File: INSTALL

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Compiling Xen from source

* Overview
* Options recognized by configure
* Variables recognized by make
* Systemd support
* History of options
* Examples

Overview
========

The xen source contains four subsystems: xen, tools, stubdom and docs.
All but xen have to be prepared for build with a configure script in the
toplevel directory. configure recognizes certain arguments and
environment variables which are used to adjust various aspects of the
following compile process. Once configure is done, make(1) has to be
called. Also make(1) recognizes certain arguments. The following sections
will give an overview.

Xen Hypervisor
==============

Xen itself is configured via a `kconfig' system borrowed from Linux.
See docs/misc/kconfig.txt.

Note that unlike with Linux, and contrary to that document, you cannot
look at Kconfig files, or the default or generated config files etc.,
to find available configuration options.  This is because it is only
supported (and security supported) by the Xen Project, to change a
small subset of the options.  Attempts to change other options will be
silently overriden.  The only way to find which configuration options
are available is to run `make menuconfig' or the like.

You can counter-override this behaviour by setting XEN_CONFIG_EXPERT=y
in your environment.  However, doing this is not supported and the
resulting configurations do not receive security support.  If you set
this varible there is nothing stopping you setting dangerously
experimental combinations of features - not even any warnings.

Options recognized by configure
===============================

The configure script in the toplevel directory will recognize these
options. It will pass them to the configure scripts in the tools,
stubdom, and docs directory.

Individual subsystems can be selected by one of the following options.
Please note that stubdom requires tools.
  --disable-xen
  --disable-tools
  --enable-stubdom
  --disable-docs

The well known GNU configure options to specify the target directories.
Some components of these paths will be compiled into the binaries.
Note: prefix defaults to /usr/local, sysconfdir defaults to /etc,
localstatedir defaults to /var.
  --prefix=DIR
  --libdir=DIR
  --libexecdir=BASEDIR
  --bindir=DIR
  --sbindir=DIR
  --sysconfdir=DIR
  --sharedstatedir=DIR
  --localstatedir=DIR
  --includedir=DIR
  --datarootdir=DIR
  --datadir=DIR
  --mandir=DIR
  --docdir=DIR

To automatically run the toolstack in dom0 during system startup some
sysv runlevel scripts are installed. This option allows to set the path
for a given system. Possible values are /etc/init.d, /etc/rc.d/init.d or
/etc/rc.d. If not specified configure tries to guess the path.
  --with-initddir=DIR

The runlevel scripts load certain configuration files. They are
typically located in a subdirectory of /etc. Possible values are this
subdirectory are "sysconfig" or "default". If not specified configure
tries to guess the subdir.
  --with-sysconfig-leaf-dir=SUBDIR

If the tools are configured with a non-standard --prefix the runtime
linker will either not find the required libraries or it will load them
from a wrong location. Compiling the tools with rpath will force the
linker to look in the correct location.
  --enable-rpath

During build in a git checkout the buildsystem needs to download
additional tools such as qemu. This is done with either the native git
protocol, or via http if this option is enabled.
  --enable-githttp

Disable xenstat and xentop monitoring tools.
  --disable-monitors

Disable build of certain ocaml libraries and tools. To actually build
them ocaml development packages must be installed. If they are missing
configure will automatically disable this option.
  --disable-ocamltools

Disable XSM policy compilation.
  --disable-xsmpolicy

Attempt to build of an OVMF firmware binary. This requires special
versions of development tools. Use at your own risk.
  --enable-ovmf

Use the given OVMF binary instead of compiling a private copy.
  --with-system-ovmf=PATH

Build a private copy of SeaBIOS.
  --disable-seabios

Use the given SeaBIOS binary instead of compiling a private copy.
  --with-system-seabios=PATH

Build the old qemu used by xm/xend. This is required if existing domUs
should be migrated to this host, or if existing domU snapshots should be
started with this version of the tools. Only if all domUs used the new
upstream qemu during initial start it is safe to disable this option.
The old qemu requires rombios, which can be disable along with
qemu-traditional.
  --enable-qemu-traditional
  --enable-rombios

The libxl toolstack uses the upstream qemu per default. A private copy
will be built. If desired this private copy can be configured with
additional options passed to its configure script.
  --with-extra-qemuu-configure-args="arg1 arg2"

