File: e88ge.htm

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z88 13.0.0+dfsg2-6
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file content (2357 lines) | stat: -rw-r--r-- 116,014 bytes parent folder | download | duplicates (3)
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<body vlink="blue" link="blue" lang="DE" style="">
<div class="Section1">
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 18pt;">1 THE
FINITE ELEMENT PROGRAM Z88</span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><img width="531" height="337" id="_x0000_i1025" src="g88ge01.gif"></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 18pt;">1.1
GENERAL OVERVIEW FEA PROGRAM Z88</span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 18pt;">The Z88
philosophy:</span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">+ Fast and
compact: Developed for PC, no ported mainframe system <br>
+ Flexible and transparent: Controlled by text files <br>
+ "Small is beautifull" - a modular system vs. monolithic monsters</span><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> <br>
</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">+
native Windows and UNIX programs, no emulation</span><span lang="EN-GB"
 style=""> <br>
</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">+ Windows
and UNIX programs use the same computing and grafic kernels</span><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> <br>
</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">+ Full
data exchange from and to CAD systems with DXF-Interface</span><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> <br>
</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">+ mesh
import from Pro/ENGINEER</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="">
<br>
</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">+
Context sensitive online-help under Windows and UNIX <br>
</span><span lang="EN-GB" style=""></span><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="font-size: 13.5pt;">+
Simplest installation: No subdirectories, no change of system files</span><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> <br>
</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">+
Under UNIX: Automatic control and cumulative runs possible</span><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 18pt;">Notes:</span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Always compare FE
calculations with analytical rough calculations, results of
experiments,
plausibility considerations and other tests without exception! </span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Keep in mind that sign
definitions of Z88 (and also other FEM programs) differ from the usual
definitions of the analytical technical mechanics from time to time .<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88 is a complex computer
program. How Z88 deals with other programs and utilities etc. is not
predictable. We cannot give any advice and support here! You should
switch off
at first all other programs and utilities. Run Z88 "purely" and then
start further programs step-by-step. Z88 uses only documented operating
system
calls of Windows and UNIX !<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 18pt;">Summary
of the Z88 element library:<br>
(</span></b><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="">You will find
the exact description of the </span><a href="e88ea.htm"><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">element library </span></a></b><b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">in chapter 4.)</span></b><span lang="EN-GB"
 style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 18pt;">Twodimensinal
problems: Plane stress, plates, beams, trusses</span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><a href="e88e3.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Plane
Stress Triangle Element No. 3</span></b></a><span style=""> <span
 lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Shape functions quadratic
<br>
- Quality of displacements very good <br>
- Quality of stresses in the center of gravity good <br>
- Computing effort: average <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 12 * 12 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><img width="270" height="208" border="0" id="_x0000_i1026"
 src="g88ge02.gif"></p>
<p><a href="e88e7.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Plane
Stress Isoparametric Element No. 7</span></b></a><span style=""> <span
 lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Quadratic Isoparametric
Serendipity element <br>
- Quality of displacements very good <br>
- Quality of stresses in the Gauss points very good <br>
- Quality of stresses in the corner nodes good <br>
- Computing effort: High <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 16 * 16 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><img width="394" height="312" border="0" id="_x0000_i1027"
 src="g88ge03.gif"></p>
<p><a href="e88e9.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Truss
No. 9</span></b></a><span style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Linear function <br>
- Quality of displacements exact (Hooke 's law) <br>
- Quality of stresses exact (Hooke ' s law) <br>
- Computing effort: Minimal <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 4 * 4 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p style="margin-bottom: 12pt;"><img width="311" height="212" border="0"
 id="_x0000_i1028" src="g88ge04.gif"></p>
<p><a href="e88e11.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Plane
Stress Isoparametric Element No. 11</span></b></a><span style=""> <span
 lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Cubic Isoparametric
Serendipity element <br>
- Quality of displacements excellent <br>
- Quality of stresses in the Gauss points excellent <br>
- Quality of stresses in the corner nodes good <br>
- Computing effort: Very high <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 24 * 24 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><img width="508" height="402" border="0" id="_x0000_i1029"
 src="g88ge05.gif"></p>
<p><a href="e88e13.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Beam
No. 13</span></b></a><span style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Linear function for
