File: lete2ctl

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#!/usr/local/bin/perl -w
#
#   ``Wee have also Shelles, thee Lyke of whych you knowe not, wherein
#     thee User may with thee merest Presse of thee Tabbe-Keye expande
#     or compleat al Maner of Wordes and such-like Diversities.''
#            - Francis Bacon, `New Atlantis' (or not).
#
# Convert tcsh "complete" statements to zsh "compctl" statements.
# Runs as a filter.  Should ignore anything which isn't a "complete".
# It expects each "complete" statement to be the first thing on a line.
# All the examples in the tcsh manual give sensible results.
# Author:  Peter Stephenson <pws@ibmth.df.unipi.it>
#
# Option:
# -x (exact): only applies in the case of command disambiguation (is
#    that really a word?)  If you have lines like
#       complete '-co*' 'p/0/(compress)'
#    (which makes co<TAB> always complete to `compress') then the
#    resulting "compctl" statements will produce one of two behaviours:
#    (1) By default (like tcsh), com<TAB> etc. will also complete to
#        "compress" and nothing else.
#    (2) With -x, com<TAB> does ordinary command completion: this is
#        more flexible.
#    I don't understand what the hyphen in complete does and I've ignored it.
#
# Notes:
# (1) The -s option is the way to do backquote expansion.  In zsh,
#     "compctl -s '`users`' talk" works (duplicates are removed).
# (2) Complicated backquote completions should definitely be rewritten as
#     shell functions (compctl's "-K func" option).  Although most of
#     these will be translated correctly, differences in shell syntax
#     are not handled.
# (3) Replacement of $:n with the n'th word on the current line with
#     backquote expansion now works; it is not necessarily the most
#     efficient way of doing it in any given case, however.
# (4) I have made use of zsh's more sophisticated globbing to change
#     things like ^foo.{a,b,c,d} to ^foo.(a|b|c|d), which works better.
#     It's just possible in some cases you may want to change it back.
# (5) Make sure all command names with wildcards are processed together --
#     they need to be lumped into one "compctl -C" or "compctl -D"
#     statement for zsh.
# (6) Group completion (complete's g flag) is not built into zsh, so
#     you need perl to be available to generate the groups.  If this
#     script is useful, I assume that's not a problem.
# (7) I don't know what `completing completions' means, so the X
#     flag to complete is not handled.

# Handle options
if (@ARGV) {
    ($ARGV[0] eq '-x') && shift && ($opt_x = 1);
    ($ARGV[0] =~ /^-+$/) && shift;
}

# Function names used (via magic autoincrement) when cmdline words are needed
$funcnam = 'compfn001';

# Read next word on command line
sub getword {
    local($word, $word2, $ret);
    ($_) = /^\s*(.*)$/;
    while ($_ =~ /^\S/) {
	if (/^[\']/) {
	    ($word, $_) = /^\'([^\']*).(.*)$/;
	} elsif (/^[\"]/) {
	    ($word, $_) = /^\"([^\"]*).(.*)$/;
	    while ($word =~ /\\$/) {
		chop($word);
		($word2, $_) = /^([^\"]*).(.*)$/;
		$word .= '"' . $word2;
	    }
	} elsif (/\S/) {
	    ($word, $_) = /^([^\s\\\'\"\#;]*)(.*)$/;
	    # Backslash: literal next character
	    /^\\(.)/ && (($word .= substr($_,1,1)),
			 ($_ = substr($_,2)));
	    # Rest of line quoted or end of command
	    /^[\#;]/ && ($_ = '');
	} else {
	    return undef;
	}
	length($word) && ($ret = defined($ret) ? $ret . $word : $word);
    }
    $ret;
}

# Interpret the x and arg in 'x/arg/type/'
sub getpat {
    local($pat,$arg) = @_;
    local($ret,$i);
    if ($pat eq 'p') {
	$ret = "p[$arg]";
    } elsif ($pat eq 'n' || $pat eq 'N') {
	$let = ($arg =~ /[*?|]/) ? 'C' : 'c';
	$num = ($pat eq 'N') ? 2 : 1;
	$ret = "${let}[-${num},$arg]";
    } elsif ($pat eq 'c' || $pat eq 'C') {
	# A few tricks to get zsh to ignore up to the end of
	# any matched pattern.
	if (($pat eq 'c' && $arg =~ /^\*([^*?]*)$/)) {
	    $ret = "n[-1,$1]";
	} elsif ($arg =~ /[*?]([^*?]*)$/) {
	    length($1) && ($ret = " n[-1,$1]");
	    $ret = "C[0,$arg] $ret";
	} else {
	    $let = ($pat eq 'c') ? 's' : 'S';
	    $ret = "${let}[$arg]";
	}
    }
    $ret =~ s/'/'\\''/g;
    $ret;
}

