len > 0)
    {
	*str = vim_strsave(p->strings.ga_data);
	len = STRLEN(*str) + 1;
	if (len < p->strings.ga_len)
	{
	    s = (char_u *) p->strings.ga_data;
	    mch_memmove(s, s + len, p->strings.ga_len - len);
	    p->strings.ga_len -= len;
	}
	else
	{
	    /* Last string read.  Remove from list */
	    ga_clear(&p->strings);
	    ServerReplyFind(win, SROP_Delete);
	}
	return 0;
    }
    return -1;
}

/*
 * Check for replies from id (win).
 * Return TRUE and a non-malloc'ed string if there is.  Else return FALSE.
 */
    int
serverPeekReply(dpy, win, str)
    Display *dpy;
    Window win;
    char_u **str;
{
    struct ServerReply *p;

    if ((p = ServerReplyFind(win, SROP_Find)) != NULL && p->strings.ga_len > 0)
    {
	if (str != NULL)
	    *str = p->strings.ga_data;
	return 1;
    }
    if (!WindowValid(dpy, win))
	return -1;
    return 0;
}


/*
 * Initialize the communication channels for sending commands and receiving
 * results.
 */
    static int
SendInit(dpy)
    Display *dpy;
{
    XErrorHandler old_handler;

    /*
     * Create the window used for communication, and set up an
     * event handler for it.
     */
    old_handler = XSetErrorHandler(x_error_check);
    got_x_error = FALSE;

    if (commProperty == None)
	commProperty = XInternAtom(dpy, "Comm", False);
    if (vimProperty == None)
	vimProperty = XInternAtom(dpy, "Vim", False);
    if (registryProperty == None)
	registryProperty = XInternAtom(dpy, "VimRegistry", False);

    if (commWindow == None)
    {
	commWindow = XCreateSimpleWindow(dpy, XDefaultRootWindow(dpy),
				getpid(), 0, 10, 10, 0,
				WhitePixel(dpy, DefaultScreen(dpy)),
				WhitePixel(dpy, DefaultScreen(dpy)));
	XSelectInput(dpy, commWindow, PropertyChangeMask);
	/* WARNING: Do not step through this while debugging, it will hangup
	 * the X server! */
	XGrabServer(dpy);
	DeleteAnyLingerer(dpy, commWindow);
	XUngrabServer(dpy);
    }

    /* Make window recognizable as a vim window */
    XChangeProperty(dpy, commWindow, vimProperty, XA_STRING,
		    8, PropModeReplace, (char_u *)VIM_VERSION_SHORT,
			(int)STRLEN(VIM_VERSION_SHORT) + 1);

    XSync(dpy, False);
    (void)XSetErrorHandler(old_handler);

    return got_x_error ? -1 : 0;
}

/*
 * Given a server name, see if the name exists in the registry for a
 * particular display.
 *
 * If the given name is registered, return the ID of the window associated
 * with the name.  If the name isn't registered, then return 0.
 *
 * Side effects:
 *	If the registry property is improperly formed, then it is deleted.
 *	If "delete" is non-zero, then if the named server is found it is
 *	removed from the registry property.
 */
    static Window
LookupName(dpy, name, delete, loose)
    Display	*dpy;	    /* Display whose registry to check. */
    char_u	*name;	    /* Name of a server. */
    int		delete;	    /* If non-zero, delete info about name. */
    char_u	**loose;    /* Do another search matching -999 if not found
			       Return result here if a match is found */
{
    char_u	*regProp, *entry;
    char_u	*p;
    long_u	numItems;
    int_u	returnValue;

    /*
     * Read the registry property.
     */
    if (GetRegProp(dpy, &regProp, &numItems, FALSE) == FAIL)
	return 0;

    /*
     * Scan the property for the desired name.
     */
    returnValue = (int_u)None;
    entry = NULL;	/* Not needed, but eliminates compiler warning. */
    for (p = regProp; (p - regProp) < numItems; )
    {
	entry = p;
	while (*p != 0 && !isspace(*p))
	    p++;
	if (*p != 0 && STRICMP(name, p + 1) == 0)
	{
	    sscanf((char *)entry, "%x", &returnValue);
	    break;
	}
	while (*p != 0)
	    p++;
	p++;
    }

    if (loose != NULL && returnValue == (int_u)None && !IsSerialName(name))
    {
	for (p = regProp; (p - regProp) < numItems; )
	{
	    entry = p;
	    while (*p != 0 && !isspace(*p))
		p++;
	    if (*p != 0 && IsSerialName(p + 1)
		    && STRNICMP(name, p + 1, STRLEN(name)) == 0)
	    {
		sscanf((char *)entry, "%x", &returnValue);
		*loose = vim_strsave(p + 1);
		break;
	    }
	    while (*p != 0)
		p++;
	    p++;
	}
    }