tensile stress, cubic function for bending stress <br>
- Quality of displacements exact (Hooke 's law) <br>
- Quality of stresses exact (Hooke ' s law) <br>
- Computing effort: Low <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 8 * 8 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><img width="487" height="242" border="0" id="_x0000_i1030"
 src="e88ge06.gif"></p>
<p><a href="e88e14.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Plane
Stress Isoparametric Element No. 14</span></b></a><span style=""> <span
 lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Quadratic Isoparametric
Serendipity element <br>
- Quality of displacements very good <br>
- Quality of stresses in the Gauss points very good <br>
- Quality of stresses in the corner nodes good <br>
- Computing effort: High <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 12 * 12 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p style="margin-bottom: 12pt;"><img width="389" height="323" border="0"
 id="_x0000_i1031" src="g88e1401.gif"></p>
<p><a href="e88e18.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Isoparametric
Plate Element No. 18</span></b></a><span style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Quadratic Isoparametric
Serendipity element following Reissner-Mindlin's theory <br>
- Quality of displacements very good <br>
- Quality of stresses in the Gauss points good <br>
- Quality of stresses in the corner nodes acceptable <br>
- Computing effort: medium <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 18 * 18<br>
</span><img width="356" height="233" border="0" id="_x0000_i1032"
 src="g88e18.gif"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><a href="e88e19.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Isoparametric
Plate Element No. 19</span></b></a><span style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Cubic Isoparametric
Lagrange element following Reissner-Mindlin's theory <br>
- Quality of displacements very good <br>
- Quality of stresses in the Gauss points very good <br>
- Quality of stresses in the corner nodes good <br>
- Computing effort: High <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 48 * 48<br>
</span><img width="370" height="340" border="0" id="_x0000_i1033"
 src="g88e19.gif"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><a href="e88e20.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Isoparametric
Plate Element No. 20</span></b></a><span style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Quadratic Isoparametric
Serendipity element following Reissner-Mindlin's theory <br>
- Quality of displacements very good <br>
- Quality of stresses in the Gauss points good <br>
- Quality of stresses in the corner nodes quite good <br>
- Computing effort: medium <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 24 * 24<br>
</span><img width="451" height="263" border="0" id="_x0000_i1034"
 src="g88e20.gif"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 18pt;">Axisymmetric
problems:</span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><a href="e88e6.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Torus
No. 6</span></b></a><span style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Linear function <br>
- Quality of displacements average <br>
- Quality of stresses in the corner nodes inaccurate <br>
- Computing effort: Low <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 6 * 6 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><img width="280" height="245" border="0" id="_x0000_i1035"
 src="g88ge07.gif"></p>
<p><a href="e88e8.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Torus
No. 8</span></b></a><span style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Quadratic Isoparametric
Serendipity element <br>
- Quality of displacements very good <br>
- Quality of stresses in the Gauss points very good <br>
- Quality of stresses in the corner nodes good <br>
- Computing effort: High <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 16 * 16 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><img width="436" height="336" border="0" id="_x0000_i1036"
 src="g88ge08.gif"></p>
<p><a href="e88e5.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Cam
No. 5</span></b></a><span style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Linear function for
torsion and tensile stress, cubic function for bending stress <br>
- Quality of displacements exact (Hooke 's law) <br>
- Quality of stresses exact (Hooke ' s law) <br>
- Computing effort: Low <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 12 * 12 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><img width="321" height="252" border="0" id="_x0000_i1037"
 src="g88ge09.gif"></p>
<p><a href="e88e12.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Torus
No. 12</span></b></a><span style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Cubic Isoparametric
Serendipity element <br>
- Quality of displacements excellent <br>
- Quality of stresses in the Gauss points excellent <br>
- Quality of stresses in the corner nodes good <br>
- Computing effort: Very high <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 24 * 24 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><img width="467" height="360" border="0" id="_x0000_i1038"
 src="g88ge10.gif"></p>
<p><a href="e88e15.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Torus
No. 15</span></b></a><span style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Quadratic Isoparametric
Serendipity element <br>
- Quality of displacements very good <br>
- Quality of stresses in the Gauss points very good <br>
- Quality of stresses in the corner nodes good <br>
- Computing effort: High <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 12 * 12 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><img width="403" height="365" border="0" id="_x0000_i1039"
 src="g88e1501.gif"></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 18pt;">Space
problems:</span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><a href="e88e4.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Truss
No. 4</span></b></a><span style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Linear function <br>
- Quality of displacements exact (Hooke 's law) <br>
- Quality of stresses exact (Hooke ' s law) <br>