# Interpret the type in 'x/arg/type/'
sub gettype {
    local ($_) = @_;
    local($qual,$c,$glob,$ret,$b,$m,$e,@m);
    $c = substr($_,0,1);
    ($c =~ /\w/) && (substr($_,1,1) eq ':') && ($glob = substr($_,2));
# Nothing (n) can be handled by returning nothing.  (C.f. King Lear, I.i.)
    if ($c =~ /[abcjuv]/) {
	$ret = "-$c";
    } elsif ($c eq 'C') {
	if (defined($glob)) {
	    $ret = "-W $glob -/g '*(.*)'";
	    undef($glob);
	} else {
	    $ret = '-c';
	}
    } elsif ($c eq 'S') {
	$ret = '-k signals';
    } elsif ($c eq 'd') {
	if (defined($glob)) {
	    $qual = '-/';
	} else {
	    $ret = '-/';
	}
    } elsif ($c eq 'D') {
	if (defined($glob)) {
	    $ret = "-W $glob -/";
	    undef($glob);
	} else {
	    $ret = '-/';
	}
    } elsif ($c eq 'e') {
	$ret = '-E';
    } elsif ($c eq 'f' && !$glob) {
	$ret = '-f';
    } elsif ($c eq 'F') {
	if (defined($glob)) {
	    $ret = "-W $glob -f";
	    undef($glob);
	} else {
	    $ret = '-f';
	}
    } elsif ($c eq 'g') {
	$ret = "-s '\$(perl -e '\\''while ((\$name) = getgrent)\n" .
	    "{ print \$name, \"\\n\"; }'\\'')'";
    } elsif ($c eq 'l') {
	$ret = q!-k "(`limit | awk '{print $1}'`)"!;
    } elsif ($c eq 'p') {
        $ret = "-W $glob -f", undef($glob) if defined($glob);
    } elsif ($c eq 's') {
        $ret = '-p';
    } elsif ($c eq 't') {
	$qual = '.';
    } elsif ($c eq 'T') {
        if (defined($glob)) {
            $ret = "-W $glob -g '*(.)'";
            undef($glob);
        } else {
            $ret = "-g '*(.)'";
        }
    } elsif ($c eq 'x') {
	$glob =~ s/'/'\\''/g;
	$ret = "-X '$glob'";
	undef($glob);
    } elsif ($c eq '$') {     # '){
	$ret = "-k " . substr($_,1);
    } elsif ($c eq '(') {
	s/'/'\\''/g;
	$ret = "-k '$_'";
    } elsif ($c eq '`') {
	# this took some working out...
	if (s/\$:(\d+)/$foo=$1+1,"\${word[$foo]}"/ge) {
	    $ret = "-K $funcnam";
	    $genfunc .= <<"HERE";
function $funcnam {
    local word
    read -cA word
    reply=($_)
}
HERE
	    $funcnam++;
	} else {
	    s/'/'\\''/g;
	    $ret = "-s '$_'";
	}
    }

    # foo{bar,ba,blak,sheap} -> foo(bar|ba|blak|sheap).
    # This saves a lot of mess, since in zsh brace expansion occurs
    # before globbing.  I'm sorry, but I don't trust $` and $'.
    while (defined($glob) && (($b,$m,$e) = ($glob =~ /^(.*)\{(.*)\}(.*)$/))
	   && $m =~ /,/) {
	@m = split(/,/, $m);
	for ($i = 0; $i < @m; $i++) {
	    while ($m[$i] =~ /\\$/) {
		substr($m[$i],-1,1) = "";
		splice(@m,$i,2,"$m[$i]\\,$m[$i+1]");
	    }
	}
	$glob = $b . "(" . join('|',@m) . ")" . $e;
    }

    if ($qual) {
	$glob || ($glob = '*');
	$glob .= "($qual)";
    }
    $glob && (($glob =~ s/'/'\\''/g),($glob = "-g '$glob'"));

    defined($ret) && defined($glob) && ($ret .= " $glob");
    defined($ret) ? $ret : $glob;
}

