File: isa_defs.h

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/*
 * CDDL HEADER START
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the terms of the
 * Common Development and Distribution License (the "License").
 * You may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 *
 * You can obtain a copy of the license at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE
 * or http://www.opensolaris.org/os/licensing.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions
 * and limitations under the License.
 *
 * When distributing Covered Code, include this CDDL HEADER in each
 * file and include the License file at usr/src/OPENSOLARIS.LICENSE.
 * If applicable, add the following below this CDDL HEADER, with the
 * fields enclosed by brackets "[]" replaced with your own identifying
 * information: Portions Copyright [yyyy] [name of copyright owner]
 *
 * CDDL HEADER END
 */

/*
 * Copyright 2007 Sun Microsystems, Inc.  All rights reserved.
 * Use is subject to license terms.
 */

#ifndef	_SYS_ISA_DEFS_H
#define	_SYS_ISA_DEFS_H

/* #pragma ident	"%Z%%M%	%I%	%E% SMI" */

/*
 * This header file serves to group a set of well known defines and to
 * set these for each instruction set architecture.  These defines may
 * be divided into two groups;  characteristics of the processor and
 * implementation choices for Solaris on a processor.
 *
 * Processor Characteristics:
 *
 * _LITTLE_ENDIAN / _BIG_ENDIAN:
 *	The natural byte order of the processor.  A pointer to an int points
 *	to the least/most significant byte of that int.
 *
 * _STACK_GROWS_UPWARD / _STACK_GROWS_DOWNWARD:
 *	The processor specific direction of stack growth.  A push onto the
 *	stack increases/decreases the stack pointer, so it stores data at
 *	successively higher/lower addresses.  (Stackless machines ignored
 *	without regrets).
 *
 * _LONG_LONG_HTOL / _LONG_LONG_LTOH:
 *	A pointer to a long long points to the most/least significant long
 *	within that long long.
 *
 * _BIT_FIELDS_HTOL / _BIT_FIELDS_LTOH:
 *	The C compiler assigns bit fields from the high/low to the low/high end
 *	of an int (most to least significant vs. least to most significant).
 *
 * _IEEE_754:
 *	The processor (or supported implementations of the processor)
 *	supports the ieee-754 floating point standard.  No other floating
 *	point standards are supported (or significant).  Any other supported
 *	floating point formats are expected to be cased on the ISA processor
 *	symbol.
 *
 * _CHAR_IS_UNSIGNED / _CHAR_IS_SIGNED:
 *	The C Compiler implements objects of type `char' as `unsigned' or
 *	`signed' respectively.  This is really an implementation choice of
 *	the compiler writer, but it is specified in the ABI and tends to
 *	be uniform across compilers for an instruction set architecture.
 *	Hence, it has the properties of a processor characteristic.
 *
 * _CHAR_ALIGNMENT / _SHORT_ALIGNMENT / _INT_ALIGNMENT / _LONG_ALIGNMENT /
 * _LONG_LONG_ALIGNMENT / _DOUBLE_ALIGNMENT / _LONG_DOUBLE_ALIGNMENT /
 * _POINTER_ALIGNMENT / _FLOAT_ALIGNMENT:
 *	The ABI defines alignment requirements of each of the primitive
 *	object types.  Some, if not all, may be hardware requirements as
 * 	well.  The values are expressed in "byte-alignment" units.
 *
 * _MAX_ALIGNMENT:
 *	The most stringent alignment requirement as specified by the ABI.
 *	Equal to the maximum of all the above _XXX_ALIGNMENT values.
 *
 * _ALIGNMENT_REQUIRED:
 *	True or false (1 or 0) whether or not the hardware requires the ABI
 *	alignment.
 *
 * _LONG_LONG_ALIGNMENT_32
 *	The 32-bit ABI supported by a 64-bit kernel may have different
 *	alignment requirements for primitive object types.  The value of this
 *	identifier is expressed in "byte-alignment" units.
 *
 * _HAVE_CPUID_INSN
 *	This indicates that the architecture supports the 'cpuid'
 *	instruction as defined by Intel.  (Intel allows other vendors
 *	to extend the instruction for their own purposes.)
 *
 *
 * Implementation Choices:
 *
 * _ILP32 / _LP64:
 *	This specifies the compiler data type implementation as specified in
 *	the relevant ABI.  The choice between these is strongly influenced