- Computing effort: Minimal <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 6 * 6 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><img width="394" height="278" border="0" id="_x0000_i1040"
 src="g88ge11.gif"></p>
<p><a href="e88e2.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Beam
No. 2</span></b></a><span style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Linear function for
tensile stress, cubic function for bending stress <br>
- Quality of displacements exact (Hooke 's law) <br>
- Quality of stresses exact (Hooke ' s law) <br>
- Computing effort: Low <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 12 * 12 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><img width="477" height="334" border="0" id="_x0000_i1041"
 src="e88ge12.gif"></p>
<p><a href="e88e1.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Hexahedron
No. 1</span></b></a><span style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Linear shape functions <br>
- Quality of displacements average <br>
- Stresses in the Gauss points useable <br>
- Stresses in corner nodes inaccurate <br>
- Computing effort: very high <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 24 * 24 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><img width="373" height="253" border="0" id="_x0000_i1042"
 src="g88ge13.gif"></p>
<p><a href="e88e10.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Hexahedron
No. 10</span></b></a><span style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Quadratic Isoparametric
Serendipity element <br>
- Quality of displacements very good <br>
- Stresses in the Gauss points very good <br>
- Stresses in corner nodes good <br>
- Computing effort: extremely high <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 60 * 60 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><img width="415" height="314" border="0" id="_x0000_i1043"
 src="g88ge14.gif"></p>
<p><a href="e88e17.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Tetrahedron
No. 17</span></b></a><span style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Linear shape functions <br>
- Quality of displacements bad <br>
- Stresses in the Gauss points inaccurate <br>
- Stresses in corner nodes very inaccurate <br>
- Computing effort: medium <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 12 * 12 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><img width="408" height="407" border="0" id="_x0000_i1044"
 src="g88e1701.gif"></p>
<p><a href="e88e16.htm"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Tetrahedron
No. 16</span></b></a><span style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">- Quadratic Isoparametric
Serendipity element <br>
- Quality of displacements very good <br>
- Stresses in the Gauss points very good <br>
- Stresses in corner nodes good <br>
- Computing effort: very high <br>
- Size of element stiffness matrix: 30 * 30 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><img width="480" height="479" border="0" id="_x0000_i1045"
 src="g88e1601.gif"></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 18pt;">The Z88
computing units:</span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Overview:</span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88 always exclusively
works at the tasks required at the moment. Thus, Z88 is no gigantic,
monolithic
program, but consists of several separate running modules according to
the UNIX
philosophy "Small Is Beautiful". They are loaded into the main memory
according to your requirements, execute their tasks and release the
main memory
again. In this way Z88's achieves its enormous speed and faultlessness
beating
many other FE programs! The Z88 modules communicate by files, cf.
Chapter 3.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Short
description of the modules:</span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">I. The
Solver</span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">The <b>solver</b> is the heart
of any FEA system. It reads the general structure data </span><a
 href="e88i1.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88I1.TXT </span></a><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">and the boundary conditions </span><a
 href="e88i2.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88I2.TXT</span></a><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> and, if nessesary, the file for
surface and pressure loads <a href="e88i5.htm">Z88I5.TXT</a>.
Basically, the
Z88 input files can be created by </span><a href="e88x.htm"><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">CAD converter Z88X</span></a><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">, by </span><a href="e88g.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">COSMOS
converter Z88G</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">, by mesh
generator </span><a href="e88n.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88N</span></a><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">, by
editor or word processor system
or by a mixed procedure, e.g. by CAD and editor. The solver generates
prepared
structure data Z88O0.TXT and processed boundary conditions Z88O1.TXT,
calculates the element stiffness matrices, compiles the total stiffness
matrix,
scales the system of equations, solves the (huge) system of equations
and
stores the displacements in Z88O2.TXT. Therefore, the main task of
every FEA
system, the calculation of displacements, is solved. Thereupon, if you
wish,
the stresses can be calculated by </span><a href="e88d.htm"><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88D</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">
and/or nodal forces by </span><a href="e88e.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Z88E</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="MsoNormal" style="line-height: 12pt;"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="font-size: 12pt;">Z88 features three different
solvers:<br>
<br>
</span><a href="e88f.htm"><b style=""><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="font-size: 12pt;">Z88F</span></b></a><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="font-size: 12pt;">: This is a so-called direct
solver with
skyline storing scheme and an in-situ Cholesky solver. It is the
standard
solver of Z88, easy to handle and very fast for small and medium
structures.