Use the given qemu binary instead of compiling a private copy.
  --with-system-qemu=PATH

A dom0 requires a set of backend drivers. The configure script already
supplies a list of known drivers which are automatically loaded in dom0.
This internal list can be changed with this option.
  --with-linux-backend-modules="kmod1 kmod2"

Two variants of a xenstored exist: the original xenstored written in C
(xenstored) or the newer and robust one written in Ocaml (oxenstored).
The oxenstored daemon is the default but can only be used if the
required ocaml packages are installed. In case they are missing the
original xenstored will be used. Valid names are xenstored and
oxenstored.
  --with-xenstored=name

The path where to store core dumps for domUs which are configured with
coredump-destroy or coredump-restart can be specified with this option.
  --with-xen-dumpdir=DIR

Instead of starting the tools in dom0 with sysv runlevel scripts they
can also be started by systemd. If this option is enabled xenstored will
receive the communication socked directly from systemd. So starting it
manually will not work anymore. The paths to systemd internals can also
be changed in case the default paths do not fit anymore.
NOTE: if systemd development packages are installed the systemd support
will be the enabled per default. Using --disable-systemd will override
this detection and the sysv runlevel scripts have to be used.
  --enable-systemd
  --with-systemd=DIR
  --with-systemd-modules-load=DIR

The old backend drivers are disabled because qdisk is now the default.
This option can be used to build them anyway.
  --enable-blktap2

Build various stubom components, some are only example code. Its usually
enough to specify just --enable-stubdom and leave these options alone.
  --enable-ioemu-stubdom
  --enable-c-stubdom
  --enable-caml-stubdom
  --disable-pv-grub
  --disable-xenstore-stubdom
  --enable-vtpm-stubdom
  --enable-vtpmmgr-stubdom
  --disable-extfiles

Per default some parts of the tools code will print additional runtime
debug. This option can be used to disable such code paths.
  --disable-debug

The configure script recognizes also many environment variables. Calling
the individual configure scripts in the subdirectories with the "--help"
option will list these environment variables.

Variables recognized by make
==========================

The following variables are recognized by the build system. They have to
be passed as make options, like 'make variable=value'. Having these
variables in the environment, like 'env variable=value make', will not
work for most of them.

In addition to pass variables as make options it is also supported to
create a ".config" file in the toplevel directory. The file will be
sourced by make(1).

The well known variable to specify an offset during make install,
useful for packaging.
DESTDIR=

Per default some parts of the tools code will print additional runtime
debug. This option can be used to disable such code paths.
debug=y
debug_symbols=y

If --prefix= was used during configure the and ocaml was enabled the
resulting libraries will not be installed in the specified path. Instead
the path provided by ocamlfind(1) will be used. This variable can be
used to override this path. Using the environment variable
OCAMLFIND_DESTDIR= and OCAMLFIND_METADIR= will have the same effect.
OCAMLDESTDIR=

The xen subsystem will install the hypervisor into fixed locations.
BOOT_DIR defaults to /boot, DEBUG_DIR defaults to /usr/lib/debug and
EFI_DIR to /usr/lib64/efi.
BOOT_DIR=
DEBUG_DIR=
EFI_DIR=

The make target 'rpmball' will build a xen.rpm. This variable can be
used to append a custom string to the name. In addition a string can be
appended to the rpm Release: tag.
PKG_SUFFIX=
PKG_RELEASE=

The hypervisor will report a certain version string. This variable can
be used to append a custom string to the version.
XEN_VENDORVERSION=

During boot xen will report a certain user@host string, which can be
changed with these variables.
XEN_WHOAMI=
XEN_DOMAIN=

Some components of xen and tools will include an unpredictable timestamp
into the binaries. To allow reproducible builds the following variables
can be used to provide fixed timestamps in the expected format.
XEN_BUILD_DATE=<output of date(1)>
XEN_BUILD_TIME=hh:mm:ss
SMBIOS_REL_DATE=mm/dd/yyyy
VGABIOS_REL_DATE="dd Mon yyyy"

During tools build external repos will be cloned into the source tree.
This variable can be used to point to a different git binary to be used.
GIT=