    /*
     * Delete the property, if that is desired (copy down the
     * remainder of the registry property to overlay the deleted
     * info, then rewrite the property).
     */
    if (delete && returnValue != (int_u)None)
    {
	int count;

	while (*p != 0)
	    p++;
	p++;
	count = numItems - (p - regProp);
	if (count > 0)
	    memcpy(entry, p, count);
	XChangeProperty(dpy, RootWindow(dpy, 0), registryProperty, XA_STRING,
			8, PropModeReplace, regProp,
			(int)(numItems - (p - entry)));
	XSync(dpy, False);
    }

    if (regProp != empty_prop)
	XFree(regProp);
    return (Window)returnValue;
}

/*
 * Delete any lingering occurrence of window id.  We promise that any
 * occurrence is not ours since it is not yet put into the registry (by us)
 *
 * This is necessary in the following scenario:
 * 1. There is an old windowid for an exit'ed vim in the registry
 * 2. We get that id for our commWindow but only want to send, not register.
 * 3. The window will mistakenly be regarded valid because of own commWindow
 */
    static void
DeleteAnyLingerer(dpy, win)
    Display	*dpy;	/* Display whose registry to check. */
    Window	win;	/* Window to remove */
{
    char_u	*regProp, *entry = NULL;
    char_u	*p;
    long_u	numItems;
    int_u	wwin;

    /*
     * Read the registry property.
     */
    if (GetRegProp(dpy, &regProp, &numItems, FALSE) == FAIL)
	return;

    /* Scan the property for the window id.  */
    for (p = regProp; (p - regProp) < numItems; )
    {
	if (*p != 0)
	{
	    sscanf((char *)p, "%x", &wwin);
	    if ((Window)wwin == win)
	    {
		int lastHalf;

		/* Copy down the remainder to delete entry */
		entry = p;
		while (*p != 0)
		    p++;
		p++;
		lastHalf = numItems - (p - regProp);
		if (lastHalf > 0)
		    memcpy(entry, p, lastHalf);
		numItems = (entry - regProp) + lastHalf;
		p = entry;
		continue;
	    }
	}
	while (*p != 0)
	    p++;
	p++;
    }

    if (entry != NULL)
    {
	XChangeProperty(dpy, RootWindow(dpy, 0), registryProperty,
			XA_STRING, 8, PropModeReplace, regProp,
			(int)(p - regProp));
	XSync(dpy, False);
    }

    if (regProp != empty_prop)
	XFree(regProp);
}

/*
 * Read the registry property.  Delete it when it's formatted wrong.
 * Return the property in "regPropp".  "empty_prop" is used when it doesn't
 * exist yet.
 * Return OK when successful.
 */
    static int
GetRegProp(dpy, regPropp, numItemsp, domsg)
    Display	*dpy;
    char_u	**regPropp;
    long_u	*numItemsp;
    int		domsg;		/* When TRUE give error message. */
{
    int		result, actualFormat;
    long_u	bytesAfter;
    Atom	actualType;
    XErrorHandler old_handler;

    *regPropp = NULL;
    old_handler = XSetErrorHandler(x_error_check);
    got_x_error = FALSE;

    result = XGetWindowProperty(dpy, RootWindow(dpy, 0), registryProperty, 0L,
				(long)MAX_PROP_WORDS, False,
				XA_STRING, &actualType,
				&actualFormat, numItemsp, &bytesAfter,
				regPropp);

    XSync(dpy, FALSE);
    (void)XSetErrorHandler(old_handler);
    if (got_x_error)
	return FAIL;

    if (actualType == None)
    {
	/* No prop yet. Logically equal to the empty list */
	*numItemsp = 0;
	*regPropp = empty_prop;
	return OK;
    }

    /* If the property is improperly formed, then delete it. */
    if (result != Success || actualFormat != 8 || actualType != XA_STRING)
    {
	if (*regPropp != NULL)
	    XFree(*regPropp);
	XDeleteProperty(dpy, RootWindow(dpy, 0), registryProperty);
	if (domsg)
	    EMSG(_("E251: VIM instance registry property is badly formed.  Deleted!"));
	return FAIL;
    }
    return OK;
}

/*
 * This procedure is invoked by the various X event loops throughout Vims when
 * a property changes on the communication window.  This procedure reads the
 * property and handles command requests and responses.
 */
    void
serverEventProc(dpy, eventPtr)
    Display	*dpy;
    XEvent	*eventPtr;		/* Information about event. */
{
    char_u	*propInfo;
    char_u	*p;
    int		result, actualFormat, code;
    long_u	numItems, bytesAfter;
    Atom	actualType;
    char_u	*tofree;

    if (eventPtr != NULL)
    {
	if (eventPtr->xproperty.atom != commProperty
		|| eventPtr->xproperty.state != PropertyNewValue)
	    return;
    }