However, like any direct solver Z88F reacts badly on ill-numbered nodes
but you
may improve the situation with the Cuthill-McKee program Z88H. Z88F is
your
choice for small and medium structures, up to 20,000 ... 30,000 degrees
of
freedom.<br>
<br>
</span><a href="e88ite.htm"><b style=""><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="font-size: 12pt;">Z88I1 </span></b></a><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="font-size: 12pt;"><a href="e88ite.htm">and<b style="">
Z88PAR</b></a>:<b style=""><span style="">&nbsp; </span></b>This is a
so-called direct sparse matrix
solver with fill-in featuring two modules. Z88I1 computes the pointers
for the
storage scheme of the total stiffness matrix. Z88PAR uses the PARDISO
solver
and computes the stiffness matrices, addes the boundary conditions and
solves
the system of equations. This solver is very fast but uses very much
dynamic
memory. Z88I1/Z88PAR is your choice for medium-sized structures up to
150,000
DOF on ordinary 32 bit PCs. However, we&#8217;ve computed structures with ~ 1
million
of DOF very fast using a computer featuring 32 (!) Gbyte of memory, 4
CPUs, 64
bit Windows version of Z88.<br>
<br>
</span><a href="e88ite.htm"><b style=""><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="font-size: 12pt;">Z88I1</span></b></a><a href="e88ite.htm"> and
<b style="">Z88I2</b></a>:
This is a so-called sparse matrix iteration solver featuring two
modules. Z88I1
computes the pointers for the storage scheme of the total stiffness
matrix.
Z88I2 computes the stiffness matrices, addes the boundary conditions
and solves
the system of equations by the method of conjugate gradients featuring
SOR preconditioning or precontitioning by an incomplete Cholesky
decomposition
depending on your choice. Like any iteration solver Z88I1/Z88I2 deals
well with
bad node numbering. This solver needs some considerations but deals
with
structures with more than 100,000 DOF at nearly the same speed as the
solvers
of the large and expensive commercial FEA programs as our tests showed.
In
addition, a minimum of storage is needed. So, this solver is your
choice for large
structures with more than 150,000 &#8230; 200,000 DOF. Structures with ~ 5
million
DOF are no problem for Z88I2 if you use a 64 bit operation system
(Windows or
LINUX) along with the 64 bit version of Z88 and about 6 GByte of memory
(with
tricks i.e. compiling Z88 with 8 Byte pointers and 4 Byte integers, 4
GByte
will do). <i style="">This very stable and proved
solver works always, thus, you may use it as your standard solver.</i><o:p></o:p></p>
<span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 12pt;"></span>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">II. The
link to CAD programs</span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">The </span><a href="e88x.htm"><b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">CAD
converter Z88X</span></b></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">
converts DXF files from CAD systems into Z88 input files (mesh
generator input
file </span><a href="e88ni.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88NI.TXT</span></a><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">, general structure data </span><a
 href="e88i1.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88I1.TXT</span></a><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">, boundary conditions </span><a href="e88i2.htm"><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88I2.TXT</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">,
the file for surface and pressure
loads <a href="e88i5.htm">Z88I5.TXT</a> and stress parameters file </span><a
 href="e88i3.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88I3.TXT</span></a><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> ) or, and this is the real goodie,
also converts Z88 input files into DXF files. You cannot only produce
input
data in the CAD system and then use in Z88, but you can also complete
Z88 entry
files which are always simple ASCII files, e.g. by text editor, by word
processing, by EXCEL or e.g. by your own special programs and then
convert the
data sets back into the CAD system by CAD converters Z88X. In the CAD
system
you can add more information, then push the data again to Z88. This
flexibility is unique!<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">The </span><a href="e88g.htm"><b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">3D
converter Z88G</span></b></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">
reads FEA input files following the COSMOS or the NASTRAN format and
generates
the Z88 input files Z</span><a href="e88i1.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">88I1.TXT</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">, </span><a
 href="e88i2.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88I2.TXT</span></a><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> , <a href="e88i5.htm">Z88I5.TXT</a> and </span><a
 href="e88i3.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88I3.TXT</span></a><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> automatically. You may produce COSMOS
or NASTRAN data files by various CAD programs. However, Z88G is
properly tested
with Pro/ENGINEER with the Pro/MECHANICA option by Parametric
Technology, USA.
Thus, you may directly use Pro/ENGINEER 3D models with Z88!<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">The </span><a href="e88h.htm"><b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">Cuthill-McKee program Z88H</span></b></a><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> was mainly designed for use with Z88G. It
allows the re-numbering of
finite elements meshes and may heavily decrease the memory needs for
meshes
generated by automeshers i.e. Pro/MECHANICA.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">III.
The mesh generator for ordered meshes</span></b><span lang="EN-GB"
 style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">The </span><a href="e88n.htm"><b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">mesh
generator Z88N</span></b></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">
reads the super structure data </span><a href="e88ni.htm"><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88NI.TXT</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">
and computes the general structure data </span><a href="e88i1.htm"><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88I1.TXT</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">.