During tools build external repos will be cloned into the source tree.
During stubdom build external packages will be downloaded into the
source tree. These variables can be used to point to a different
locations.
XEN_EXTFILES_URL=
OVMF_UPSTREAM_URL=
QEMU_UPSTREAM_URL=
QEMU_TRADITIONAL_URL=
SEABIOS_UPSTREAM_URL=
MINIOS_UPSTREAM_URL=

Using additional CFLAGS to build tools which will run in dom0 is
required when building distro packages. These variables can be used to
pass RPM_OPT_FLAGS.
EXTRA_CFLAGS_XEN_TOOLS=
EXTRA_CFLAGS_QEMU_TRADITIONAL=
EXTRA_CFLAGS_QEMU_XEN=

Additional CFLAGS may be supplied to the build of the hypervisor by
using this variable.
EXTRA_CFLAGS_XEN_CORE=

This variable can be used to use DIR/include and DIR/lib during build.
This is the same as PREPEND_LIB and PREPEND_INCLUDES. APPEND_LIB and
APPEND_INCLUDES= will be appended to the CFLAGS/LDFLAGS variable.
EXTRA_PREFIX=DIR
PREPEND_LIB=DIR
PREPEND_INCLUDES=DIR
APPEND_LIB=DIR
APPEND_INCLUDES=DIR

While the tools build will set the path to the python binary with the
configure script, the hypervisor build has to use this variable to use a
different python binary.
PYTHON=

Building the python tools may fail unless certain options are passed to
setup.py. Config.mk contains additional info how to use this variable.
PYTHON_PREFIX_ARG=

The hypervisor may be built with XSM/Flask support, which can be changed
by running:
make -C xen menuconfig
and enabling XSM/Flask in the 'Common Features' menu.  A security policy
is required to use XSM/Flask; if the SELinux policy compiler is
available, the policy from tools can be included in the hypervisor.
This option is enabled by default if XSM is enabled and the compiler
(checkpolicy) is found.  The location of this executable can be set
using the environment variable.
CHECKPOLICY=

Use clang instead of GCC.
clang=y


Systemd support
===============

If the systemd development packages are available then the support for
systemd will be enabled per default. It is required to manually enable
the installed systemd service files. Systemd has dependency tracking,
which means all dependencies will be started automatically:

systemctl enable xen-qemu-dom0-disk-backend.service
systemctl enable xen-init-dom0.service
systemctl enable xenconsoled.service

Other optional services are:
systemctl enable xendomains.service
systemctl enable xen-watchdog.service


QEMU Deprivilege
================
It is recommended to run QEMU as non-root.
See docs/misc/qemu-deprivilege.txt for an explanation on what you need
to do at installation time to run QEMU as a dedicated user.


History of options
==================

Prior to xen-4.5 configure recognized essentially only the --prefix= and
--libdir= option to specify target directories. Starting with xen-4.5
all paths can be adjusted once with configure.


Examples
========

* To build a private copy of tools and xen:
configure --prefix=/odd/path --sysconfdir=/odd/path/etc --enable-rpath
make
sudo make install BOOT_DIR=/ood/path/boot EFI_DIR=/odd/path/efi


* Use configure and make to build a distro rpm package (it is required
  to unset variables set by the rpm configure macro):
%build
export WGET=$(type -P false)
export GIT=$(type -P false)
export EXTRA_CFLAGS_XEN_TOOLS="$RPM_OPT_FLAGS"
export EXTRA_CFLAGS_QEMU_TRADITIONAL="$RPM_OPT_FLAGS"
export EXTRA_CFLAGS_QEMU_XEN="$RPM_OPT_FLAGS"
%configure \
        --with-initddir=%{_initddir}
unset CFLAGS CXXFLAGS FFLAGS LDFLAGS
make
%install
make install \
        SYSCONFIG_DIR=/var/adm/fillup-templates \
        DESTDIR=$RPM_BUILD_ROOT


* To build xen and tools using a cross compiler:
./configure --build=x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu --host=aarch64-linux-gnu
make XEN_TARGET_ARCH=arm64 CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu-
make XEN_TARGET_ARCH=arm64 CROSS_COMPILE=aarch64-linux-gnu- \
        DESTDIR=/some/path install


TODO
====

 - DESTDIR should be empty, not "/"
 - add make uninstall targets
 - replace private path variables as needed (SBINDIR/sbindir)
 - ...

# vim: tw=72 et