    /*
     * Read the comm property and delete it.
     */
    propInfo = NULL;
    result = XGetWindowProperty(dpy, commWindow, commProperty, 0L,
				(long)MAX_PROP_WORDS, True,
				XA_STRING, &actualType,
				&actualFormat, &numItems, &bytesAfter,
				&propInfo);

    /* If the property doesn't exist or is improperly formed then ignore it. */
    if (result != Success || actualType != XA_STRING || actualFormat != 8)
    {
	if (propInfo != NULL)
	    XFree(propInfo);
	return;
    }

    /*
     * Several commands and results could arrive in the property at
     * one time;  each iteration through the outer loop handles a
     * single command or result.
     */
    for (p = propInfo; (p - propInfo) < numItems; )
    {
	/*
	 * Ignore leading NULs; each command or result starts with a
	 * NUL so that no matter how badly formed a preceding command
	 * is, we'll be able to tell that a new command/result is
	 * starting.
	 */
	if (*p == 0)
	{
	    p++;
	    continue;
	}

	if ((*p == 'c' || *p == 'k') && (p[1] == 0))
	{
	    Window	resWindow;
	    char_u	*name, *script, *serial, *end, *res;
	    Bool	asKeys = *p == 'k';
	    garray_T	reply;
	    char_u	*enc;

	    /*
	     * This is an incoming command from some other application.
	     * Iterate over all of its options.  Stop when we reach
	     * the end of the property or something that doesn't look
	     * like an option.
	     */
	    p += 2;
	    name = NULL;
	    resWindow = None;
	    serial = (char_u *)"";
	    script = NULL;
	    enc = NULL;
	    while (p - propInfo < numItems && *p == '-')
	    {
		switch (p[1])
		{
		    case 'r':
			end = skipwhite(p + 2);
			resWindow = 0;
			while (vim_isxdigit(*end))
			{
			    resWindow = 16 * resWindow + (long_u)hex2nr(*end);
			    ++end;
			}
			if (end == p + 2 || *end != ' ')
			    resWindow = None;
			else
			{
			    p = serial = end + 1;
			    clientWindow = resWindow; /* Remember in global */
			}
			break;
		    case 'n':
			if (p[2] == ' ')
			    name = p + 3;
			break;
		    case 's':
			if (p[2] == ' ')
			    script = p + 3;
			break;
		    case 'E':
			if (p[2] == ' ')
			    enc = p + 3;
			break;
		}
		while (*p != 0)
		    p++;
		p++;
	    }

	    if (script == NULL || name == NULL)
		continue;

	    /*
	     * Initialize the result property, so that we're ready at any
	     * time if we need to return an error.
	     */
	    if (resWindow != None)
	    {
		ga_init2(&reply, 1, 100);
#ifdef FEAT_MBYTE
		ga_grow(&reply, 50 + STRLEN(p_enc));
		sprintf(reply.ga_data, "%cr%c-E %s%c-s %s%c-r ",
						   0, 0, p_enc, 0, serial, 0);
		reply.ga_len = 14 + STRLEN(p_enc) + STRLEN(serial);
#else
		ga_grow(&reply, 50);
		sprintf(reply.ga_data, "%cr%c-s %s%c-r ", 0, 0, serial, 0);
		reply.ga_len = 10 + STRLEN(serial);
#endif
	    }
	    res = NULL;
	    if (serverName != NULL && STRICMP(name, serverName) == 0)
	    {
		script = serverConvert(enc, script, &tofree);
		if (asKeys)
		    server_to_input_buf(script);
		else
		    res = eval_client_expr_to_string(script);
		vim_free(tofree);
	    }
	    if (resWindow != None)
	    {
		if (res != NULL)
		    ga_concat(&reply, res);
		else if (asKeys == 0)
		{
		    ga_concat(&reply, (char_u *)_(e_invexprmsg));
		    ga_append(&reply, 0);
		    ga_concat(&reply, (char_u *)"-c 1");
		}
		ga_append(&reply, NUL);
		(void)AppendPropCarefully(dpy, resWindow, commProperty,
					   reply.ga_data, reply.ga_len);
		ga_clear(&reply);
	    }
	    vim_free(res);
	}
	else if (*p == 'r' && p[1] == 0)
	{
	    int		    serial, gotSerial;
	    char_u	    *res;
	    PendingCommand  *pcPtr;
	    char_u	    *enc;