In principle, the mesh generator
file Z88NI.TXT has the same construction as the file of the general
structure
data Z88I1.TXT. It can also be generated by CAD converters Z88X, by
editor or
word processor system or with a mixed procedure.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">IV. The
postprocessors</span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Stresses</span></b><span lang="EN-GB"
 style=""> are calculated by </span><a href="e88d.htm"><b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88D</span></b></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">.
</span><a href="e88f.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88F</span></a><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> or </span><a href="e88ite.htm"><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88I1 and Z88I2</span></a><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">
or </span><span style=""><a href="e88ite.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Z88I1 and Z88PAR</span></a></span><span lang="EN-GB" style="">
must have run before. Z88D reads a
small parameter file </span><a href="e88i3.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Z88I3.TXT</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""> and
stores the stresses in Z88O3.TXT. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Nodal forces</span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> are calculated by </span><a href="e88e.htm"><b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88E</span></b></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">.
</span><a href="e88f.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88F</span></a><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> or </span><a href="e88ite.htm"><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88I1 and Z88I2</span></a><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">&nbsp;</span><span style=""><span lang="EN-GB" style="">
or </span><span style=""><a href="e88ite.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Z88I1 and Z88PAR</span></a></span><span lang="EN-GB" style="">
</span></span><span lang="EN-GB" style="">must have run
before. Z88E stores
the nodal forces in Z88O4.TXT. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span style=""><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="font-size: 12pt; font-family: &quot;Times New Roman&quot;;">The
<b style="">plot program<a href="e88o.htm"> <span style="">Z88O</span></a></b>
plots deflections and stresses. Operating in 3D mode, you
may use wireframe or hidden line scenes or scenes with lighting. Z88O
replaces
the former plot programs Z88P and Z88O V12. The Windows version works
with the <i style="">WinAPI</i> and <i style="">OpenGL</i>, the LINUX
version works with <i style="">GTK+</i> and <i style="">OpenGL</i>.&nbsp;
<span style=""></span></span></span><span style=""><span lang="EN-GB"> <o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">V. The
file checker</span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">The </span><a href="e88v.htm"><b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">Filechecker
Z88V</span></b></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""> checks the
input files Z88NI.TXT or Z88I1.TXT to Z88I3.TXT for formal correctness.
In
addition, it can show the actual memory defined by you in the file
Z88.DYN. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 18pt;">All
modules of Z88 request Memory dynamically: </span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">The user can define this in
the file </span><a href="e88dy.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88.DYN</span></a><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">. Z88
is delivered with default values which you can and also should change
if
necessary. This is possible at any time. The Z88 modules are genuine 32
bit (or
64 bit) programs and request their memory by operating system calls via
<i>calloc</i>.
The header file Z88.DYN provides how much memory shall be requested.
You can
request all virtual memory (virtual memory = main memory + swap area),
which is
provided by the operating system. <b>Therefore there is no limit for
the size
of the Z88 finite element structures !</b> You can also fix whether Z88
works
with English or German language in Z88.DYN: Keyword <i>ENGLISH</i> or <i>GERMAN</i>
.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 18pt;">Multitasking
of Z88:</span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Absolute multitasking is
possible under Windows and UNIX, i. e. several Z88 modules or other
genuine
Windows programs can run parallel. Make sure that you do not overlap
the
windows (put them side by side), as if the Z88 modules have once
started they
are not evaluating WM_PAINT signals for speed reasons. This means,
that,
although the Z88 programs are properly working, displays and window
images can
be destroyed if you enlarge, reduce, move or cover Z88 windows by other
programs. This does not have any influence on the computing results and
only by
this trick the outstanding speed of Z88 can be gained. Keep in mind
that big
space structures, e.g. with 20 nodes hexahedrons, can put very heavy
load on
your computer which can slow down the machine totally. Thus, let Z88
run alone
and do not start any memory eaters like the various office programs.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 18pt;">Hints
for the start of Z88:</span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Windows:</span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">All Z88 modules can be
started directly via Explorer, from a group which contains the various
Z88
modules or via <i>Start &gt; Run</i>. It suffices to call the </span><a
 href="e88mrw.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88-Commander
Z88COM</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""> for
launching all other modules.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">UNIX:</span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Launch the modules directly
from a UNIX shell, from the </span><a href="e88mru.htm"><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88-Commander Z88COM</span></a><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">,
or, as an extended possibility,
e.g. for night runs, from a shell-script (<i>sh, bash, ksh</i>
etc.). <b>You have all unlimited liberties of the UNIX operating
system.</b>
All modules except Z88COM and Z88O can be started in text mode from
consoles, but naturally also in an X window. As GTK+ programs the
Z88-Commander Z88COM and the plot program Z88O are to start
from an X-term. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">For a convenient use of
Z88, fire up your X-Window-manager, open an X-term and launch Z88COM.
