File: memmem.c

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/*
 * Copyright (C) 2008 The Android Open Source Project
 * All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 *  * Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 *  * Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in
 *    the documentation and/or other materials provided with the
 *    distribution.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS
 * "AS IS" AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT
 * LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
 * FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE
 * COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING,
 * BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS
 * OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED
 * AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY,
 * OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT
 * OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 */
/*
 * This uses the "Not So Naive" algorithm, a very simple but
 * usually effective algorithm, see:
 * http://www-igm.univ-mlv.fr/~lecroq/string/
 */
#include <string.h>

void *memmem(const void *haystack, size_t n, const void *needle, size_t m)
{
    if (m > n || !m || !n)
        return NULL;

    if (__builtin_expect((m > 1), 1)) {
        const unsigned char*  y = (const unsigned char*) haystack;
        const unsigned char*  x = (const unsigned char*) needle;
        size_t                j = 0;
        size_t                k = 1, l = 2;

        if (x[0] == x[1]) {
            k = 2;
            l = 1;
        }
        while (j <= n-m) {
            if (x[1] != y[j+1]) {
                j += k;
            } else {
                if (!memcmp(x+2, y+j+2, m-2) && x[0] == y[j])
                    return (void*) &y[j];
                j += l;
            }
        }
    } else {
        /* degenerate case */
        return memchr(haystack, ((unsigned char*)needle)[0], n);
    }
    return NULL;
}