# Quoted array separator for extended completions
$" = " - ";

while (<>) {
    if (/^\s*complete\s/) {
	undef(@stuff);
	$default = '';
	$_ = $';
	while (/\\$/) {
	    # Remove backslashed newlines: in principle these should become
	    # real newlines inside quotes, but what the hell.
	    ($_) = /^(.*)\\$/;
	    $_ .= <>;
	}
	$command = &getword;
	if ($command =~ /^-/ || $command =~ /[*?]/) {
	    # E.g. complete -co* ...
	    $defmatch = $command;
	    ($defmatch =~ /^-/) && ($defmatch = substr($defmatch,1));
	} else {
	    undef($defmatch);
	}
	while (defined($word = &getword)) {
	    # Loop over remaining arguments to "complete".
	    $sep = substr($word,1,1);
	    $sep =~ s/(\W)/\\$1/g;
	    @split = split(/$sep/,$word,4);
	    for ($i = 0; $i < 3; $i++) {
		while ($split[$i] =~ /\\$/) {
		    substr($split[$i],-1,1) = "";
		    splice(@split,$i,2,"$split[$i]\\$sep$split[$i+1]");
		}
	    }
	    ($pat,$arg,$type,$suffix) = @split;
	    defined($suffix) && ($suffix =~ /^\s*$/) && undef($suffix);
	    if (($word =~ /^n$sep\*$sep/) &&
		 (!defined($defmatch))) {
		 # The "complete" catch-all:  treat this as compctl\'s
		 # default (requiring no pattern matching).
		$default .= &gettype($type) . ' ';
		defined($suffix) &&
		    (defined($defsuf) ? ($defsuf .= $suffix)
		     : ($defsuf = $suffix));
	    } else {
		$pat = &getpat($pat,$arg);
		$type = &gettype($type);
		if (defined($defmatch)) {
		    # The command is a pattern: use either -C or -D option.
		    if ($pat eq 'p[0]') {
			# Command word (-C): 'p[0]' is redundant.
			if ($defmatch eq '*') {
			    $defcommand = $type;
			} else {
			    ($defmatch =~ /\*$/) && chop($defmatch);
			    if ($opt_x) {
				$c = ($defmatch =~ /[*?]/) ? 'C' : 'c';
				$pat = $c . "[0,${defmatch}]";
			    } else {
				$pat = ($defmatch =~ /[*?]/) ?
				    "C[0,${defmatch}]" : "S[${defmatch}]";
			    }
			    push(@commandword,defined($suffix) ?
				 "'$pat' $type -S '$suffix'" : "'$pat' $type");
			}
		    } elsif ($pat eq "C[-1,*]") {
			# Not command word completion, but match
			# command word (only)
			if ($defmatch eq "*") {
			    # any word of any command
			    $defaultdefault .= " $type";
			} else {
			    $pat = "W[0,$defmatch]";
			    push(@defaultword,defined($suffix) ?
				 "'$pat' $type -S '$suffix'" : "'$pat' $type");
			}
		    } else {
		        # Not command word completion, but still command
			# word with pattern
			($defmatch eq '*') || ($pat = "W[0,$defmatch] $pat");
			push(@defaultword,defined($suffix) ?
			     "'$pat' $type -S '$suffix'" : "'$pat' $type");
		    }
		} else {
		    # Ordinary command
		    push(@stuff,defined($suffix) ?
			 "'$pat' $type -S '$suffix'" : "'$pat' $type");
		}
	    }
	}
        if (!defined($defmatch)) {
	    # Ordinary commands with no pattern
	    print("compctl $default");
	    defined($defsuf) && print("-S '$defsuf' ") && undef($defsuf);
	    defined(@stuff) && print("-x @stuff -- ");
	    print("$command\n");
	}
	if (defined($genfunc)) {
	    print $genfunc;
	    undef($genfunc);
	}
    }
}

(defined(@commandword) || defined($defcommand)) &&
    print("compctl -C ",
	  defined($defcommand) ? $defcommand : '-c',
	  defined(@commandword) ? " -x @commandword\n" : "\n");

if (defined($defaultdefault) || defined(@defaultword)) {
    defined($defaultdefault) || ($defaultdefault = "-f");
    print "compctl -D $defaultdefault";
    defined(@defaultword) && print(" -x @defaultword");
    print "\n";
}

__END__