Put
Z88COM and the X-Term, which started Z88COM, side-by-side or
over-and-under to
see both.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 18pt;">The
Input and Output of Z88:</span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">The input and output files
are generated either by an </span><a href="e88ia.htm"><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">editor</span></a><span style=""> <span
 lang="EN-GB">(e.g.
the <i>editor</i> or <i>notepad</i> of Windows, UNIX tools like <i>vi,
emacs, joe</i>), </span></span><a href="e88ia.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">word
processor program</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">
(e.g. <i>WinWord </i>etc.), </span><a href="e88ia.htm"><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">spreadsheet program</span></a><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">
(e.g. <i>Excel</i>) or via </span><a href="e88x.htm"><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">CAD converter
Z88X</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""> directly in a
CAD program, which can read and write DXF files (e.g. <i>AutoCAD</i>)
or by
converting a </span><a href="e88g.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">COSMOS
or NASTRAN file with Z88G</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">, which
came from a 3D CAD program e.g.
Pro/ENGINEER.. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">For the user this means maximum
flexibility and transparency, as the input and output files of Z88 are
quite
simple ASCII text files. You can fill the files by arbitrary tools or
by hand,
and also by self-written programs, of course. Only make sure to meet
the Z88
conventions for the respective file structure cf. Chapter 3.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">You can modify output files
as you like, enlarge them with your own comments, reduce them to the
essential
or use them as input for other programs.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Dimensions, i. e.
measurement units, are not used explicitly. You can work in optional
measurement systems, e.g. in the Metric or Imperial measurement system.
Use
inches, Newtons, pounds, tons, millimeters, meters, yards - whatever
you
prefer. But make sure to keep the one chosen measurement units
throughout all
computations of this structure. Example: You want to work with mm and N
so
Young's modulus must be used in N/mm*mm.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Note:</span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">The Z88 input files read <i>always</i>:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">+ </span><a href="e88g.htm"><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88G.COS</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">
COSMOS Input file coming from a 3D CAD
program, for converter Z88G<br>
+</span><a href="e88g.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">
Z88G.NAS</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""> NASTRAN
Input file coming from a 3D CAD program, for converter Z88G <br>
+ </span><a href="e88x.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88X.DXF</span></a><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> Exchange file for CAD programs and
for CAD converter Z88X <br>
+ </span><a href="e88ni.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88NI.TXT</span></a><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> Input file for the mesh generator Z88N <br>
+ </span><a href="e88i1.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88I1.TXT</span></a><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> Input file (general structure data)
for the solvers </span><span style=""><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88F,
Z88I2 and Z88PAR</span><br>
</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="">+ </span><a href="e88i2.htm"><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88I2.TXT</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">
Input file (boundary conditions) for
the solvers </span><span style=""><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88F,
Z88I2 and Z88PAR</span><br>
</span><span lang="EN-GB" style="">+ </span><a href="e88i3.htm"><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88I3.TXT</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">
Input file (control values) for the
stress processor Z88D <br>
+ </span><a href="e88i4.htm"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88I4.TXT
</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Input file (control
values) for the sparse matrix solvers Z88I1/Z88I2 and Z88I1/Z88PAR<br>
+ <a href="e88i5.htm">Z88I5.TXT</a> Input file for surface and
pressure loads
for the solvers Z88F, Z88I2 and Z88PAR<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">The Z88 output files read <i>always</i>:<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">+ Z88O0.TXT Prepared
structure data for documentation purposes <br>
+ Z88O1.TXT Prepared boundary conditions for documentation purposes <br>
+ Z88O2.TXT Computed displacements <br>
+ Z88O3.TXT Computed stresses <br>
+ Z88O4.TXT Computed nodal forces<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">These file names are
expected from the Z88 modules and they must reside in the same
Directory as the
Z88 modules. You cannot allocate your own names for data sets. Of
course, you
may rename the Z88*.* files after all calculations have been done and
save them
in other directories.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 13.5pt;">Making:</span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">You may allways create the mesh
generator file Z88NI.TXT, the general structure data file Z88I1.TXT,
the
boundary conditions file Z88I2.TXT, the file for surface and pressure
loads
Z88I5.TXT and the control values file Z88I3.TXT for the stress
prozessor by
hand using an editor or the like. <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Using automatic generation
consider the following possibilities: <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<table cellpadding="0" border="1" class="MsoNormalTable" style="">
  <tbody>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="">CAD system,
e.g.</span></i><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="94" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 70.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="">creates</span></i><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="76" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 57pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="">converter</span></i><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="95" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 71.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="">creates</span></i><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="">mesh generator</span></i><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="95" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 71.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="">creates</span></i><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="94" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 70.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="76" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 57pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="95" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 71.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="95" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 71.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Pro/ENGINEER Pro/MECHANICA<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="94" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 70.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88G.COS<br>
Z88G.NAS<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="76" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 57pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><b><span lang="IT" style="">Z88G</span></b><span
 lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="95" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 71.25pt;">
      <p><span lang="IT" style="">Z88I1.TXT, Z88I2.TXT, Z88I3.TXT,
Z88I5.TXT <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">not necessary<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="95" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 71.25pt;">
      <p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">files still exist <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal">AutoCAD</p>
      </td>
      <td width="94" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 70.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal">Z88X.DXF</p>
      </td>
      <td width="76" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 57pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><b>Z88X</b> </p>
      </td>
      <td width="95" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 71.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal">Z88NI.TXT</p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><b>Z88N</b></p>
      </td>
      <td width="95" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 71.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">Z88I1.TXT<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">AutoCAD<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="94" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 70.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">Z88X.DXF<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="76" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 57pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><b><span lang="IT" style="">Z88X</span></b><span
 lang="IT" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="95" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 71.25pt;">