 *	by the underlying hardware, but is not absolutely tied to it.
 *	Currently only two data type models are supported:
 *
 *	_ILP32:
 *		Int/Long/Pointer are 32 bits.  This is the historical UNIX
 *		and Solaris implementation.  Due to its historical standing,
 *		this is the default case.
 *
 *	_LP64:
 *		Long/Pointer are 64 bits, Int is 32 bits.  This is the chosen
 *		implementation for 64-bit ABIs such as SPARC V9.
 *
 *	_I32LPx:
 *		A compilation environment where 'int' is 32-bit, and
 *		longs and pointers are simply the same size.
 *
 *	In all cases, Char is 8 bits and Short is 16 bits.
 *
 * _SUNOS_VTOC_8 / _SUNOS_VTOC_16 / _SVR4_VTOC_16:
 *	This specifies the form of the disk VTOC (or label):
 *
 *	_SUNOS_VTOC_8:
 *		This is a VTOC form which is upwardly compatible with the
 *		SunOS 4.x disk label and allows 8 partitions per disk.
 *
 *	_SUNOS_VTOC_16:
 *		In this format the incore vtoc image matches the ondisk
 *		version.  It allows 16 slices per disk, and is not
 *		compatible with the SunOS 4.x disk label.
 *
 *	Note that these are not the only two VTOC forms possible and
 *	additional forms may be added.  One possible form would be the
 *	SVr4 VTOC form.  The symbol for that is reserved now, although
 *	it is not implemented.
 *
 *	_SVR4_VTOC_16:
 *		This VTOC form is compatible with the System V Release 4
 *		VTOC (as implemented on the SVr4 Intel and 3b ports) with
 *		16 partitions per disk.
 *
 *
 * _DMA_USES_PHYSADDR / _DMA_USES_VIRTADDR
 *	This describes the type of addresses used by system DMA:
 *
 *	_DMA_USES_PHYSADDR:
 *		This type of DMA, used in the x86 implementation,
 *		requires physical addresses for DMA buffers.  The 24-bit
 *		addresses used by some legacy boards is the source of the
 *		"low-memory" (<16MB) requirement for some devices using DMA.
 *
 *	_DMA_USES_VIRTADDR:
 *		This method of DMA allows the use of virtual addresses for
 *		DMA transfers.
 *
 * _FIRMWARE_NEEDS_FDISK / _NO_FDISK_PRESENT
 *      This indicates the presence/absence of an fdisk table.
 *
 *      _FIRMWARE_NEEDS_FDISK
 *              The fdisk table is required by system firmware.  If present,
 *              it allows a disk to be subdivided into multiple fdisk
 *              partitions, each of which is equivalent to a separate,
 *              virtual disk.  This enables the co-existence of multiple
 *              operating systems on a shared hard disk.
 *
 *      _NO_FDISK_PRESENT
 *              If the fdisk table is absent, it is assumed that the entire
 *              media is allocated for a single operating system.
 *
 * _HAVE_TEM_FIRMWARE
 *	Defined if this architecture has the (fallback) option of
 *	using prom_* calls for doing I/O if a suitable kernel driver
 *	is not available to do it.
 *
 * _DONT_USE_1275_GENERIC_NAMES
 *		Controls whether or not device tree node names should
 *		comply with the IEEE 1275 "Generic Names" Recommended
 *		Practice. With _DONT_USE_GENERIC_NAMES, device-specific
 *		names identifying the particular device will be used.
 *
 * __i386_COMPAT
 *	This indicates whether the i386 ABI is supported as a *non-native*
 *	mode for the platform.  When this symbol is defined:
 *	-	32-bit xstat-style system calls are enabled
 *	-	32-bit xmknod-style system calls are enabled
 *	-	32-bit system calls use i386 sizes -and- alignments
 *
 *	Note that this is NOT defined for the i386 native environment!
 *
 * __x86
 *	This is ONLY a synonym for defined(__i386) || defined(__amd64)
 *	which is useful only insofar as these two architectures share
 *	common attributes.  Analogous to __sparc.
 *
 * _PSM_MODULES
 *	This indicates whether or not the implementation uses PSM
 *	modules for processor support, reading /etc/mach from inside
 *	the kernel to extract a list.
 *
 * _RTC_CONFIG
 *	This indicates whether or not the implementation uses /etc/rtc_config
 *	to configure the real-time clock in the kernel.
 *
 * _UNIX_KRTLD
 *	This indicates that the implementation uses a dynamically
 *	linked unix + krtld to form the core kernel image at boot
 *	time, or (in the absence of this symbol) a prelinked kernel image.
 */

