File: dhcp6c.8

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.\"	$KAME: dhcp6c.8,v 1.36 2005/03/17 05:27:01 suz Exp $
.\"
.\" Copyright (C) 1998 and 1999 WIDE Project.
.\" All rights reserved.
.\" 
.\" Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
.\" modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
.\" are met:
.\" 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
.\" 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
.\"    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
.\"    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
.\" 3. Neither the name of the project nor the names of its contributors
.\"    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
.\"    without specific prior written permission.
.\" 
.\" THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE PROJECT AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
.\" ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
.\" IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
.\" ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE PROJECT OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
.\" FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
.\" DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
.\" OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
.\" HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
.\" LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
.\" OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
.\" SUCH DAMAGE.
.\"
.Dd Sep 12, 1999
.Dt DHCP6C 8
.Os KAME
.Sh NAME
.Nm dhcp6c
.Nd DHCPv6 client daemon
.\"
.Sh SYNOPSIS
.Nm
.Op Fl c Ar configfile
.Op Fl Ddfi
.Op Fl p Ar pid-file
.Op Fl P Ar profile
.Ar interface
.Op Ar interfaces...
.\"
.Sh DESCRIPTION
.Nm
works as a DHCPv6 client and gets information from DHCPv6 servers
to configure the specified
.Ar interface .
Multiple
.Ar interfaces
can be specified separated by spaces or tabs,
in which case
.Nm
will work on all the interfaces simultaneously.
.Pp
The command line options are:
.Bl -tag -width indent
.\"
.It Fl c Ar configfile
Use
.Ar configfile
as the configuration file.
.It Fl d
Print debugging messages.
.It Fl D
Even more debugging information is printed.
.It Fl f
Foreground mode (useful when debugging).
Although
.Nm
usually prints warning, debugging, or error messages to
.Xr syslog 8 ,
it prints the messages to standard error if this option is
specified.
.It Fl i
Info-req mode.  In this mode, stateless DHCPv6 is executed with the following configuration, and the obtained info is written to stdout.  After this output,
.Nm
is terminated.  (suits for a use in shell-script etc).
.Bd -literal -offset
 interface (interface given in the argument) {
	information-only;
	script (a script which displays the received information to stdout);
 };
.Ed
.Pp
Since the configuration is internally generated, you cannot provide a configuration in this mode.  If you want to have different actions for the stateless DHCPv6 information, you should write an appropriate configuration and invoke
.Nm
without this option.
.It Fl p Ar pid-file
Use
.Ar pid-file
to dump the process ID of
.Nm .
.It Fl P Ar profile
Use the given
.Ar profile
defined in the
.Nm
configuration file for
.Ar interfaces
which do not have a specific configuration.
.El
.Pp
The program will daemonize itself on invocation unless the
.Fl f
or
.Fl i
option is specified.
.Pp
Upon receipt of the
.Dv SIGHUP
or
.Dv SIGTERM
signals,
.Nm
will remove all stateful resources from the system.
In the former case the daemon will then reinvoke itself,
while it will stop running in the latter case.
In either case,
.Nm
will send DHCPv6 Release messages to release resources assigned from servers.
.\"
.Sh FILES
.Bl -tag -width /etc/wide-dhcpv6/dhcp6c.conf -compact
.It Pa /var/run/dhcp6c.pid
is the default file that contains pid of the currently running
.Nm dhcp6c .
.It Pa /etc/wide-dhcpv6/dhcp6c.conf
is the default configuration file.
.It Pa /var/lib/dhcpv6/dhcp6c_duid
is the file to store the client's DUID.
.El
.Sh Configuration Script
When
.Nm
receives a reply message,
it will invoke a supplementary configuration script specified in the
.Xr dhcp6c.conf 5
file.
The daemon will provide the script with configuration parameters as
environment variables,
which include:
.Pp
.Bl -tag -width Ds -compact
.It Ic REASON
The reason why the script is invoked.
As of this writing,
the value is always
\(dqNBI\(dq
and thus meaningless.
.It Ic new_domain_name_servers
A list of available DNS servers,
each of which is an IPv6 numeric address and is separated by a white
space character.
.It Ic new_domain_name
A list of DNS names,
which provides DNS name search path.
.It Ic new_ntp_servers
A list of available NTP servers,
each of which is an IPv6 numeric address and is separated by a white
space character.
.It Ic new_sip_servers
A list of available SIP server addresses,
each of which is an IPv6 numeric address and is separated by a white
space character.
.It Ic new_sip_name
A list of SIP server domain names.
.It Ic new_nis_servers
A list of available NIS server addresses,
each of which is an IPv6 numeric address and is separated by a white
space character.
.It Ic new_nis_name
A list of NIS domain names.
.It Ic new_nisp_servers
A list of available NIS+ server addresses,
each of which is an IPv6 numeric address and is separated by a white
space character.
.It Ic new_nisp_name
A list of NIS+ domain names.
.It Ic new_bcmcs_servers
A list of available BCMCS server addresses,
each of which is an IPv6 numeric address and is separated by a white
space character.
.It Ic new_bcmcs_name
A list of BCMCS server domain names.
.El
.Pp
Note that the daemon does not always provide all the parameters.
It sets an environment variable only when the corresponding
configuration parameter is provided by the DHCPv6 server.
.\"
.Sh SEE ALSO
.Xr daemon 3 ,
.Xr dhcp6c.conf 5 ,
.Xr dhcp6s 8
.Rs
.%A Ralph Droms, Editor
.%D 2003
.%T Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol for IPv6 (DHCPv6)
.%R RFC 3315
.Re
.\"
.Sh HISTORY
The
.Nm
command first appeared in WIDE/KAME IPv6 protocol stack kit.
.\"
.Sh BUGS
.Nm
is incomplete and violates DHCPv6 protocol spec, in several aspects.
In particular, temporary address assignment is intentionally omitted.
.Pp
Information Refresh Time Option is not recognized in Info-req mode, since
.Nm
terminates after it receives a REPLY message.