      <p><span lang="IT" style="">Z88I1.TXT, Z88I2.TXT, Z88I3.TXT,
Z88I5.TXT <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">not necessary<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="95" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 71.25pt;">
      <p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">files still exist <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>
<p><b><span lang="IT" style="font-size: 18pt;">Z88 protocol
files:</span></b><span lang="IT" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">The Z88 modules always store
protocol files .LOG, e.g. Z88F.LOG documents the steps or errors of the
calculation of Z88F. Look at the various .LOG files in case of doubt.
They also
document the current memory needs. <b>UNIX:</b> If different users
work in the
same Z88 directory, make sure to have the proper permissions for the
.LOG
files, too. Use <i>umask</i>.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 18pt;">Printing
of Z88 files</span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Is not supported by the
Z88- Commanders. You print them by the Explorer of Windows or by an
editor or
word processing program. Use the printing routines of the UNIX
operating
system.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 18pt;">Which
Z88 finite Element types can be produced automatically ?</span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
<table cellpadding="0" border="1" class="MsoNormalTable" style="">
  <tbody>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="">element type</span></i><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="">function</span></i><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="">COSMOS<br>
NASTRAN</span></i><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      <p><a href="e88g.htm"><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="">(Z88G</span></i></a><i><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">)</span></i><span lang="EN-GB" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="">DXF</span></i><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      <p><a href="e88x.htm"><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="">(Z88X</span></i></a><i><span
 lang="EN-GB" style="">)</span></i><span lang="EN-GB" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="">super element</span></i><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      <p><a href="e88n.htm"><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="">(Z88N)</span></i></a><span
 style=""> <span lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="">creates FE</span></i><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      <p><i><span lang="EN-GB" style="">(Z88N)</span></i><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e1.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Hexahedron No.1</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">linear<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">-<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e10.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Hexahedron No.10</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">quadratic<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">Hexa No.10 &amp; </span><a
 href="e88e1.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">No.1</span></a><span style="">
      <span lang="IT"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e16.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Tetrahedron
No.16</span></a><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">quadratic<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">-<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e17.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Tetrahedron No.17</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">linear<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">-<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e3.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Plane stress No.3</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">quadratic<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">-<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e7.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Plane stress No.7</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">quadratic<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Plane stress No.7<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e11.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Plane stress No.11</span></a><span style=""> <span
 lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">cubic<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e7.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Plane stress No.7</span></a><span style=""> <span
 lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e14.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Plane stress No.14</span></a><span style=""> <span
 lang="EN-GB"><o:p></o:p></span></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">quadratic<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">-<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e6.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Torus No.6</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">linear <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">No <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">-<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e8.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Torus
No.8</span></a><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">quadratic <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Torus No.8<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e12.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Torus No.12</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">kubisch <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e8.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Torus No.8</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e15.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Torus
No.15</span></a><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">quadratic <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">-<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e18.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Plate
No.18</span></a><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">quadratic <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">-<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e19.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Plate No.19</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">cubic <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">No <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">-<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e20.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Plate
No.20</span></a><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">quadratic <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e19.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Pla
No.19</span></a><span lang="IT" style=""> &amp; No.20 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e4.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Truss No.4</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">exact <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">-<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e9.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Truss No.9</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">exact <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">-<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e2.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Beam No.2</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">exact <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">-<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e5.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Cam No.5</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">exact <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">-<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="137" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 102.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e13.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Beam No.13</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="91" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 68.25pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">exact <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="82" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 61.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="64" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 48pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="100" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="146" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 109.5pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">-<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>
<p><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="font-size: 18pt;">Z88
files:</span></b><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<table cellpadding="0" border="1" class="MsoNormalTable" style="">
  <tbody>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Name</span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Type</span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Direction</span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Purpose</span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="">change, modify</span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="">MS-Win</span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""> <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><b><span lang="EN-GB" style="">UNIX</span></b><span
 lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88dy.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Z88.DYN</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">ASCII <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Input<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Memory &amp;
Language header file <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes, Recom.<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88g.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Z88G.COS</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">ASCII<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Input<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">COSMOS to Z88<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes, 1)<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88g.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Z88G.NAS</span></a><span
 lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">ASCII<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Input<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">NASTRAN to Z88<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes,1)<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88x.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Z88X.DXF</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">ASCII <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">In/Output<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">DXF from and to
Z88 <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes, 1)<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88ni.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Z88NI.TXT</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">ASCII <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Input<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">mesh generator
input file <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88i1.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Z88I1.TXT</span></a><span
 lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">ASCII <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Input<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">general
structure data <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88i2.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Z88I2.TXT</span></a><span
 lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">ASCII <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Input<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">constraints,
boundary conditions<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88i3.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Z88I3.TXT</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">ASCII <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Input<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">stress parameter
header file <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88i4.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Z88I4.TXT</span></a><span
 lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">ASCII <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Input<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">header file for
sparse matrix solvers <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style=""><a href="e88i5.htm">Z88I5.TXT</a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">ASCII<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Input<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Surface and
pressure loads<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88f.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Z88O0.TXT</span></a><span
 lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">ASCII <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Output<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">processed
structure data <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Possible<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88f.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Z88O1.TXT</span></a><span
 lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">ASCII <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Output<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">processed
constraints <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Possible<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88f.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Z88O2.TXT</span></a><span
 lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">ASCII <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Output<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">computed
displacements <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Possible<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88d.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Z88O3.TXT</span></a><span
 lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">ASCII <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Output<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">computed stresses<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Possible<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88e.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Z88O4.TXT</span></a><span
 lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">ASCII <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Output<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">computed nodal
forces <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Possible<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">Z88O5.TXT<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">ASCII<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Output <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">for internal use
of Z88O<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No 1) <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88O8.TXT<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">ASCII<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Output<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">for internal use
of Z88O<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No 1)<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88o.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Z88O.OGL</span></a><span
 lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">ASCII<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Input<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Color header
file Z88O MS-Win<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Possible<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td valign="top" style="padding: 0.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88mru.htm"><span lang="IT" style="">Z88.FCD</span></a><span
 lang="IT" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="IT" style="">ASCII <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="FR" style="">Input<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="FR" style="">Fonts, Colors,
Dimens. UNIX for Z88COM and Z88O<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Possible<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><a href="e88mrw.htm"><span lang="EN-GB"
 style="">Z88COM.CFG</span></a><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">ASCII <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Input<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">configuration
file Z88COM <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No 2)<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style=""><o:p>&nbsp;</o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88O1.BNY<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Binary<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">In/Output <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="FR" style="">fast communication
file<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No 3) <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88O3.BNY<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Binary<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">In/Output <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="FR" style="">fast communication
file<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No 3) <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
    <tr style="">
      <td width="113" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 84.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Z88O4.BNY<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Binary<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="85" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 63.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">In/Output <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="217" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 162.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">fast
communication file<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="104" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 78pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">No 3) 4) <o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
      <td width="57" style="padding: 0.75pt; width: 42.75pt;">
      <p class="MsoNormal"><span lang="EN-GB" style="">Yes<o:p></o:p></span></p>
      </td>
    </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>
<ul type="disc">
  <li class="MsoNormal" style=""><span lang="EN-GB" style="">(1) in
principle yes, but not necessary, automatically produced <o:p></o:p></span></li>
  <li class="MsoNormal" style=""><span lang="EN-GB" style="">(2) only
if needed <o:p></o:p></span></li>
  <li class="MsoNormal" style=""><span lang="EN-GB" style="">(3)
positively no, otherwise serious faults <o:p></o:p></span></li>
  <li class="MsoNormal" style=""><span lang="EN-GB" style="">(4) may
become quite large, for communication of sparse matrix solvers <o:p></o:p></span></li>
</ul>
</div>
</body>
</html>