#ifdef	__cplusplus
extern "C" {
#endif

/*
 * The following set of definitions characterize Solaris on AMD's
 * 64-bit systems.
 */
#if defined(__x86_64) || defined(__amd64)

#if !defined(__amd64)
#define	__amd64		/* preferred guard */
#endif

#if !defined(__x86)
#define	__x86
#endif

/*
 * Define the appropriate "processor characteristics"
 */
#define	_LITTLE_ENDIAN
#define	_STACK_GROWS_DOWNWARD
#define	_LONG_LONG_LTOH
#define	_BIT_FIELDS_LTOH
#define	_IEEE_754
#define	_CHAR_IS_SIGNED
#define	_BOOL_ALIGNMENT			1
#define	_CHAR_ALIGNMENT			1
#define	_SHORT_ALIGNMENT		2
#define	_INT_ALIGNMENT			4
#define	_FLOAT_ALIGNMENT		4
#define	_FLOAT_COMPLEX_ALIGNMENT	4
#define	_LONG_ALIGNMENT			8
#define	_LONG_LONG_ALIGNMENT		8
#define	_DOUBLE_ALIGNMENT		8
#define	_DOUBLE_COMPLEX_ALIGNMENT	8
#define	_LONG_DOUBLE_ALIGNMENT		16
#define	_LONG_DOUBLE_COMPLEX_ALIGNMENT	16
#define	_POINTER_ALIGNMENT		8
#define	_MAX_ALIGNMENT			16
#define	_ALIGNMENT_REQUIRED		1

/*
 * Different alignment constraints for the i386 ABI in compatibility mode
 */
#define	_LONG_LONG_ALIGNMENT_32		4

/*
 * Define the appropriate "implementation choices".
 */
#if !defined(_LP64)
#define	_LP64
#endif
#if !defined(_I32LPx) && defined(_KERNEL)
#define	_I32LPx
#endif
#define	_MULTI_DATAMODEL
#define	_SUNOS_VTOC_16
#define	_DMA_USES_PHYSADDR
#define	_FIRMWARE_NEEDS_FDISK
#define	__i386_COMPAT
#define	_PSM_MODULES
#define	_RTC_CONFIG
#define	_DONT_USE_1275_GENERIC_NAMES
#define	_HAVE_CPUID_INSN

/*
 * The feature test macro __i386 is generic for all processors implementing
 * the Intel 386 instruction set or a superset of it.  Specifically, this
 * includes all members of the 386, 486, and Pentium family of processors.
 */
#elif defined(__i386) || defined(__i386__)

#if !defined(__i386)
#define	__i386
#endif

#if !defined(__x86)
#define	__x86
#endif

/*
 * Define the appropriate "processor characteristics"
 */
#define	_LITTLE_ENDIAN
#define	_STACK_GROWS_DOWNWARD
#define	_LONG_LONG_LTOH
#define	_BIT_FIELDS_LTOH
#define	_IEEE_754
#define	_CHAR_IS_SIGNED
#define	_BOOL_ALIGNMENT			1
#define	_CHAR_ALIGNMENT			1
#define	_SHORT_ALIGNMENT		2
#define	_INT_ALIGNMENT			4
#define	_FLOAT_ALIGNMENT		4
#define	_FLOAT_COMPLEX_ALIGNMENT	4
#define	_LONG_ALIGNMENT			4
#define	_LONG_LONG_ALIGNMENT		4
#define	_DOUBLE_ALIGNMENT		4
#define	_DOUBLE_COMPLEX_ALIGNMENT	4
#define	_LONG_DOUBLE_ALIGNMENT		4
#define	_LONG_DOUBLE_COMPLEX_ALIGNMENT	4
#define	_POINTER_ALIGNMENT		4
#define	_MAX_ALIGNMENT			4
#define	_ALIGNMENT_REQUIRED		0