	    /*
	     * This is a reply to some command that we sent out.  Iterate
	     * over all of its options.  Stop when we reach the end of the
	     * property or something that doesn't look like an option.
	     */
	    p += 2;
	    gotSerial = 0;
	    res = (char_u *)"";
	    code = 0;
	    enc = NULL;
	    while ((p-propInfo) < numItems && *p == '-')
	    {
		switch (p[1])
		{
		    case 'r':
			if (p[2] == ' ')
			    res = p + 3;
			break;
		    case 'E':
			if (p[2] == ' ')
			    enc = p + 3;
			break;
		    case 's':
			if (sscanf((char *)p + 2, " %d", &serial) == 1)
			    gotSerial = 1;
			break;
		    case 'c':
			if (sscanf((char *)p + 2, " %d", &code) != 1)
			    code = 0;
			break;
		}
		while (*p != 0)
		    p++;
		p++;
	    }

	    if (!gotSerial)
		continue;

	    /*
	     * Give the result information to anyone who's
	     * waiting for it.
	     */
	    for (pcPtr = pendingCommands; pcPtr != NULL; pcPtr = pcPtr->nextPtr)
	    {
		if (serial != pcPtr->serial || pcPtr->result != NULL)
		    continue;

		pcPtr->code = code;
		if (res != NULL)
		{
		    res = serverConvert(enc, res, &tofree);
		    if (tofree == NULL)
			res = vim_strsave(res);
		    pcPtr->result = res;
		}
		else
		    pcPtr->result = vim_strsave((char_u *)"");
		break;
	    }
	}
	else if (*p == 'n' && p[1] == 0)
	{
	    Window	win = 0;
	    unsigned int u;
	    int		gotWindow;
	    char_u	*str;
	    char_u	winstr[30];
	    struct	ServerReply *r;
	    char_u	*enc;

	    /*
	     * This is a (n)otification.  Sent with serverreply_send in VimL.
	     * Execute any autocommand and save it for later retrieval
	     */
	    p += 2;
	    gotWindow = 0;
	    str = (char_u *)"";
	    enc = NULL;
	    while ((p-propInfo) < numItems && *p == '-')
	    {
		switch (p[1])
		{
		    case 'n':
			if (p[2] == ' ')
			    str = p + 3;
			break;
		    case 'E':
			if (p[2] == ' ')
			    enc = p + 3;
			break;
		    case 'w':
			if (sscanf((char *)p + 2, " %x", &u) == 1)
			{
			    win = u;
			    gotWindow = 1;
			}
			break;
		}
		while (*p != 0)
		    p++;
		p++;
	    }

	    if (!gotWindow)
		continue;
	    str = serverConvert(enc, str, &tofree);
	    if ((r = ServerReplyFind(win, SROP_Add)) != NULL)
	    {
		ga_concat(&(r->strings), str);
		ga_append(&(r->strings), NUL);
	    }
#ifdef FEAT_AUTOCMD
	    sprintf((char *)winstr, "0x%x", (unsigned int)win);
	    apply_autocmds(EVENT_REMOTEREPLY, winstr, str, TRUE, curbuf);
#endif
	    vim_free(tofree);
	}
	else
	{
	    /*
	     * Didn't recognize this thing.  Just skip through the next
	     * null character and try again.
	     * Even if we get an 'r'(eply) we will throw it away as we
	     * never specify (and thus expect) one
	     */
	    while (*p != 0)
		p++;
	    p++;
	}
    }
    XFree(propInfo);
}

/*
 * Append a given property to a given window, but set up an X error handler so
 * that if the append fails this procedure can return an error code rather
 * than having Xlib panic.
 * Return: 0 for OK, -1 for error
 */
    static int
AppendPropCarefully(dpy, window, property, value, length)
    Display	*dpy;		/* Display on which to operate. */
    Window	window;		/* Window whose property is to be modified. */
    Atom	property;	/* Name of property. */
    char_u	*value;		/* Characters  to append to property. */
    int		length;		/* How much to append */
{
    XErrorHandler old_handler;

    old_handler = XSetErrorHandler(x_error_check);
    got_x_error = FALSE;
    XChangeProperty(dpy, window, property, XA_STRING, 8,
					       PropModeAppend, value, length);
    XSync(dpy, False);
    (void) XSetErrorHandler(old_handler);
    return got_x_error ? -1 : 0;
}


/*
 * Another X Error handler, just used to check for errors.
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
    static int
x_error_check(dpy, error_event)
    Display	*dpy;
    XErrorEvent	*error_event;
{
    got_x_error = TRUE;
    return 0;
}

/*
 * Check if "str" looks like it had a serial number appended.
 * Actually just checks if the name ends in a digit.
 */
    static int
IsSerialName(str)
    char_u	*str;
{
    int len = STRLEN(str);

    return (len > 1 && vim_isdigit(str[len - 1]));
}
#endif	/* FEAT_CLIENTSERVER */