File: xt_geoip_build_maxmind

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#!/usr/bin/perl
#
#	Converter for MaxMind (GeoLite2) CSV database to binary, for xt_geoip
#	Copyright Jan Engelhardt, 2008-2011
#	Copyright Philip Prindeville, 2018
#
use Getopt::Long;
use Net::CIDR::Lite;
use Socket qw(AF_INET AF_INET6 inet_pton);
use warnings;
use Text::CSV_XS; # or trade for Text::CSV
use strict;

my $csv = Text::CSV_XS->new({
	allow_whitespace => 1,
	binary => 1,
	eol => $/,
}); # or Text::CSV
my $source_dir = ".";
my $quiet = 0;
my $target_dir = ".";

&Getopt::Long::Configure(qw(bundling));
&GetOptions(
	"D=s" => \$target_dir,
	"S=s" => \$source_dir,
	"q" => \$quiet,
	"s" => sub { $target_dir = "/usr/share/xt_geoip"; },
);

if (!-d $source_dir) {
	print STDERR "Source directory \"$source_dir\" does not exist.\n";
	exit 1;
}
if (!-d $target_dir) {
	print STDERR "Target directory \"$target_dir\" does not exist.\n";
	exit 1;
}

my %countryId;
my %countryName;
&loadCountries();
&dump(&collect());

sub loadCountries
{
	sub id; sub cc; sub long; sub ct; sub cn;

	%countryId = ();
	%countryName = ();

	my $file = "$source_dir/GeoLite2-Country-Locations-en.csv";
	open(my $fh, '<', $file) || die "Couldn't open list country names\n";

	# first line is headers
	my $row = $csv->getline($fh);

	my %header = map { ($row->[$_], $_); } (0..$#{$row});

	my %pairs = (
		country_iso_code => 'ISO Country Code',
		geoname_id => 'ID',
		country_name => 'Country Name',
		continent_code => 'Continent Code',
		continent_name => 'Continent Name',
	);

	# verify that the columns we need are present
	map { die "Table has no $pairs{$_} column\n" unless (exists $header{$_}); } keys %pairs;

	my %remapping = (
		id => 'geoname_id',
		cc => 'country_iso_code',
		long => 'country_name',
		ct => 'continent_code',
		cn => 'continent_name',
	);

	# now create a function which returns the value of that column #
	map { eval "sub $_ () { \$header{\$remapping{$_}}; }" ; } keys %remapping;

	while (my $row = $csv->getline($fh)) {
		if ($row->[cc] eq '' && $row->[long] eq '') {
			$countryId{$row->[id]} = $row->[ct];
			$countryName{$row->[ct]} = $row->[cn];
		} else {
			$countryId{$row->[id]} = $row->[cc];
			$countryName{$row->[cc]} = $row->[long];
		}
	}

	$countryName{A1} = 'Anonymous Proxy';
	$countryName{A2} = 'Satellite Provider';
	$countryName{O1} = 'Other Country';

	close($fh);

	# clean up the namespace
	undef &id; undef &cc; undef &long; undef &ct; undef &cn;
}

sub lookupCountry
{
	my ($id, $rid, $proxy, $sat) = @_;

	if ($proxy) {
		return 'A1';
	} elsif ($sat) {
		return 'A2';
	}
	$id ||= $rid;
	if ($id eq '') {
		return 'O1';
	}
	die "Unknown id: $id line $.\n" unless (exists $countryId{$id});
	return $countryId{$id};
}

sub collect
{
	my ($file, $fh, $row);
	my (%country, %header);

	sub net; sub id; sub rid; sub proxy; sub sat;

	my %pairs = (
		network => 'Network',
		registered_country_geoname_id => 'Registered Country ID',
		geoname_id => 'Country ID',
		is_anonymous_proxy => 'Anonymous Proxy',
		is_satellite_provider => 'Satellite',
	);

	foreach (sort keys %countryName) {
		$country{$_} = {
			name => $countryName{$_},
			pool_v4 => Net::CIDR::Lite->new(),
			pool_v6 => Net::CIDR::Lite->new(),
		};
	}