#define	_LONG_LONG_ALIGNMENT_32		_LONG_LONG_ALIGNMENT

/*
 * Define the appropriate "implementation choices".
 */
#define	_ILP32
#if !defined(_I32LPx) && defined(_KERNEL)
#define	_I32LPx
#endif
#define	_SUNOS_VTOC_16
#define	_DMA_USES_PHYSADDR
#define	_FIRMWARE_NEEDS_FDISK
#define	_PSM_MODULES
#define	_RTC_CONFIG
#define	_DONT_USE_1275_GENERIC_NAMES
#define	_HAVE_CPUID_INSN

/*
 * The following set of definitions characterize the Solaris on SPARC systems.
 *
 * The symbol __sparc indicates any of the SPARC family of processor
 * architectures.  This includes SPARC V7, SPARC V8 and SPARC V9.
 *
 * The symbol __sparcv8 indicates the 32-bit SPARC V8 architecture as defined
 * by Version 8 of the SPARC Architecture Manual.  (SPARC V7 is close enough
 * to SPARC V8 for the former to be subsumed into the latter definition.)
 *
 * The symbol __sparcv9 indicates the 64-bit SPARC V9 architecture as defined
 * by Version 9 of the SPARC Architecture Manual.
 *
 * The symbols __sparcv8 and __sparcv9 are mutually exclusive, and are only
 * relevant when the symbol __sparc is defined.
 */
/*
 * XXX Due to the existence of 5110166, "defined(__sparcv9)" needs to be added
 * to support backwards builds.  This workaround should be removed in s10_71.
 */
#elif defined(__sparc) || defined(__sparcv9) || defined(__sparc__)
#if !defined(__sparc)
#define	__sparc
#endif

/*
 * You can be 32-bit or 64-bit, but not both at the same time.
 */
#if defined(__sparcv8) && defined(__sparcv9)
#error	"SPARC Versions 8 and 9 are mutually exclusive choices"
#endif

/*
 * Existing compilers do not set __sparcv8.  Years will transpire before
 * the compilers can be depended on to set the feature test macro. In
 * the interim, we'll set it here on the basis of historical behaviour;
 * if you haven't asked for SPARC V9, then you must've meant SPARC V8.
 */
#if !defined(__sparcv9) && !defined(__sparcv8)
#define	__sparcv8
#endif

/*
 * Define the appropriate "processor characteristics" shared between
 * all Solaris on SPARC systems.
 */
#define	_BIG_ENDIAN
#define	_STACK_GROWS_DOWNWARD
#define	_LONG_LONG_HTOL
#define	_BIT_FIELDS_HTOL
#define	_IEEE_754
#define	_CHAR_IS_SIGNED
#define	_BOOL_ALIGNMENT			1
#define	_CHAR_ALIGNMENT			1
#define	_SHORT_ALIGNMENT		2
#define	_INT_ALIGNMENT			4
#define	_FLOAT_ALIGNMENT		4
#define	_FLOAT_COMPLEX_ALIGNMENT	4
#define	_LONG_LONG_ALIGNMENT		8
#define	_DOUBLE_ALIGNMENT		8
#define	_DOUBLE_COMPLEX_ALIGNMENT	8
#define	_ALIGNMENT_REQUIRED		1

/*
 * Define the appropriate "implementation choices" shared between versions.
 */
#define	_SUNOS_VTOC_8
#define	_DMA_USES_VIRTADDR
#define	_NO_FDISK_PRESENT
#define	_HAVE_TEM_FIRMWARE
#define	_UNIX_KRTLD

/*
 * The following set of definitions characterize the implementation of
 * 32-bit Solaris on SPARC V8 systems.
 */
#if defined(__sparcv8)

/*
 * Define the appropriate "processor characteristics"
 */
#define	_LONG_ALIGNMENT			4
#define	_LONG_DOUBLE_ALIGNMENT		8
#define	_LONG_DOUBLE_COMPLEX_ALIGNMENT	8
#define	_POINTER_ALIGNMENT		4
#define	_MAX_ALIGNMENT			8

#define	_LONG_LONG_ALIGNMENT_32		_LONG_LONG_ALIGNMENT

/*
 * Define the appropriate "implementation choices"
 */
#define	_ILP32
#if !defined(_I32LPx) && defined(_KERNEL)
#define	_I32LPx
#endif

/*
 * The following set of definitions characterize the implementation of
 * 64-bit Solaris on SPARC V9 systems.
 */
#elif defined(__sparcv9)

/*
 * Define the appropriate "processor characteristics"
 */
#define	_LONG_ALIGNMENT			8
#define	_LONG_DOUBLE_ALIGNMENT		16
#define	_LONG_DOUBLE_COMPLEX_ALIGNMENT	16
#define	_POINTER_ALIGNMENT		8
#define	_MAX_ALIGNMENT			16

#define	_LONG_LONG_ALIGNMENT_32		_LONG_LONG_ALIGMENT

/*
 * Define the appropriate "implementation choices"
 */
#if !defined(_LP64)
#define	_LP64
#endif
#if !defined(_I32LPx)
#define	_I32LPx
#endif
#define	_MULTI_DATAMODEL

#else
#error	"unknown SPARC version"
#endif

#elif defined(__powerpc) || defined(__powerpc__) ||\
      defined(__powerpc64) || defined(__powerpc64__)

#if defined(__powerpc__) && !defined(__powerpc)
#define __powerpc
#endif

#if defined(__powerpc64__) && !defined(__powerpc64)
#define __powerpc64
#endif

/*
 * Next defines common features between 32 and 64 bit PowerPC
 */
#ifdef __BIG_ENDIAN__
#ifndef _BIG_ENDIAN
#define _BIG_ENDIAN
#endif
#elif defined(__LITTLE_ENDIAN__)
#ifndef _LITTLE_ENDIAN
#define _LITTLE_ENDIAN
#endif
#endif
#define _STACK_GROWS_DOWNWARD
#define _LONG_LONG_HTOL
#define _BIT_FIELDS_HTOL
#define _IEEE_754
#define _CHAR_IS_UNSIGNED
#define _BOOL_ALIGNMENT                        1
#define _CHAR_ALIGNMENT                        1
#define _SHORT_ALIGNMENT               2
#define _INT_ALIGNMENT                 4
#define _FLOAT_ALIGNMENT               4
#define _FLOAT_COMPLEX_ALIGNMENT       4
#define _LONG_LONG_ALIGNMENT           8
#define _DOUBLE_ALIGNMENT              8
#define _LONG_DOUBLE_ALIGNMENT         16
#define _DOUBLE_COMPLEX_ALIGNMENT      8
#define _ALIGNMENT_REQUIRED            1

/*
 * Define the appropriate "implementation choices".
 */
#define _SUNOS_VTOC_8
#define _DMA_USES_PHYSADDR
#define _FIRMWARE_NEEDS_FDISK
#define _CONSOLE_OUTPUT_VIA_FIRMWARE

#if defined(__powerpc64)
/*
 * Define the appropriate "processor characteristics" for PowerPC 64 bit
 */
#define _LONG_ALIGNMENT                        8
#define _POINTER_ALIGNMENT             8

/*
 * Define the appropriate "implementation choices" for PowerPC 64 bit
 */
#if !defined(_LP64)
#define _LP64
#endif
#if !defined(_I32LPx)
#define _I32LPx
#endif
#define _MULTI_DATAMODEL

#else
/*
 * Define the appropriate "processor characteristics" for PowerPC 32 bit
 */
#define _LONG_ALIGNMENT                 4
#define _POINTER_ALIGNMENT             4

/*
 * Define the appropriate "implementation choices" for PowerPC 32 bit
 */

#define _ILP32
#if !defined(_I32LPx) && defined(_KERNEL)
#define _I32LPx
#endif

#endif

#elif defined(__ARMEL__)
// From https://bitbucket.org/cli/zfs-fuse-arm/src/865c93c81a95/src/lib/libsolcompat/include/sys/isa_defs.h
/*
 * Define processor specifications for ARM platform (little endian)
 */
#define _LITTLE_ENDIAN
#define _LONG_LONG_LTOH
#define _BIT_FIELDS_LTOH

/*
 * Define the appropriate "implementation choices" for ARM (little endian)
 */
#define _SUNOS_VTOC_16

/*
 * #error is strictly ansi-C, but works as well as anything for K&R systems.
 *  */
#else
#error "ISA not supported"
#endif

#if defined(_ILP32) && defined(_LP64)
#error "Both _ILP32 and _LP64 are defined"
#endif

#ifdef	__cplusplus
}
#endif

#endif	/* _SYS_ISA_DEFS_H */