	$file = "$source_dir/GeoLite2-Country-Blocks-IPv4.csv";
	open($fh, '<', $file) || die "Can't open IPv4 database\n";

	# first line is headers
	$row = $csv->getline($fh);

	%header = map { ($row->[$_], $_); } (0..$#{$row});

	# verify that the columns we need are present
	map { die "Table has no %pairs{$_} column\n" unless (exists $header{$_}); } keys %pairs;

	my %remapping = (
		net => 'network',
		id => 'geoname_id',
		rid => 'registered_country_geoname_id',
		proxy => 'is_anonymous_proxy',
		sat => 'is_satellite_provider',
	);

	# now create a function which returns the value of that column #
	map { eval "sub $_ () { \$header{\$remapping{$_}}; }" ; } keys %remapping;

	while ($row = $csv->getline($fh)) {
		my ($cc, $cidr);

		$cc = lookupCountry($row->[id], $row->[rid], $row->[proxy], $row->[sat]);
		$cidr = $row->[net];
		$country{$cc}->{pool_v4}->add($cidr);

		if ($. % 4096 == 0) {
			print STDERR "\r\e[2K$. entries";
		}
	}

	print STDERR "\r\e[2K$. entries total\n";

	close($fh);

	# clean up the namespace
	undef &net; undef &id; undef &rid; undef &proxy; undef &sat;

	$file = "$source_dir/GeoLite2-Country-Blocks-IPv6.csv";
	open($fh, '<', $file) || die "Can't open IPv6 database\n";

	# first line is headers
	$row = $csv->getline($fh);

	%header = map { ($row->[$_], $_); } (0..$#{$row});

	# verify that the columns we need are present
	map { die "Table has no %pairs{$_} column\n" unless (exists $header{$_}); } keys %pairs;

	# unlikely the IPv6 table has different columns, but just to be sure
	# create a function which returns the value of that column #
	map { eval "sub $_ () { \$header{\$remapping{$_}}; }" ; } keys %remapping;

	while ($row = $csv->getline($fh)) {
		my ($cc, $cidr);

		$cc = lookupCountry($row->[id], $row->[rid], $row->[proxy], $row->[sat]);
		$cidr = $row->[net];
		$country{$cc}->{pool_v6}->add($cidr);

		if (!$quiet && $. % 4096 == 0) {
			print STDERR "\r\e[2K$. entries";
		}
	}

	print STDERR "\r\e[2K$. entries total\n" unless ($quiet);

	close($fh);

	# clean up the namespace
	undef &net; undef &id; undef &rid; undef &proxy; undef &sat;

	return \%country;
}

sub dump
{
	my $country = shift @_;

	foreach my $iso_code (sort keys %{$country}) {
		&dump_one($iso_code, $country->{$iso_code});
	}
}

sub dump_one
{
	my($iso_code, $country) = @_;
	my @ranges;

	@ranges = $country->{pool_v4}->list_range();

	writeCountry($iso_code, $country->{name}, AF_INET, @ranges);

	@ranges = $country->{pool_v6}->list_range();

	writeCountry($iso_code, $country->{name}, AF_INET6, @ranges);
}

sub writeCountry
{
	my ($iso_code, $name, $family, @ranges) = @_;
	my $fh;

	printf "%5u IPv%s ranges for %s %s\n",
		scalar(@ranges),
		($family == AF_INET ? '4' : '6'),
		$iso_code, $name unless ($quiet);

	my $file = "$target_dir/".uc($iso_code).".iv".($family == AF_INET ? '4' : '6');
	if (!open($fh, '>', $file)) {
		print STDERR "Error opening $file: $!\n";
		exit 1;
	}

	binmode($fh);

	foreach my $range (@ranges) {
		my ($start, $end) = split('-', $range);
		$start = inet_pton($family, $start);
		$end = inet_pton($family, $end);
		print $fh $start, $end;
	}
	close $fh;
}